AMBIORIXmAncient Celtic, History Continental Celtic name, derived from Celtic ambio "enclosure" (or ambi "around, about" or ambitio "rich") combined with Celtic rix "king." This was the name of one of the two kings of a Gaulish tribe called the Eburones, who was famous for revolting against Julius Caesar in 54 BC (which eventually led to the extermination of the Eburones).
ARTOGNOUmBrythonic Derived from Proto-Brythonic *arθ “bear”, ultimately from Proto-Celtic *artos, and *gnọw “knowledge”, ultimately from Proto-Celtic *gnāwos.
ARTULAfAncient Celtic Artula is a diminutive from the Gaulish word artos "bear". It is probably the source of the Latin name URSULA---in an inscription from Trier a woman called Artula with her daughter Ursula is recorded.
ARVIRARGUSmAncient Celtic, Literature Possibly a Latinized form of an old Celtic name, composed of the elements ard "high, paramount" and rhaig "king". This was the name of a legendary, possibly historical, British king of the 1st century AD... [more]
BRENNOSmGaulish, History Brennos, chieftain of the Senones, led an army of Cisalpine Gauls in their attack on Rome in the Battle of the Allia, in 387 BC. Another Brennos was one of the leaders of the army of Gauls who attempted to invade and settle in the Greek mainland in 278 BC... [more]
BRIAMAILmMedieval Welsh, Brythonic Old Welsh form of the Brythonic name *Brigomaglos, which was composed of the Proto-Celtic elements *brigos, *brigā meaning "might, power" and *maglos "chief, noble".
BROGIMAROSmGaulish Derived from the Proto-Celtic elements *brogis, *mrogis "territory, region" and *māros "great".
CAMULAfGaulish Derived from Gaulish *camulos "champion; servant".
CAMULOSmCeltic Mythology, Gaulish Derived from Gaulish *camulos "champion; servant". Camulos was an important god of early Great Britain and Gaul, especially among the Belgae and the Remi, who the Romans equated with MARS.
CARTIMANDUAfHistory, Ancient Celtic Celtic name, in which the second element is mandu "pony, colt, filly". The first element is less certain, perhaps from karti "drive out", or it may mean "clean, sleek". This was the name of a 1st-century queen of the Brigantes.
CATUVOLCOSmAncient Celtic The first element of this name is derived from Celtic catu "battle." The second element is probably derived from Proto-Celtic volkio "to wash, to bathe." It might also refer to the Volcae, a continental Celtic tribe.
CONTESSILOmGaulish Derived from Gaulish contessos "warm; cordial", ultimately from con- "with" and tess- "warmth".
CONTUINDAfGaulish While the second element is derived from Gaulish uindos "white", the first element is derived from Gaulish conto- which is of debated meaning. The meaning "(one) hundred" has been suggested.
DOMHANGHARTmAncient Irish, Medieval Irish Contracted form of the early medieval Irish given name Domhan-Gabh-Art, which is said to mean "I take Art from the world (to serve his Heavenly Master)" in Irish. The name consists of Irish domhan meaning "the world", Irish gabh meaning "I take" and the given name ART.
DRUSTANUSmAncient Celtic (Latinized) Latinized form of DRUSTAN. It appears in a 6th-century tombstone inscription (“Drustanus lies here, the son of Cunomorus”) and many scholars have thought to identify Drustanus with the Tristan of Celtic legend... [more]
DRUTALOSmGaulish Derived from Gaulish *deruos / derua "oak tree" and talu- "forehead; front; surface".
EPOREDORIXmAncient Celtic Derived from the Celtic element epo(s) "horse", combined with redo "to travel, to run" and rix "king." The name would thus mean "king of the running horses" - perhaps "king of the cavalry" is a little bit more appropriate... [more]
EPPONINAfAncient Celtic, History Likely derived from the Celtic element epo(s) "horse", and perhaps a derivative of the name of the Brythonic and Gaulish goddess EPONA. Epponina or Eponina was the virtuous wife of the 1st-century Gallo-Roman rebel Julius Sabinus.
ERRIGALm & fIrish, Ancient Irish, Northern Irish From the name of a mountain in Ireland (Errigal Mountain, near Gweedore in County Donegal, Ireland. It is the tallest peak of the Derryveagh Mountains and the tallest peak in County Donegal).... [more]
FRWDWRmAncient Welsh Derived from the Middle Welsh ffrwd meaning "stream" and dwfr, dwr meaning "water".
FURSEYmAncient Irish, History Possibly derived from Latin virtus "virtue" via Old Irish firt. Saint Fursey was an early medieval Irish monk and visionary whose "celebrated visions had considerable influence on dream literature of the later Middle Ages", including Dante's 'Divine Comedy'.
LUBITIATAfGaulish Derived from Gaulish lubitiata, itself the past participle of lubi- "to love".
LUGORIXmAncient Celtic Derived from Celtic lugu "light" combined with Celtic rix "king." The first element of the name might also refer to the Celtic god LUGUS or LUGH.
LUGOTORIXmAncient Celtic, History Derived from Celtic lugu "light" (or from Proto-Celtic lukot "mouse") combined with Celtic rix "king." The first element of the name might also refer to the Celtic god LUGUS or LUGH... [more]
LUGUSELWAfGaulish Gaulish name meaning "possession of Lugus", derived from the name of the god LUGUS combined with Proto-Celtic *selwā "possession, property".
MAOLANAITHEmAncient Irish From Gaelic Maol Anfaidh meaning "devotee of the storm", from maol "bald, tonsured one" (later "as of someone who is devoted to God") and anfadh "tempest, storm". This was the name of a saint.
MERIADOCmAncient Celtic, Literature Welsh form of MERIADEG. This is the name of the legendary founder of Brittany, British leader Conan Meriadoc. Used by J. R. R. Tolkien for the character of Meriadoc "Merry" Brandybuck, a hobbit in 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954).
ONOMARISfAncient Celtic (Latinized), History This is the name of an ancient Galatian Celtic queen. Her name appears to be a compound, with variants the "-maris" element appearing in several Celtic languages, meaning "great". It may also mean "mountain ash", or possibly "like a great mountain ash or rowan tree".
ORGETORIXmAncient Celtic, History Derived from Celtic orgeto "killer" (which comes from orge "to kill") combined with Celtic rix "king." This name was borne by a leader of the Helvetii (a Celtic tribe), who lived in the 1st century BC.
SEGOMAROSmGaulish Composed of Proto-Celtic *sego- "force, victory" and *māros "great".
SEGOVAXmAncient Celtic Celtic name, in which the first element is Proto-Celtic *sego- "force, victory" (also found in the Gaulish name SEGOMAROS). The second element, *uako, possibly means "empty" or "curved"... [more]
SENOVARAfAncient Celtic (Latinized) Romanized Celtic name, in which the first element is ultimately from the Indo-European root *sen meaning "old" (the second element, uaro, is uncertain, possibly meaning "war"). It was found scratched onto a metal "curse tablet" (c.2nd-century) at the temple of Sulis Minerva at Bath (Somerset, South West England)... [more]
SÍODHACHÁNmAncient Irish Derived from Irish síodhach "peaceful" or "otherworldly" combined with a diminutive suffix. The adjective síodhach is a variant of sítheach, from síth, basically meaning "settlement", hence both "peace" and "place inhabited by other world beings".
TEUTOBODmAncient Germanic (?), Ancient Celtic (?) This was the name of a king of the Teutones who lived in 2nd-century BC Europe. The historical tribe the Teutones (or Teutoni) are generally classified as Germanic, though some ancient writers called them Celts... [more]
TEUTOMATOSmAncient Celtic The first element of this name is derived from Celtic teuta or touta "people, tribe" (see also THEUDEBERT). The second element is derived from mat(i) "good, kind" or matu "bear."
TREBOPALAfAncient Celtic, Lusitanian, Celtic Mythology An ancient Lusitanian feminine name believed to be the name of a goddess. Her name is derived from *trebo- meaning "house, dwelling place", and potentially the Lepontic and Ligurian word pala meaning "sacred stone" or "flat land".
WINNOWmAncient Irish, Theology Variant of WINNOC or WINWALOE. Irish saint. Honored by several churches in Cornwall, England, probably the area of his missionary labors as part of the great evangelizing efforts of the era.
WIROGALOSmGaulish Derived from the Proto-Celtic elements *wiros "man" and *galā "valour, ability". It is a cognate of FEARGHAL.