Welsh Mythology Submitted Names

These names occur in the mythologies and legends of Wales.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
AEDDAN m Welsh Mythology, Celtic Mythology, Arthurian Romance
Welsh form of Áedán and diminutive of AEDD. In Welsh Legend, Aeddan was the son of Caw, a Pictish overlord. He was an enemy of King Arthur.
AERFEN f Welsh Mythology
Welsh form of Aerten, the name of a Brythonic goddess of fate. Aerten is derived from Proto-Celtic *agro- "carnage, slaughter" (cf. Agrona) and *tan-nu "to broaden, to spread" or *ten-n-d-o- "to break, to cut"... [more]
AFAGDDU m Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh y fagddu meaning "utter darkness". In Welsh legends this was originally a nickname belonging to the Arthurian warrior Morfran, who was so ugly and hairy that when he fought at the battle of Camlann, none of the other warriors struck him because they thought he was a devil; later legends transferred the character's ugliness and nickname to a brother, Afagddu.
AFALLACH m Welsh Mythology
Probably derived from Middle Welsh afall "apple". This may be cognate with Abelio or Abellio, the name of a Gaulish god, which is thought to come from Proto-Celtic *aballo- "apple" (also the source of the mythical place name Avalon)... [more]
AMAETHON m Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance
Derived from the Brittonic name *Ambaχtonos meaning "divine ploughman" or "ploughman-god". This was the name of the Welsh god of agriculture. In the late 11th-century legend of Culhwch and Olwen, Amathaon appeared as an Arthurian warrior; "as one of his tasks, Culhwch had to convince Amathaon to plow the lands of the giant Ysbaddaden."
AMLODD m Welsh (Rare), Welsh Mythology
Variant of Amlawdd, derived from the Welsh intensifying prefix an-/am- and llawdd "praise". In Welsh myth he is the father of Eigyr (Igraine) and therefore the grandfather of King Arthur... [more]
ANGAWDD m Welsh Mythology
One of the sons of Caw in medieval Welsh legend.
BAEDDAN m Welsh Mythology
In the medieval Welsh tale 'Culhwch and Olwen' this name belongs to the father of Maelwys, one of Arthur's warriors.
CADWY m Welsh Mythology
From Old Welsh cad "battle" combined with the suffix wy. This was borne by the son of Geraint in Arthurian legend.
CADYRYEITH m Welsh Mythology
This name appears in the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth.
CASWALLON m Welsh Mythology
Welsh form of Cassivellaunus. According to Welsh myth, he was a son of Beli Mawr.
CELEMON f Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown. It occurs briefly in 'Culhwch and Olwen' belonging to a lady at King Arthur's court, the daughter of Sir Kay.
CIGFA f Celtic Mythology, Welsh Mythology
Cigfa is a minor character in Welsh mythology. Her full name was Cigfa ferch Gwyn Glohoyw.
CLYDAI f Welsh Mythology
The name of a Welsh saint of the 5th century, the reputed foundress of a church named Clydai, in Emlyn.
CREIDDYLAD f Welsh Mythology
From Creudylad or Creurdilad, which is probably from Welsh craidd "heart", or creu "to create, engender", or creir "a token, jewel, sacred object", combined with dylad, an ancient word for water (or possibly dyled "debt")... [more]
CREIRDYDDLYDD f Welsh Mythology
Variant of Creurdilad (see Creiddylad).
CREIRWY f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Means "token of the egg", and in effect "mundane egg", from Welsh creir "a token, jewel, sacred object" and wy "egg". In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, she was a daughter of Ceridwen.
DIONETA f Arthurian Romance, Welsh Mythology
The name of two persons mentioned in the fourteenth-century fragmentary Welsh text known as The Birth of Arthur.... [more]
DWYNWEN f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Possibly from the name of the Celtic god of love, Dwyn combined with the Welsh element gwyn "blessed, white, fair"; or derived from Welsh dwyn "to lead (a life)", in which case it means "to a lead a blessed life"... [more]
EDERN m Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance, Medieval Breton, Breton
Derived from Old Welsh edyrn "immense; heavy; prodigious, wonderful, marvellous", in the past this name has been (falsely) considered a derivation from Latin aeternus "eternal".... [more]
EIGR f Welsh Mythology
Welsh form of Igraine.
ELAN f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
One of the daughters of Dôn, a type of mother goddess and the Welsh equivalent of Irish Danu, in Welsh mythology. ... [more]
ELIDYR m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Variant of Elidir (see Elidur). This form appears in the legend of 'Culhwch and Olwen' belonging to one of Arthur's knights: Elidyr Gyvarwydd.
ELPHIN m Welsh Mythology
Possibly a Welsh cognate of the Gaelic name Ailpein (see Alpin). In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, he was one of Arthur's warriors, the son of Gwyddno Long Shanks... [more]
ESMERÉE f Welsh Mythology
Perhaps derived from Old French esmer "to like, love, respect". It was the name of a character in the Old French verse 'Le Bel Inconnu' (1185–90) by Renaut de Bâgé. In the Arthurian romance, Blonde Esmeree, Queen of Wales was turned into a serpent by the wizard Mabon and his brother Evrain, and saved by Gawain's son Guinglain, also known as the Fair Unknown.
EURGAIN f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh aur "gold" (penult form eur) and cain "fair; fine; elegant". In Welsh mythology, Eurgain is noted as the first female saint and daughter of Caratacus (see Caradog) in the History of Dunraven Manuscript, a manuscript giving the genealogy of Taliesin.
FFLAMDDWYN m Welsh Mythology
Welsh byname meaning "flame-bearer". This appears in medieval poems attributed to Taliesin.
GAHERIS m Arthurian Romance, Welsh Mythology
This is the name of a character in Arthurian tales, a brother of Gawain (as well as Gareth, Mordred and Agravain), and the son of King Lot and either Belisent or Morgause. 'The earliest form of his name is so similar to the earliest form of Gareth (Gahariet) that the two brothers may have originally been the same character.' First mentioned by the 12th-century French poet Chrétien de Troyes, although scholars have suggested a derivation from the Welsh name Gweir, which belongs to a number of warriors in Welsh legends and can mean "hay", "collar", "circle", "loop" or "bend".
GUANHUMARA f Welsh Mythology
Latin form of Guinevere found in some manuscripts of Geoffrey of Monmouth's 'Historia Regum Britanniae'.
GWENDDYDD f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Means "holy day" or "white day" in Welsh. In early Welsh tradition this is the name of Myrddin's sister. Geoffrey of Monmouth calls her Ganieda.
GWENHWYFACH f Welsh Mythology
Meaning uncertain, perhaps from the name Gwenhwyfar combined with Welsh ach, a suffix which "evokes unpleasantness" (according to Patrick Sims-Williams). This was the name of Gwenhwyfar's sister, found in the Welsh triads and 'Culhwch and Olwen', who "may represent an unpleasant or evil form of Gwenhwyfar herself;" according to two triads, Gwenhwyfach instigated the battle of Camlann when she struck her sister... [more]
GWENWLEDYR f Welsh Mythology
The first element is Welsh gwen "fair, white, blessed"; the second element, gwledyr, is uncertain. In the tale of Culhwch and Olwen (which appears in the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth), Gwenwledyr was a lady who lived at Arthur's court, the daughter of Gwawrddur the Hunchback and sister of three of Arthur's warriors: Duach, Brathach and Nerthach.
GWERN m Welsh Mythology
The name Gwern originates in Celtic mythology, being the son of Branwen and the Irish king Matholwch and the nephew of the British king Bran.
GWION m Welsh Mythology, Welsh
Possibly related to the Welsh element gwyn meaning "fair, blessed". This was the original name of Taliesin, a legendary bard, before he was cast into the "cauldron of knowledge", after which he became Taliesin, bard and seer.
GWRI m Welsh Mythology
Probably derived from Proto-Celtic *wiro- "man" (the source of modern Welsh gŵr "man, husband"). In the 'Mabinogion', this was the name given by Teyrnon to the infant Pryderi.
GWYAR f & m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Means "gore" or "spilled blood, bloodshed" in Old Welsh, but its more general meaning is "flow, fluidity".... [more]
IFOR m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Archaic variant of Ivor, or perhaps a variant of Ifan. It was borne by the Welsh historical figure Ifor Bach ("Little Ifor") who may have been based on a folk character known as Little John, which supports the latter etymology... [more]
INDEG f Welsh (Rare), Welsh Mythology
Possibly derived from Welsh un "one" and teg "beautiful; fair".
IWERYDD f Medieval Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh Y Werydd meaning "the ocean". In Welsh mythology she was a wife of the sea-god Llyr and the mother of Brân the Blessed.
JOLÏETE f Welsh Mythology
Possibly from Old French joli, jolif "pretty, cute, smart, joyful". According to Gerbert de Montreuil's 'Fourth Continuation' of Chrétien’s Perceval (c. 1230), this was the name of a maidservant of Bloiesine, Gawain’s lover.
KYLEDYR m Welsh Mythology
An Arthurian warrior who was the son of Nwython. Kyledyr or Cyledyr was loyal to the warrior Gwythyr, and joined Gwythyr’s army during a war against Gwynn son of Nudd. He and his father Nwython were taken prisoner by Gwynn... [more]
KYNAN m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Possibly a form of Kynon, the legendary son of Clydno in the Mabinogion. Means "Chief."
LEODEGRANCE m Arthurian Romance, Welsh Mythology
King Leodegrance was Queen Guinevere's father from Arthurian mythology. "His earliest existing mention is in the Prose 'Lancelot', though he may be identical to Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Leodegar."
MARCH m Welsh Mythology
Welsh form of Mark. King March of Cornwall is a famous bearer.
MATHONWY m Welsh Mythology
Mathony is the name of a god or demi-god who was father to the Welsh god/goddess Don ... [more]
MINIVER f Cornish, Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Anglicized form of Menfre, which is of unknown meaning. Saint Menfre, born c.471, was one of the many holy daughters of King Brychan Brycheiniog. 'St. Menfre appears to have been active in Wales, around Minwear, near Haverfordwest, in Dyfed but, later, left her native land in order to evangelise the Cornish.' The early use of the name was in Cornwall where it appears to be a regional form of Guinevere... [more]
MODRON f Welsh Mythology
From Matrona, the name of a Gaulish mother goddess, which derives from the Indo-European root *mater meaning "mother". In Welsh legend she was the mother of Mabon the Enchanter; the pair's names, Modron and Mabon, derive from roots meaning "mother" and "son", "with the suffix on typically found in divine or semi-divine names." Several scholars point to her as the origin of Morgan le Fay; she may also serve as the prototype of the Lady of the Lake.
NINNIANE f Literature, Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly of Celtic origin (perhaps related to Ninian). This is the name of the Lady of the Lake in the Old French Vulgate 'Lancelot' and the continuation to the Vulgate 'Merlin', known as the 'Suite du Merlin'... [more]
OSIAN m Welsh Mythology, Welsh
Osian is a Welsh male given name, derived from the Irish legendary poet and warrior Oisín. The name is derived from the Irish for 'little deer'. Osian was the 36th most popular baby boy's name in Wales in 2011.
PADARN m Breton Legend (?), Welsh Mythology (?)
Early 6th century Bishop Padarn is a famous bearer, and his name is rendered as Paternus in Latin. He was likely born in Brittany. Padarn Beisrudd ap Tegid is another Padarn who appears in Welsh legend.
PENARDDUN f Welsh Mythology
Means "chief beauty" or "most fair", derived from the Welsh elements pen "head, chief, foremost" and arddun "fair, beautiful". In Welsh mythology she was a wife of the sea-god Llyr.
PENN m English, Welsh Mythology
Means "head, top" in Welsh. This was the name of two characters in Welsh legend. It can also come from the English surname which was from a place name meaning "hill" in Old English.
RHAGNELL f Welsh Mythology
The name of a Mythical Welsh Princess, Blodeuwedd's Maid, Who is spoken of in most stories of Blodeuwedd as her Loyal and Faithfull Friend in Blodeuwedd's Lonely World.
TARAN m Welsh Mythology, Welsh (Rare), English (British, Rare), Cornish (Rare), Literature, History, Pictish
Derived from the Welsh and Cornish words for "thunder".... [more]
TEYRNON m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Derived from the Brythonic *Tigernonos meaning "great lord".
TIRION f & m Welsh (Rare), Welsh Mythology
Means "gentle; happy" in Welsh.... [more]
YSBADDADEN m Welsh Mythology
The name of a giant and father of Olwen in the Mabinogion, a collection of eleven prose stories collated from medieval Welsh manuscripts.... [more]