So you simply have to make a Chinese name out of a Western name if you live in China
. How else would you be able to write it in Chinese? And if you want the name to sound good, it must look good and have a good meaning too. A Marie
becomes Meili etc.America
btw is Mei-guo, which means "Beautiful country". I told you names must have a good meaning. ;)
In Iceland, they received Vietamese boat refugees some years ago. Everyone had to get an Icelandic name. Iceland is a small country with a great cultural tradition, I imagine they want to keep their culture. They don't have ordinary surnames either, but the name of the father (or mother). Vigdis
Finnbogadottir for instance.