Biblical Names

These names occur in the English Bible. See also about biblical names.
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AARONאַהֲרֹן, ΑαρωνmEnglish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אַהֲרֹן ('Aharon) which is most likely of unknown Egyptian origin. Other theories claim a Hebrew derivation, and suggest meanings such as "high mountain" or "exalted". In the Old Testament this name is borne by the older brother of Moses. He acted as a spokesman for his brother when they appealed to the pharaoh to release the Israelites from slavery. Aaron's rod produced miracles and plagues to intimidate the pharaoh. After the departure from Egypt and arrival at Mount Sinai, God installed Aaron as the first high priest of the Israelites and promised that his descendants would form the priesthood.... [more]
ABADDONאֲבַדּוֹןmBiblical
Means "ruin, destruction" in Hebrew. In Revelation in the New Testament this is another name of the angel of the abyss.
ABEDNEGOעֲבֵד־נְגוֹmBiblical
Means "servant of Nebo" in Akkadian, Nebo being the Babylonian god of wisdom. In the Old Testament Abednego is the Babylonian name given to Azariah, one of the three men cast into a blazing furnace but saved from harm by God, as told in the Book of Daniel.
ABELהֶבֶל, ΑβελmEnglish, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name הֶבֶל (Hevel) meaning "breath". In the Old Testament he is the second son of Adam and Eve, murdered out of envy by his brother Cain. In England, this name came into use during the Middle Ages, and it was common during the Puritan era.
ABIAHאֲבִיָהm & fBiblical
Variant of ABIJAH which also appears in the English Bible.
ABIDANאֲבִידָן, ΑβιδανmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means "my father is judge" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a Benjamite prince.
ABIELאֲבִיאֵלmBiblical
Means "God is my father" in Hebrew. This was the name of the grandfather of Saul in the Old Testament.
ABIGAILאֲבִיגַיִלfEnglish, German, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אֲבִיגָיִל ('Avigayil) meaning "my father is joy", derived from the roots אָב ('av) meaning "father" and גִּיל (gil) meaning "joy". In the Old Testament this is the name of Nabal's wife. After Nabal's death she became the third wife of King David.... [more]
ABIHUאֲבִיהוּאmBiblical
Means "he is my father" in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Aaron in the Old Testament. He and his brother Nadab were killed by God because they presented him with unauthorized fire.
ABIJAHאֲבִיָהm & fBiblical
Means "my father is YAHWEH" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of several characters, both male and female, including the second king of Judah.
ABIMAELאֲבִימָאֵלmBiblical
Meaning uncertain, though the first element is likely Hebrew אָב ('av) meaning "father". In the Old Testament he is listed as a descendant of Shem.
ABIMELECHאֲבִימֶלֶךmBiblical
Means "my father is king" in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament including a king of Gerar who takes Abraham's wife Sarah, but is forced by God to give her back.
ABIRAMאֲבִירָםmBiblical
Means "my father is exalted" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Abiram is swallowed by an earthquake after rebelling against the leadership of Moses.
ABISHAGאֲבִישַׁגfBiblical
Means "my father strays" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Abishag is a young woman who tends King David in his old age.
ABISHAIאֲבִישַׁיmBiblical
Means "my father is a gift" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of King David's heroes.
ABITALאֲבִיטָלfBiblical
Means "my father is the night dew" in Hebrew. She is the fifth wife of David in the Old Testament.
ABNERאַבְנֵרmEnglish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means "my father is a light" in Hebrew, from אָב ('av) meaning "father" and נִיר (nir) meaning "lamp, light". In the Old Testament, Abner was a cousin of Saul and the commander of his army. After he killed Asahel he was himself slain by Asahel's brother Joab. It has been used as an English Christian given name since the Protestant Reformation. It was popular with the Puritans, who brought it to America in the 17th century.
ABRAHAMאַבְרָהָםmEnglish, Hebrew, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
This name may be viewed either as meaning "father of many" in Hebrew or else as a contraction of ABRAM (1) and הָמוֹן (hamon) meaning "many, multitude". The biblical patriarch Abraham was originally named Abram but God changed his name (see Genesis 17:5). With his father Terah, he led his wife Sarah, his nephew Lot and their other followers from Ur into Canaan. He is regarded by Jews as being the founder of the Hebrews through his son Isaac and by Muslims as being the founder of the Arabs through his son Ishmael.... [more]
ABRAM (1)אַבְרָםmEnglish, Biblical
Means "high father" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament God changed Abram's name to Abraham (see Genesis 17:5).
ABSALOMאַבְשָׁלוֹםmBiblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אַבְשָׁלוֹם ('Avshalom) meaning "my father is peace", derived from אָב ('av) meaning "father" and שָׁלוֹם (shalom) meaning "peace". In the Old Testament he is a son of King David. He avenged his sister Tamar by arranging the murder of her rapist, their half-brother Amnon. He later led a revolt against his father. While fleeing on the back of a mule he got his head caught in a tree and was killed by Joab.
ACHAICUSΑχαικοςmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Αχαικος (Achaikos), which referred to the region in Greece called Αχαια (Achaia), situated on the northern coast of the Peloponnese. In the New Testament this is the name of a Corinthian Christian who aids Saint Paul.
ACHANעָכָןmBiblical
Possibly a variation of the Hebrew word עֲכָר ('akhar) meaning "trouble". In the Old Testament, Achan is stoned to death because he steals forbidden items during the assault on Jericho.
ACHIM (2)ΑχειμmBiblical
Possibly means "he will establish" in Hebrew. In the New Testament this name is listed as an ancestor of Jesus.
ADAHעָדָהfBiblical
Means "adornment" in Hebrew. This was the name of the wives of both Lamech and Esau in the Old Testament.
ADALIAאֲדַלְיָאmBiblical
Meaning unknown, possibly of Persian origin. In Book of Esther in the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Haman the Agagite.
ADAMאָדָם, ΑδαμmEnglish, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Catalan, Hebrew, Arabic, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
This is the Hebrew word for "man". It could be ultimately derived from Hebrew אדם ('adam) meaning "to be red", referring to the ruddy colour of human skin, or from Akkadian adamu meaning "to make".... [more]
ADINA (1)עֲדִינָא, Αδιναm & fBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Hebrew
From Hebrew עֲדִינָא ('adina') meaning "slender, delicate". This name is borne by a soldier in the Old Testament. It is also used in modern Hebrew as a feminine name, typically spelled עֲדִינָה.
ADINOעֲדִינוֹmBiblical
Means "ornament" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of King David's mighty men.
ADLAIעַדְלָיmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Contracted form of ADALIA. This is the name of the father of one of King David's herdsmen in the Old Testament.
ADONIJAHאֲדֹנִיָהmBiblical
Means "my lord is YAHWEH" in Hebrew. This is the name of one of King David's sons in the Old Testament. Though he was the eldest surviving son of David, he was passed over as heir to the throne in favour of Solomon.
ADONIRAMאֲדֹנִירָםmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "my lord is exalted" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of an overseer of tribute under the kings David, Solomon and Rehoboam. He was stoned to death when the Israelites revolted.
ADRIELעַדְרִיאֵלmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "flock of God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a man who married Saul's daughter Merab.
AGRIPPAm & fAncient Roman, Biblical
Roman cognomen of unknown meaning, possibly from Greek αγριος (agrios) "wild" and ‘ιππος (hippos) "horse" or possibly of Etruscan origin. It was also used as a praenomen, or given name, by the Furia and Menenia families. In the New Testament this name was borne by Herod Agrippa (a grandson of Herod the Great), the king of Israel who put the apostle James to death. It was also borne by the 1st-century BC Roman general Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.
AHABאַחְאָבmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Means "uncle", from Hebrew אָח ('ach) "brother" and אֲב ('av) "father". This was the name of a king of Israel, the husband of Jezebel, as told in the Old Testament. He was admonished by Elijah for his sinful behaviour. This name was later used by Herman Melville in his novel 'Moby-Dick' (1851), where it belongs to a sea captain obsessively hunting for a white whale.
AHINOAMאֲחִינֹעַםfBiblical
Means "my brother is pleasant" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of wives of both Saul and David.
ALEXANDERΑλεξανδροςmEnglish, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros), which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo) "to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, king of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.... [more]
ALLONאַלּוֹןmBiblical
Means "oak" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
ALPHAEUSΑλφαιοςmBiblical, Biblical Latin
From Αλφαιος (Alphaios), the Greek form of a Hebrew name that meant "changing". In the New Testament this is the name of the fathers of the apostles James and Levi.
ALVAHעַלְוָהmBiblical
Means "his highness" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in the Old Testament as belonging to a descendant of Esau.
AMAL (2)עָמָלmBiblical
Means "work" in Hebrew. This was the name of an Asherite in the Old Testament.
AMARIAHאֲמַרְיָהוּmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH has said" in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters.
AMI (1)אָמִיmBiblical
Means "trustworthy, reliable" in Hebrew. This was the name of a servant of King Solomon in the Old Testament.
AMITTAIאֲמִתַּיmBiblical
Means "my truth" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of the prophet Jonah.
AMMIELעַמִּיאֵלmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "God is my kinsman" in Hebrew. This is the name of one of the spies sent out by Moses in the Old Testament.
AMNONאַמְנוֹןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Means "faithful" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the eldest son of King David. He was killed by his brother Absalom in revenge for the rape of his sister Tamar.
AMOSעָמוֹס, ΑμωςmEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
From Hebrew עָמַס ('amas) meaning "load, burden". Amos is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Amos, which speaks against greed, corruption and oppression of the poor. Written about the 8th century BC, it is among the oldest of the prophetic books. As an English name, Amos has been used since the Protestant Reformation, and was popular among the Puritans.
AMRAMעַמְרָםmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Hebrew
Means "exalted nation" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Amram is the father of Moses.
ANAHעֲנָהf & mBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "answer" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name belongs to one female character and two male characters.
ANAIAHעֲנָיָהmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "YAHWEH has answered" in Hebrew. This is the name of a minor character in the Old Testament.
ANAN (2)עָנָןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Means "cloud" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned very briefly in the Old Testament.
ANANIעֲנָנִיmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "my cloud" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in the Old Testament as belonging to a descendant of King David.
ANANIAS‘ΑνανιαςmBiblical, Biblical Latin
From ‘Ανανιας (Hananias), the Greek form of HANANIAH. In Acts in the New Testament this is the name of three characters: a disciple in Damascus, the husband of Sapphira, and the high priest of the Jews who tries Paul.
ANATH (1)עֲנָת, ΑναθmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means "answer" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Shamgar.
ANDREWmEnglish, Biblical
English form of the Greek name Ανδρεας (Andreas), which was derived from ανδρειος (andreios) "manly, masculine", a derivative of ανηρ (aner) "man". In the New Testament the apostle Andrew, the first disciple to join Jesus, is the brother of Simon Peter. According to tradition, he later preached in the Black Sea region, with some legends saying he was crucified on an X-shaped cross. Andrew, being a Greek name, was probably only a nickname or a translation of his real Hebrew name, which is not known.... [more]
ANNAΑνναfEnglish, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Icelandic, Faroese, Catalan, Occitan, Breton, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of Channah (see HANNAH) used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament. Many later Old Testament translations, including the English, use the Hannah spelling instead of Anna. The name appears briefly in the New Testament belonging to a prophetess who recognized Jesus as the Messiah. It was a popular name in the Byzantine Empire from an early date, and in the Middle Ages it became common among Western Christians due to veneration of Saint Anna (usually known as Saint Anne in English), the name traditionally assigned to the mother of the Virgin Mary. In the English-speaking world, this form came into general use in the 18th century, joining Ann and Anne.... [more]
ANNASmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Contracted form of ANANIAS. This was the name of one of the high priests of the Jews in the New Testament.
APPHIAΑπφιαfBiblical
Greek form of a Hebrew name which possibly meant "increasing". This is a name mentioned in Paul's epistle to Philemon in the New Testament.
AQUILAm & fBiblical, Ancient Roman
From a Roman cognomen which meant "eagle" in Latin. In Acts in the New Testament Paul lives with Aquila and his wife Priscilla (or Prisca) for a time.
ARAN (2)אֲרָןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "wild goat" in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Dishan in the Old Testament.
ARCHELAUSΑρχελαοςmAncient Greek (Latinized), Biblical Latin, Biblical
Latinized form of the Greek name Αρχελαος (Archelaos), which meant "master of the people" from αρχος (archos) "master" and λαος (laos) "people". This was the name of a son of Herod the Great. He ruled over Judea, Samaria and Idumea.
ARELIאַרְאֵלִיmBiblical
Means "lion of God, hero" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Gad in the Old Testament.
ARETASΑρεταςmBiblical
Greek form of an Aramaic name, of unknown meaning. This was the name of four Nabataean kings of Petra in Jordan, including the first king (2nd century BC). King Aretas IV is mentioned briefly in the New Testament.
ARIDAIאֲרִידַיmBiblical
Meaning unknown, possibly of Persian origin. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the ten sons of Haman killed by the Jews.
ARIEHאַרְיֵהmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lion" in Hebrew. This was the name of an officer of King Pekahiah in the Old Testament.
ARIELאֲרִיאֵל, Αριηλm & fHebrew, English, French, Spanish, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Means "lion of God" in Hebrew, from אֲרִי ('ari) meaning "lion" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". In the Old Testament it is used as another name for the city of Jerusalem. Shakespeare used it as the name of a spirit in his play 'The Tempest' (1611), and one of the moons of Uranus bears this name in his honour. As an English name, it became more common for females in the 1980s, especially after it was used for the title character in the Walt Disney film 'The Little Mermaid' (1989).
ARTAXERXESΑρταξερξηςmAncient Persian (Hellenized), Biblical
Greek form of the Persian name Artakhshathra meaning "righteous ruler". This was the name of several Achaemenid Persian rulers. It was also borne by the founder of the Sassanid Empire, usually known by the Middle Persian form Ardashir.
ASAאָסָאmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "healer" in Hebrew. This name was borne by the third king of Judah, as told in the Old Testament.
ASAPHאָסָףmBiblical
Means "collector" in Hebrew. This name belongs to several minor characters in the Old Testament.
ASENATHאָסְנַתfBiblical
Means "devoted to the goddess NEITH" in Ancient Egyptian. In the Old Testament this is the name of Joseph's Egyptian wife. She was the mother of Manasseh and Ephraim.
ASHERאָשֵׁרmHebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "happy, blessed" in Hebrew. Asher in the Old Testament is a son of Jacob by Leah's handmaid Zilpah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The meaning of his name is explained in Genesis 30:13.
ASHTORETHעַשְׁתֹרֶתfBiblical, Semitic Mythology
From עַשְׁתֹרֶת ('Ashtoret), the Hebrew form of the name of a Phoenician goddess of love, war and fertility. Her name is cognate to that of the East Semitic goddess ISHTAR.
ASNAPPARאָסְנַפַּרmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
From אָסְנַפַּר ('Asnappar), the Hebrew form of ASHURBANIPAL. This name is used in the Old Testament to refer to the Assyrian king.
ATARAHעֲטָרָהfBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "crown" in Hebrew. She was a minor Old Testament character, the wife of Jerahmeel.
ATHALIAHעֲתַלְיָהf & mBiblical
Possibly means "YAHWEH is exalted" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a feminine and masculine name. It was borne by the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, who later came to rule Judah as a queen.
AZARELעֲזַרְאֵלmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "God has helped" in Hebrew. This is the name of several minor Old Testament characters.
AZARIAעֲזַרְיָהmBiblical
Variant of AZARIAH.
AZARIAHעֲזַרְיָהmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH has helped" in Hebrew, derived from עָזַר ('azar) meaning "help" and יָה (yah) referring to the Hebrew God. This is the name of many Old Testament characters including of one of the three men the Babylonian king ordered cast into a fiery furnace. His Babylonian name was Abednego.
AZAZELעֲזָאזֵלmBiblical
Means "scapegoat" in Hebrew. This is the name of the recipient of a sacrificial goat in the Old Testament. The identity of Azazel is not clear; it may in fact be the name of the place where the goat is to be sacrificed, or it may be the name of some sort of evil desert demon.
AZAZIAHעֲזַזְיָהוּmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH is strong" in Hebrew. This is the name of three minor characters in the Old Testament.
AZELאָצֵלmBiblical
Means "reserved" in Hebrew. This is both the name of a minor character and a place name in the Old Testament.
AZRIELעֲזְרִיאֵלmBiblical
Means "my help is God", derived from Hebrew עָזַר ('azar) meaning "help" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". This was the name of three minor characters in the Old Testament.
AZUBAHעֲזוּבָהfBiblical
Means "forsaken" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Caleb's wife.
BAALΒααλmSemitic Mythology, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Variant spelling of BA'AL, and the form used in most translations of the Bible.
BAAL-ZEBUBבַּעַל זְבוּבmBiblical
Form of BEELZEBUB used in many English versions of the Old Testament.
BARAK (1)בָּרָק, ΒαρακmHebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lightning" in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament, Barak was a military commander under the guidance of the prophetess Deborah. They defeated the Canaanite army led by Sisera.
BARNABASΒαρναβαςmGerman (Rare), English (Rare), Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Greek form of an Aramaic name. In Acts in the New Testament the byname Barnabas was given to a man named Joseph, a Jew from Cyprus who was a companion of Paul on his missionary journeys. The original Aramaic form is unattested, but it may be from בּר נביא (bar naviya') meaning "son of the prophet", though in Acts 4:36 it is claimed that the name means "son of encouragement". As an English name, it came into occasional use after the 12th century.
BARTHOLOMEWmEnglish, Biblical
From Βαρθολομαιος (Bartholomaios), which was the Greek form of an Aramaic name meaning "son of TALMAI". In the New Testament Bartholomew is the byname of an apostle, possibly the same person as the apostle Nathanael. According to tradition he was a missionary to India before returning westward to Armenia, where he was martyred by flaying. Due to the popularity of this saint the name became common in England during the Middle Ages.
BARUCHבָּרוּךmBiblical, Hebrew
Means "blessed" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a companion of the prophet Jeremiah, acting as his scribe and assistant. The deuterocanonical Book of Baruch was supposedly written by him. A famous bearer was Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), a Dutch-Jewish rationalist philosopher.
BASEMATHבָּשְׂמַתfBiblical, Biblical Latin
Means "fragrance" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a wife of Esau.
BASHEMATHבָּשְׂמַתfBiblical
Variant of BASEMATH.
BASMATHבָּשְׂמַתfBiblical, Biblical Latin
Variant of BASEMATH. This was the name of a daughter of Solomon in the Old Testament.
BATHSHEBAבַּת־שֶׁבַעfBiblical
Means "daughter of the oath" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a woman married to Uriah the Hittite. King David seduced her and made her pregnant, so he arranged to have her husband killed in battle and then married her. She was the mother of Solomon.
BEELZEBUBבַּעַל זְבוּבmBiblical, Biblical Latin
From Hebrew בַּעַל זְבוּב (Ba'al Zevuv) meaning "lord of flies", possibly intended as a mocking alteration of בַּעַל זבל (Ba'al Zevul) meaning "Ba'al of the exalted house", one of the Canaanite names for their god BA'AL.... [more]
BEELZEBULΒεελζεβουλmBiblical
Form of BEELZEBUB used in many modern translations of the New Testament.
BELIALבְּלִיַעַלmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "worthless" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this term is used to refer to various wicked people. In the New Testament, Paul uses it as a name for Satan. In later Christian tradition Belial became an evil angel associated with lawlessness and lust.
BELSHAZZARבֵּלְשַׁאצַּרmBabylonian (Anglicized), Biblical
From בֵּלְשַׁאצַּר (Belshatzzar), the Hebrew form of the Akkadian name Bel-sharra-usur meaning "BEL protect the king". This was the name of the son of Nabonidus, the last king of the Babylonian Empire before it was conquered by the Persians in the 6th century BC. In the Old Testament Book of Daniel Belshazzar is the last king of Babylon who sees the mystical handwriting on the wall, which is interpreted by Daniel to portend the end of the empire.
BENAIAHבְּנָיָהוּmBiblical
From the Hebrew name בְּנָיָהוּ (Benayahu) meaning "YAHWEH has built". This is the name of numerous Old Testament characters.
BENJAMINבִּנְיָמִיןmEnglish, French, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Biblical
From the Hebrew name בִּנְיָמִין (Binyamin) which means "son of the south" or "son of the right hand", from the roots בֵּן (ben) meaning "son" and יָמִין (yamin) meaning "right hand, south". Benjamin in the Old Testament is the twelfth and youngest son of Jacob and the founder of one of the southern tribes of the Hebrews. He was originally named בֶּן־אוֹנִי (Ben-'oni) meaning "son of my sorrow" by his mother Rachel, who died shortly after childbirth, but it was later changed by his father (see Genesis 35:18).... [more]
BERNICEfEnglish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Contracted form of BERENICE. It occurs briefly in Acts in the New Testament belonging to a sister of King Herod Agrippa II.
BETHUELבֵּתוּאֵלmBiblical
Possibly means "God destroys" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Rebecca.
BEULAHבְּעוּלָהfBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Means "married" in Hebrew. The name is used in the Old Testament to refer to the land of Israel (Isaiah 62:4). As an English given name, Beulah has been used since the Protestant Reformation.
BILHAHבִּלְהָהfBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "bashful" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the handmaid given to Jacob by his wife Rachel. By him she was the mother of Dan and Naphtali.
BITHIAHבִּתְיָהfBiblical
Means "daughter of YAHWEH" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּת (bat) meaning "daughter" and יָה (yah) referring to the Hebrew God. In the Old Testament this is the name of a daughter of Pharaoh. She is traditionally equated with the pharaoh's daughter who drew Moses from the Nile.
BOAZבֹּעַזmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "swiftness" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the man who marries Ruth.
BUZבּוּזmBiblical
Means "contempt" in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of ABRAHAM's brother Nahor in the Old Testament.
CAIAPHASΚαιαφαςmBiblical
Meaning unknown, probably of Aramaic origin. In the New Testament this is the name of the Jewish high priest who condemns Jesus.
CAINקָיִןmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Means "acquired" in Hebrew. In Genesis in the Old Testament Cain is the first son of Adam and Eve. He killed his brother Abel after God accepted Abel's offering of meat instead of his offering of plant-based foods. After this Cain was banished to be a wanderer.
CAINANקֵינָןmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Variant of KENAN.
CALEBכָּלֵבmEnglish, Biblical
Most likely related to Hebrew כֶּלֶב (kelev) meaning "dog". An alternate theory connects it to Hebrew כָּל (kal) meaning "whole, all of" and לֵב (lev) meaning "heart". In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the twelve spies sent by Moses into Canaan. Of the Israelites who left Egypt with Moses, Caleb and Joshua were the only ones who lived to see the Promised Land.... [more]
CANAANכְּנַעַןmBiblical
Meaning unknown. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Ham. He is said to be the ancestor of the Canaanite people.
CANDACEfEnglish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the hereditary title of the queens of Ethiopia, as mentioned in Acts in the New Testament. It is apparently derived from Cushitic kdke meaning "queen mother". In some versions of the Bible it is spelled Kandake, reflecting the Greek spelling Κανδακη. It was used as a given name by the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation. It was popularized in the 20th century by a character in the movie 'Meet the Stewarts' (1942).
CARMIכַּרְמִיmBiblical
Means "vine" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Reuben in the Old Testament.
CARPUSΚαρποςmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Latin form of the Greek name Καρπος (Karpos), which meant "fruit, profits". The name is mentioned briefly in the New Testament in the second epistle of Timothy.
CEPHASΚηφαςmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Means "rock" in Aramaic. The apostle Simon was called Cephas by Jesus because he was to be the rock upon which the Christian church was to be built. In most versions of the New Testament Cephas is translated into Greek Πετρος (Petros) (in English Peter).
CHENANIAHכְּנַנְיָהוּmBiblical
Variant of KENANIAH used in several translations of the Old Testament.
CHLOEΧλοηfEnglish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means "green shoot" in Greek, referring to new plant growth in the spring. This was an epithet of the Greek goddess Demeter. The name is also mentioned by Paul in one of his epistles in the New Testament. As an English name, Chloe has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.
CLAUDIAfEnglish, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Biblical, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of CLAUDIUS. It is mentioned briefly in the New Testament. As a Christian name it was very rare until the 16th century.
CLEOPASΚλεοπαςmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Shortened form of the Greek name Kleopatros (see CLEOPATRA). In the New Testament Cleopas is a disciple who sees Jesus after his resurrection.
CLEOPHASΚλοπαςmBiblical
Form of CLOPAS used in several versions of the New Testament.
CLOPASΚλωπαςmBiblical
Meaning unknown, probably of Aramaic origin. In the New Testament Clopas is mentioned briefly as the husband of one of the women who witnessed the crucifixion, sometimes identified with Alphaeus.
CORNELIUSmAncient Roman, English, Dutch, German, Biblical
Roman family name which possibly derives from the Latin element cornu "horn". In Acts in the New Testament Cornelius is a centurion who is directed by an angel to seek Peter. After speaking with Peter he converts to Christianity, and he is traditionally deemed the first gentile convert. The name was also borne by a few early saints, including a 3rd-century pope. In England it came into use in the 16th century, partly due to Dutch influence.
CYRUSΚυροςmEnglish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From Κυρος (Kyros), the Greek form of the Persian name Kūrush, which may mean "far sighted" or "young". The name is sometimes associated with Greek κυριος (kyrios) "lord". It was borne by several kings of Persia, including Cyrus the Great, who conquered Babylon. He is famous in the Old Testament for freeing the captive Jews and allowing them to return to Israel. As an English name, it first came into use among the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation.
DAMARISΔαμαριςfBiblical, Biblical Greek
Probably means "calf, heifer, girl" from Greek δαμαλις (damalis). In the New Testament this is the name of a woman converted to Christianity by Saint Paul.
DAN (1)דָּןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Means "he judged" in Hebrew. Dan in the Old Testament is one of the twelve sons of Jacob by Rachel's servant Bilhah, and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. His name is explained in Genesis 30:6.
DANIELדָּנִיֵּאל, ΔανιηλmEnglish, Hebrew, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Armenian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name דָּנִיֵּאל (Daniyyel) meaning "God is my judge", from the roots דִּין (din) meaning "to judge" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". Daniel was a Hebrew prophet whose story is told in the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament. He lived during the Jewish captivity in Babylon, where he served in the court of the king, rising to prominence by interpreting the king's dreams. The book also presents Daniel's four visions of the end of the world.... [more]
DARIUSmEnglish, Lithuanian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman form of Δαρειος (Dareios), which was the Greek form of the Persian name Dārayavahush, which was composed of the elements dâraya "to possess" and vahu "good". Three ancient kings of Persia bore this name, including Darius the Great who expanded the Achaemenid Empire to its greatest extent. His forces invaded Greece but were defeated in the Battle of Marathon.... [more]
DATHANדָּתָןmBiblical
Possibly means "fountain" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the conspirators against Moses.
DAVIDדָּוִדmEnglish, Hebrew, French, Scottish, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name דָּוִד (Dawid), which was derived from Hebrew דּוֹד (dod) meaning "beloved" or "uncle". David was the second and greatest of the kings of Israel, ruling in the 10th century BC. Several stories about him are told in the Old Testament, including his defeat of Goliath, a giant Philistine. According to the New Testament, Jesus was descended from him.... [more]
DEBORAHדְּבוֹרָהfEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical
Means "bee" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Book of Judges, Deborah is a heroine and prophetess who leads the Israelites when they are threatened by the Canaanites. She forms an army under the command of Barak, and together they destroy the army of the Canaanite commander Sisera. Also in the Old Testament, this is the name of the nurse of Rebecca.... [more]
DELAIAHדְּלָיָהוּmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH has drawn up" in Hebrew. This is the name of several Old Testament characters.
DELILAHדְּלִילָהfBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Means "delicate, weak, languishing" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is the lover of Samson, whom she betrays to the Philistines by cutting his hair, which is the source of his power. Despite her character flaws, the name began to be used by the Puritans in the 17th century. It has been used occasionally in the English-speaking world since that time.
DIKLAHדִּקְלָהm & fHebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "palm grove" in Hebrew or Aramaic. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Joktan. In modern times it is also used as a feminine name.
DINAHדִּינָהfBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Means "judged" in Hebrew. She is the daughter of Jacob and Leah in the Old Testament. It has been used as an English given name since after the Protestant Reformation.
DIONYSIUSΔιονυσιοςmAncient Greek (Latinized), Biblical
Latin form of DIONYSIOS. Dionysius the Areopagite, who is mentioned in the New Testament, was a judge converted to Christianity by Saint Paul. This was also the name of many other early saints, including a 3rd-century pope.
DORCASΔορκαςfBiblical
Derived from Greek δορκας (dorkas) meaning "gazelle". This is the Greek translation of the name Tabitha in the New Testament (see Acts 9:36).
DRUSILLAfBiblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Feminine diminutive of the Roman family name DRUSUS. In Acts in the New Testament Drusilla is the wife of Felix.
EBENEZERאֶבֶן הָעָזֶרmBiblical
Means "stone of help" in Hebrew. This was the name of a monument erected by Samuel in the Old Testament. Charles Dickens used it for the miserly character Ebenezer Scrooge in his novel 'A Christmas Carol' (1843).
EDER (1)עֵדֶרmBiblical
Means "flock" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Beriah in the Old Testament.
EDNA (2)עֶדְנָהfBiblical
Means "pleasure" in Hebrew. This name appears in the Old Testament Apocrypha in the Book of Tobit.
EDOMאֱדוֹםmBiblical
Means "red" in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament, Esau was given this name because he traded his birthright for a helping of red broth. The bible goes on to tell that Esau was the founder of the ancient nation of Edom, located to the south of the kingdom of Judah.
EFRAIMאֶפְרָיִםmHebrew, Biblical
Variant of EPHRAIM.
EHUDאֵהוּדmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Meaning unknown, possibly related to Hebrew אֶחָד ('echad) meaning "one". In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the biblical judges. He killed Eglon, the king of Moab, and freed the city of Jericho from Moabite rule.
ELAHאֵלָהf & mHebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "oak tree" or "terebinth tree" in Hebrew. This was the name of the fourth king of Israel, as told in the Old Testament. He was murdered by Zimri, who succeeded him. In modern Hebrew this is typically a feminine name.
ELAMעֵילָםmBiblical
Possibly means either "hidden" or "eternity" in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including a son of Shem who was the ancestor of the Elamite peoples.
ELDADאֵלְדָדmBiblical
Means "God has loved" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of the two elders who prophesizes in the Israelite camp.
ELEAZARאֶלְעָזָר, ΕλεαζαρmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אֶלְעָזָר ('El'azar) meaning "my God has helped". In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the sons of Aaron.
ELI (1)עֵלִי, ΗλιmEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Means "ascension" in Hebrew. In the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament he is a high priest of the Israelites. He took the young Samuel into his service and gave him guidance when God spoke to him. Because of the misdeeds of his sons, Eli and his descendants were cursed to die before reaching old age.... [more]
ELIAKIMאֶלְיָקִיםmBiblical
Means "God rises" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the master of Hezekiah's household.
ELIEZERאֱלִיעֶזֶר, ΕλιεζερmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Hebrew אֱלִיעֶזֶר ('Eli'ezer) meaning "my God is help". In the Old Testament this is the name of both a servant of Abraham and one of the sons of Moses (see Exodus 18:4 for an explanation of the significance of the name).
ELIHUאֶלִיהוּאmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, English (Archaic)
Means "my God is he" in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament including one of the friends of Job.
ELIJAHאֱלִיָּהוּmEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name אֱלִיָּהוּ ('Eliyyahu) meaning "my God is YAHWEH", derived from the elements אֵל ('el) and יָה (yah), both referring to the Hebrew God. Elijah was a Hebrew prophet and miracle worker, as told in the two Books of Kings in the Old Testament. He was active in the 9th century BC during the reign of King Ahab of Israel and his Phoenician-born queen Jezebel. Elijah confronted the king and queen over their idolatry of the Canaanite god Ba'al and other wicked deeds. At the end of his life he was carried to heaven in a chariot of fire, and was succeeded by Elisha. In the New Testament, Elijah and Moses appear next to Jesus when he is transfigured.... [more]
ELIOENAIאֶלְיוֹעֵינַיmBiblical
Means "my eyes look to God" in Hebrew. This was the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
ELIPHALETאֱלִיפָלֶטmBiblical
Variant of ELIPHELET used in some versions of the Old Testament to refer to the son of David.
ELIPHELETאֱלִיפֶלֶטmBiblical
Means "God is release" in Hebrew. This is the name of several people in the Old Testament including a son of David.
ELISABETHfGerman, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
German and Dutch form of ELIZABETH. It is also a variant English form, reflecting the spelling used in the Authorized Version of the New Testament.
ELISHAאֱלִישַׁעmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name אֱלִישַׁע ('Elisha'), a contracted form of אֱלִישׁוּעַ ('Elishu'a) meaning "my God is salvation". According to the Old Testament, Elisha was a prophet and miracle worker. He was the attendant of Elijah and succeeded him after his ascension to heaven.
ELISHEBAאֱלִישֶׁבַעfBiblical
Form of ELIZABETH used in many versions of the Old Testament, where it belongs to the wife of Aaron.
ELISHUAאֱלִישׁוּעַmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
From Hebrew אֱלִישׁוּעַ ('Elishu'a), an extended form of אֱלִישַׁע (see ELISHA). In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of King David.
ELIUDΕλιουδmBiblical
Greek form of a Hebrew name meaning "God is grandeur". The Gospel of Matthew lists him as an ancestor of Jesus.
ELIZABETHfEnglish, Biblical
From Ελισαβετ (Elisabet), the Greek form of the Hebrew name אֱלִישֶׁבַע ('Elisheva') meaning "my God is an oath", derived from the roots אֵל ('el) referring to the Hebrew God and שָׁבַע (shava') meaning "oath". The Hebrew form appears in the Old Testament where Elisheba is the wife of Aaron, while the Greek form appears in the New Testament where Elizabeth is the mother of John the Baptist.... [more]
ELKANAHאֱלְקָנָהmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "God has purchased" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Samuel.
ELNATHANאֶלְנָתָןmBiblical
From Hebrew אֶלְנָתָן ('Elnatan) meaning "God has given". In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandfather of King Jehoiachin and a son of Akbor.
ELONאֵילוֹןmBiblical
Means "oak" in Hebrew. This was the name of one of the ruling judges of the Israelites according to the Old Testament.
EMMANUELעִמָּנוּאֵלmBiblical, French, English
From the Hebrew name עִמָּנוּאֵל ('Immanu'el) meaning "God is with us", from the roots עִם ('im) meaning "with" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". This was the foretold name of the Messiah in the Old Testament. It has been used in England since the 16th century in the spellings Emmanuel and Immanuel, though it has not been widespread. The name has been more common in continental Europe, especially in Spain and Portugal (in the spellings Manuel and Manoel).
ENOCHחֲנוֹך, ΕνωχmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name חֲנוֹך (Chanokh) meaning "dedicated". In Genesis in the Old Testament this is the name of both the son of Cain and the father of Methuselah, who was the supposed author of the apocryphal Books of Enoch.
ENOSאֱנוֹשׁ, ΕνωςmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of ENOSH used in many versions of the Old Testament.
ENOSHאֱנוֹשׁmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "human being" in Hebrew. He was a son of Seth and a grandson of Adam in the genealogies in Genesis in the Old Testament.
EPAPHRASΕπαφραςmBiblical, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Derived from Greek επαφρος (epaphros) meaning "foamy". In the New Testament this is the name of one of Paul's co-workers.
EPHRAIMאֶפְרָיִם, ΕφραιμmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אֶפְרָיִם ('Efrayim) which meant "fruitful". In the Old Testament Ephraim is a son of Joseph and Asenath and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.
EPHRATHאֶפְרָת, ΕφραθfBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means "fruitful place" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name was borne by one of the wives of Caleb. Also in the Bible, it is the name of the place where Rachel was buried.
ERANעֵירָןmBiblical
Means "watchful, vigilant" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a grandson of Ephraim.
ERASTUSΕραστοςmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Εραστος (Erastos) meaning "beloved". This was the name of an assistant of Paul mentioned in Acts and two epistles in the New Testament.
ESAUעֵשָׂו, ΗσαυmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name עֵשָׂו ('Esaw) which possibly meant "hairy". In the Old Testament Esau is the elder of the twin sons of Isaac and Rebecca. Once when he was very hungry he sold his birthright to his twin Jacob for a bowl of stew. Later Jacob disguised himself as Esau and received the elder son's blessing from the blind Isaac. Esau was the ancestor of the Edomites.
ESDRASΕσδραςmBiblical, Biblical Greek
Greek form of EZRA. This spelling is used in parts of the Old Testament Apocrypha.
ESTHERאֶסְתֵר, ΕσθηρfEnglish, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Possibly means "star" in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia. The king's advisor Haman persuaded the king to exterminate all the Jews in the realm. Warned of this plot by her cousin Mordecai, Esther revealed her Jewish ancestry and convinced the king to execute Haman instead. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah.... [more]
ETHANאֵיתָןmEnglish, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אֵיתָן ('Eitan) meaning "solid, enduring, firm". In the Old Testament this name is borne by a few minor characters, including the wise man Ethan the Ezrahite, supposedly the author of Psalm 89.... [more]
EUNICEΕυνικηfBiblical, English, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ευνικη (Eunike) which meant "good victory" from ευ (eu) "good" and νικη (nike) "victory". The New Testament mentions her as the mother of Timothy. As an English name, it was first used after the Protestant Reformation.
EUTYCHUSΕυτυχοςmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ευτυχος (Eutychos), which was derived from Greek ευτυχης (eutyches) "fortunate". The word was formed of the elements ευ (eu) "good" and τυχη (tyche) "chance, luck, fortune". In the New Testament this is the name of a young man who went to sleep while Paul was preaching and fell from the third story of the building. He was believed to be dead, but later turned out to be alive.
EVEחַוָּהfEnglish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah), which was derived from the Hebrew word חָוָה (chawah) meaning "to breathe" or the related word חָיָה (chayah) meaning "to live". According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam were the first humans. God created her from one of Adam's ribs to be his companion. At the urging of a serpent she ate the forbidden fruit and shared some with Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.... [more]
EZARmBiblical
Variant of EZER.
EZEKIELיְחֶזְקֵאלmBiblical, English
From the Hebrew name יְחֶזְקֵאל (Yechezqel) meaning "God will strengthen", from the roots חָזַק (chazaq) meaning "to strengthen" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". Ezekiel is a major prophet of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Ezekiel. He lived in Jerusalem until the Babylonian conquest and captivity of Israel, at which time he was taken to Babylon. The Book of Ezekiel describes his vivid symbolic visions that predict the restoration of the kingdom of Israel. As an English given name, Ezekiel has been used since the Protestant Reformation.
EZERאֵצֶרmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "help" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Seir, as well as several other minor characters.
EZRAעֶזְרָאmBiblical, English, Hebrew
Means "help" in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament and the author of the Book of Ezra. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was a famous bearer.
FELIXmGerman, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From a Roman cognomen meaning "lucky, successful" in Latin. It was acquired as an agnomen, or nickname, by the 1st-century BC Roman general Sulla. It also appears in the New Testament belonging to the governor of Judea who imprisoned Saint Paul.... [more]
FESTUSmAncient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman cognomen which possibly meant "festival, holiday" in Latin. This was the name of a Roman official in the New Testament.
GABRIELגַּבְרִיאֵל, ΓαβριηλmFrench, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Catalan, English, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri'el) meaning "God is my strong man", derived from גֶּבֶר (gever) meaning "strong man, hero" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". Gabriel is an archangel in Hebrew tradition, often appearing as a messenger of God. In the Old Testament he is sent to interpret the visions of the prophet Daniel, while in the New Testament he serves as the announcer of the births of John to Zechariah and Jesus to Mary. According to Islamic tradition he was the angel who dictated the Qur'an to Muhammad.... [more]
GADגָּדmBiblical
Means "fortune, luck" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Gad is the first son of Jacob by Leah's slave-girl Zilpah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of the Israelites. His name is explained in Genesis 30:11. Another Gad in the Old Testament is a prophet of King David.
GAIUSmAncient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman praenomen, or given name, of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from Latin gaudere "to rejoice", though it may be of unknown Etruscan origin. This was a very common Roman praenomen, the most famous bearers being Gaius Julius Caesar, the great leader of the Roman Republic, and his adopted son Gaius Octavius (later known as Augustus), the first Roman emperor. This name also appears in the New Testament belonging to a bishop of Ephesus who is regarded as a saint.
GAMALIELגַּמְלִיאֵלmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "my reward is God" in Hebrew. In Acts in the New Testament he is a teacher of Saint Paul.
GEDALIAHגְּדַלְיָהוּmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH is great" in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including the governor of Judah appointed by Nebuchadnezzar.
GEMARIAHגְּמַרְיָהוּmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH has completed" in Hebrew. This is the name of a friend of Jeremiah in the Old Testament.
GERAגֵּרָאmBiblical
Possibly means "a grain" in Hebrew. This was the name of several members of the tribe of Benjamin in the Old Testament.
GERSHOMגֵּרְשֹׁםmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Probably means "exile" in Hebrew, though the Bible explains that it derives from גֵּר שָׁם (ger sham) meaning "a stranger there" (see Exodus 18:3). This is the name of a son of Moses in the Old Testament.
GERSHONגֵּרְשׁוֹןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Variant of GERSHOM. This is the name of a son of Levi in the Old Testament.
GIDEONגִּדְעוֹןmBiblical, English, Hebrew
Means "feller, hewer" in Hebrew. Gideon is a hero and judge of the Old Testament. He led the vastly outnumbered Israelites against the Midianites, defeated them, and killed their two kings. In the English-speaking world, Gideon has been used as a given name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans.
GILEADגִּלְעָדmBiblical
From an Old Testament place name meaning "heap of witness" in Hebrew. This was a mountainous region east of the Jordan River. Besides being a place name, it is also borne by people in the Bible.
GOLIATHגָּלְיָת, ΓολιαθmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Hebrew גָּלְיָת (Golyat), possibly derived from גָּלָה (galah) meaning "uncover, reveal". This is the name of the giant Philistine who is slain by David in the Old Testament.
GOMERגֹּמֶרm & fBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "complete" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandson of Noah and the unfaithful wife of the prophet Hosea.
HABAKKUKחֲבַקּוּקmBiblical
From the Hebrew name חֲבַקּוּק (Chavaqquq) meaning "embrace", from the root חָבַק (chavaq). In the Old Testament this is one of the twelve minor prophets, the author of the Book of Habakkuk.
HADASSAHהֲדַסָּהfBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
From Hebrew הֲדַס (hadas) meaning "myrtle tree". In the Old Testament this is the Hebrew name of Queen Esther.
HAGARהָגָרfBiblical, Biblical German, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "flight" in Hebrew, though it could also be of unknown Egyptian origin. In the Old Testament she is the concubine of Abraham and the mother of Ishmael, the founder of the Arab people. After Abraham's wife Sarah finally gave birth to a child, she had Hagar and Ishmael expelled into the desert. However, God heard their crying and saved them.
HAGGAIחַגַּיmBiblical
Means "festive" in Hebrew, from the root חָגַג (chagag). This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He was the author of the Book of Haggai, which urges the exiles returning from Babylonia to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
HAGGITHחַגִּיתfBiblical
Means "festive" in Hebrew, derived from the root חָגַג (chagag). In the Old Testament this is the name of one of King David's wives.
HAMחָםmBiblical
Means "hot, warm" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Ham is one of Noah's three sons, along with Shem and Japheth. He was the ancestor of the Egyptians and Canaanites.
HAMANהָמָןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Meaning uncertain, of Persian origin. In the Book of Esther in the Old Testament Haman, called the Agagite, is an adviser to the Persian king. He plots to have all the Jews in the realm executed, but is foiled by Queen Esther.
HANAN (1)חָנָןmBiblical
Means "gracious" in Hebrew. This is the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
HANANIAHחֲנַנְיָהmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH is gracious" in Hebrew. This name appears frequently in the Old Testament. It is the Hebrew name of Shadrach.
HANNAHחַנָּהfEnglish, Hebrew, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Arabic, Biblical
From the Hebrew name חַנָּה (Channah) meaning "favour, grace", derived from the root חָנַן (chanan). In the Old Testament this is the name of the wife of Elkanah. Her rival was Elkanah's other wife Peninnah, who had children while Hannah remained barren. After a blessing from Eli she finally became pregnant with Samuel.... [more]
HARANהָרָןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "hill, mountain" in Hebrew. This is the name of the brother of Abraham and father of Lot in the Old Testament.
HAVILAHחֲוִילָהmBiblical
Probably means "to dance, to circle, to twist" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a place name and a masculine personal name.
HAZAELחֲזָאֵלmBiblical
Means "God sees" in Hebrew. This is the name of a king of Aram in the Old Testament.
HEBER (2)חֶבֶרmBiblical
Means "enclave" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is borne by a great-grandson of Jacob and also by the husband of Jael.
HELAHחֶלְאָהfBiblical
Means "rust" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is mentioned as one of the wives of Asher.
HELI (1)mBiblical, Biblical Latin
Latin form of ELI (1) used in the Old and New Testament. This form of the name is used in most English versions of the New Testament to refer to the father of Joseph (husband of Mary) in the genealogy in the Gospel of Luke.
HEPHZIBAHחֶפְצִי־בָּהfBiblical
Means "my delight is in her" in Hebrew. She is a queen and the mother of Manasseh in the Old Testament.
HEPZIBAHחֶפְצִי־בָּהfBiblical
Variant of HEPHZIBAH.
HEROD‘Ηρωιδης, ‘ΗρωδηςmBiblical
From the Greek name ‘Ηρωιδης (Heroides), which probably means "song of the hero" from ‘ηρως (heros) "hero, warrior" combined with ωιδη (oide) "song, ode". This was the name of several rulers of Judea during the period when it was part of the Roman Empire. This includes two who appear in the New Testament: Herod the Great, the king who ordered the slaughter of the children, and his son Herod Antipas, who had John the Baptist beheaded.
HERODIAS‘Ηρωιδιας, ‘ΗρωδιαςfBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Feminine form of HEROD. This was the name of a member of the Herodian ruling family of Judea, a sister of Herod Agrippa and the wife of Herod Antipas. She appears in the New Testament, where she contrives to have her husband Antipas imprison and execute John the Baptist.
HERODION‘Ηρωιδιων, ‘ΗρωδιωνmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Diminutive of the Greek name Heroides (see HEROD). This name is mentioned briefly in Paul's epistle to the Romans in the New Testament.
HEZEKIAHחִזְקִיָהוּmBiblical
From the Hebrew name חִזְקִיָהוּ (Chizqiyahu), which means "YAHWEH strengthens", from the roots חָזַק (chazaq) meaning "to strength" and יָה (yah) referring to the Hebrew God. This name was borne by a powerful king of Judah who reigned in the 8th and 7th centuries BC. Also in the Old Testament, this was the name of an ancestor of the prophet Zephaniah.
HILLELהִלֵּלmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew הלל (halal) meaning "praise". This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament as the father of the judge Abdon.
HIRAHחִירָהmBiblical
Means "splendour" in Hebrew. This was the name of the father-in-law of Judah in the Old Testament.
HIRAMחִירָםmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Probably of Phoenician origin, though it could be from Hebrew meaning "exalted brother". This was the name of a king of Tyre in the Old Testament. As an English given name, Hiram came into use after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where it gained some currency.
HIZKIAHחִזְקִיָהוּmBiblical
Alternate form of the Hebrew name Chizqiyahu (see HEZEKIAH).
HODIAHהוֹדִיָהfBiblical
Means "majesty of YAHWEH" in Hebrew. This is the name of a wife of Ezra in the Old Testament.
HOSANNAfBiblical
From the Aramaic religious expression הושע נא (Hosha' na') meaning "deliver us" in Hebrew. In the New Testament this is exclaimed by those around Jesus when he first enters Jerusalem.
HOSEAהוֹשֵׁעַmBiblical
Variant transcription of Hoshe'a (see HOSHEA). Hosea is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Hosea. Written in the northern kingdom, it draws parallels between his relationship with his unfaithful wife and the relationship between God and his people.
HOSHEAהוֹשֵׁעַmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name הוֹשֵׁעַ (Hoshe'a) meaning "salvation", from the root יָשַׁע (yasha'). In the Old Testament at Numbers 13:16, Moses gives the spy Hoshea the new name Yehoshu'a (see JOSHUA), which has a related origin. This name was also borne by an 8th-century BC king of Israel, who was the last ruler of that state before it was conquered by Assyria.
HULDA (2)חוּלְדָהfBiblical
Variant of HULDAH.
HULDAHחוּלְדָהfBiblical
Means "weasel, mole" in Hebrew. This name appears in the Old Testament belonging to a prophetess.
HURIחוּרִיmBiblical
Means "linen weaver" in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Abihail in the Old Testament.
ICHABODאִיכָבוֹדmBiblical
Means "no glory" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the grandson of Eli and the son of Phinehas. This name was also used by Washington Irving for Ichabod Crane, the main character in his short story 'The Legend of Sleepy Hollow' (1820).
IMMANUELעִמָּנוּאֵלmGerman, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Form of EMMANUEL used in most translations of the Old Testament. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was a German philosopher who held that duty was of highest importance.
IRA (1)עִירָאmBiblical, English, Hebrew
Means "watchful" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of King David's priest. As an English Christian given name, Ira began to be used after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where remained moderately common into the 20th century.
ISAACיִצְחָקmEnglish, Spanish, Catalan, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name יִצְחָק (Yitzchaq) meaning "he will laugh, he will rejoice", derived from צָחַק (tzachaq) meaning "to laugh". The Old Testament explains this meaning, by recounting that Abraham laughed when God told him that his aged wife Sarah would become pregnant with Isaac (see Genesis 17:17), and later Sarah laughed when overhearing the same prophecy (see Genesis 18:12). When Isaac was a boy, God tested Abraham's faith by ordering him to sacrifice his son, though an angel prevented the act at the last moment. Isaac went on to become the father of Esau and Jacob with his wife Rebecca.... [more]
ISAIAHיְשַׁעְיָהוּmEnglish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְשַׁעְיָהוּ (Yesha'yahu) meaning "YAHWEH is salvation", from the roots יָשַׁע (yasha') meaning "to save" and יָה (yah) referring to the Hebrew God. Isaiah is one of the four major prophets of the Old Testament, supposedly the author of the Book of Isaiah. He was from Jerusalem and probably lived in the 8th century BC, at a time when Assyria threatened the Kingdom of Judah. As an English Christian name, Isaiah was first used after the Protestant Reformation.
ISAIASmBiblical
Late Latin form of ISAIAH used in some versions of the Bible.
ISCAHיִסְכָּהfBiblical
From the Hebrew name יִסְכָּה (Yiskah) which meant "to behold". In the Old Testament this is the name of Abraham's niece, mentioned only briefly. This is the basis of the English name Jessica.
ISHMAELיִשְׁמָעֵאלmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יִשְׁמָעֵאל (Yishma'el) meaning "God will hear", from the roots שָׁמַע (shama') meaning "to hear" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Abraham. He is the traditional ancestor of the Arab people. Also in the Old Testament, it is borne by a man who assassinates Gedaliah the governor of Judah. The author Herman Melville later used this name for the narrator in his novel 'Moby-Dick' (1851).
ISHMERAIיִשְׁמְרַיmBiblical
Means "he guards" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
ISHVIיִשְׁוִיmBiblical
Means "he resembles me" in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Asher in the Old Testament.
ISRAELיִשְׂרָאֵל, ΙσραηλmJewish, English, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name יִשְׂרָאֵל (Yisra'el) meaning "God contends", from the roots שָׂרָה (sarah) meaning "to contend, to fight" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". In the Old Testament Israel (who was formerly named Jacob; see Genesis 32:28) wrestles with an angel. The ancient and modern states of Israel took their names from him.
ISSACHARיִשָּׂשׁכָר, ΙσσαχαρmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Possibly means "man of hire" or "there is reward", from Hebrew שָׁכַר (shakhar) meaning "hire, wage, reward". In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the twelve sons of Jacob and Leah and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. A justification for the name's meaning is given in Genesis 30:18.
ITHAIאִתַּי, אִיתַיmBiblical
From a Hebrew name spelled variously אִתַּי ('Ittai) or אִיתַי ('Itai) meaning "with me". In the Old Testament this is the name of one of King David's mighty men.
ITHAMARאִיתָמָר, ΙθαμαρmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אִיתָמָר ('Itamar) meaning "date palm island". This is the name of a son of Aaron in the Old Testament.
ITHIELאִיתִיאֵלmBiblical
Possibly means "God is with me" in Hebrew. This is the name of a minor character in the Old Testament.
ITTAIאִתַּי, אִיתַיmBiblical
Variant of ITHAI.
IVAHעִוָּהfBiblical
From the name of a district of Babylon, mentioned in the Old Testament.
JAALAיַעֲלָהmBiblical
Means "wild goat" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a servant of Solomon.
JAASAUיַעֲשָׂיmBiblical
Means "they will do" in Hebrew. This was the name of a descendant of Bani in the Old Testament.
JABEZיַעְבֵץmBiblical
Means "sorrow" in Hebrew. This is the name of a character in the Old Testament who is blessed by God.
JABINיָבִיןmBiblical
Means "perceptive" in Hebrew. This name was borne by two kings of Hazor in the Old Testament.
JACHINיָכִיןmBiblical
Means "he establishes" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Simeon in the Old Testament.
JACOBיַעֲקֹבmEnglish, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Latin Iacobus, which was from the Greek Ιακωβος (Iakobos), which was from the Hebrew name יַעֲקֹב (Ya'aqov). In the Old Testament Jacob (later called Israel) is the son of Isaac and Rebecca and the father of the twelve founders of the twelve tribes of Israel. He was born holding his twin brother Esau's heel, and his name is explained as meaning "holder of the heel" or "supplanter", because he twice deprived his brother of his rights as the firstborn son (see Genesis 27:36). Other theories claim that it is in fact derived from a hypothetical name like יַעֲקֹבְאֵל (Ya'aqov'el) meaning "may God protect".... [more]
JADA (2)יָדָעmBiblical
Means "he knows" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Jada is a son of Onam.
JADONיָדוֹןmBiblical
Possibly means either "thankful" or "he will judge" in Hebrew. This name is borne by a minor character in the Old Testament.
JAELיָעֵלfBiblical
From the Hebrew name יָעֵל (Ya'el) meaning "ibex, mountain goat". This name appears in the Old Testament belonging to the wife of Heber the Kenite. After Sisera, the captain of the Canaanite army, was defeated in battle by Deborah and Barak he took refuge in Heber's tent. When he fell asleep Jael killed him by hammering a tent peg into his head.
JAHELיָעֵלfBiblical
Variant of JAEL.
JAHLEELיַחְלְאֵלmBiblical
Means "God waits" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
JAHZEELיַחְצְאֵלmBiblical
Means "God will divide" in Hebrew. This is the son of Naphtali in the Old Testament.
JAIRיָאִירmBiblical
Means "he shines" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a son of Manasseh and one of the ruling judges of the Israelites.
JAIRUSmBiblical
From Ιαιρος (Iairos), the Greek form of JAIR used in the New Testament, where it belongs to the father of a young girl brought back to life by Jesus.
JAMESmEnglish, Biblical
English form of the Late Latin name Iacomus which was derived from Ιακωβος (Iakobos), the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name Ya'aqov (see JACOB). This was the name of two apostles in the New Testament. The first was Saint James the Greater, the apostle John's brother, who was beheaded under Herod Agrippa in the Book of Acts. The second was James the Lesser, son of Alphaeus. Another James (known as James the Just) is also mentioned in the Bible as being the brother of Jesus.... [more]
JAMINיָמִיןmBiblical
Means "right hand" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Simeon.
JAPHETHיֶפֶתmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יֶפֶת (Yefet) meaning "enlarged". In the Old Testament he is one of the three sons of Noah, along with Shem and Ham. He was the ancestor of the peoples of Europe and Northern Asia.
JARAHיֲעְרָהmBiblical
Means "honeycomb" and "honeysuckle" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a descendant of Saul.
JAREDיָרֶד, יֶרֶדmEnglish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יָרֶד (Yared) or יֶרֶד (Yered) meaning "descent". This is the name of a close descendant of Adam in the Old Testament. It has been used as an English name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popularized in the 1960s by the character Jarrod Barkley on the television series 'The Big Valley'.
JASONΙασωνmEnglish, French, Greek Mythology (Anglicized), Biblical
From the Greek name Ιασων (Iason), which was derived from Greek ιασθαι (iasthai) "to heal". In Greek mythology Jason was the leader of the Argonauts. After his uncle Pelias overthrew his father Aeson as king of Iolcos, Jason went in search of the Golden Fleece in order to win back the throne. During his journeys he married the sorceress Medea, who helped him gain the fleece and kill his uncle, but who later turned against him when he fell in love with another woman.... [more]
JAVANיָוָןmBiblical
Means "Greece" in Hebrew, possibly related to ION (2). In the Old Testament this is the name of a grandson of Noah and the ancestor of the Greek peoples.
JECONIAHיְכָנְיָהmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH will establish" in Hebrew. This is another name (with the same meaning) of the Judean king Jehoiachin.
JEDIDAHיְדִידָהfBiblical
Means "beloved" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the wife of King Amon of Judah and the mother of Josiah.
JEDIDIAHיְדִידְיָהmBiblical
Means "beloved of YAHWEH" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is a name given to Solomon by Nathan.
JEHIELיְחִיאֵלmBiblical
Means "God will live" in Hebrew. This is the name of several people in the Old Testament, including one of King David's lute players.
JEHOASHיְהוֹאָשׁmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹאָשׁ (Yeho'ash), an extended form of יוֹאָשׁ (see JOASH). According to the Old Testament, this was the name of a king of Israel. He probably reigned in the 8th century BC.
JEHOHANANיְהוֹחָנָןmBiblical
From the Hebrew name Yehochanan, an extended form of Yochanan (see JOHN). It is borne by a few minor characters in the English Old Testament.
JEHOIACHINיְהוֹיָכִיןmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH establishes" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah. Also known as Jeconiah, he was imprisoned in Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar after a brief reign in the early 6th century BC.
JEHOIAKIMיְהוֹיָקִיםmBiblical
Means "raised by YAHWEH" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah. He lived in the 7th century BC, and was the son of Josiah and the father of Jehoiachin.
JEHONATHANיְהוֹנָתָןmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹנָתָן (Yehonatan), the full form of JONATHAN. This is the name of a few minor characters in the Old Testament.
JEHORAMיְהוֹרָםmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹרָם (Yehoram) which meant "exalted by YAHWEH". In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah and a king of Israel, both of whom ruled at about the same time in the 9th century BC.
JEHOSHAPHATיְהוֹשָׁפָטmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH has judged" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the fourth king of Judah, noted for having a generally peaceful and prosperous reign.
JEHOSHEBAיְהוֹשֶׁבַעmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹשֶׁבַע (Yehosheva') which meant "YAHWEH is an oath". In the Old Testament she is the daughter of King Jehoram of Judah. With her husband Jehoiada she rescued the future king Joash, her nephew, from a purge.
JEHUיְהוּאmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH is he" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Israel. He ruled in the 9th century BC, coming to power by overthrowing Jehoram. This was also the name of a prophet during the reign of the king Baasha.
JEHUDIיְהוּדִיmBiblical
Means "Jew" in Hebrew, ultimately referring to a person from the tribe of Judah. In the Old Testament this is the name of a servant of King Jehoiakim.
JEMIMAיְמִימָהfBiblical, English
Means "dove" in Hebrew. This was the oldest of the three daughters of Job in the Old Testament. As an English name, Jemima first became common during the Puritan era.
JEPHTHAיִפְתַחmBiblical
Variant of JEPHTHAH.
JEPHTHAHיִפְתַחmBiblical
Means "he opens" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name belongs to a ruling judge. He successfully defended Israel from the Ammonites, but was then obliged to sacrifice his daughter because of a vow he had made.
JEREMIAHיִרְמְיָהוּmEnglish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יִרְמְיָהוּ (Yirmiyahu) meaning "YAHWEH will exalt", from the roots רוּם (rum) meaning "to exalt" and יָה (yah) referring to the Hebrew God. This is the name of one of the major prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Jeremiah and the Book of Lamentations (supposedly). He lived to see the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem in the 6th century BC.... [more]
JEREMIELmBiblical
Means "God will exalt" in Hebrew. Jeremiel (also called Remiel) is named as an archangel in the apocryphal books of Esdras and Enoch in the Old Testament.
JEREMYmEnglish, Biblical
Medieval English form of JEREMIAH, and the form used in some English versions of the New Testament.
JERIAHיְרִיָהוּmBiblical
Means "taught by YAHWEH" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Jeriah is a descendant of Hebron.
JEROBOAMיָרָבְעָםmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יָרָבְעָם (Yarav'am) meaning "the people contend". According to the Old Testament, this was the name of the leader of the revolt against King Rehoboam of Israel. The kingdom was split into Judah in the south and Israel in the north, with Jeroboam becoming the first king of the latter.
JERUSHAיְרוּשָׁהfBiblical
From Hebrew יָרַשׁ (yarash) meaning "possession". In the Old Testament she is the wife of King Uzziah of Judah and the mother of Jotham.
JESCHAfBiblical
Form of ISCAH found in the medieval Wycliffe Bible. This name was probably the basis for Shakespeare's created name Jessica.
JESSEיִשַׁיmEnglish, Dutch, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יִשַׁי (Yishai) which possibly means "gift". In the Old Testament Jesse is the father of King David. It began to be used as an English given name after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Jesse James (1847-1882), an American outlaw who held up banks and stagecoaches. He was eventually shot by a fellow gang member for a reward. Another famous bearer was the American athlete Jesse Owens (1913-1980), whose real name was James Cleveland (or J. C.) Owens.
JESUSmTheology, Biblical
English form of Ιησους (Iesous), which was the Greek form of the Aramaic name יֵשׁוּעַ (Yeshu'a). Yeshu'a is itself a contracted form of Yehoshu'a (see JOSHUA). Yeshua ben Yoseph, better known as Jesus Christ, was the central figure of the New Testament and the source of the Christian religion. The four gospels state that he was the son of God and the Virgin Mary who fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies of the Messiah. He preached for three years before being crucified in Jerusalem.
JETHROיִתְרוֹmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יִתְרוֹ (Yitro), which was derived from the Hebrew word יֶתֶר (yeter) meaning "abundance". According to the Old Testament, Jethro was a Midianite priest who sheltered Moses when he fled Egypt. He was the father of Zipporah, who became Moses's wife. A famous bearer of the name was Jethro Tull (1674-1741), an English inventor and agriculturist.
JEZEBELאִיזֶבֶלfBiblical
From the Hebrew אִיזֶבֶל ('Izevel) which probably means "where is the prince?", a ritual question spoken in ceremonies honouring Baal. Alternatively, it may mean "not exalted". In the Old Testament Jezebel is the evil wife of Ahab, king of Israel. After she was thrown from a window to her death her body was eaten by dogs, fulfilling Elijah's prophecy.
JOABיוֹאָבmBiblical
Means "YAHWEH is father" in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament, he was the commander of King David's army. In separate incidents he killed both Abner and Absalom. When Solomon came to power he was executed.
JOANNAfEnglish, Polish, Biblical
English and Polish form of Latin Iohanna, which was derived from Greek Ιωαννα (Ioanna), the feminine form of Ioannes (see JOHN). This is the spelling used in the English New Testament, where it belongs to a follower of Jesus who is regarded as a saint. In the Middle Ages in England it was used as a Latinized form of Joan (the usual feminine form of John) and it became common as a given name in the 19th century.
JOASHיוֹאָשׁmBiblical
From the Hebrew name יוֹאָשׁ (Yo'ash), possibly meaning "fire of YAHWEH". In the Old Testament this name was borne by several characters including the father of Gideon, a king of Judah, and a son of King Ahab of Israel.