ACCALIAfRoman Mythology (?), English (Rare) According to questionable sources, such as baby name books and websites, this was another name for Acca, the human foster-mother of Romulus and Remus in Roman legend, also known as Acca Larentia (see ACCA)... [more]
ACHATESmRoman Mythology, Greek Mythology Perhaps derived from the name of a river in Sicily, Italy, or from the name of the type of rock often found there. This is the name of two separate characters in Roman and Greek mythology.
ADEONAfRoman Mythology The Roman goddess who guides the child back home, after it has left the parental house for the first time and monitored its coming and going in learning to walk.
AEQUITASm & fRoman Mythology Means "equity, equality, fairness" in Latin. During the Roman Empire, Aequitas as a divine personification was part of the religious propaganda of the emperor, under the name Aequitas Augusti, which also appeared on coins... [more]
AGENORIAfRoman Mythology Goddess who endowed a child with the capacity to lead an active (actus) life. Her name is presumably derived from the Latin verb ago, agere, egi, actum, "to do, drive, go."
ALATORmCeltic Mythology, Roman Mythology An epithet of Mars found on an altar at South Shields in England, and on a votive plaque found in Hertfordshire in England. There is disagreement of its meaning, with some academics interpreting it as "hunstman" and others as "cherisher"... [more]
ALEMONIAfRoman Mythology Perhaps related to Greek ἀλήμων (ălēmon) "a wanderer, rover". In Roman mythology, ALEMONA or Alemonia was a minor, tutelary goddess of the fetus, the entity responsible for feeding the unborn child (i.e., nourishing growth in utero).
ANGITIAfRoman Mythology A Roman snake-goddess who was especially worshipped by the Marsi, a tribe in central Italy.
ANNONARIAfRoman Mythology Means "she who supplies corn" in Latin, derived from annona "yearly produce", "crop, harvest" or "corn, grain" (also the name of a Roman goddess who personified the year), which was ultimately from annus "year"... [more]
AVENTINUSmRoman Mythology This name can be traced to the Aventine Hill, allegedly one of the Seven Hills that Ancient Rome was founded upon. Aventinus of Alba Longa was a mythical king said to have been buried there. It is debated as to whether the hill was named for the figure, or vice versa... [more]
AVERRUNCUSmRoman Mythology In ancient Roman religion, Averruncus or Auruncus is a god of averting harm. AULUS Gellius says that he is one of the potentially malignant deities who must be propitiated for their power to both inflict and withhold disaster from people and the harvests.... [more]
CAECULUSmRoman Mythology Derived from the Latin adjective caecus meaning "blind" combined with the Latin masculine diminutive suffix -ulus. Also compare the related name CAECILIUS.... [more]
CAELIFERmRoman Mythology From a poetic Latin epithet of the Greek god ATLAS which meant "supporting the heavens", from caelum "heaven" and ferre "to bear, to carry, to bring"... [more]
CAELUSmRoman Mythology The name of the god of the sky in Roman mythology. Meaning "sky" or "the heavens." Origin of the English word "celestial"
CANDELIFERAfRoman Mythology The cyclical place of the goddess Candelifera, "She who bears the candle," is uncertain. It is sometimes thought that she provides an artificial light for labor that occurs at night. A long labor was considered likely for first-time mothers, so at least a part of the birthing process would occur at night... [more]
CARMENTAfRoman Mythology From Latin carmen "song, verse, enchantment, religious formula", from canere "to sing" (the notion is of chanting or reciting verses of magical power). In Roman legend Carmenta was a goddess of prophecy and childbirth, the mother of Evander by MERCURY... [more]
CARNAfRoman Mythology The goddess who makes strong muscles, and defends the internal organs from witches or strigae.
CINXIAfRoman Mythology Roman goddess of conception. She functions within the belt (cingulum) that the bride wears to symbolize that her husband is "belted and bound" (cinctus vinctusque) to her. It was tied with the knot of HERCULES, intended to be intricate and difficult to untie... [more]
CONSEVIUSmRoman Mythology The god of propagation and insemination, from con-serere, "to sow." It is a title of JANUS as a creator god or god of beginnings.
DECLUNAfRoman Mythology An important goddess (or perhaps god, known as DECLUNUS) of the Volscians, an ancient people of Italy who were frequently at war with the Romans and subsequently conquered and assimilated... [more]
DECLUNUSmRoman Mythology An important god (or perhaps goddess, known as DECLUNA) of the Volscians, an ancient people of Italy who were frequently at war with the Romans and subsequently conquered and assimilated... [more]
DIANUSmRoman Mythology Masculine form of DIANA. This was the name of an obscure god in Roman mythology. Some experts theorize that Dianus is not a separate god on his own; they claim that Dianus is merely a different name for Ianus (see JANUS).
EDUSAfRoman Mythology A goddess who enables the taking of nourishment. The variations of her name may indicate that while her functional focus was narrow, her name had not stabilized; she was mainly a divine force to be invoked ad hoc for a specific purpose... [more]
EGERIAfRoman Mythology Possibly connected to Greek αἴγειρος (aigeiros) meaning "black poplar", a type of tree (species Populus nigra). In Roman mythology this was the name of a nymph best known for her liaisons with Numa Pompilius, the legendary second king of Rome (after Romulus)... [more]
FAVONIUSmAncient Roman, Roman Mythology Roman family name of disputed origin. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it is from Latin favere "to favor"; Ernest Klein says, by dissimilation from *fovonius, literally "the warming wind", from fovere "to warm"... [more]
FLUONIAfRoman Mythology Derives from fluo, fluere, "to flow," is a form of JUNO who retains the nourishing blood within the womb. Women attended to the cult of Juno Fluonia "because she held back the flow of blood (i.e., menstruation) in the act of conception" and pregnancy... [more]
FULGORAfRoman Mythology From Latin fulgur meaning "lightning", which is derived from fulgeo "to flash, lighten, shine". In Roman mythology this was the name of the goddess who presided over lightning, equivalent to the Greek goddess ASTRAPE.
FURRINAfRoman Mythology Furrina was an ancient Roman goddess whose function had become obscure by the 1st century BC. Her cult dated to the earliest period of Roman religious history, since she was one of the fifteen deities who had their own flamen, the Furrinalis, one of the flamines minores... [more]
GRADIVUSmRoman Mythology An epithet of the Roman god MARS meaning "he who marches (into battle)" from Latin gradus "step, pace, gait, stride, walk". 'Mars Gradivus had a temple outside the Porta Capena on the Appian road, and it is said that king NUMA appointed twelve Salii as priests of this god.'
LARENTIAfRoman Mythology Apparently derived from the Latin term Lares referring to minor guardian gods, the origin of which is unknown. There may be a connection to Latin larva "ghost, spectre" or larvo "to enchant, bewitch"... [more]
LETUMm & fRoman Mythology Letum is the Roman version of THANATOS. Μeans "death, destruction, annihilation". Letum was far more violent in Roman mythology than Thanatos was in Greek mythology... [more]
LEVANAfRoman Mythology The goddess Levana lifts the baby (from levare "to lift), who was ceremonially placed on the ground after birth in symbolic contact with Mother Earth. The midwife then cut the umbilical cord and presented the newborn to the mother, a scene sometimes depicted on sarcophagi... [more]
LUAfRoman Mythology In Roman mythology, Lua was a goddess to whom soldiers sacrificed captured weapons. Her name is thought to be derived from Latin luo "to set free".... [more]
LUPERCUSmRoman Mythology, Ancient Roman Personal name from Medieval Latin “lŭpus”, meaning “wolf”. Lupercus in Roman mythology was considered a pastoral deity invoked to protect the fertility. In his honor were celebrated on February 15, in a cave on the Palatine Hill... [more]
MANIAfEtruscan Mythology, Roman Mythology In Roman and Etruscan mythology, Mania was a goddess of the dead. She, along with MANTUS, ruled the underworld. She was said to be the mother of ghosts, the undead, and other spirits of the night, as well as the Lares and the Manes... [more]
MARICAfRoman Mythology In Roman mythology, Marica was a nymph and the mother of LATINUS. The sacred forest near Minturnae was dedicated to Marica as well as a nearby lake. The origin and meaning or her name are uncertain... [more]
MEDITRINAfRoman Mythology Roman goddess of wine and health, possibly created to explain the Roman holiday of Meditrinalia (Oct. 11); generally taken to mean 'healer'
MEFITISfRoman Mythology Mefitis was a Samnite and minor Roman goddess of noxious gases, like those from volcanoes or swamps. Mefitis also gives her name to the archaic word "mephitic" meaning foul smelling.
MISERIAfRoman Mythology Probably means "misery" in Latin. Miseria was the Roman Goddess of misery and woe and is the Roman equivalent of her Greek counterpart OIZYS.
MISERICORDIAfSpanish, Roman Mythology Means "compassion" in Latin, ultimately from miser "poor, wretched" and cor "heart". In Roman mythology Misericordia was the personification of mercy, pity and compassion, equivalent to the Greek goddess ELEOS... [more]
MORTAfRoman Mythology In Roman mythology, Morta was the goddess of death. She is responsible for the pain and/or death that occur in a half-wake, half-sleep time frame. Her father is the god of darkness and her mother is the goddess of night... [more]
MURCIAfRoman Mythology Originally an epithet to the goddess VENUS and connected to the word myrtus "myrtle tree", later connected to the Latin word murcus "lazy, inactive" and interpreted as goddess of laziness by Christian writers.
NEPTUNINEfRoman Mythology Feminine form of NEPTUNE used by Roman poet Catullus (64. 28) to refer to the Greek nymph THETIS, because she was a granddaughter of Poseidon, the Greek Neptune.
NOCTILUCAfRoman Mythology, Literature From Latin noctilūca meaning "something that shines by night" - thus also "moon" and "lantern" - from nox "night" and luceo "to shine". It may be an epithet of the Roman goddess JUNO... [more]
NUMERIAfRoman Mythology Derived from Latin numerus meaning "number". In Roman mythology, Numeria is the goddess who grants young children the ability to count.
NUNDINAfRoman Mythology Nundina presides over the dies lustricus, the purification day when the child was given a name (praenomen). This occurred on the eighth day for girls and the ninth day for boys, a difference PLUTARCH explains by noting that "it is a fact that the female grows up, and attains maturity and perfection before the male." Until the umbilical cord fell off, typically on the seventh day, the baby was regarded as "more like a plant than an animal," as Plutarch expresses it... [more]
OPSfRoman Mythology Derived from the Latin noun ops which can mean "power, might, influence" as well as "aid, help, support" and "wealth, abundance, riches, resources." In Roman mythology, Ops (also called Opis) is a fertility goddess who is the wife of SATURN and mother of (among others) JUPITER and JUNO.
PARCAfRoman Mythology One of the three goddesses of fate in relation to birthing. See also Nona and DECIMA. Parca or Partula oversees partus, birth as the initial separation from the mother's body (as in English '"postpartum")... [more]
PAVENTIAfRoman Mythology The name of a minor Roman goddess, who protects against childhood fears (pavor), protects against sudden fright and comforts those who have been frightened.
PERTUNDAfRoman Mythology Pertunda enabled sexual penetration. Pertunda is the female personification of the verb pertundere, "to penetrate", and seems to be a name for invoking a divine power specific to this function.
PILUMNUSmRoman Mythology Meaning, "staker." The god who grants the pestle necessary for making flour from grain. He ensured children grew properly and stayed healthy. Ancient Romans made an extra bed after the birth of a child in order to ensure the help of Pilumnus... [more]
PREMAfRoman Mythology Prema is the insistent sex act, from the verb primo, primere, to press upon. Although the verb usually describes the masculine role, Augustine calls Prema dea Mater, a mother goddess.
PROVIDENTIAfRoman Mythology In ancient Roman religion, Providentia is a divine personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome.
QUERELLAfRoman Mythology Means "complaint, lamentation" in Latin. In Roman mythology Querella was the personification of mockery, blame, ridicule, scorn, complaint and stinging criticism, equivalent to the Greek daemon Momos (who was expelled from heaven for ridiculing the gods).
ROBIGOfRoman Mythology A minor god in Roman mythology, the name comes from the 'wheat rust' that Romans were asking protection from (the 'wheat rust' being a red fungus that could infest crops). The festival Robigalia, where they sacrificed non-edible animals, was held on April 25th... [more]
ROBIGUSmRoman Mythology A minor god in Roman mythology, the name comes from the 'wheat rust' that Romans were asking protection from (the 'wheat rust' being a red fungus that could infest crops). The festival Robigalia, where they sacrificed non-edible animals, was held on April 25th... [more]
ROMAfRoman Mythology In ancient Roman religion, Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. She embodied Rome in complex ways and symbolized the ideal woman in society
RUMINAfRoman Mythology Derived from Latin rūma "udder". This name belonged to a goddess who protected breastfeeding mothers and possibly nursing infants. Her domain extended to protecting animal mothers, not just human ones... [more]
SENTIAfRoman Mythology In Roman mythology, Sentia is the goddess of child development and the bringer of awareness into young children. The English word "sentient" meaning "able to perceive or feel things", is derived from her name.
SENTINUSmRoman Mythology God who gives sentience or the powers of sense perception (sensus). Augustine calls him the sensificator, "creator of sentience."
STATINAfRoman Mythology The goddess who gives the baby fitness or "straightness," (i.e. the ability to live) and the father held it up to acknowledge his responsibility to raise it. Unwanted children might be abandoned at the Temple of Pietas or the Columna Lactaria... [more]
STRENUAfRoman Mythology In ancient Roman religion, Strenua was a goddess of the new year, purification, and wellbeing. According to Johannes Lydos, her name is derived from a Sabinian word strenuae "wellbeing; fortune".
SUADAfRoman Mythology Related to Latin suadere meaning "to urge, persuade" from Proto-Indo-European *swad- (related to suavis "sweet"). She was the Roman personification of persuasion, seduction and charming speech, equivalent to the Greek goddess or daemonPEITHO.
SUBIGUSmRoman Mythology Subigus is the god (deus) who causes the bride to give in to her husband. The name derives from the verb subigo, subigere, "to cause to go under; tame, subdue," used of the active role in sexual intercourse, hence "cause to submit sexually".
TACITAfRoman Mythology Derived from Latin tace "to be silent". In Roman mythology, (Dea) Tacita was a goddess of the dead. According to Ovid, she was originally a water nymph called Lara or LALA, a daughter of the god ALMO who was raped by MERCURIUS and eventually became a goddess of the underworld... [more]
TAURUSmRoman Mythology, Astronomy, Ancient Roman Means "bull" in Latin. Taurus is one of the Twelve Constellations of the Zodiac. In Greek mythology, Taurus was identified with Zeus, who assumed the form of a magnificent white bull to abduct Europa, a legendary Phoenician princess... [more]
TELLUSfRoman Mythology Means "the earth, globe" in Latin. In Roman mythology Tellus was the mother goddess who personified the earth, equivalent to the Greek goddess GAIA.
TRIVIAfRoman Mythology Means "a place where three roads meet" in Latin, derived from tri- "three" and via "road". In Roman mythology this was the name of the goddess of the night and crossroads, usually associated with witchcraft and sorcery as well as ghosts and childbirth... [more]
VAGITANUSmRoman Mythology A god who opened the newborn's mouth for its first cry. The name is related to the Latin noun vagitus, "crying, squalling, wailing," particularly by a baby or an animal, and the verb vagio, vagire.
VITUMNUSmRoman Mythology God whom endows the fetus with vita, "life" or the vital principle or power of life (see also quickening). Augustine calls him the vivificator, "creator of life," and links him with SENTINUS (following) as two "very obscure" gods who are examples of the misplaced priorities of the Roman pantheon... [more]
VOLUPTASfRoman Mythology In Roman mythology, Voluptas was the beautiful daughter born from the union of Cupid and Psyche. She is known as the goddess of sensual pleasures whose Latin name means "pleasure" or "bliss".