Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
PICTOR m Ancient Roman
From the Roman cognomen Pictor
, which is derived from Latin pictor
"painter." Quintus Fabius Pictor was a Roman historian from the 3rd century BC.
POPPAEUS m Ancient Roman
Roman gens name of uncertain origin. It may be related to Latin populus
PORTIUS m Ancient Roman
Derived from Latin portus
"port, harbour". Also note that there are instances where this name is a variant of PORCIUS
POSTUMUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which meant "last, last-born" in Latin (postumus
being a superlative of posterus
"coming after, subsequent"). This was used specifically of posthumous children, i.e. boys born after the death of their father - the one born after the father's death obviously being the last... [more]
POTITUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which was most likely derived from Latin potitus
, which is the perfect participle of the verb potior
meaning "to acquire, to obtain". Also compare the Latin adjective potior
, which is the comparative of the adjective potis
meaning "able, capable" (also see POTENS
PROCESSUS m Ancient Roman (?), Late Roman (?)
Means "a going forward, advance, progress" in Latin. According to Christian legend Saint Processus was the name of a Roman soldier who guarded the apostles Peter and Paul when they were imprisoned at the Mamertine Prison in Rome, then converted to Christianity and was martyred.
PROPERTIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was probably derived from Latin propero
"to make haste, to be quick". Sextus Aurelius Propertius, better known as Propertius, was a 1st-century BC Roman poet. He was a contemporary of Virgil and Ovid.
PTOLEMOCRATIA f Ancient Roman
Roman feminine given name derived from the Greek πολεμηιος (polemeios)
meaning "aggressive" or "warlike" and κρατος (kratos)
meaning "power". This was the name of a character in the play Rudens of Plautus.
PUPILLUS m Ancient Roman
Derived from Latin pupillus
"orphan, minor, little boy", which is a diminutive of Latin pupus
"boy." Lucius Orbilius Pupillus was a grammarian from the 1st century BC.
QUARTILLA f Ancient Roman
Diminutive of QUARTA
. In Roman times it was usually given to the fourth-born child (from Latin quartus
"fourth"). This was the name of a character in Petronius' 1st-century novel 'The Satyricon'.
QUINTIANUS m Ancient Roman, History
From the Roman cognomen Quintianus
(originally written as Quinctianus
), which was derived from the Roman nomen gentile QUINTIUS
. This was the name of the father and a nephew of the Roman general Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus (2nd century AD), as well as of several Roman Catholic saints.
ROMULAN m Ancient Roman
Derived from the Roman name Romulanus, which is derived from ROMULUS
. In Popular Culture, this is the name of an alien race from Star Trek.
ROSCIUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman nomen gentile, which was derived from Latin ros
"dew" via roscidus
"dewy, wet". This name was borne by several ancient Romans, one of them being an ancient Roman actor named Quintus Roscius Gallus.
ROSIUS m Ancient Roman
Derived from Latin rosa
"rose", though a connection with Latin ros
"dew" may also be possible (see ROSCIUS
). The best known bearer of this name was the Roman consul Rosius Regulus.
RULLUS m Ancient Roman
From the Roman cognomen Rullus
, which was derived from Latin rullus
meaning "rustic" as well as "boorish, uncultured" and (in some cases) "beggar".... [more]
RUPILIUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman nomen gentile, which was probably derived from Latin rupes
"rock, cliff". This name was borne by a Roman statesman from the 2nd century BC.
RUSSUS m Ancient Roman
From the fairly obscure Roman cognomen Russus
, which was derived from the Latin adjective russus
meaning "red".... [more]
RUSTICUS m Ancient Roman
Derived from Latin rusticus
"rural, rustic", which was in turn derived from Latin rur
"open land, country." Fabius Rusticus was a Roman historian from the 1st century AD.
RUTILIUS m Ancient Roman
From the Roman nomen Rutilius
, which is derived from Latin rutilus
"red." This name was borne by a Roman poet from the 5th century AD.
SALINATOR m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen or agnomen which was derived from the Latin noun salinator
meaning "salter, salt merchant, salt dealer". The word is ultimately derived from the Latin noun sal
meaning "salt"... [more]
SALLUSTIA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of SALLUSTIUS
. A well-known bearer of this name was Sallustia Orbiana, who had briefly been the wife of Roman Emperor Alexander Severus.
SALLUSTIUS m Ancient Roman
Possibly derived from (or otherwise etymologically related to) Latin sallere
"to salt, to preserve with salt" or from Latin saliō
"to leap, to jump, to spring". There have been several bearers of this name throughout history, such as Gaius Sallustius Crispus, a Roman historian from the 1st century BC.
SCAURA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of SCAURUS
. A bearer of this name was Aemilia Scaura, the second wife of Pompey the Great (1st century BC).
SCAURUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective scaurus
meaning "with swollen ankles, club-footed." The word is ultimately derived from Greek σκαῦρος (skauros
) meaning "lame", which is etymologically related to Sanskrit khora
SCRIBONUS m Ancient Roman
Possibly derived from Latin scribere
"to write", perhaps even in combination with Latin bonus
"good, well", thus meaning "to write well." This was the name of Scribonus Largus, a Roman physician from the 1st century AD.
SEDULIUS m Ancient Roman
Derived from Latin sedulus
"zealous, diligent, sincere." This name was borne by a Christian poet from the 5th century AD.
SERTOR m Ancient Roman
Uncommon Roman praenomen of debated etymology. Some argue that it is derived from a shared root with SERVIUS
whilst others cite satio
meaning "a planted field" or adsertor
meaning "a person who asserts another's liberty".
SERVILIA f Ancient Roman, Italian
Feminine form of SERVILIUS
. A known bearer of this name was Servilia Caepionis (1st century BC), who was the mother of Caesar's assassin Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger.
SERVILIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman nomen gentile which was derived from the Latin adjective servilis
meaning "of a slave, slavish, servile", which is ultimately derived from the Latin verb servio
meaning "to serve, to be in service, to be a servant/slave"... [more]
SOSIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was possibly derived from Greek σως (sos
) "safe, whole, unwounded".
SPORUS m Ancient Roman
Derived from Ancient Greek sporos
, meaning "to sow, to reap". This was the name of a young Roman boy whom Nero castrated and married after he murdered his second wife, Poppaea Sabina. Nero married Sporus as he bore striking resemblance to his former wife.
STATILIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman nomen gentile which was derived from STATIUS
. A known bearer of this name was Titus Statilius Taurus, a Roman general and two-time consul from the 1st century BC.
STATIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen (which later also came to be used as a nomen gentile) of Oscan origin. The meaning is uncertain, but it may possibly have been derived from Oscan staít
meaning "he stands", which would mean that it is closely related to Latin statuo
"to set up, to erect, to cause to stand"... [more]
SULPICIA f Ancient Roman, Literature
Feminine form of SULPICIUS
. This name has been borne by two Roman female poets. Also, in the "Twilight" novels written by Stephenie Meyer, Sulpicia is the name of the wife of Aro, the leader of a vampire coven named The Volturi.
SULPICIUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman nomen gentile, of which the meaning is uncertain. Over time, this name has been borne by several ancient Romans, one of them being Servius Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus, who was consul at Rome in 500 BC.
SUPERBUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective superbus
, which can mean "superb, excellent, superior" as well as "proud, haughty, arrogant". A bearer of this name was Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, a king of Rome who lived in the 6th century BC.
TANAQUIL f Etruscan (Latinized), Ancient Roman
Latinized form of the Etruscan name Thanchvil
which meant "gift of Thana", presumably from the name of a lost Etruscan goddess Thana
combined with Etruscan cvil
. This was the name of the wife of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth king of Rome in the 7th century BC... [more]
TATIA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of TATIUS
. A bearer of this name was the wife of Numa Pompilius, a king of Rome from the 7th century BC.
THRAX m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Ancient Roman
Derived from Latin Thrax
meaning "Thracian", which in turn was ultimately derived from Greek Thrakē
, which came from the verb thrāssō
"to trouble, to stir". This was the name of Maximinus Thrax (i.e. Maximinus the Thracian), the 27th Emperor of the Roman Empire.
TIBULLUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen of uncertain origin. The only well-known bearer was Albius Tibullus, a Roman poet and elegist.
TORQUATUS m Ancient Roman
Derived from Latin torquere
"to twist, to spin, to writhe". This name was borne by Titus Manlius Torquatus, who was a Roman consul, censor and dictator during his life in the 3rd century BC.
TURPILIUS m Ancient Roman
Probably derived from the Latin adjective turpis
meaning "ugly, filthy, disgraceful", which itself derives from the Latin verb turpo
"to make ugly, to defile, to disgrace". This name was borne by a Roman comic poet from the 2nd century BC.
ULPIA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of the Roman nomen gentilicium Ulpius
, ultimately derived from either an Umbrian cognate of the Latin word lupus
meaning "wolf", or vulpus
ULPIAN m Ancient Roman
A famous bearer is Ulpian (Latin: Gnaeus Domitius Annius Ulpianus; c. 170 – 223) who was a Roman jurist.
URGULANIA f Ancient Roman
Meaning unknown, most likely of Etruscan origin. This name was borne by a noblewoman who was a close friend of the empress Livia
VARRO m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen of which the etymology is obscure, though there is a possibility that it might be of Etruscan origin. Known bearers of this name are Roman consul Gaius Terentius Varro (3rd century BC), Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro (1st century BC) and Roman poet Varro Atacinus (1st century BC).
VESPASIUS m Ancient Roman
Original name from which Vespasianus
) was derived. A bearer of this name was Vespasius Polla, the maternal grandfather of the Roman Emperor Vespasian.
VIPSANIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name of uncertain meaning. It was borne by the 1st-century BC Roman general Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.
VOLESUS m Ancient Roman
("first name") which is either of Oscan or Sabine origin and is generally thought to be etymologically related to (or even derived from) either the Latin verb valere
meaning "to be strong" (see VALERIUS
) or the Latin verb volo
meaning "to will, to want" as well as "to wish, to desire"... [more]
VOLUMNIA f Ancient Roman, Literature
Feminine form of VOLUMNIUS
. This name was used by Shakespeare in his tragedy Coriolanus
, where it is the name of Coriolanus' mother. It is also used by Charles Dickens in his novel Bleak House
, where it is the name of Sir Leicester Dedlock's cousin.
VOLUMNIUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman nomen gentile which was derived from Latin volumen
"roll, scroll". This was the name of a Roman politician from the 3rd century BC.
VOLUSIA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of VOLUSIUS
. Notable bearers of this name include the Roman noblewomen Volusia Saturnina (1st century BC) and Volusia Cornelia (1st century AD), who each were the daughter of a Roman senator.
VOLUSUS m Ancient Roman
Variant of VOLESUS
. A notable bearer of this name was the Roman consul Marcus Valerius Volusus (died around 496 BC).
VOPISCUS m Ancient Roman
Uncommon Roman praenomen of obscure origin. Gaius Plinius Secundus suggested that it was given to a child whose twin was stillborn, but this etymology is often rejected and widely contested.