occur in various Judeo-Christian-Islamic legends
that are preserved outside of the Bible
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABATUR m Judeo-Christian Legend, Near Eastern Mythology, Arabic (Archaic)
Means literally, "father of the Uthre" in Mandaean, which translates roughly to "father of the angels," derived from aba
"father" combined with uthra
) "angel". In the Mandaean Gnostic cosmology, Abatur is "the third of four emanations from the supreme, unknowable deity", and the father of Ptahil
, the Mandaean demiurge.
ABDIEL m Biblical Hebrew, Judeo-Christian Legend, Literature
Means "servant of God" in Hebrew. In the Bible, this is the name of a member of the tribe of Gad
. In John Milton's 'Paradise Lost' (1667), this is the name of a seraph who withstood Satan when he urged the angels to revolt.
ABIGOR m Judeo-Christian Legend
In Christian demonology, this was an upper demon ("great duke") of hell. Allegedly Abigor (also known as Eligor
) was the demon of war, in command of 60 legions, portrayed riding a winged or skeletal steed... [more]
ACLIMA f Judeo-Christian Legend
Meaning unknown. In some religious traditions, this is the name of the first human female born, a daughter of Adam and Eve.
ALDEBARAN m Astronomy, Judeo-Christian Legend
Derived from Arabic الدبران (al-Dabarān)
meaning "follower" (from دبر (dábar)
"to turn one's back"). This is the name of the brightest star in the constellation Taurus, presumably so named because it appears to follow the Pleiades rightward across the night sky... [more]
AMAEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Amael is an angel of hope and a principality who resides on the third heaven. He is the ruling angel of Venus. Amael is a name likened to that of Haniel, an angel who has as many aspects as variant forms of his name.
AMBRIEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Allegedly means "energy of God" in Hebrew. In Jewish and Christian mythology, this is the name of an angel associated with the zodiacal sign of Gemini and the month of May. It was found engraved on a Hebrew amulet for warding off evil.
ANAEL m & f Judeo-Christian Legend, Biblical, Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew name of uncertain meaning, possibly "God answers" (making it an equivalent of Anaiah
, using el
"God" as the second element as opposed to yah
"); alternatively the first element may be related to chanah
"favour, grace" (making it a relative of Hananiah
and perhaps a form of Hanniel
ANDRAS m Judeo-Christian Legend
The name of a demon as described in the Lesser Key of Solomon as a creature with the body of an angel and an owl's head who rides a wolf. Andras commands thirty legions of lesser demons and his main purpose is to spread discord and violence amongst mortals.
ARAZIEL m Hebrew, Judeo-Christian Legend
Apparently means "light of God" or "moon of God" in Hebrew. This is the name of a fallen angel who was cast out of heaven by God for having relations with earthly women.
ASMODAI m Biblical, Judeo-Christian Legend
From Hebrew Ashmedai
, which itself is derived from Avestan aēšma-daēva
meaning "demon of wrath". Asmodai is a semi-Biblical demon mostly known thanks to the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit... [more]
AWAN f Judeo-Christian Legend
In the Book of Jubilees, this was a daughter of Adam and Eve and sister of Seth, Abel, Azura and more, and the twin sister and wife of Cain.
BAIN m Literature, Judeo-Christian Legend
Bain was the son of Bard in J. R. R. Tolkien's book, The Hobbit. "Bain" means "beautiful" in J. R. R. Tolkien's fictional language, Sindarin (Elvish).
BAPHOMET m Judeo-Christian Legend, Popular Culture
Probably from a medieval corruption of Mahomet
. This appears in the Inquisition of the Knights Templar as the name of an alleged Muslim or pagan idol. In the 19th century it became associated with a Western occult symbol drawn by Eliphas Lévi, a "Sabbatic Goat" image depicting a demonic horned god.
BARACHIEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Apparently means "blessing(s) of God" or "lightning of God" in Hebrew. This is the name of one of the seven archangels in the Eastern Orthodox tradition.
BELETH m Judeo-Christian Legend
In demonology, Beleth also spelled Bilet, Bileth, Byleth and Bilith is a mighty and terrible king of Hell, who has eighty-five legions of demons under his command.
BELPHEGOR m Judeo-Christian Legend
From Ba'al Pe'or
, the name of a Semitic god mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, meaning "Ba'al
of Mount Pe'or" or "lord of the opening". In Christian demonology this is the name of a demon that represents the deadly sin of sloth.
CALMANA f Judeo-Christian Legend, Literature
Latinized form of Kalmana
, the name of Cain's wife and twin sister in Judeo-Christian legend (e.g., found in the (first Greek redaction of the) 'Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius', written in Syriac in the late 7th century)... [more]
CAMAEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Apparently means "he who sees God" in Hebrew. This is the name of an angel who is often listed as being one of the seven archangels.
CELIDONIUS m Judeo-Christian Legend
Probably a Latinized form of the Greek Χελιδόνιος (Chelidonios)
, which was derived from χελιδών (chelidon)
"a swallow". In Christian tradition this name is sometimes ascribed to the unnamed "man born blind" whose sight Jesus miraculously heals (in the Gospel of John 9:1-12), and the form Celedonius
belonged to an early saint, martyred c.300.
DUMAH m Biblical, Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "silent" in Hebrew. Briefly mentioned in the Old Testament as the name of one of Ishmael's sons. In Rabbinical Literature, Dumah is also the angel of silence and of the stillness of death.
EMZARA f Judeo-Christian Legend
The name of Noah's wife, a daughter of Rake'el (his father's brother), according to Jubilees 4:33 of the Old Testament Apocrypha.
FINLUGH m Judeo-Christian Legend
Derived from Gaelic fionn
"white, fair" and lug
"light, brightness". The second element may refer to the pagan sun god Lugh
, in which case it means "fair Lugh". This was the name of numerous minor early Irish saints... [more]
GREMORY m Judeo-Christian Legend
Origins unknown. This is the name of a demon identified in 'The Lesser Key of Solomon' who appears in the form of a beautiful woman.
IMANA f Judeo-Christian Legend
Blessed Imana of Loss (died circa 1270) was a Cistercian Benedictine nun and abbess at Salzinnes, Namur, France.
INIAS m Judeo-Christian Legend
One of the 7 angels reprobated by the church council in Rome (745 C.E.) The others were Uriel, Raquel, Simiel (Semibiel), Tubuel, Tubuas, and Saboac.... [more]
ITHURIEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Apparently means "discovery of God" in Hebrew, according to some sources. However, it could possibly instead mean "the light of God is with me", derived from Hebrew 'itay
"with me", uri
"light, fire" and el
JEHUDIEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Derived from the Hebrew יהודיאל (Yehudiel)
which meant "praise of God" (compare Judah
). Jehudiel was one of the seven archangels in Eastern Orthodox tradition.
KOKABIEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "star of God", derived from Hebrew כּוֹכַב (kokhab
) "star" and אֵל ('el
) "God". The Book of Enoch names him as one of the fallen angels. He is also mentioned in the Kabbalistic text 'Sefer Raziel HaMalakh' ("The Book of the Archangel Raziel
LERAJE m Judeo-Christian Legend
Meaning unknown, possibly of Hebrew origin. In the 17th-century grimoire 'The Lesser Key of Solomon', this is the name of a demon that appears in the form of an archer.
MAMMON m Biblical, Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "wealth, riches". In the New Testament, this was material wealth or greed, which was often personified as a deity. Sixteenth century German theologian Peter Binsfeld classified him as one of the seven princes of Hell.
MEPHISTOPHELES m Literature, Judeo-Christian Legend
Derived from Hebrew mephitz
"destroyer" and tophel
"liar" (the second element taken from the phrase tophel shequer
, literally "falsehood plasterer"). This is the name of the devil in the German Faust
legend, with whom the character Faust makes a pact, exchanging his soul for unlimited knowledge and worldly pleasures.
METATRON m Judeo-Christian Legend
After the angel of the face, the angel of the presence, chief of the ministering angels, the chief recording angel, chancellor of heaven, the angel by whom the world is maintained, and a being so mighty that he possesses 72 other names... [more]
NURIEL m Hebrew, Judeo-Christian Legend
Apparently means either "light of God" (compare Arabic Nur
) or "fire of God" in Hebrew. This is the name of an angel in the Zohar, a Kabbalistic text.
POTIPHER m Judeo-Christian Legend
Joseph's owner and husband of the pretty young woman who tried to seduce him (Genesis 37:36-9). In the Arabic tradition, his name is Butifar, and his wife's is Zeleikha (Qur'an 12).
PTAHIL m Judeo-Christian Legend
This is the name of the Mandaean demiurge (see Demiurgos
), probably based on a Mandaic root pth
meaning "to mold" (or related to Egyptian Ptah
) and the divine suffix il
, which is Hebrew 'el
RUBIEL m Spanish (Latin American), Judeo-Christian Legend
Possibly a genuine Hebrew name, of which the first element may be etymologically related to Ruben
. The second element would certainly be derived from Hebrew el
"God". However, this name could also be a recently created name, in the same fashion as Yaniel
(which seems to be predominantly used in Latin American countries)... [more]
SABRIEL f & m Literature, Judeo-Christian Legend
There are multiple explanations for the etymology of this name. One is that it is a variant form of Sabrael
. An other is that it is derived from Hebrew sabi
"stop, rest" combined with el
"God", thus meaning "(the) rest of God"... [more]
SARIEL m Hebrew, Judeo-Christian Legend
Apparently means "command of God" in Hebrew, making this name a variant or a shortened form of Zerachiel
. This is the name of an angel mainly known in judaism, who was - among others - an angel of healing and a benevolent angel of death (it is said that he was sent to retrieve the soul of Moses
SOFIEL f Judeo-Christian Legend
Perhaps a variant of Zophiel
, or possibly means "nature" as Sofiel was an angel of nature and vegetables and fosters a love of nature in human hearts; also an angelic bookkeeper appointed over the records of souls, living and dead.
SOLOMONIA f Judeo-Christian Legend
Apparently a feminine form of Solomon
. According to Eastern Orthodox tradition, Solomonia was the unnamed woman with seven sons described in 2 Maccabees 7 of the Old Testament. It was borne by Solomonia Saburova (c.1490-1542), a Russian royal consort and Orthodox saint.
YEQON m Judeo-Christian Legend
means "he shall rise". The name of one of the 200 fallen angels that married woman women and taught humans wicked arts like witchcraft and how to make weapons. Yeqon was the ringleader who first tempted the other Watchers into having sexual relations with humans... [more]
ZADKIEL m Hebrew, Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "righteousness of God" in Hebrew. Rabbinic tradition considers him to be the Angel of Mercy and some believe him to be the Angel of the Lord that prevented Abraham from killing his son Isaac.
ZEPHON m Judeo-Christian Legend
Variant of Ziphion
. Means "hidden" in Hebrew. In the apocryphal Book of Enoch this was the name of an angel sent by the archangel Gabriel, along with the angel Ithuriel
, to find the location of Satan after his fall.