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Meaning & History
From a combination of the characters 女 (nü, meaning “female, woman”) and 魃 (ba, meaning “drought spirit”). This is the name of a mythological figure mentioned in the Shanhaijing (山海经), or Classic of Mountains and Seas. She was the daughter of the Yellow Emperor who helped her father defeat Chiyou at the Battle of Zhuolu by stopping the storms caused by Chiyou’s retainers, Fengbo and Yushi. After the battle, she remained on earth, bringing drought wherever she went. She is first described as a woman in green, though later sources say she is topless, has a single eye at the top of her head and walks as fast as the wind.