Ignacy Hryniewiecki - Pronounced 'hrin-yeh-VET-skee' - (1856 - 13 March 1881) was a Polish-Lithuanian revolutionary and member of the populist group of independence fighters, the Narodnaya Volya (People's Will). He was of noble blood, being born to a descendant of the former aristocracy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He is most notably remembered as the assassin of Tsar Alexander II of the Russian Empire.

On 13 March 1881, the Tsar was travelling in a bulletproof closed horse-drawn carriage on route to a military roll call, which he attended every Sunday.
As the carriage passed by, an associate of Hryniewiecki's and a fellow member of Narodnaya Volya, Nikolai Rysakov, threw a packaged bomb underneath the horses drawing the Tsar's carriage. However, the subsequent explosion barely damaged the carriage. The explosion had also knocked Rysakov into a fence, and he was immediately captured.

The Tsar exited unharmed from the carriage, but was rapidly urged by nearby guards and cossacks to flee the scene due to a possible further danger.

But before Tsar Alexander II could move away, Hryniewiecki threw a bomb at his feet. The detonation completely shattered both legs of the Tsar, ripped open his stomach, and horribly mutilated his face. He died of his injuries hours later.

As for Hryniewiecki, he lay unconscious and wounded. He was taken to the infirmary of the Winter Palace, where he regained consciousness at 9 PM that night. At circa 10:30 PM that same night, around 7 hours after the publicised announcement of Alexander II's passing away, Ignacy Hryniewiecki died due to sustained wounds caused by the explosion. Previously, he had refused to speak any word to the authorities upon interrogation.

Hryniewiecki's fellow conspirators and contributors to the execution of the Tsar's assassination - Andrei Zhelyabov, Nikolai Kibalchich, Nikolai Rysakov, Sophia Perovskaya and Timofei Mikhailov - were collectively convicted of regicide and condemned to death. All of the ensemble were hung on 3 April 1881, exactly 3 weeks after the assassination.

- Official Name Critic.
Official Name Critic  10/5/2018

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