AbraxasmEgyptian Mythology, Gnosticism, Popular Culture From a word thought to have originated with the Gnostics or the Egyptians, found on many amulets during the last years of the Roman Empire. Abraxas was used by the Basilideans, a Gnostic sect of the 2nd century, to refer to the Supreme Being or god whom they worshipped; they believed it to be a name of power because it contained the seven Greek letters which, computed numerically, equal the number 365 (the number of days in the year)... [more]
DemiurgosmGnosticism From Ancient Greek Δημιουργός (Demiourgos) meaning "public worker" or "skilled worker" from the Greek elements demos "common people" and ergos "work". In the Gnostic system this is the name of the creator of the material world (and sometimes of evil), a deity inferior to the Supreme Being.
IaldabaothmGnosticism, Hebrew, Phoenician Mythology The first archon of darkness. In Hebrew, cabala, and Gnostic lore, Iadalbaoth is the demiourgos, occupying a position immediately below the "unknown Father". In Phoenician Mythology, he is one of the 7 elohim, creators of the visible universe... [more]