Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABELLIO m Celtic Mythology, Greek Mythology
Some scholars have postulated that Abellio is the same name as APOLLO
, who in Crete and elsewhere was called ABELIOS
(Greek Αβέλιος), and by the Italians and some Dorians Apello
, and that the deity is the same as the Gallic Apollo mentioned by Caesar, and also the same as the Belis or Belenus mentioned by Tertullian and Herodian.... [more]
ABNOBA f Celtic Mythology
The name of an obscure Gaulish goddess, thought to be connected to Celtic abona
"river" (source of AVON
). The second element may be derived from either Proto-Indo-European nogʷo-
, meaning "naked, nude" or "tree", or the verbal root *nebh
- "burst out, be damp".
ADSULLATA f Celtic Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly British adsiltia
"she who is gazed at". This was the name of a river goddess worshipped by the Continental Celts. It may be an older form of ESYLLT
AERACURA f Celtic Mythology
Of unclear origin. It has been connected with Latin aes
"copper, bronze, money, wealth" as well as era
"mistress" and the name of the Greek goddess HERA
AERICURA f Celtic Mythology (Latinized)
The origins of this name are uncertain; probably a Latinized form of a Celtic name, although some Latin roots have been suggested (including aes
, genitive aeris
, "brass, copper, bronze, money, wealth"; and era
, genitive erae
, "mistress of a house")... [more]
AFAGDDU m Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh y fagddu
meaning "utter darkness". In Welsh legends this was originally a nickname belonging to the Arthurian warrior Morfran, who was so ugly and hairy that when he fought at the battle of Camlann, none of the other warriors struck him because they thought he was a devil; later legends transferred the character's ugliness and nickname to a brother, Afagddu.
AFALLACH m Welsh Mythology
Probably derived from Middle Welsh afall
"apple". This may be cognate with Abelio
, the name of a Gaulish god, which is thought to come from Proto-Celtic *aballo
- "apple" (also the source of the mythical place name AVALON
AHEZ f Breton Legend
Of unknown origin and meaning, albeit a connection to Welsh aches
, a word denoting the sound of the water clashing on the shore, has been suggested. In Breton legend, Ahez is always described as the daughter of King GRALON
, sometimes described as a sorceress, enchantress, fairy or giantess, and often, though not always, considered identical with DAHUD
AILLEANN f Irish Mythology
This was the true name of the Grey-hammed Lady who, in an Irish romance, married King Arthur when she took him and his men to the Otherworld. She was the daughter of DAIRE
(Daere in Welsh legend), a fairy king, by Rathlean
AIMEND f Irish Mythology
Irish sun godess. This name appears to be derived from Proto-Celtic aidu-mandā
. The name literally means "burning stain," which may have been a byword for the notion of ‘sunburn.’ The Romano-British form of this Proto-Celtic name is likely to have been AEDUMANDA
ALATOR m Celtic Mythology, Roman Mythology
An epithet of Mars found on an altar at South Shields in England, and on a votive plaque found in Hertfordshire in England. There is disagreement of its meaning, with some academics interpreting it as "hunstman" and others as "cherisher"... [more]
ALAUNUS m Celtic Mythology
Also a Gaulish god of healing and prophecy, who was venerated in the areas of Mannheim (Germany) and Salzburg (Austria).
ALISANOS m Celtic Mythology
A local god in Gaul who is mentioned in inscriptions in central France. Attempts have been made to identify him as a mountain-ash god or a god of rowan trees. The ancient Gaulish city of Alesia, now called Alise-Sainte-Reine, may well be connected with him.
AMAETHON m Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance
Derived from the Brittonic name *Ambaχtonos
meaning "divine ploughman" or "ploughman-god". This was the name of the Welsh god of agriculture. In the late 11th-century legend of CULHWCH
appeared as an Arthurian warrior; "as one of his tasks, Culhwch had to convince Amathaon to plow the lands of the giant YSBADDADEN
AMLODD m Welsh (Rare), Welsh Mythology
Variant of AMLAWDD
, derived from the Welsh intensifying prefix an
- and llawdd
"praise". In Welsh myth he is the father of Eigyr (Igraine) and therefore the grandfather of King Arthur... [more]
ANDARTA f Celtic Mythology
Andarta was a goddess worshiped in southern Gaul (in present-day southern France and in Bern, Switzerland). Her name has traditionally been translated as "Great Bear" (from Gaulish artos
"bear"), more recent analyses of the name, however, offer the translation "Well-fixed, Staying firm".
ANKOU m Celtic Mythology, Breton Legend
This is the name of a legendary skeleton-ghost in parts of France, namely Brittany and Normandy as well as Cornwall. He travels by night, riding a creaking cart (or small coach) drawn by four black horses in which he comes to collect the souls of the recently departed... [more]
ANNEA f Celtic Mythology
Annea was a goddess worshipped in the province of Cuneo in the southwest of the Piedmont region of Italy. The origin and meaning of her name are uncertain, it has, however, been suggested that it might be related to Celtic ann-
"mother" (compare the name of the Irish goddess Anu
ANU f Celtic Mythology
Proto-Celtic theonym *Φanon-
"mother", Anu is an Irish goddess with uncertain functions and often conflated with other figures of Irish mythology and folklore, like Danu
AOIBHEALL f Irish Mythology, Folklore
Probably from Old Irish óibell
"spark, fire". In Irish legend this is the name of a banshee or goddess who appeared to the Irish king Brian Boru on the eve of the Battle of Clontarf (1014). She is still said to dwell in the fairy mound of Craig Liath in County Clare.
AOIBHGRÉINE f Irish Mythology
Derived from Irish aoibh
"smile, pleasant expression" and grian
"sun". This name belonged to the daughter of Deirdre and Naoise in Longas Mac nUislenn
(The Exile of the Sons of Uisnech
), a story of the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology... [more]
ARDUINNA f Celtic Mythology
From the Gaulish arduo-
meaning "height". Arduinna was a Celtic goddess of the Ardennes Forest and region, represented as a huntress riding a boar. The name Arduenna silva for "wooded heights" was applied to several forested mountains, not just the modern Ardennes.
ARNEMETIA f Celtic Mythology
Arnemetia's name contains Celtic elements are
," meaning "against, beside," and nemeton
, meaning "sacred grove." Her name is thus interpreted as "she who dwells in the sacred grove," suggesting Arnemetia may be a divine epithet rather than a name in its own right.
ATAEGINA f Celtic Mythology, Celtiberian Mythology
The name of a goddess worshiped by the ancient Iberians, Lusitanians, and Celtiberians. Her name possibly comes from the proto-Celtic *atte-
which together mean "reborn", or else *ad-akwī-
ATÉGINA f Celtic Mythology, Portuguese, Spanish
The Lusitanian goddess of nature and cure. A popular goddess worshipped by the ancient Iberians, Lusitanians, and Celtiberians of the Iberian Peninsula. Derived from a Celtic source: the two roots atte-
to mean "Reborn" or from ad-akwī-
) meaning "night".
AVENTIA f Celtic Mythology
Aventia was a minor Celtic goddess of waters and springs. Her name is derived from Proto-Germanic H2euentiH2
AVETA f Celtic Mythology
A Gaulish goddess of birth and midwifery known from figurines and inscriptions found in the area of modern-day France, Germany and Switzerland.... [more]
BADB f Irish Mythology, Irish
Means "crow, demon" in early Irish (and may have originally denoted "battle" or "strife"). In Irish myth the Badb was a war goddess who took the form of a crow. She and her sisters, the Morrígan
, were a trinity of war goddesses known collectively as the Morrígna
BAEDDAN m Welsh Mythology
In the medieval Welsh tale 'Culhwch and Olwen' this name belongs to the father of Maelwys, one of Arthur's warriors.
BÁINE f & m Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Irish Mythology
An Irish name meaning "whiteness, pallor". In Irish Mythology, Báine was a princess, daughter of Tuathal Techtmar, ancestor of the kings of Ireland. "Cailín na Gruaige Báine" and "Bruach na Carraige Báine" are the names of two traditional Irish songs.... [more]
BÉCUMA f Irish Mythology
Means "troubled lady", from Old Irish bé
"woman" and a second element, perhaps chuma
, meaning "grief, sorrow, wound". In Irish legend she was a woman who "dwelt in the Land of Promise and had an affair with Gaiar, a son of Manannán mac Lir, the sea-god... [more]
BEIRA f Literature, Celtic Mythology
Anglicized form of Bheur
perhaps meaning "cutting, sharp, shrill" in Scottish Gaelic, from Cailleach Bheur
"sharp old wife", the name of the Scottish personification of winter, a reference to wintry winds... [more]
BELISAMA f Celtic Mythology
Belisama was a goddess worshipped in ancient Gaul and Britain, associated with lakes and rivers, fire, crafts and light, who was identified with MINERVA
in the interpretatio romana... [more]
BÉTÉIDE f Irish Mythology
Means "wanton lady" in Irish Gaelic, from bé
"woman" and téide
"wantonness" (see TÉIDE
). In Irish legend she is a member of the Tuatha Dé Danann, daughter of the goddess FLIDAIS
and sister of the witch-like Bé Chuille.
BODB m Irish Mythology
In Irish mythology, Bodb Derg was a son of Eochaid Garb or the Dagda, and the Dagda's successor as King of the Tuatha Dé Danann.
BORVO m Celtic Mythology
In Lusitanian and Celtic polytheism, Borvo was a healing deity associated with bubbling spring water.
BRANDUBH m Irish Mythology
Means "black raven" in Irish. In Irish legend this was a board game played by the heroes and gods. It was also the name of a king of Leinster (whom the 'Annals of Ulster' say died in 604); he was a good friend of Mongán of the Dál nAraidi but coveted Mongán's wife, Dubh Lacha... [more]
BRICTA f Celtic Mythology
Bricta or Brixta was a Gaulish goddess who was a consort of LUXOVIUS
. It has, however, been suggested that if "Bricta is a title incorporating Bríg
, it may actually be a title assigned to SIRONA
rather than a separate goddess"... [more]
BRIGANTIA f Celtic Mythology
Derived from Celtic *brigant
- "high" or *briga
- "might, power". This was the name of an important Brythonic goddess. She is almost certainly the same deity as BRIDGET
, the Irish goddess.
CADWY m Welsh Mythology
From Old Welsh cad
"battle" combined with the suffix wy
. This was borne by the son of GERAINT
in Arthurian legend.
CAIRENN f Irish Mythology
In medieval Irish legends, this name was borne by the mother of NIALL
of the Nine Hostages, a concubine of King Eochu (or Eochaid). She was treated harshly by his jealous wife Queen MONGFIND
, but later rescued by her son.
CAMULOS m Celtic Mythology, Gaulish
Derived from Gaulish *camulos
"champion; servant". Camulos was an important god of early Great Britain and Gaul, especially among the Belgae and the Remi, who the Romans equated with MARS
CELEMON f Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown. It occurs briefly in 'Culhwch and Olwen' belonging to a lady at King Arthur's court, the daughter of Sir Kay.
CESSAIR f Irish, Irish Mythology
Allegedly means "affliction, sorrow". According to Irish legend Cessair was a granddaughter of Noah who died in the great flood. The name also belonged to a Gaulish princess who married the Irish high king Úgaine Mór in the 5th or 6th century BC.
CETHLENN f Irish Mythology
Possibly means "crooked tooth". In Irish myth she was the wife of Balor of the Evil Eye, king of the Fomorians and by him the mother of Ethniu (or EITHNE
, Ethlenn).... [more]
CLYDAI f Welsh Mythology
The name of a Welsh saint of the 5th century, the reputed foundress of a church named Clydai, in Emlyn.
COCHRANN f Irish Mythology
Perhaps from Cróchnait
, which was derived from Irish cróch
"saffron, red" (from Latin crocus
) combined with a diminutive suffix. In the Fenian Cycle of Irish mythology Cochrann is a daughter of Cathaír
Mór, king of Leinster, and the mother of DIARMAID
; in ballads the character is known as Cróchnat.
COLLA m Scottish, Irish, Irish Mythology
This is said to have been the name of three warrior brothers who founded the Irish kingdom of Airgialla and whose descendents ruled the Scottish kingdom of Dal Riada. ... [more]
CONOMOR m Breton Legend, History, Medieval Breton (?)
From a Brythonic name, possibly *Cunomāros
, derived from Common Celtic *kwon
- "hound" or *kuno
- "high" and *māros
"great". This was the name of Conomor the Cursed, a 6th-century king of Domnonée (modern-day northern Brittany) notorious for his cruelty, who was ultimately excommunicated at the behest of Saint Samson of Dol... [more]
COVENTINA f Celtic Mythology
Coventina was a Romano-British goddess of wells and springs. She is known from multiple inscriptions at one site in Northumberland county of England, an area surrounding a wellspring near Carrawburgh on Hadrian's Wall... [more]
CREIDDYLAD f Welsh Mythology
, which is probably from Welsh craidd
"heart", or creu
"to create, engender", or creir
"a token, jewel, sacred object", combined with dylad
, an ancient word for water (or possibly dyled
CREIRWY f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Means "token of the egg", and in effect "mundane egg", from Welsh creir
"a token, jewel, sacred object" and wy
"egg". In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, she was a daughter of CERIDWEN
and one of the three most beautiful maids of the Isle of Britain... [more]
DAHUD f Breton Legend
Possibly derived from Breton da
meaning "good" and hud
"magic". In Breton legend this was the name of a princess, the daughter of the king of the mythical sunken city of Ys. She was portrayed as a wicked sorceress in some versions of the legends.
DAMARA f Celtic Mythology
The name of a Celtic fertility goddess. Though unconnected, this is also the name of an ethnic group who live in Namibia, Africa.
DAMONA f Celtic Mythology
In Gallo-Roman religion, Damona was a goddess worshipped in Gaul as the consort of Apollo Borvo and of Apollo Moritasgus. Her name is likely derived from Old Irish dam
DEALGNAIT f Celtic Mythology
Dealgnait was the name of a minor goddess worshipped in Deal, Kent in present-day England. Her functions are not entirely clear: it has been specualted that she was either a fertility goddess or a goddess of death.
DÉRGRÉINE f Irish Mythology
Means "tear of the sun", composed of Old Irish dér
"tear" and grían
"the sun" (genitive gréine
; compare AOIBHGRÉINE
). In Irish legend Dér Gréine was the daughter of FIACHNA
Mac Retach, who married LAOGHAIRE
Mac Crimthann of Connacht.
DRUANTIA f Popular Culture, Celtic Mythology
Hypothetic old Celtic form of the name of a river in the south of France commonly known as the Durance, which is of unknown meaning. An Indo-European root meaning "to flow" has been suggested. According to Robert Graves in 'The White Goddess' (1948), it is derived from the Indo-European root *deru
meaning "oak" (as are the words druid
) and probably also belonged to a Gallic tree goddess, which he identifies as "Queen of the Druids" and "Mother of the Tree Calendar"... [more]
DWYNWEN f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Possibly from the name of the Celtic god of love, DWYN
combined with the Welsh element gwyn
"blessed, white, fair"; or derived from Welsh dwyn
"to lead (a life)", in which case it means "to a lead a blessed life"... [more]
EFNISIEN m Welsh Mythology
From the welsh efnys
, meaning "hostile, enemy". This name was borne by the son of Llyr's wife Penarddun by Euroswydd, who eventually causes the fall of Ireland when his half-sister Branwen is married off to the Irish king Matholwch without his permission.
EFROG m Welsh Mythology
Welsh form of Ebraucus
. He was a legendary king of the Britons, as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Mempricius
before he abandoned the family.
ELIDYR m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Variant of Elidir
). This form appears in the legend of 'Culhwch and Olwen' belonging to one of Arthur's knights: Elidyr Gyvarwydd.
ENDOVELICUS m Celtic Mythology
Celt-iberic god in ancient Portugal and spain, probabily an important deity due to its meaning, from celtic Ende
, "more", and Vell
, "better", "more" and "better" would thus have the same meaning as Optimus
, that is, "Excellent"... [more]
ESMERÉE f Welsh Mythology
Perhaps derived from Old French esmer
"to like, love, respect". It was the name of a character in the Old French verse 'Le Bel Inconnu' (1185–90) by Renaut de Bâgé. In the Arthurian romance, Blonde Esmeree, Queen of Wales was turned into a serpent by the wizard Mabon and his brother Evrain, and saved by Gawain's son Guinglain, also known as the Fair Unknown.
EURGAIN f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh aur
"gold" (penult form eur
) and cain
"fair; fine; elegant". In Welsh mythology, Eurgain is noted as the first female saint and daughter of CARATACUS
) in the History of Dunraven Manuscript
, a manuscript giving the genealogy of TALIESIN
FAINCHE f Irish (Rare), Irish Mythology
Derived from Irish fuinche
meaning "scald-crow" or "black fox". It occurs in Irish myth as the name of the daughter of Dáire Derg and mother of the three Fothads by a warrior called Mac Nia... [more]
FERDIA m Irish Mythology
From Fer Diad
, which is of uncertain meaning. The first element is Gaelic fear
"man"; the second element could be related to dïas
"two persons" ("man of the pair") or an element meaning "smoke" ("man of smoke")... [more]
FERDIAD m Irish Mythology
Irish name likely meaning "warrior of the pair". In Irish mythology, Ferdiad was the best friend and foster brother of Cú Chulainn, whom he is eventually forced to fight and subsequently killed by.
FIAL f Irish Mythology
Means "generous, modest, honorable" in Irish. In Irish myth this was the name of EMER
's elder sister, "also a goddess", whom CÚCHULAINN
supposedly rejected because of her relations with CAIRBRE
Nia Fer... [more]
FLIDAIS f Irish Mythology
Meaning uncertain, allegedly "doe". Flidais was an Irish goddess of forests, hunting and wild animals, especially stags and deer - by which her chariot was drawn. She is the chief figure in the 'Táin Bó Flidhais', one of the lesser known cattle raid tales which makes her the wife of Ailill Finn and lover, later wife, of the hero Fergus mac Róich.
FORGALL m Irish Mythology
Perhaps related to Irish forgella
"testifies". In Irish legend he was the father of EMER
, nicknamed "the cunning, dextrous, wily". The Wily Lord of Lusca tried to prevent his daughter marrying CÚCHULAINN
and, rather than face the champion's wrath, leapt to his death from the ramparts of his fortress.
FRAOCH m Irish Mythology
Means "wrath" or "fury" in Irish. Fraoch is a Connacht hero in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology, the hero of the 'Táin Bó Fraoch', Cattle Raid of Fraoch (which has been claimed to be the main source of the English saga of 'Beowulf')... [more]
GRIAN f Irish Mythology
Grian (literally, "Sun") is the name of an Irish figure, presumed to be a pre-Christian goddess, associated with County Limerick and Cnoc Greine ("Hill of Grian, Hill of the sun").
GUÉNOLÉ m Breton (Gallicized), Breton Legend
Gallicized form of GWENOLE
, itself derived from Old Breton uuin
meaning "white", and by extension "fair; blessed", and uual
"brave". This was the name of a legendary Breton saint who was inspired to found an abbey by a dream he had of Saint Patrick.
GWENWLEDYR f Welsh Mythology
The first element is Welsh gwen
"fair, white, blessed"; the second element, gwledyr
, is uncertain. In the tale of Culhwch and Olwen (which appears in the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth), Gwenwledyr was a lady who lived at ARTHUR
's court, the daughter of Gwawrddur the Hunchback and sister of three of Arthur's warriors: Duach, Brathach and Nerthach.
GWION m Welsh Mythology, Welsh
Possibly related to the Welsh element gwyn
meaning "fair, blessed". This was the original name of TALIESIN
, a legendary bard, before he was cast into the "cauldron of knowledge", after which he became Taliesin, bard and seer.
GWRI m Welsh Mythology
Probably derived from Proto-Celtic *wiro
- "man" (the source of modern Welsh gŵr
"man, husband"). In the 'Mabinogion', this was the name given by TEYRNON
to the infant PRYDERI
JOLÏETE f Welsh Mythology
Possibly from Old French joli
"pretty, cute, smart, joyful". According to Gerbert de Montreuil's 'Fourth Continuation' of Chrétien’s Perceval (c. 1230), this was the name of a maidservant of Bloiesine, Gawain’s lover.
LEABHARCHAM f Irish Mythology
Means "crooked book" from Gaelic leabhar
"book" and cham
"crooked" (a byname probably referring to posture). In Irish legend this was the name of the wise old woman who raised DEIRDRE
in seclusion, and who brought together Deirdre and NAOISE
LÍOBHAN f Irish Mythology
Form of the Gaelic name Lí Ban
, meaning "beauty of women". It belonged to two characters in Irish myth, one a mermaid captured in Lough Neagh in 558, according to the 'Annals of the Four Masters' (see also MUIRGEN
LITAVIS f Celtic Mythology
Litavis is a Gallic deity whose cult is primarily attested in east-central Gaul during the Roman period. She was probably an earth-goddess. Her name is derived from Gaulish Litavi-
"earth; the vast one" (ultimately from Proto-Celtic *flitawī-
MEDUNA f Celtic Mythology
Meduna was a Celtic goddess known from an inscription in Bad Bertrich, Germany, where she was worshipped together with VERCANA
. The origin and meaning of her name are uncertain: theories include a derivation from Gaulish medu-
"mead", which gave rise to the speculation that she may have been a goddes of honey-wine.
MEREWENNE f Medieval Cornish, Celtic Mythology
Merewenne is listed in the 12th-century Hartland list as one of the daughters of BRYCHAN
. While she is sometimes considered identical with MORWENNA
of Morwenstowe, another daughter of Brychan, Merewenne and the variants Marwyne and Merwenna appear in medieval records referring to the patron-saint of Marhamchurch near Bude (a church dating back to 1086 which is situated in north-east Cornwall).
MERIADEG m Breton, Breton Legend
From an old Breton name composed of the elements mer
"sea" and iatoc
"forehead". Conan Meriadeg was the legendary founder of Brittany.
MINIVER f Cornish, Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Anglicized form of Menfre
, which is of unknown meaning. Saint Menfre, born c.471, was one of the many holy daughters of King Brychan Brycheiniog. 'St. Menfre appears to have been active in Wales, around Minwear, near Haverfordwest, in Dyfed but, later, left her native land in order to evangelise the Cornish.' The early use of the name was in Cornwall where it appears to be a regional form of GUINEVERE
MODRON f Welsh Mythology
, the name of a Gaulish mother goddess, which derives from the Indo-European root *mater
meaning "mother". In Welsh legend she was the mother of MABON
the Enchanter; the pair's names, Modron and Mabon, derive from roots meaning "mother" and "son", "with the suffix on
typically found in divine or semi-divine names." Several scholars point to her as the origin of Morgan
le Fay; she may also serve as the prototype of the Lady of the Lake.
NANTOSUELTA f Celtic Mythology
In Celtic mythology, Nantosuelta is the goddess of nature, the earth, fire and fertility. Nantosuelta is often associated with water and depicted as being surrounded by water. The goddess's name literally translates as "of winding stream" or "sun-drenched valley", from the Proto-Indo-European root *swel-
"swelter", found in Indo-European words denoting "sun".
NARIA f Celtic Mythology
Naria was a Gallo-Roman goddess worshiped in western Switzerland. While her functions have been lost to time, it can be deduced from the sole image of her that she may have been a goddess of good luck and blessings, as her image was done in the generic style of FORTUNA
, the Roman goddess of luck... [more]
NEMAIN f Irish Mythology
In Irish Mythology, Nemain is the fairy spirit of the frenzied havoc of war, and possibly an aspect of MORRIGAN
. Nemain can mean "venomous" relating it to the Proto-Celtic "nemi
" meaning "dose of poison," or the Old Irish "nem
" or "neimi
" meaning "poison."
NEMETONA f Celtic Mythology
Meaning "sacred area", from the Celtic 'nemeto', itself from 'nemeton', a term designating Gaulish religious spaces. ... [more]
NINNIANE f Literature, Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly of Celtic origin (perhaps related to NINIAN
). This is the name of the Lady of the Lake in the Old French Vulgate 'Lancelot' and the continuation to the Vulgate 'Merlin', known as the 'Suite du Merlin'... [more]
NOREIA f Celtic Mythology, German (Modern, Rare), Galician (Modern, Rare)
Noreia used to be considered the epithet of an unidentified pre-Roman mother goddess who left her name in inscriptions throughout the Roman province Noricum (present-day Austria and Slovenia). Current theories suggest, however, that she might have been a Roman "creation" to gain the loyalty of the Norici (ever since VESPASIAN
's time, she was associated with the goddess ISIS
and referred to as Isisi-Noreia)... [more]
PENARDDUN f Welsh Mythology
Means "chief beauty" or "most fair", derived from the Welsh elements pen
"head, chief, foremost" and arddun
"fair, beautiful". In Welsh mythology she was a wife of the sea-god LLYR
PENN m English, Welsh Mythology
Means "head, top" in Welsh. This was the name of two characters in Welsh legend. It can also come from the English surname which was from a place name meaning "hill" in Old English.
RHAGNELL f Welsh Mythology
The name of a Mythical Welsh Princess, Blodeuwedd's Maid, Who is spoken of in most stories of Blodeuwedd as her Loyal and Faithfull Friend in Blodeuwedd's Lonely World.
RIPHATH m Biblical, Irish Mythology, Irish, Scottish
Name of Gomer second-born son in Genesis ch. 10. Irish/Scottish oral tradition (Leber Gabala Eirinn) lists him as the ancestor of the Scots (including the Irish). They too call him the second son of Gomer... [more]
RITONA f Celtic Mythology
Ritona is a Celtic goddess chiefly venerated in the land of the Treveri in what is now Germany. Her name is related to the same root as Welsh rhyd
"ford", which suggests that she was a goddess of fords.
ROSMERTA f Celtic Mythology
Probably means "great provider" from Gaulish ro
, an intensive prefix (hence "very, most, great"), combined with smert
"purveyor, carer" and the feminine name suffix a
. This was the name of an obscure Gallo-Roman goddess of fertility, abundance and prosperity... [more]
SENUNA f Celtic Mythology
A Celtic goddess worshipped in Roman Britain. Her name is possibly related to the Proto-Celtic 'seno' meaning "old". Some academics have associated the name to the ancient river Senua that was once located in southern Britain, which may have also been known as Alde, from the Anglo-Saxon 'ald' meaning old... [more]
SÉTANTA m Irish Mythology
“Given name of the folk hero, CÚCHULAINN
”. This birth name was imparted by the deity, Lug, prior to the conception of the demigod child by the mortal mother, Deichtine.
SULIEN m Breton, Welsh, Celtic Mythology
Derived from the Celtic name Sulgen
meaning "born from the sun". This was the name of a Celtic sun god. It was borne by several early saints.
SURIA f English, Celtic Mythology
Suria, also Syria, is the female deification of supposedly good flowing water, conceived as a weaning Mother goddess, in ancient Celtic polytheism.
TAMARA f Cornish, Celtic Mythology
In Cornish folklore, Tamara is a nymph who lived in the underworld and wanted to wander freely in the mortal world, against the advice of her parents. When she falls in love with the giant Tawradge
, she refuses to return to the underworld with her father... [more]
TAMESIS f Celtic Mythology
The Celtic goddess of fresh waters. Her name survives in the English River Thames and in Tamise, a French name for the Schelde (Scheldt).
TETHRA m Irish Mythology
In Irish myth, king of the Fomorians, as well as the sea god and god of the otherworld. He was killed in the first battle of Mag Tuireadh. Since then he rules Mag Mell.
TREBOPALA f Ancient Celtic, Lusitanian, Celtic Mythology
An ancient Lusitanian feminine name believed to be the name of a goddess. Her name is derived from *trebo-
meaning "house, dwelling place", and potentially the Lepontic and Ligurian word pala
meaning "sacred stone" or "flat land".
UATHACH f Irish Mythology
From Irish úathach
meaning "terrible, dreadful". In Irish legend she was the daughter of SCÁTHACH
and fellow teacher at her school for warriors.
VERBEIA f Celtic Mythology
The Celtic goddess of the river Wharfe (North Yorkshire, England) known from a single inscription found in Ilkley, England and therefore interpreted as a local deity.... [more]
VERCANA f Germanic Mythology, Celtic Mythology
Vercana was a goddess who was venerated by the Gauls in Roman times, it is, however, uncertain whether she was a Germanic or a Celtic goddess. Since inscriptions dedicated to her were found near healing springs, it has been proposed that she may have been a goddess of healing and waters and attempts have been made to link her name to Germanic *Werkanô
"she who does deeds" and to *Berkanô
"goddess of birch trees".
VIRIDIUS m Celtic Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Viridios
, which is of Celtic origin but the meaning is not known for certain. There are theories that it is derived from Proto-Celtic wird
"green", or from Proto-Celtic wīrjā
"truth" combined with dī-
"from, has" (thus meaning "he who has the truth")... [more]