These names occur in various Judeo-Christian-Islamic legends that are preserved outside of the Bible.
AZRAELmJudeo-Christian Legend Variant of AZRIEL. This was the name of an angel in Jewish and Islamic tradition who separated the soul from the body upon death. He is sometimes referred to as the Angel of Death.
BALTHAZARmJudeo-Christian Legend Variant of BELSHAZZAR. Balthazar is the name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who visited the newborn Jesus. He was said to have come from Arabia.
BARLAAMmJudeo-Christian Legend Meaning unknown. In Christian legends Barlaam (recorded as Greek Βαρλαάμ) was a 3rd-century hermit who converted Josaphat, the son of an Indian king, to Christianity. The story is based on that of the Buddha. This name was also borne by two saints.
BELIALבְּלִיַעַלmBiblical, Biblical Latin, Judeo-Christian Legend Means "worthless" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this term is used to refer to various wicked people. In the New Testament, Paul uses it as a name for Satan. In later Christian tradition Belial became an evil angel associated with lawlessness and lust.
CASSIELmJudeo-Christian Legend From Hebrew קַפצִיאֵל (Qaftzi'el), of uncertain meaning. Suggested meanings include "speed of God" or "cover of God". This is the name of an angel in medieval Jewish, Christian and Islamic mysticism.
ISRAFILإسرافيلmJudeo-Christian Legend Meaning unknown. In Islamic tradition this is the name of the angel who will blow the trumpet that signals the coming of Judgement Day. He is sometimes equated with the angels Raphael or Uriel from Judeo-Christian tradition.
JASPERmEnglish, Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend From Latin Gaspar, perhaps from the biblical Hebrew word גִּזְבָּר (gizbar) meaning "treasurer", derived from Persian ganzabara. This name was traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since the Middle Ages. The name can also be given in reference to the English word for the gemstone.
JEREMIELיְרַחְמְאֵלmBiblical, Judeo-Christian Legend From Latin Hieremihel, probably from the Hebrew name Yerachme'el (see JERAHMEEL). Jeremiel (also called Remiel or Uriel) is named as an archangel in some verions of the apocryphal book of 2 Esdras (preserved in Latin) in the Old Testament.
LILITHfSemitic Mythology, Judeo-Christian Legend Derived from Akkadian lilitu meaning "of the night". This was the name of a demon in ancient Assyrian myths. In Jewish tradition she was Adam's first wife, sent out of Eden and replaced by Eve because she would not submit to him. The offspring of Adam (or Samael) and Lilith were the evil spirits of the world.
LUCIFERmJudeo-Christian Legend Means "bringing light", derived from Latin lux "light" and ferre "to bring". In Latin this name originally referred to the morning star, Venus, but later became associated with the chief angel who rebelled against God's rule in heaven (see Isaiah 14:12). In later literature, such as the Divine Comedy (1321) by Dante and Paradise Lost (1667) by John Milton, Lucifer became associated with Satan himself.
MELCHIORmDutch, Judeo-Christian Legend Possibly from the Hebrew roots מֶלֶכְ (melekh) meaning "king" and אוֹר ('or) meaning "light". This was a name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus. According to medieval tradition he was a king of Persia.
PHANUELΦανουήλmBiblical, Judeo-Christian Legend Form of PENUEL used in the New Testament, where it is borne by the father of Anna the prophetess. It also appears in the apocryphal Book of Enoch belonging to an angel.