Near Eastern Mythology Submitted Names

These names occur in the mythologies of the Near East. That is, the mythologies of the Sumerians, Akkadians, Hittites, Babylonians, Phoenicians and others. Listed separately are Egyptian mythology names and Persian mythology names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABADIR m Near Eastern Mythology, Coptic (Bohairic), Coptic (Sahidic), Arabic (Archaic), Harari, Somali (Archaic)
Means "mighty father". This was a Phoenician name for the highest deity. It was borne by a legendary Coptic saint who was martyred with his sister Irais (or Iraja, Herais, Rhais).
ABATUR m Judeo-Christian Legend, Near Eastern Mythology, Arabic (Archaic)
Means literally, "father of the Uthre" in Mandaean, which translates roughly to "father of the angels," derived from aba "father" combined with uthra ('utria) "angel". In the Mandaean Gnostic cosmology, Abatur is "the third of four emanations from the supreme, unknowable deity", and the father of Ptahil, the Mandaean demiurge.
ADRAMELECH m Biblical, Near Eastern Mythology, Literature
Latin form of אַדְרַמֶּלֶךְ (Adar-malik) meaning "king of fire" in Hebrew. This was the name of a Babylonian deity to whom infants were burnt in sacrifice (II Kings xvii, 31). He is possibly the sun god worshipped at Sippar (Sepharvaim)... [more]
AGASAYA f Near Eastern Mythology
Possibly means "shrieker". This was the name of an early Semitic goddess of war who was merged into Ishtar in her identity as fearless warrior of the sky.
AHURA f Near Eastern Mythology, Persian Mythology
Referring to either the creator god Ahura Mazda or the various other ahuras of the Avesta. Meaning, "lord" or "spirit."
AHURANI f Near Eastern Mythology, Persian Mythology
Means "she who belongs to Ahura" in Avestan, from the name Ahura, referring to either the creator god Ahura Mazda or the various other ahuras of the Avesta, combined with the feminine suffix -ani meaning "companion, wife, mate"... [more]
ALEYIN m Near Eastern Mythology, Phoenician
A Phoenician god of springs and vegetation.
ALILAT f Near Eastern Mythology
Variant of Allat. The Arabian mother goddess.
ALLAT f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "the Goddess" from Arabic al-Lat. She was an ancient mother and fertility goddess of the pre-Islamic Arabs.
ALLATU f Near Eastern Mythology
This was the name of the Mesopotamian goddess of copulation, equal to the Sumero-Babylonian goddess Ereshkigal; perhaps her name was a Semitic form of Ereshkigal. Allatu was the wife of Nergal.
ALMAQAH m Near Eastern Mythology
A moon-god and tutelary god of the South Arabian kingdom of Saba.
AL-ʻUZZĀ f Near Eastern Mythology
The ancient Arabian goddess of might, protection and love. Her name is derived from al-‘Azīz meaning "the mighty".
AMATHAUNTA f Near Eastern Mythology
In Sumerian mythology she is the goddess of the ocean, possibly related to Poseidon. She was also worshipped by Sumerian immigrants in Egypt which lead to some believing her to be an Egyptian goddess... [more]
ANTU f Near Eastern Mythology
She evolved from the Sumerian goddess Ki. ... [more]
ANZÛ m Near Eastern Mythology
A Mesopotamian demon, who was drawn in the form of a huge fire and water breathing bird, or a lion-headed eagle.
APPALIUNAS m Near Eastern Mythology
Anatolian god which possibly means "father lion" or "father light". A Theory states that Appaliunas can be equated with APOLLO
ASHI f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a Zoroastrian divinity. Her name means "that which is attained" from the root word ar- meaning "to allot". It also has connotations of being a mix of of "reward," "recompense," or "capricious luck".
ASTAR m Near Eastern Mythology
The name of an Aksumite god.
AYA f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "dawn" in Akkadian. In Akkadian mythology Aya was a mother goddess, the consort of the sun god Shamash, and associated strongly with the rising sun, sexual love, and youth. The Babylonians sometimes called her kallatu meaning "the bride"... [more]
BELET-ILI f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "lady of the gods" or "mother of the gods" in Akkadian. It is another name for Ninhursag.
BELET-SERI f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of an underworld goddess who was tasked with recording information about the dead entering the afterlife. The first part of her name comes from beltu meaning "lady, mistress" and the second part may come from sartu meaning "crime, lies" or sertu meaning "morning", "bar (part of a lock)" or "punishment".
DAENA f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a Zoroastrian divinity, taken from the Gathic Avestan daēnā or Sanskrit dhénā and is variously translated as "conscience", "religion", "understanding" or "that which is observed"... [more]
DAMKINA f Near Eastern Mythology
The Akkadian goddess derived from Damgalnuna. She was the consort of Enki and mother of the god Marduk. One of her titles was 'banat shimti' meaning 'creator of fate', influenced by the goddess Shimti.
DRVASPA f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a Zoroastrian goddess whose name means "with solid horses". Her role in ancient religion is unknown.
GARSHASP m Near Eastern Mythology
A monster-slaying hero in Iranian mythology.
GEŠTINANNA f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of an early goddess of Southern Mesopotamia associated with writing and the netherworld. Her name means "Wine (or vine) of the heavens (or the god An)".
HANISH m Near Eastern Mythology
A divine herald of storm and bad weather in Mesopotamian mythology.
HANNAHANNAH f Near Eastern Mythology
From Hittite hanna- meaning "grandmother". She is a Hurrian Mother Goddess related to or influenced by the pre-Sumerian goddess Inanna. Hannahannah was also identified with the Hurrian goddess Hebat.
ḪAPANTALI f Near Eastern Mythology
Etymology unknown. This was the name of an Anatolian and Luwian pastoral goddess associated with sheep.
HATEPUNA f Near Eastern Mythology
Her name originates in Hattic ha "sea" and puna "child". She is the daughter of the sea god and becomes the wife of Telipinu because of the rescue of Istanu.
HEBAT f Near Eastern Mythology
Hebat, was the mother goddess of the Hurrians, known as "the mother of all living". She is also a Queen of the deities. During Aramaean times Hebat also appears to have become identified with the goddess Hawwah, or Eve.
HUBAL m Near Eastern Mythology
May mean "master god". From the Aramaic hu meaning 'spirit, god', and Ba'al 'master, lord'.... [more]
HUMBAN m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of the most important male god in the Elamite pantheon. His name apparently means "commander" in Elamite1, as it is derived from the Elamite verb huba "to command"2. Most sources state that Humban was the god of the sky3, though there are also a few sources who claim that he was the god of the earth4... [more]
HUTRAN m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
In Elamite religion, Hutran is the son of the god Humban (also known by his epithet Napirisha) and his wife, the goddess Kiririsha.1 It is uncertain what kind of god he was, but since his name might possibly mean "overwhelmer" in Elamite2, it could be that he was a god of soldiers and fighters3... [more]
INARA f Near Eastern Mythology
In Hittite–Hurrian mythology, Inara was the goddess of the wild animals of the steppe and daughter of the Storm-god Teshub.
INSHUSHINAK m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
Inshushinak was the name of one of the major gods of the Elamite pantheon. He started out as a mere local god1, in which capacity he was the patron deity of the city of Susa2. This is also reflected in his name, as it is derived from Sumerian nin-shushinak meaning "lord of Susa"3... [more]
IRKALLA f Near Eastern Mythology
Another name for Ereshkigal, the Queen of the underworld.
ISARA f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "treat, binding promise" in Hittite. ... [more]
ISHARA f Near Eastern Mythology
An ancient Hittite goddess associated with love and oaths. Her name comes form the Hittite word for "treaty, binding promise", or may be related to the name of the goddess Ishtar.
ISHME-KARAB f Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of a goddess in Elamite religion. Her name is Akkadian and means "she who has heard the prayer"1 or "she has heard the supplication".2 The Elamite form of her name is said to be Išnikarap.3 The fact that her name is Akkadian rather than Elamite, is possibly due to the fact that Elam had repeatedly been under Akkadian rule and was thus influenced by the Akkadian language and culture... [more]
IŠTANU m Near Eastern Mythology
From Hattic estan meaning "Sun-god". He was the Hittite and Hattic god of the sun. In Luwian he was known as Tiwaz or Tijaz. He was a god of judgement, and was depicted bearing a winged sun on his crown or head-dress, and a crooked staff..
JABRU m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of an obscure but very old god in Elamite religion. It is uncertain what the meaning of his name was in the Elamite language. Most sources equate him with the Babylonian god Anu1, so he must have been a god of the heavens... [more]
JEH f Near Eastern Mythology
In Zoroastrianism, Jeh is the consort of Ahriman, and is a demon of laviciousness who is associated with the menstrual cycle, improper behaviour and the defilement of women. Her name may derive from the Arabic verb جَاءَ (ja'a) meaning "to come, to bring".
JORAH m & f Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Literature, Near Eastern Mythology
From יוֺרֶה (Yorah), a Hebrew name which allegedly meant "autumn showers" (referring to a seasonal rain "which falls in Palestine from the last of October until the first of December") or "sprinkling" as the active participle of יָרָה (yarah) "to rain"... [more]
KIRIRISHA f Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of an important goddess in Elamite religion. Her name apparently means "Great Goddess"1 or "Great Lady"2 in the Elamite language, with one source stating that the name consists of Elamite kiri or kirir "goddess" and Elamite usa(n)3 (relation with the Elamite word rishair "great" is also likely4)... [more]
KISHAR f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of an Akkadian goddess who may have been an earth mother goddess. Her name is argued to mean "the whole earth".
KULITTA f Near Eastern Mythology
A Mesopotamian minor goddess of music, serving Ishtar. She and Ninatta accompanied Ishtar's hymns when she sang passionately of her love for Tammuz.
LAGAMAR f Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of a goddess in Elamite religion. Her name is Akkadian and means "no mercy".1 The Elamite form of her name is said to be Lakamar.2 The fact that her name is Akkadian rather than Elamite, is possibly due to the fact that Elam had repeatedly been under Akkadian rule and was thus influenced by the Akkadian language and culture... [more]
LILURI f Near Eastern Mythology
Entymology unknown. This was the name of an ancient Syrian goddess of mountains.
LULAL m Near Eastern Mythology
In Sumerian mythology, Lulal, inscribed dlú.làl in cuneiform, is the younger son of Inanna. He was the patron deity of Bad-tibira while his older brother, Shara was located at neighboring Umma.
MA f Sumerian Mythology
Means "land" in Sumerian. In Sumerian mythology, Ma is referred to as the mother of the mountain.
MALIYA f Near Eastern Mythology
Etymology unknown. This was the name of the Hittite and Luwite goddess of gardens who was also associated with horses, rivers and mountains.
MAMI f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "mother" in Babylonian. It is another name for Ninhursag.... [more]
MANAT f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "the measurer, fate, or portion". Also known as Manawat, and related to Tyche and Chronos.... [more]
MANZAT f Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of a goddess in Elamite religion. Her name is derived from Akkadian manzât "rainbow".1 The fact that her name is Akkadian rather than Elamite, is possibly due to the fact that Elam had repeatedly been under Akkadian rule and was thus influenced by the Akkadian language and culture... [more]
MILCOM m Biblical, Near Eastern Mythology, English (Puritan)
In the Old Testament, Milcom was the highest of the Ammonite gods. It is generally accepted that this name is a form of the common Semitic noun meaning "king" (Hebrew melek), and became an epithet of the head of the Ammonite pantheon... [more]
MYLITTA f Near Eastern Mythology (Hellenized)
From an Assyrian epithet of the goddess Ishtar meaning "the mediatrix, midwife" (from mu'allidtu). It was recorded by the Greek historian Herodotus, who wrote in the 5th century BC: "The Assyrians call Aphrodite Mylitta, the Arabians Alilat, and the Persians Mitra."
NAHUNDI m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
In the Elamite pantheon, Nahundi was the god of the sun, but also the god of justice and law1. His name - spelled Nahiti in earlier times2 - was apparently the same as the word for 'sun' in Elamite3, although the literal meaning of that word is said to be "creator of the day"4... [more]
NAMMU f Near Eastern Mythology
In Sumerian mythology, she was a primeval goddess, corresponding to Tiamat in Babylonian mythology. She gave birth to An and Ki and the first gods, and with An she bore Enki. She was believed to be the one who came up with the idea to create mankind... [more]
NANSHE f Near Eastern Mythology
Etymology uncertain; derived in part from Sumerian še "grain". This was the name of a Sumerian goddess of prophecy, justice, fertility, and fishing.
NAPIR m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
In the Elamite pantheon, Napir was the god of the moon.1 Some sources state that the meaning of his name is "(the) shining one"2, but this is questionable - it is more likely that it is derived from Elamite nap or napir meaning "god" (see Napirisha).3... [more]
NAPIRISHA m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This is the epithet of the god Humban1 and he was almost exclusively known by this name in later times2. It means "Great God" in Elamite3, derived from Elamite nap or napir "god"4 combined with Elamite risha or rišarra "great"5 (also compare Elamite rishair6)... [more]
NARUNDI f Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
In the Elamite pantheon, Narundi was the goddess of victory and thus we can consider her to be a war goddess.1 It is uncertain what the meaning of her name was in the Elamite language. She, along with the goddesses Shiashum and Niarzina, was said to be a sister of the 'great goddess', namely Kiririsha2... [more]
NERGAL m Near Eastern Mythology, Judeo-Christian Legend
In Mesopotamian mythology he is a deity of Akkad, Assyria, and Babylonia, with the main seat of his cult at Cutha, represented by the mound of Tell-Ibrahim. He is the son of Enlil and Ninlil, and is sometimes associated with Shamash... [more]
NGESHTIN-ANA f Near Eastern Mythology
In Sumerian mythology she is a minor goddess of wine and colde seasons known as the 'heavenly grape-vine', who is also considered a divine poet and interpreter of dreams. She is the daughter of Enki and Ninhursag, sister of Dumuzid, and consort of Ningisida.
NIARZINA f Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of a goddess in Elamite religion. It is uncertain what the meaning of her name was in the Elamite language, though the second part of her name may have been derived from Elamite sina or zini meaning "(the) lady".1 It is said that Niarzina, along with the goddesses Narundi and Shiashum, was a sister of the 'great goddess', namely Kiririsha2... [more]
NIKKAL-WA-IB f Near Eastern Mythology
The ancient Middle Eastern goddess of orchards, whose name is derived the Akkadian / West Semitic "´Ilat ´Inbi", meaning "Goddess of Fruit". Alternatively, it may mean "Great Lady and Fruitful".
NINATTA f Near Eastern Mythology
A Mesopotamian minor goddess of music, serving Ishtar. She and Kulitta accompanied Ishtar's hymns when she sang passionately of her love for Tammuz.
NINGIKUGA f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "lady of the pure reed" in Sumerian.... [more]
NINMAH f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "great queen" in Sumerian. Another name of Ninhursag. ... [more]
NINSI'ANNA f & m Near Eastern Mythology
Ancient Sumerian god or goddess of Venus. The name means "divine lady, illumination of heaven" or "divine lady of the redness of heaven".
NINTU f Near Eastern Mythology
Means "lady of birth" in Sumerian. Another name of NINHURSAG
NINTUR f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of the Sumerian mother goddess, derived from nin meaning "lady, queen" and tur meaning "hut", with allusions to the word šà-tùr meaning "womb".
NUN-BARŠEGUNU f Near Eastern Mythology
Alternative name of the Sumerian goddess of grain and writing, Nidaba. Her name means "Lady whose body is the flecked barley".
PINIKIR f Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of the most important goddess in Elamite religion. It is uncertain what the meaning of her name was in the Elamite language. Pinikir started out as the mother-goddess (in which capacity she was also the goddess of love and fertility), making her rank above all Elamite gods - even the male ones.1 This indicates a reverence of that what is feminine, which is reflective of both Elamite religion2 and Elamite society3: women were held in high regard and Elamite royal families' system of succession was always through the female line4 (although a ruler was always male and was called "the son of a sister"5)... [more]
QADESHTU f Near Eastern Mythology
Canaanite and Phoenician form of Qetesh.
RESHEPH m Near Eastern Mythology
Derived from Semitic ršf meaning "to absorb, to consume" or "to burn" (descended into Hebrew as רשף (reshef) "burning heat" or "plague"). This was the name of a Canaanite and Semitic deity of plague, the underworld, and war.
ŠALA f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of the consort of Adad, often considered to be a minor goddess of non-Mesopotamian origin, potentially related to crop fertility. The etymology of her name is unknown, but may be from the Hurrian šāla meaning "daughter".
SARPANIT f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a Babylonian mother goddess and wife of Marduk. Her name means "the shining one" or may be derived from zēr-bānītu meaning "creatress of seed".
ŠARRUMA m Near Eastern Mythology
Meaning "king of the mountains". Šarruma or Sharruma is originally a Hurrian god who was adopted into the Hittite pantheon.
ŠERIDA f Near Eastern Mythology
The Sumerian name of the dawn goddess Aya.
SHALA f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a Mesopotamian corn goddess who is also associated with war as well as the name of a Sumerian goddes of grain and the emotion of compassion.... [more]
SHARA m Near Eastern Mythology
In Sumerian mythology Shara is a minor god of war, mainly identified with the city of Umma, north-east of Unug (Uruk). He is identified in some texts as the son of Inana (Ishtar).
SHERIDA f Near Eastern Mythology
Sumerian goddess, consort of Utu.
SHIASHUM f Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of a goddess in Elamite religion. It is uncertain what the meaning of her name was in the Elamite language. Not much is known about Shiashum, unfortunately. It is said that she, along with the goddesses Narundi and Niarzina, was a sister of the 'great goddess', namely Kiririsha1... [more]
SIDURI f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of an ancient Mesopotamian wise female divinity associated with fermentation, beer and wine. Her name is derived from the Hurrian word meaning "young woman".
SIMUT m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
In the Elamite pantheon, Simut was a herald god1 - although there are also sources who claim that he was a tutelary god2 (with one source even speculating that he might have been an astral deity3)... [more]
SIRIS f Near Eastern Mythology
Mesopotamian goddess of beer and the mother of Zu; a large bird that can breathe fire and water.... [more]
SPENTA ARMAITI f Near Eastern Mythology
A Zoroastrian divinity, one of the six creative or divine manifestations of Wisdom and Ahura Mazda. Her name means "creative harmony", although she was later associated with religious devotion. She is associated with the Mother Earth figure and her holy day is associated with love.
TASHMETUM f Near Eastern Mythology
Variant form of Tasmetu, also translated as "the lady who listens".
TAŠMETU f Near Eastern Mythology
Ancient Mesopotamian goddess of wisdom and sexual attractiveness.
TAWERET f Egyptian Mythology, African Mythology, Near Eastern Mythology, Greek Mythology
Means "she who is great" or "great one". Her name was a common pacificatory address to dangerous deities. ... [more]
TELIPINU m Near Eastern Mythology
Means "excited son" in Hattic. He was a Hittite god who most likely served as a patron of farming, though he has also been suggested to have been a storm god or an embodiment of crops.
TIRUTIR m Near Eastern Mythology, Elamite Mythology
This was the name of an obscure god in Elamite religion. It is uncertain what the meaning of his name was in the Elamite language. Tirutir was a local god1: he was worshipped only in the Elamite city Ayapir2 (also spelled Aiapir; it was later called Malamir, and nowadays it is known as Izeh in Iran3)... [more]
TISHTRYA m Near Eastern Mythology, Persian Mythology
This was the name of a Zoroastrian deity, who at first was responsible for bringing rainfall and fertility, but later became an astral deity that was associated with what is now the star Sirius. The name may have been derived from Avestan tištriia, which in turn came from púṣiya (via dissimilation) "he who makes prosper" or from Indo-European tri-str-o-m "group of three stars".
ÜLGEN m Medieval Turkic, Medieval Mongolian, Near Eastern Mythology
Means "magnificent" in Old Turkic. ... [more]
UTTU f Near Eastern Mythology
Sumerian goddess of weaving whose name means "spider".
WURUNŠEMU f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a Hattian goddess whose name may potentially mean "Mother of the land".
ZARIK f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a daeva or demon in service of Ahriman in Zoroastrian belief, associated with aging and old age. The etymology of her name is unknown, but it may be related to زر meaning "gold" or زر (zor) meaning "rotation, circulation".
ZEMELO f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a Thraco-Phrygian earth goddess, probably derived from the same root as Russian zemlya "earth, soil" (also carries the sense of "the Otherworld"). This might be the origin of Semele.
ZINTUḪI f Near Eastern Mythology
The name of a minor Hattian goddess whose name means "granddaughter".
ZISUTRA m Sumerian, Near Eastern Mythology
Variant of Ziusudra. A Sumerian priest-king during the great flood.
ZIUSUDRA m Near Eastern Mythology, Sumerian
Meaning, "life of long days." The name of a king listed in the Sumerian king list; listed as the last king of Sumer prior to the deluge and subsequently recorded as the hero of the Sumerian flood epic... [more]