ADELPHUSmLate Roman, History (Ecclesiastical) Derived from Greek ἀδελφός (adelphós) "brother" (literally "from the same womb", from the copulative prefix a- "together with" and delphys "womb"). Adelphus was a bishop of Metz, France, who is now venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church.
AMASIANUSmLate Roman Extended form of AMASIUS. This name was borne by an obscure saint from the 1st century AD, who was the very first bishop of the Italian coastal city of Taranto.
AMMIANAfLate Roman, Italian (Rare) Feminine form of AMMIANUS. It might also be interesting to know that Ammiana was the name of one of the islands in the Venetian lagoon, which sank after the Christmas Day earthquake in 1223 AD.
AMMIANUSmLate Roman, Late Greek (Latinized), History From the late Roman cognomen Ammianus, which is of uncertain origin and meaning, but it is noteworthy that all of the bearers known to history are of Byzantine Greek descent. As such, the original form of the name must have been Ἀμμιανός (Ammianos), which thus means that Ammianus is a latinization of the original name.... [more]
ARIDIUSmLate Roman This name was borne by Quintus Aridius Rufinus, a Roman consul from the early 3rd century. His name may possibly have been derived from Latin aridus meaning "dry, arid, parched". But as it is possible that he may have been a Gallo-Roman instead of a pure Roman, Aridius could also be the latinized form of a Gaulish name... [more]
AUREUSmLate Roman Means "golden, gilded" in Latin, from aurum "gold" (see AUREA). An aureus was also a gold coin of ancient Rome, equivalent to 25 denarii. This was the name of a Christian saint who was martyred in the 5th century with his sister Saint Justina at the cathedral of Mainz in Germany; they were killed by invading Huns while celebrating Mass.
AUXILIUSmLate Roman From the Roman cognomen Auxilius, which was derived from the Latin noun auxilium meaning "help, aid, assistance". The noun itself is ultimately derived from the Latin verb auxilior meaning "to give help, to aid, to assist"... [more]
BERENICIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from the feminine first name BERENICE. A bearer of this name was Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus, a Cilician prince from the 2nd century AD.
CAELESTIUSmLate Roman Late Roman variant of CAELESTIS. This was the name of an important follower of the Christian teacher PELAGIUS and the Christian doctrine of Pelagianism, who lived in the 5th century AD... [more]
CANTIDIUSmLate Roman Possibly derived from Latin cantidus, which in turn may have been derived from Latin cantus "(a) singing, song". This was the name of a saint who was martyred in Antioch (the exact year remains unknown).
CANTIUSmLate Roman Derived from Latin cantus "(a) singing, song". This was the name of a saint from the 4th century AD, who was martyred along with his brother Cantianus and sister Cantianilla.
CAPITONmLate Roman Derived from Latin capitonis, which is the genitive of Latin capito meaning "big-headed" (also see CAPITO). A bearer of this name was Capiton of Cherson, a fairly obscure saint (and hieromartyr) from the 4th century AD.
CAPRASIUSmLate Roman Possibly derived from Latin capra meaning "(she-)goat". A bearer of this name was Caprasius of Agen, a French saint from the early 4th century AD.
CASTRENSISmLate Roman Derived from the Latin adjective castrensis meaning "of the camp, in the camp", which is ultimately derived from the Latin noun castra meaning "(military) camp, encampment".... [more]
COMMODIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen, which is an extended form of COMMODUS. This name was borne by a Christian Latin poet from the 3rd century AD.
COMMODUSmLate Roman, History Derived from the Latin word commodus, which can mean "suitable, convenient, opportune" as well as "full, complete, of full weight". The word is ultimately derived from Latin com "with, together" and modus "measure, manner"... [more]
CORDUSmLate Roman From a Roman cognomen that was probably derived from Latin cordus, which is a variant form of Latin chordus meaning "late-born" as well as "late in the season". Another possibility is that the name was derived from Latin corda, which is a variant form of chorda, the latinized form of Greek khorda or khorde meaning "cord, string".... [more]
CORNELIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from CORNELIUS. A bearer of this name was the Roman rhetorician Sulpicius Cornelianus, who lived in the 2nd century AD.
DALMATIUSmLate Roman, Dutch (?), German (?) From Latin Dalmatius meaning "Dalmatian, of Dalmatia". This was the name of a 4th-century Roman emperor who was a nephew of Constantine. It was also borne by several early saints.
DECENTIUSmLate Roman Probably derived from the Latin noun decentia meaning "decency, comeliness", which is related to Latin decens "fitting, appropriate, decent, worthy". Both words are ultimately derived from the Latin verb decēre "to be fitting, to be suitable, to be worthy"... [more]
DEOGRATIASmLate Roman Means "thanks to God" or "grace of God", derived from Latin deus "god" combined with Latin gratia "thanks, grace". A bearer of this name was saint Deogratias of Carthage (5th century AD).
DOMETIUSmLate Roman This name is perhaps best known for being the name of saint Dometius of Persia (4rd century AD), who is also frequently mentioned as Domitius in relevant sources. Since most sources claim that the name Dometius is of Latin origin and virtually means "to tame", it is most likely a variant form of the name DOMITIUS... [more]
DULCINUSmLate Roman Derived from Latin dulcis meaning "sweet" combined with the Latin (masculine) diminutive suffix -inus. A known bearer of this name was Dulcinus of Novara (c. 1250-1307), who was also known as Fra Dolcino... [more]
EMETERIUSmLate Roman This name is best known for being the name of a Roman legionary who was martyred with his fellow soldier CELEDONIUS around 300 AD. They have since become saints, venerated in both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church.... [more]
ENGRATIAfLate Roman Latin name meaning "in (a state of) grace". This was the name of two Spanish martyrs.
EPHESIAfAncient Greek, Greek Mythology, Late Roman Feminine form of EPHESIUS. In Greek mythology this was an epithet of the goddess Artemis meaning "of Ephesus", Ephesus being a city in Asia Minor famous for a temple dedicated to Artemis, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
EVANGELICUSmLate Roman, Late Greek (Latinized) Derived from the Latin adjective evangelicus meaning "evangelical". It is a latinization of the Greek adjective εὐαγγελικός (euangelikos), which originally meant "relating to good news" (see EUANGELIOS) but came to mean "relating to the gospel" in the Christian era.... [more]
EXPEDITUSmLate Roman, History From the Latin past participle of expidere "make fit or ready, prepare", literally "free the feet from fetters". This was the name of an obscure, semi-legendary saint, who is invoked against procrastination.
EXUPERANTIAfLate Roman Variant of Exsuperantia, which is derived from the Latin noun exsuperantia "preeminence, superiority, superfluity". The noun itself is ultimately derived from exsuperans "surpassing (greatly), exceeding (greatly), surmounting (greatly)", which belongs to the verb exsupero (see EXUPERIUS for more)... [more]
EXUPERIUSmLate Roman Variant spelling of Exsuperius, which was derived from the Latin verb exsupero "to (greatly) excel, to (greatly) surpass, to (greatly) surmount". The verb itself is ultimately derived from the Latin elements ex "out of, from within" and supero "to surpass, to surmount, to transcend"... [more]
FORMOSUSmLate Roman Derived from Latin formosus "beautiful, graceful, well-shaped." This name was borne by a pope from the 9th century AD.
FORTUNATIANUSmLate Roman This Roman cognomen is an extended form of FORTUNATUS. Bearers of this name include the Latin grammarian and metrician Atilius Fortunatianus (4th century AD) and the Roman rhetorician Gaius Chirius Fortunatianus (4th century AD).
FRONTINIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from FRONTINUS. A known bearer of this name was Decimus Fonteius Frontinianus Lucius Stertinius Rufus, a Roman who was the military governor of Numidia from 159 AD to 160 AD.... [more]
FRONTINUSmLate Roman From the Roman cognomen Frontinus, which essentially means "one with a small forehead", as it is composed of Latin fronto meaning "one with a large forehead" (see FRONTO) combined with the Latin masculine diminutive suffix -inus.... [more]
FRONTOmLate Roman From the Roman cognomen Fronto, which was derived from Latin fronto meaning "one with a large forehead". The latter is ultimately derived from the Latin noun frons meaning "forehead, brow" as well as "front".... [more]
GENEROSUSmLate Roman Derived from the Latin adjective generosus meaning "of noble birth, well-born, noble".... [more]
GENTIANUSmLate Roman Derived from a Roman cognomen or agnomen, which in turn was derived from GENTIUS. Bearers of this name include Hedius Lollianus Terentius Gentianus (Roman politician and senator) and Decimus Terentius Gentianus (Roman politician and senator).
GENTILISmLate Roman Derived from the Latin adjective gentilis meaning "of the same family". This name is best known for having been the name of the Blessed Gentilis, a medieval Franciscan missionary from Matelica in Italy who was beheaded in 1340 in the Persian city of Tauris (which is nowadays Tabriz in Iran)... [more]
GETULIUSmLate Roman Variant spelling of Gaetulius, a name that has two possible etymological origins. One is that it means "inhabitant of Gaeta", which is an Italian city that ultimately derives its name from Greek kaiétas meaning "cave"... [more]
HILARIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from HILARIUS. This name was borne by a Roman procurator (i.e. provincial governor) from the 3rd century AD.
HONESTUSmLate Roman Derived from the late Latin “honor > honos-oris > honestus”, meaning “honest, gentleman, honorable, respectable”. Saint Honestus was, according to Christian tradition, a disciple of Saturninus of Toulouse and a native of Nîmes... [more]
JOTAPIANUSmLate Roman Variant spelling of Iotapianus, which was a Roman cognomen that in turn was derived from the feminine name IOTAPA. A known bearer of this name was Marcus Fulvius Rufus Jotapianus, a Roman usurper from the 3rd century AD.
JUVENTIUSmLate Roman Variant spelling of Iuventius, which is derived from the Latin noun iuventus meaning "youth". Also compare JUVENTAS, which is etymologically related and also has the same meaning.... [more]
LAELIANUSmLate Roman Extended form of LAELIUS. A bearer of this name was Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus, a Gaulish usurper (presumably of Roman descent) from the 3rd century AD.
LAUDATUSmLate Roman, Welsh (Latinized) Derived from Latin laudatus meaning "praised, lauded, commended, esteemed", which is ultimately derived from Latin laudo meaning "to praise, to laud, to commend".... [more]
LICINIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from LICINIUS. Known bearers of this name include the Roman author Granius Licinianus (2nd century AD) and the Roman usurper Julius Valens Licinianus (3rd century AD).
LILIOSAfLate Roman Feminine diminutive of Latin lilium "a lily". This name belonged to an Iberian Christian woman martyred in Córdoba, Andalusia c.852 under Emir Abd ar-Rahman II, along with her husband Felix, his cousin Aurelius and Aurelius' wife Natalia.
LUCILIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from the Roman nomen gentile LUCILIUS. Bearers of this name were Egnatius Lucilianus, a governor of Britannia Inferior (between AD 238 and 244) and Claudius Lucilianus, a Roman prefect from the 2nd century AD.
LUPICINUSmLate Roman Derived from Latin lupus "wolf". A known bearer of this name was Lupicinus of Lyon, a saint from the 5th century AD.
LUPULAfLate Roman Feminine form of LUPULUS. A known bearer of this name was Arria Lupula, one of the half-sisters of the Roman emperor Antoninus Pius (86-161).
LUPULUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from Latin lupulus meaning "little wolf", itself ultimately derived from the Latin noun lupus meaning "wolf" (see LOUP) combined with the Latin diminutive suffix -ulus.
MACRINUSmLate Roman, History Roman cognomen, which because of the -inus suffix must be a diminutive, probably of what should be macrus. Macrus is either derived from Latin macer "thin, meagre", or a latinized form of Greek makros "large, long"... [more]
MAESAfLate Roman Feminine form of MAESUS. A bearer of this name was the Roman woman Julia Maesa, who was the maternal grandmother of Roman Emperors Elagabalus and Alexander Severus.
MAESIUSmLate Roman Roman nomen gentile that was derived from MAESUS. This was one of the names of Lollianus Mavortius, a Roman politician from the 4th century AD.
MAESUSmLate Roman Roman praenomen, of which the meaning is uncertain. It is possibly related to (or even derived from) Latin maereo "to grieve, to mourn, to be sad" (also compare Latin maestus "sad, dejected, gloomy").
MAGNENTIUSmLate Roman Probably derived from the Latin adjective magnus meaning "great, large" (also see MAGNUS). This name was borne by a Gallo-Roman usurper from the 4th century AD.
MARCULUSmLate Roman This given name is either a diminutive of MARCUS (as it contains the Latin masculine diminutive suffix -ulus) or it is an independent name on its own, in which case it is derived from Latin marculus meaning "small hammer".... [more]
MARINIANAfLate Roman Feminine form of MARINIANUS. A bearer of this name was Egnatia Mariniana, the mother of Roman Emperor Gallienus (3rd century AD).
MARINIANUSmLate Roman, History Roman cognomen which was derived from MARINUS. A bearer of this name was Publius Licinius Egnatius Marinianus, the youngest son of Roman Emperor Gallienus - both father and son died in 268 AD.
MARTIANUSmLate Roman Extended form of Martinus (see MARTIN). This name was borne by Martianus Capella, who lived in the Late Antiquity.
MAURILIUSmLate Roman Probably diminutive of MAURUS, though a Celtic root has been suggested: Mawrwr meaning "magnanimous", which coincides with a Welsh word meaning "great man" from mawr "great" (cognate of Gaelic mór "great") and gwr "man".
MENECRATIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from the Greek personal name MENECRATES. This cognomen is found in a 2nd century senatorial family (with the Lydian-born centurion P. Aelius Menecratianus at its head) that belongs to the Roman gens Aelia.
MESSIANUSmLate Roman Extended form of MESSIUS. This name was borne by a magister militum under the Western Roman emperor Avitus (5th century AD) and a priest who co-wrote a book about St... [more]
MESSIUSmLate Roman Roman nomen gentile that was derived from MESSUS. Known bearers of this name include Roman Emperor Decius (3rd century AD) and Roman politician Flavius Messius Phoebus Severus (5th century AD)... [more]
MESSUSmLate Roman Derived from the Latin verb meto "to reap, to harvest, to cut, to sever", or from the latinized form of Greek mesos or messos "(the) middle, (the) middle one". A third possibility is that it is a variant form of MAESUS.
MODERATAfLate Roman, Italian (Archaic) Feminine form of MODERATUS. Known bearers of this name include the 4th-century martyr and saint Moderata of Sirmium (which was located in what is nowadays Serbia) and the Venetian writer and poet Moderata Fonte (1555-1592), although it should be noted that in her case, the name is a pseudonym: her real name was MODESTA di Pozzo di Forzi.
MODERATUSmLate Roman Derived from Latin moderatus meaning "managed, controlled, moderate(d)". This name was borne by the 1st-century Roman writer Columella (whose full name was Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella) and by the 1st-century Greek philosopher Moderatus of Gades (which is nowadays Cádiz in southern Spain).
MUSONIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from MUSONIUS. A notable bearer of this name was the Roman senator Strategius Musonianus (4th century AD), who received the cognomen from the Roman emperor Constantine I because of his learnedness.
NEPOTIANUSmLate Roman, History This Roman cognomen is derived from the Roman nomen gentile Nepotius, which itself was derived from the Latin word nepos meaning "grandson, nephew, descendant". A bearer of this name was the 4th-century Roman usurper Nepotianus, a nephew of Constantine the Great (via Nepotianus' mother, Eutropia).
NONIAfLate Roman, History Feminine form of NONIUS. A bearer of this name was Nonia Celsa, the wife of Roman Emperor Macrinus as well as the mother of Roman Emperor Diadumenian.
NONIANUSmLate Roman Roman cognomen, which is an extended form of NONIUS. A bearer of this name was Marcus Servilius Nonianus, a Roman historian from the 1st century AD.
NONIUSmLate Roman Roman nomen gentile, which is derived from the Roman praenomen NONUS. Bearers of this name include Roman general and statesman Marcus Nonius Macrinus (2nd century AD) and his grandson, Roman senator Marcus Nonius Arrius Mucianus (3rd century AD).
NYMPHIDIANUSmLate Roman Originally a Late Roman cognomen, which was derived from the latinized Greek name NYMPHIDIUS. In turn, the Greeks translated this cognomen back into Greek as Nymphidianos (Νυμφιδιανός)... [more]