AcutiusmAncient Roman Roman nomen gentile which was derived from Latin acutus meaning "sharpened, pointed". It is ultimately derived from the Latin verb acuō "to sharpen, to make pointed". This name was borne by a Roman plebeian tribune from the 5th century BC.
AlbinianusmAncient Roman, History Roman cognomen which was derived from Albinius. A bearer of this name was Lucius Sestius Quirinalis Albinianus, a Roman proquaestor and suffect consul from the 1st century BC.
AlbiniusmAncient Roman Roman nomen gentile which was derived from Albinus. This was the name of several ancient Romans, some of which lived as early as the 4th century BC.
ArruntiusmAncient Roman Roman nomen gentile, which is derived from the personal male name Arruns. This name was borne by several ancient Romans, such as the admiral and consul Lucius Arruntius the Elder and his son Lucius Arruntius the Younger, a senator.
AspermAncient Roman From the latin word 'asper', meaning 'rough'. Usually used as last name in Ancient Rome.... [more]
AtiafAncient Roman Feminine form of the Roman family name Atius, which is of unknown origin. This was the name of the mother of the Roman emperor Augustus.
AufidiafAncient Roman, History Feminine form of Aufidius. A bearer of this name was Aufidia, a daughter of the Roman magistrate Marcus Aufidius Lurco. Her own daughter, Livia Drusilla, would later become Roman Empress (as the wife of Emperor Augustus).
AufidiusmAncient Roman, History, Literature From the Roman nomen gentile Aufidius, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. The first element, au, may have been derived from the Latin preverb au "away, off", but it could also have been a phonetic variant of the Latin preverb ab "from"... [more]
AureolafAncient Roman Roman slave name, a feminine diminutive of Latin aureus "golden" (possibly the feminine form of Aureolus, a derivative of Aureus). Camden (1605) lists Aureola "pretty little golden dame".
AuriafAncient Roman, Basque Means "golden" in Latin. From the Latin aurum 'gold'. See: Aurelia. The gens Auria was a Roman family at Larinum in southern Italy, known chiefly from Cicero's oration, 'Pro Cluentio'.
BautomAncient Roman The name Bauto (may have) originated with the word Ba-Ug, it was the origin for the modern word "Bear" which indicates that the name (most likely) meant "Like a Bear" or "Strong as a Bear" and was used by a man named Flavius Bauto (died c. 385) a Romanised Frank who served as a magister militum for the Roman Empire.
BibulusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective bibulus, which can mean "fond of drinking, drinking readily or freely, ever thirsty" (mostly in relation to alcoholic beverages), as well as "absorbent, porous"... [more]
BritannicusmAncient Roman Latin byname meaning "of Britain". This was one of the bynames of Emperor Claudius after the Roman conquest of Britain in 43 AD. Claudius also gave it to his son, Britannicus (full name Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus; 41-55 AD).
CalpurnianusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from Calpurnius. Bearers of this name include Roman consul Marcus Pupius Piso Frugi Calpurnianus (1st century BC) and Roman politician Marcus Antius Crescens Calpurnianus (3rd century AD).
CaniniusmAncient Roman From the Roman nomen Caninius, which is derived from Latin caninus "dog-like, of a dog" (which in turn is derived from Latin canis "dog").
CaniusmAncient Roman Derived from Latin canus "old, grey(-haired), elderly" or Latin canis "dog." This name was borne by Canius Rufus, a Roman poet.
CapitomAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from Latin capito meaning "big-headed", which itself is ultimately derived from Latin capitis, the genitive of Latin caput meaning "head". A known bearer of this name was the Roman tribune Gaius Ateius Capito (1st century BC).
CapitolinusmAncient Roman Derived from Latin capitolium (related to Late Latin capitellum "small head, top of column", from which we derived our current word 'capital'), which is ultimately derived from Latin caput "head"... [more]
CarusmAncient Roman, History Derived from Latin carus "dear, beloved." This name was borne by a Roman Emperor from the 3rd century AD.
CarviliusmAncient Roman Roman nomen gentile of unknown meaning. This name was borne by several Romans from the 3rd century BC. Please note that this name most likely has a different etymology than the identical-looking name of the Celtic king of Kent (England) from the 1st century BC, whose name was latinized.
CascamAncient Roman, Theatre Roman cognomen which was derived from Oscan casca meaning "old". This was borne by one of the assassins of Julius Caesar: Servilius Casca. He features in Shakespeare's play 'Julius Caesar' (1599).
CincinnatusmAncient Roman From Latin cincinnatus meaning "curly-haired". Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus (519–430 BC) was a consul of the Roman Republic.
CinnamAncient Roman Roman cognomen of uncertain meaning. This was the name of a Roman politician who was the father-in-law of Julius Caesar.
ClateusmAncient Roman Saint Clateus (died 64 AD) was an early Christian martyr. He was an early bishop of the Roman Catholic Church in Brescia, Italy and was martyred during the persecutions of Christians by Nero.
CordiusmAncient Roman Fairly obscure Roman nomen gentile that originated with a plebeian family that was native to the city of Tusculum, which was an important center of worship for the Dioscuri. Only one member of this family is known to history, namely Manius Cordius Rufus (1st century BC)... [more]
CorelliusmAncient Roman Derived from an unknown Roman family name of unknown origin. A famous bearer of this name is the 1st century Roman senator Quintus Corellius Rufus.
CoriolanusmAncient Roman, History, Theatre Roman cognomen which was derived from Corioli, the name of an ancient but now lost Volscian city. Although derived from the Volscian language, it is not known what the meaning of the city's name was in Volscian... [more]
CornificiusmAncient Roman From a Roman nomen gentile, which was derived from Latin cornificus "making horns", which itself was derived from Latin cornu "horn" and Latin facere "to make, to do". This name was borne by a Roman consul and a Roman poet, both of whom lived in the 1st century BC.
CrassusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective crassus, which can mean "solid, thick, dense" as well as "fat, gross, plump". This name was borne by several ancient Romans, such as the Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus (1st century BC).
DefendensmAncient Roman derives from the Late Latin “defendere > defendo”, meaning “defend, protect”. Saint Defendens of Thebes (Italian: San Defendente di Tebe) is venerated as a martyr by the Catholic Church. Venerated as a soldier-saint, Defendens was, according to Christian tradition, a member of the Theban Legion, and thus martyred at Agaunum.
DentatusmAncient Roman Dentatus is a Latin word meaning "toothed". It was given as a cognomen (byname) to a boy born with teeth in his mouth.... [more]
FavianmAncient Roman This name is of Latin origin. The direct meaning is unclear but some potential meanings are: "understanding" , "brave man" as well as "man of wisdom." ... [more]
FavoniusmAncient Roman, Roman Mythology Roman family name of disputed origin. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it is from Latin favere "to favor"; Ernest Klein says, by dissimilation from *fovonius, literally "the warming wind", from fovere "to warm"... [more]
FeroxmAncient Roman, Pet A Roman cognomen, meaning "wild, savage, ferocious." In his work De Re Rustica, the 1st century Roman writer Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella recommends this as a good name for dogs.
FuscianusmAncient Roman Derived from a Roman cognomen or agnomen, which was derived from Fuscus. A bearer of this name was Publius Seius Fuscianus, who lived in the 2nd century AD and was a childhood friend of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
GarrusmEnglish, Ancient Roman Minor quest character in Elder Scrolls 4: Oblivion video game. He is an Imperial (race based on the Roman Empire) and a guard in the town of Cheydinhal. He aids in catching a corrupt Captain. His name could possibly be derived from Garrett or Garrick.
GeminusmAncient Roman Derived from Latin geminus "twin." This was the name of a Greek astronomer and mathematician from the 1st century BC. His true Greek name is unknown but it was probably analogous to his Latin name of Geminus (and so his true name might have been Didymos).
GermanicusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen derived from Germania, traditionally the area north of the Roman Empire inhabited by the early Germanic tribes. This was the agnomen of the Roman General Germanicus (24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19), maternal grandson of Triumvir Mark Anthony and father of Roman Emperor Caligula (31 August 12 – 24 January 41).
GothicusmAncient Roman Transferred use of the surname Gothicus. There was a Roman Emperor called Claudius Gothicus. After a victory, he had earned the surname of "Gothicus" meaning he was the "conqueror of the Goths".
LentulusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective lentulus meaning "rather slow". In turn, the word is derived from the Latin adjective lentus meaning "slow, sluggish" as well as "sticky, tenacious" and "flexible, pliant" combined with the Latin diminutive suffix -ulus.... [more]
LeopardusmAncient Roman From the name of the leopard, the famous feline. The hybrid of a lion and a panther, as is reflected in its name, which is a Greek compound of “léōn (λέων)“ (lion) plus “párdos (πάρδοσ)“ (male panther)... [more]
LiciniusmAncient Roman Roman nomen gentile which was derived from the Roman cognomen Licinus, which itself was derived from the Latin adjective licinus meaning "bent, turned upward, upturned"... [more]
LivillafAncient Roman Roman diminutive of Livia. It was a family nickname for the elder sister of the Roman emperor Claudius, Livia Julia (c.13 BC-31 AD), apparently called Livilla "little Livia" in order to distinguish her from her grandmother and namesake, Livia (wife of Augustus).
LolliafAncient Roman Feminine form of Lollius. Famous bearer Lollia Paulina (d. 49 CE) was briefly the wife of the Roman emperor Caligula. She was charged with sorcery in 49 CE and exiled without trial... [more]
LolliusmAncient Roman Roman family name of unknown meaning, possibly of Sabine origin. Alternatively it could be derived from Latin lolium "darnel", darnel being a type of grass.
LonginosmAncient Roman (Hellenized) Hellenized form of Longinus. This name was borne by a Greek literary critic and writer from the 1st century AD and also by a Greek rhetorician and critic from the 3rd century AD.
LucullusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from a diminutive (as -ullus is a Latin masculine diminutive suffix) of either the given name Lucius or of the Latin noun lucus meaning "grove" (see Lucina)... [more]
LupercusmRoman Mythology, Ancient Roman Personal name from Medieval Latin “lŭpus”, meaning “wolf”. Lupercus in Roman mythology was considered a pastoral deity invoked to protect the fertility. In his honor were celebrated on February 15, in a cave on the Palatine Hill... [more]
LuscinusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from Latin luscinus meaning "one-eyed", which itself is ultimately derived from the Latin adjective luscus meaning "one-eyed, half blind" (see Luscus)... [more]
LuscusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective luscus meaning "one-eyed, half blind".... [more]
LutatiusmAncient Roman From the Roman nomen gentile Lutatius, which is also found spelled as Luctatius. Its etymology is a little bit uncertain, but it is probably derived from the Latin noun luctatio meaning "a wrestling" as well as "struggle, contest, fight", which itself is ultimately derived from the Latin verb luctor meaning "to wrestle, to struggle, to fight"... [more]
MammesmAncient Roman The origin of this name is still today quite uncertain. The theories include: 1) From the Italic (Sabine) “mamers”, via Latin “mamers”, meaning “dedicated to the god Mamers, consecrated to the god mamers”... [more]
MarolusmAncient Roman Derived from the Latin “Marolus”, from the Latin “mare”, meaning “who comes from the sea, a resident of the coast”, which in turn derives from the Proto-Italic “*mari”, meaning “sea”... [more]
MarullusmAncient Roman The name of a Ancient Roman senator who was among the Senators who feared that Julius Caesar was becoming too powerful. In the play that playwright and poet William Shakespeare wrote based on the last days of Caesar, he and Flavius force citizens praising Caesar off the streets and taking decorations off statues in about the beginning of the play.
MessalinafAncient Roman, Italian, Spanish, Catalan Feminine diminutive of the Roman family name Messalla, which was originally an agnomen derived from the place name Messana, applied to the 3rd-century BC Roman general Manius Valerius Maximus Corvinus to commemorate his victory at the city of Messana in Sicily... [more]
MontanusmAncient Roman Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective montanus meaning "of mountains, mountainous". In other words, you could say that this name is the masculine form of Montana.... [more]
NaucratiusmAncient Roman An Orthodox saint in the 4th century. Son of Ss. Emmelia and Basil the Elder, and brother to St. Basil the Great, Ss. Theosebia and Gregory of Nyssa, and St. Macrina the younger.