Scripts אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ(Hebrew) Ασουηρος(Greek)
Other Forms FormsAchshiyarshu, Ahasuerus, Xerxes
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Meaning & History
A name used several times in the Hebrew Bible, as well as related legends and Apocrypha. The name Ahasuerus is equivalent to the Greek name Xerxes, both deriving from the Old Persian language Xšayārša. The form Xerxes has not traditionally appeared in English Bibles, but has rather appeared as Ahasuerus (Assuerus in the Vulgate). Many newer translations and paraphrases have used the name Xerxes.The English name Ahasuerus is derived from a Latinized form of the Hebrew Akhashverosh (אחשורוש), which is a Hebrew rendering of the Babylonian Achshiyarshu: both this and the Greek Ξέρξης are renderings of the Old Persian Xšayāršā. Thus this literary change was created as the name moved across each of the language groups in a westerly direction from Persia until it entered English translations of the Bible.