The information about Loic
in this site is not correct.Loïc
is a Provençal and Languadocian ancient form of Louis
(pronounced loh-EEK) documentated since 12th century, in the ancient spelling Loic
, (with other variants as Lois
, Loys, Lozoic… nowadays Loís, Lozoïc).
In 19th century, the Breton poet Aogust Brizeug (Auguste
Brizeux in French) (1803-1858) published Mari
(1828), a book with a poem named “Loic’s song”, which was quickly popularised –also because Berlioz’s and Massé’s lieds-.
In normative Breton the name is spelled Loig
(in 19th century documents it can be found as Loic
), but it is possible to find it spelled Loïc in French, with a dieresis over the I to break the diphthong.
People usually think that Loig (pronounced loh-EEK) is a Breton nickname, nowadays used as full name, because of the ending in –ig (-ic, -ick in other spellings), which is a usual ending of Breton nicknames; and they think that it was originally a nickname of Louis
In fact, in Breton Louis
is Loiz (nicknames Loeizig and Loizig) and Loig seems, according the Breton philologist Gwennole Le Menn, a misreading of Laouig, a nickname of Gwilherm
, the Breton form of William
So Loig as Breton name is not previous to the middle of the 19th century, but a hundred of years later it was very popular among Bretons. The problem to find Loig/Loic in French documents in 19th and 20th centuries is that the French naming law before 1966 forbade not-French names (that is Breton names, Catalan names, Basque names, Occitan names…) and Breton Loigs appear under the name Louis
Since ‘80s and especially ‘90s Breton names were a trend among French people. Nowadays they are very popular, but they have fallen a bit in popularity in favour of Italian and Spanish names (Leo
In Loïc there is another convergent path. In French there is the name Eloïc
, probably from the Germanic personal name Haluig
, from which Loïc can be a nickname (or simply it can be related in terms of popularity).
The etymology of Haluig is not clear. It could come from helm
, “helm”, and wig
, “fight, battle”, or from heil
, “happy” (from heilig, “saint”), and wig, “fight, battle”, with attraction of Eloi
(in fact, Eloïc is often misinterpreted as diminutive of Eloi