From the Egyptian Rmssu
meaning "son of Ra", composed of the name of the supreme Egyptian god RA
combined with the Egyptian root mes
"son" or mesu
"be born". Rameses was the name of eleven Egyptian kings of the New Kingdom. The most important of these were Rameses II who campaigned against the Hittites and also built several great monuments, and Rameses III who defended Egypt from the Libyans and Sea Peoples.