GENDER: Masculine
OTHER SCRIPTS: בַּעַל זְבוּב (Ancient Hebrew)
PRONOUNCED: bee-EL-zi-bub (English), BEEL-zi-bub (English)  [details]

Meaning & History

From Hebrew בַּעַל זְבוּב (Ba'al Zevuv) meaning "lord of flies", possibly intended as a mocking alteration of בַּעַל זבל (Ba'al Zevul) meaning "Ba'al of the exalted house", one of the Canaanite names for their god BA'AL.

Based on the Hebrew form, this spelling is used in the Latin translation of the Old Testament, and it is commonly rendered Baal-Zebub or Baalzebub in English translations. In the New Testament, this spelling appears in both the Latin and most older English translations, despite the fact that the Greek original uses Βεελζεβουλ (Beelzeboul). Recent English translations of the New Testament tend to use Beelzebul.

Late Christian tradition holds that Beelzebub is a demon or fallen angel. He is Satan's chief lieutenant in the 1667 epic poem 'Paradise Lost' by John Milton.
VARIANT: Baal-Zebub (Biblical)
OTHER LANGUAGES/CULTURES: Beelzeboul (Biblical Greek), Ba'al Zevuv (Biblical Hebrew)


biblical, demons
Entry updated July 11, 2018