Gender Feminine
Pronounced Pron. i-LIZ-ə-bəth(English)
  [key·IPA]

Meaning & History

From Ἐλισάβετ (Elisabet), the Greek form of the Hebrew name אֱלִישֶׁבַע ('Elisheva') meaning "my God is an oath", derived from the roots אֵל ('el) referring to the Hebrew God and שָׁבַע (shava') meaning "oath". The Hebrew form appears in the Old Testament where Elisheba is the wife of Aaron, while the Greek form appears in the New Testament where Elizabeth is the mother of John the Baptist.

Among Christians, this name was originally more common in Eastern Europe. It was borne in the 12th century by Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, a daughter of King Andrew II who used her wealth to help the poor. In medieval England it was occasionally used in honour of the saint, though the form Isabel (from Occitan and Spanish) was more common. It has been very popular in England since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in the 16th century. In American name statistics (as recorded since 1880) it has never ranked lower than 30, making it the most consistently popular name for girls in the United States.

Besides Elizabeth I, this name has been borne (in various spellings) by many other European royals, including a ruling empress of Russia in the 18th century. Famous modern bearers include the British queen Elizabeth II (1926-) and actress Elizabeth Taylor (1932-2011).

Related Names

VariantsElisabeth, Elsabeth, Elyzabeth(English) Elisabeth(Biblical)
Other Languages & CulturesZabel(Armenian) Elixabete(Basque) Elisabet(Biblical Greek) Elisheva(Biblical Hebrew) Elisabeth(Biblical Latin) Elisaveta, Elizabet(Bulgarian) Elisabet(Catalan) Elizabeta, Ela(Croatian) Alžběta, Eliška, Liliana(Czech) Elisabeth, Isabella, Eli, Elisabet, Elise, Ella, Else, Lilli, Lilly, Lis, Lisa, Lisbet, Lisbeth, Lise, Liss, Lissi(Danish) Elisabeth, Isabeau, Isabel, Isabella, Isabelle, Babette, Betje, Elise, Elly, Els, Else, Elsje, Ilse, Isa, Lies, Liesbeth, Liese, Liesje, Lijsbeth, Lisa, Lize(Dutch) Eliisabet, Elo, Liis, Liisa, Liisi, Liisu(Estonian) Elisabet, Isabella, Eliisa, Elisa, Elise, Ella, Elsa, Iisa, Liisa, Liisi(Finnish) Élisabeth, Isabel, Isabelle, Babette, Élise, Isabeau, Lili, Liliane, Lilianne, Lise, Lisette(French) Bet, Elske, Lys(Frisian) Sabela(Galician) Elisabed, Eliso, Eliza, Liana, Liza(Georgian) Elisabeth, Isabel, Isabelle, Babette, Bettina, Elisa, Elise, Ella, Elli, Elsa, Else, Ilsa, Ilse, Isa, Isabell, Isabella, Lies, Liesa, Liese, Liesel, Liesl, Lili, Lilli, Lisa, Lisbeth(German) Elisavet(Greek) Elikapeka(Hawaiian) Elisheva(Hebrew) Elizabet, Erzsébet, Izabella, Bettina, Bözsi, Eliza, Erzsi, Lili, Liliána, Lilien, Zsóka(Hungarian) Elísabet, Ísabella, Elsa(Icelandic) Eilís, Eilish, Isibéal, Sibéal(Irish) Elisabetta, Isabella, Bettina, Elisa, Elsa, Isa, Liana, Liliana, Lisa(Italian) Elizabete, Elīza(Latvian) Bet, Betje(Limburgish) Elžbieta, Elzė(Lithuanian) Elisaveta, Beti, Veta(Macedonian) Ealisaid(Manx) Ibb(Medieval English) Isabeau(Medieval French) Isabel(Medieval Occitan) Elisabeth, Isabella, Eli, Elisabet, Elise, Ella, Else, Lilly, Lisa, Lisbet, Lisbeth, Lise, Liss(Norwegian) Isabèl(Occitan) Elżbieta, Izabela, Izabella, Ela, Eliza, Iza, Liliana, Lilianna(Polish) Isabel, Belinha, Elisa, Elisabete, Elizabete, Isabela, Liana, Liliana(Portuguese) Eliza, Izabel, Lílian(Portuguese (Brazilian)) Elisabeta, Isabela, Isabella, Eliza, Liana, Liliana(Romanian) Elizaveta, Yelizaveta, Liza, Lizaveta(Russian) Elspet, Elspeth, Ishbel, Isobel, Lilias, Lillias(Scottish) Ealasaid, Iseabail, Beileag, Lileas(Scottish Gaelic) Jelisaveta, Ela, Jela, Jelica(Serbian) Alžbeta, Eliška(Slovak) Elizabeta, Ela, Špela(Slovene) Isabel, Ysabel, Eli, Elisa, Elisabet, Isa, Isabela, Liliana(Spanish) Elisabet, Elisabeth, Isabella, Elise, Ella, Elsa, Elsie, Lilly, Lis, Lisa, Lisbet, Lisbeth, Lise(Swedish) Yelyzaveta, Yelysaveta(Ukrainian) Bethan(Welsh)
User SubmissionÉlizabeth

People think this name is

classic   mature   formal   upper class   natural   wholesome   refined   complex   serious   nerdy  

Images

Queen Elizabeth I of EnglandQueen Elizabeth I of England
The Visitation by Daret (1435), with Saint Elizabeth in the centerThe Visitation by Daret (1435), with Saint Elizabeth in the center

Categories

Alien characters, American Girl characters, American Horror Story characters, Anne Rice characters, Armistead Maupin characters, biblical women, Big Little Lies characters, Black Butler characters, British queens, British royal family, Castlevania characters, civil rights, Code Geass characters, D. H. Lawrence characters, Dance Central characters, Detroit Become Human characters, Dharma and Greg characters, Disney characters, female US presidential candidates, film titles, first ladies of the USA, Five Nights at Freddy's characters, Flack characters, Frasier characters, Fringe characters, God, Hamilton characters, House of Cards US characters, Hunters characters, Jane Austen characters, Jojo's Bizarre Adventure characters, Keeping Up Appearances characters, Kingdom Hearts characters, Leo Tolstoy characters, literature, Louisa May Alcott characters, Mad Men characters, Magi characters, Mayflower passengers, Megami Tensei characters, Muppets, never out of the US top 100, never out of the US top 1000, Orthodox saints, Overwatch characters, Poldark characters, queens, queens of England, queens of Scotland, queens regnant, Rosenkowitz sextuplets, Sailor Moon characters, saints, Shakespearean characters, Simpsons characters, Soul Eater characters, Star Trek characters, Stephen King characters, Strike Witches characters, The Crown's Game characters, The Four Hundred members, The Golden Girls characters, The Nanny characters, The Seven Deadly Sins characters, The Sopranos characters, Thomas Hardy characters, top 10 in South Africa, top 10 in Tanzania, top 10 in the Isle of Man, top 10 in the US, Trigun characters, UK prime ministers, Virginia Woolf characters, Vivy Fluorite Eye's Song characters, voice actors, Wild Arms characters, WITCH characters, women's history, YouTubers
Entry updated May 29, 2020