Scripts Δηιδάμεια(Ancient Greek)
Other Forms FormsDeidameia
From Greek Δηιδάμεια (Deidameia), possibly derived from δηιόω (dêioô) "to destroy" (cf. DEIANIRA) and δαμάζειν (damazein) "to tame". This was the name of several historical women, including the daughter of King PYRRHUS II of Epirus, the last surviving representative of the royal Aeacid dynasty who was assassinated in the Temple of Artemis (c.239/229 BCE). Another was a daughter of AEACIDES, king of Epirus and his wife, Queen PHTHIA, and sister of King Pyrrhus, who was at one time betrothed by her father to Alexander IV, the son of ROXANA and ALEXANDER the Great.In Greek mythology, this is another name of HIPPODAMIA, LAODAMIA; and possibly the mother of IPHICLES. Deidamia is also the name of one of King LYCOMEDES's daughters who gave sanctuary to ACHILLES, and with whom she had a son NEOPTOLEMUS. She is mentioned by Dante in his 'Inferno' (14th century). This name is also borne by the main character in the opera of the same name by Georg Friedrich Händel (1740), which is about the Deidamia who married Achilles.