Jewish Names

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
Filter Results       more options...
AARONאַהֲרֹןmEnglish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אַהֲרֹן ('Aharon) which is most likely of unknown Egyptian origin. Other theories claim a Hebrew derivation, and suggest meanings such as "high mountain" or "exalted". In the Old Testament this name is borne by the older brother of Moses. He acted as a spokesman for his brother when they appealed to the pharaoh to release the Israelites from slavery. Aaron's rod produced miracles and plagues to intimidate the pharaoh. After the departure from Egypt and arrival at Mount Sinai, God installed Aaron as the first high priest of the Israelites and promised that his descendants would form the priesthood.... [more]
ABRAHAMאַבְרָהָםmEnglish, Hebrew, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
This name may be viewed either as meaning "father of many" in Hebrew or else as a contraction of ABRAM (1) and הָמוֹן (hamon) meaning "many, multitude". The biblical patriarch Abraham was originally named Abram but God changed his name (see Genesis 17:5). With his father Terah, he led his wife Sarah, his nephew Lot and their other followers from Ur into Canaan. He is regarded by Jews as being the founder of the Hebrews through his son Isaac and by Muslims as being the founder of the Arabs through his son Ishmael.... [more]
ACHINOAMאֲחִינֹעַםfBiblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of AHINOAM.
ADAMאָדָםmEnglish, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Catalan, Hebrew, Arabic, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
This is the Hebrew word for "man". It could be ultimately derived from Hebrew אדם ('adam) meaning "to be red", referring to the ruddy colour of human skin, or from Akkadian adamu meaning "to make".... [more]
Means "noble" in Hebrew.
Possibly a variant of ADINA (1).
ADI (1)עֲדִיf & mHebrew
Means "jewel" or "ornament" in Hebrew.
ADINA (1)עֲדִינָה, עֲדִינָאm & fBiblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Hebrew
From Hebrew עֲדִינָא ('adina') meaning "slender, delicate". This name is borne by a soldier in the Old Testament. It is also used in modern Hebrew as a feminine name, typically spelled עֲדִינָה.
Means "strong, mighty" in Hebrew. This word is used in the Hebrew Bible to describe God.
Means "small wave, ripple" in Hebrew.
AGAMאֲגַםf & mHebrew
Means "lake" in Hebrew.
AHARONאַהֲרֹןmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of AARON.
Means "love" in Hebrew.
Means "beloved" in Hebrew.
Form of YAAKOV. Akiba ben Joseph was a prominent 1st-century Jewish sage.
Variant transcription of AKIBA.
ALIYA (2)עֲלִיָּהfHebrew
Variant transcription of ALIYAH (2).
ALIYAH (2)עֲלִיָּהfHebrew
Means "to ascend" in Hebrew. This is also a Hebrew word referring to immigration to Israel.
Means "joyful" in Hebrew.
ALMA (2)עַלְמָהfHebrew
Means "young woman" in Hebrew.
ALMOGאַלְמוֹגm & fHebrew
Means "coral" in Hebrew.
ALON (1)אַלוֹןmHebrew
Means "oak tree" in Hebrew.
Feminine form of ALON (1).
ALTE (1)אַלְטֶעfYiddish
Feminine form of ALTER.
Means "old" in Yiddish. This name was traditionally given to a sickly newborn by Jewish parents in order to confuse the Angel of Death, in the hopes that he would go looking for somebody younger or somebody else.
Means "my people are alive" in Hebrew.
AMIR (2)אָמִירmHebrew
Means "treetop" in Hebrew.
AMIRA (2)אַמִירָהfHebrew
Feminine form of AMIR (2).
AMIT (2)עָמִיתm & fHebrew
Means "friend" in Hebrew.
AMNONאַמְנוֹןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Means "faithful" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the eldest son of King David. He was killed by his brother Absalom in revenge for the rape of his sister Tamar.
AMOSעָמוֹסmEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
From Hebrew עָמַס ('amas) meaning "load, burden". Amos is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Amos, which speaks against greed, corruption and oppression of the poor. Written about the 8th century BC, it is among the oldest of the prophetic books. As an English name, Amos has been used since the Protestant Reformation, and was popular among the Puritans.
ANAN (2)עָנָןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Means "cloud" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned very briefly in the Old Testament.
ANAT (2)עַנָתf & mHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ANATH (1). In modern times it is often used as a feminine name.
Yiddish form of ANSELM, used as a vernacular form of Asher.
ARI (1)אֲרִיmHebrew
Means "lion" in Hebrew.
ARIE (2)אַרְיֵהmHebrew
Variant transcription of ARIEH.
ARIEHאַרְיֵהmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lion" in Hebrew. This was the name of an officer of King Pekahiah in the Old Testament.
ARIELאֲרִיאֵלm & fHebrew, English, French, Spanish, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Means "lion of God" in Hebrew, from אֲרִי ('ari) meaning "lion" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". In the Old Testament it is used as another name for the city of Jerusalem. Shakespeare used it as the name of a spirit in his play 'The Tempest' (1611), and one of the moons of Uranus bears this name in his honour. As an English name, it became more common for females in the 1980s, especially after it was used for the title character in the Walt Disney film 'The Little Mermaid' (1989).
Diminutive of ARIEL.
Variant transcription of ARIEH.
ASAאָסָאmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "healer" in Hebrew. This name was borne by the third king of Judah, as told in the Old Testament.
ASAFאָסָףmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ASAPH.
ASHERאָשֵׁרmHebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "happy, blessed" in Hebrew. Asher in the Old Testament is a son of Jacob by Leah's handmaid Zilpah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The meaning of his name is explained in Genesis 30:13.
Modern Hebrew form of ATHALIAH.
Variant transcription of ATARAH.
ATARAHעֲטָרָהfBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "crown" in Hebrew. She was a minor Old Testament character, the wife of Jerahmeel.
Means "my father" in Hebrew. It is also a diminutive of AVRAHAM or AVIRAM.
Variant transcription of AVIYA.
AVIDANאֲבִידָןmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIDAN.
Hebrew form of ABIGAIL.
AVIHUאֲבִיהוּאmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIHU.
AVIRAMאֲבִירָםmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIRAM.
AVISHAGאֲבִישַׁגfHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABISHAG.
Hebrew form of ABISHAI.
AVIVאֲבִיבm & fHebrew
Means "spring" in Hebrew.
Feminine variant of AVIV.
AVIYAאֲבִיָהm & fHebrew
Hebrew form of ABIJAH.
AVNERאַבְנֵרmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABNER.
AVRAHAMאַבְרָהָםmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABRAHAM.
AVRAMאַבְרָםmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABRAHAM.
Yiddish form of ABRAHAM.
Means "stag, hart" in Hebrew.
Means "doe, gazelle, hind" in Hebrew.
Means "gazelle, hind". It is taken from the Hebrew phrase אַיֶלֶת הַשַׁחַר ('ayelet hashachar), literally "gazelle of dawn", which is a name of the morning star.
AYLA (1)אֵלָהfHebrew
Variant transcription of ELAH.
Means "white" in Yiddish.
BARAK (1)בָּרָקmHebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lightning" in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament, Barak was a military commander under the guidance of the prophetess Deborah. They defeated the Canaanite army led by Sisera.
BARUCHבָּרוּךmBiblical, Hebrew
Means "blessed" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a companion of the prophet Jeremiah, acting as his scribe and assistant. The deuterocanonical Book of Baruch was supposedly written by him. A famous bearer was Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), a Dutch-Jewish rationalist philosopher.
BARUKHבָּרוּךmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BARUCH.
Diminutive of BATYAH.
BASIA (2)fHebrew
Diminutive of BATYAH.
Diminutive of BATYAH.
Means "daughter of God" in Hebrew.
Hebrew variant of BATHSHEBA.
Modern Hebrew variant of BITHIAH.
Modern Hebrew variant of BITHIAH.
Yiddish form of BENEDICT.
Means "bear" in Yiddish, a vernacular form of Dov.
Variant transcription of BRACHA.
Diminutive of BAILA.
BINYAMINבִּנְיָמִיןmHebrew, Arabic, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew and Arabic form of BENJAMIN.
Means "flower" in Yiddish.
BOAZבֹּעַזmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "swiftness" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the man who marries Ruth.
Hebrew variant of BASEMATH.
Means "blessing" in Hebrew.
Means "brunette" in Yiddish.
CARMELכַּרְמֶלfEnglish, Jewish
From the title of the Virgin Mary Our Lady of Carmel. כַּרְמֶל (Karmel) (meaning "garden" in Hebrew) is a mountain in Israel mentioned in the Old Testament. It was the site of several early Christian monasteries. As an English given name, it has mainly been used by Catholics.
Variant transcription of CHAYYIM.
Variant of CHANNAH.
CHANNAHחַנָּהfHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of HANNAH.
From a Slavic word meaning "black".
Yiddish form of EZEKIEL.
Hebrew form of EVE.
Feminine form of CHAYYIM.
Variant transcription of CHAYYIM.
Derived from the Hebrew word חַיִּים (chayyim) meaning "life". It has been used since medieval times.
CHEN (2)חֵןm & fHebrew
Means "grace, charm" in Hebrew.
CHESEDחֶסֶדf & mHebrew
Means "kindness, goodness" in Hebrew.
Means "laurel" in Hebrew.
DALIA (3)דַּלְיָהfHebrew
Means "branch" in Hebrew.
Means "to draw water" in Hebrew.
Variant transcription of DALIA (3).
DAN (1)דָּןmBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Means "he judged" in Hebrew. Dan in the Old Testament is one of the twelve sons of Jacob by Rachel's servant Bilhah, and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. His name is explained in Genesis 30:6.
DANA (1)דָּנָהfRomanian, Czech, Slovak, German, Hebrew
Feminine form of DANIEL or DAN (1).
DANIELדָּנִיֵּאלmEnglish, Hebrew, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Armenian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name דָּנִיֵּאל (Daniyyel) meaning "God is my judge", from the roots דִּין (din) meaning "to judge" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". Daniel was a Hebrew prophet whose story is told in the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament. He lived during the Jewish captivity in Babylon, where he served in the court of the king, rising to prominence by interpreting the king's dreams. The book also presents Daniel's four visions of the end of the world.... [more]
DANYA (1)דַּנְיָהfHebrew
Feminine form of DAN (1).
DARדַּרf & mHebrew
Means "mother-of-pearl, nacre" in Hebrew.
DAVIDדָּוִדmEnglish, Hebrew, French, Scottish, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name דָּוִד (Dawid), which was derived from Hebrew דּוֹד (dod) meaning "beloved" or "uncle". David was the second and greatest of the kings of Israel, ruling in the 10th century BC. Several stories about him are told in the Old Testament, including his defeat of Goliath, a giant Philistine. According to the New Testament, Jesus was descended from him.... [more]
DEBORAHדְּבוֹרָהfEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical
Means "bee" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Book of Judges, Deborah is a heroine and prophetess who leads the Israelites when they are threatened by the Canaanites. She forms an army under the command of Barak, and together they destroy the army of the Canaanite commander Sisera. Also in the Old Testament, this is the name of the nurse of Rebecca.... [more]
Means "palm tree" in Hebrew.
Variant transcription of DROR.
Variant transcription of DRORIT.
DEVORAHדְּבוֹרָהfHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of DEBORAH.
DIKLAדִּקְלָהm & fHebrew
Variant transcription of DIKLAH.
DIKLAHדִּקְלָהm & fHebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "palm grove" in Hebrew or Aramaic. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Joktan. In modern times it is also used as a feminine name.
DORדּוֹרm & fHebrew
Means "generation" in Hebrew.
Means "my generation" in Hebrew.
DORIT (1)דּוֹרִיתfHebrew
Strictly feminine variant of DOR.
Derived from Greek δωρον (doron) meaning "gift".
Means "bear" in Hebrew.
Yiddish form of DAVID.
Means "freedom" or "sparrow" in Hebrew.
Feminine form of DROR.
Yiddish diminutive of DAVID.
Hebrew form of DEBORAH.
EDENעֵדֶןf & mHebrew, English (Modern)
Means "place of pleasure" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
EFRAIMאֶפְרָיִםmHebrew, Biblical
Variant of EPHRAIM.
EFRATאֶפְרָתfHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EPHRATH.
EHUDאֵהוּדmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Meaning unknown, possibly related to Hebrew אֶחָד ('echad) meaning "one". In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the biblical judges. He killed Eglon, the king of Moab, and freed the city of Jericho from Moabite rule.
Means "delicate" in Yiddish.
EIRANעֵירָןmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ERAN.
EITANאֵיתָןmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ETHAN.
ELAHאֵלָהf & mHebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "oak tree" or "terebinth tree" in Hebrew. This was the name of the fourth king of Israel, as told in the Old Testament. He was murdered by Zimri, who succeeded him. In modern Hebrew this is typically a feminine name.
Modern Hebrew transcription of ELEAZAR.
ELI (1)עֵלִיmEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Means "ascension" in Hebrew. In the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament he is a high priest of the Israelites. He took the young Samuel into his service and gave him guidance when God spoke to him. Because of the misdeeds of his sons, Eli and his descendants were cursed to die before reaching old age.... [more]
ELI (2)אֵלִיmHebrew
Means "my God" in Hebrew.
ELIANA (2)אֶלִיעַנָהfHebrew
Means "my God has answered" in Hebrew.
ELIEZERאֱלִיעֶזֶרmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Hebrew אֱלִיעֶזֶר ('Eli'ezer) meaning "my God is help". In the Old Testament this is the name of both a servant of Abraham and one of the sons of Moses (see Exodus 18:4 for an explanation of the significance of the name).
ELIJAHאֱלִיָּהוּmEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name אֱלִיָּהוּ ('Eliyyahu) meaning "my God is YAHWEH", derived from the elements אֵל ('el) and יָה (yah), both referring to the Hebrew God. Elijah was a Hebrew prophet and miracle worker, as told in the two Books of Kings in the Old Testament. He was active in the 9th century BC during the reign of King Ahab of Israel and his Phoenician-born queen Jezebel. Elijah confronted the king and queen over their idolatry of the Canaanite god Ba'al and other wicked deeds. At the end of his life he was carried to heaven in a chariot of fire, and was succeeded by Elisha. In the New Testament, Elijah and Moses appear next to Jesus when he is transfigured.... [more]
Means "my God is my light" in Hebrew.
Feminine form of ELIOR.
ELISHEVAאֱלִישֶׁבַעfHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ELIZABETH.
Variant transcription of ELIYYAHU.
ELIYYAHUאֱלִיָּהוּmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ELIJAH.
Modern variant of ELKANAH.
ELKE (2)fHebrew
Feminine form of ELKANAH.
EPHRAIMאֶפְרָיִםmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אֶפְרָיִם ('Efrayim) which meant "fruitful". In the Old Testament Ephraim is a son of Joseph and Asenath and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.
Means "cedar" in Hebrew.
Diminutive of ESTHER. A famous bearer was the American businesswoman Estée Lauder (1908-2004), founder of the cosmetics company that bears her name. Her birth name was Josephine Esther Mentzer. Apparently she added the accent to her name Estee in order to make it appear French.
ESTHERאֶסְתֵרfEnglish, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Possibly means "star" in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia. The king's advisor Haman persuaded the king to exterminate all the Jews in the realm. Warned of this plot by her cousin Mordecai, Esther revealed her Jewish ancestry and convinced the king to execute Haman instead. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah.... [more]
Yiddish form of EPHRAIM.
Means "might, strength" in Hebrew.
Variant transcription of EITAN.
EZRAעֶזְרָאmBiblical, English, Hebrew
Means "help" in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament and the author of the Book of Ezra. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was a famous bearer.
Variant of FAIGEL.
Derived from Yiddish פֵֿײגֶל (feigel) meaning "bird".
Yiddish form of PHOEBUS.
FAYVELפַֿײבֶֿעל, פַֿײוֶעלmYiddish
Variant transcription of FEIVEL.
Yiddish form of PHOEBUS, apparently used as a translation of Shimshon (see Samson).
Variant transcription of FAIGA.
FEIVELפַֿײבֶֿעל, פַֿײוֶעלmYiddish
Diminutive of FEIBUSH.
Means "little fish" in Yiddish.
Variant of FISHEL.
Means "joy" in Yiddish.
Means "pious" in Yiddish.
GAL (1)גַּלf & mHebrew
Means "wave" in Hebrew.
Variant of GAL (1).
Variant of GAL (1).
Yiddish form of GABRIEL.
Hebrew form of GABRIEL.
Means "redemption" in Hebrew.
GIDEONגִּדְעוֹןmBiblical, English, Hebrew
Means "feller, hewer" in Hebrew. Gideon is a hero and judge of the Old Testament. He led the vastly outnumbered Israelites against the Midianites, defeated them, and killed their two kings. In the English-speaking world, Gideon has been used as a given name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans.
GID'ONגִּדְעוֹןmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of GIDEON.
GIL (3)גִּילmHebrew
Means "joy, happiness" in Hebrew.
GILADגִּלְעָדmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of GILEAD.
Feminine form of GIL (3).
GILIגִּילִיf & mHebrew
Means "my joy" in Hebrew.
Means "good" in Yiddish.
Means "good luck" in Yiddish.
Diminutive of GLUKE.
Means "gold" in Yiddish.
HADARהָדָרf & mHebrew
Means "splendour, glory" in Hebrew.
Means "myrtle tree" in Hebrew.
HADASSAHהֲדַסָּהfBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
From Hebrew הֲדַס (hadas) meaning "myrtle tree". In the Old Testament this is the Hebrew name of Queen Esther.
Hebrew form of HAGGITH.
Variant transcription of CHAYYIM.
HANNAHחַנָּהfEnglish, Hebrew, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Arabic, Biblical
From the Hebrew name חַנָּה (Channah) meaning "favour, grace", derived from the root חָנַן (chanan). In the Old Testament this is the name of the wife of Elkanah. Her rival was Elkanah's other wife Peninnah, who had children while Hannah remained barren. After a blessing from Eli she finally became pregnant with Samuel.... [more]
Means "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew. In the Hebrew Old Testament this word is applied to the altar in the temple in Jerusalem (Ezekiel 43:15).
Yiddish form of EZEKIEL.
Modern Hebrew form of EVE.
Variant transcription of CHAYYIM.
Variant transcription of CHAYYIM.
Variant transcription of HEVEL.
HEDהֵדm & fHebrew
Means "echo" in Hebrew.
Yiddish form of HANNAH.
Yiddish form of HANNAH.
Yiddish diminutive of HANNAH.
Yiddish form of HANNAH.
Yiddish form of HANNAH.
HERSCHELהירשׁלmAmerican, Yiddish
Variant of HERSHEL.
Variant transcription of HIRSH.
HERSHELהירשׁלmAmerican, Yiddish
Yiddish diminutive of HIRSH. As a non-Jewish American name (somewhat common around the end of the 19th century), it was likely inspired by the German surname HERSCHEL, borne for instance by the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822).
Means "freedom" in Hebrew.
Yiddish diminutive of HIRSH.
HEVELהֶבֶלmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABEL.
Means "halo" in Hebrew.
HILLELהִלֵּלmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew הלל (halal) meaning "praise". This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament as the father of the judge Abdon.
Means "deer" in Yiddish. The deer is particularly associated with the tribe of Naphtali (see Genesis 49:21).
Yiddish diminutive of HIRSH.
Yiddish form of HADASSAH.
Diminutive of HODE.
Yiddish form of JUDITH.
Variant transcription of CHAYYIM.
Alteration of HYAM influenced by Yiddish man "man".
Diminutive of HYMAN.
Means "era" in Hebrew.
Means "tree" in Hebrew.
Feminine form of ILAN.
Feminine form of ILAN.
IMMANUELעִמָּנוּאֵלmGerman, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Form of EMMANUEL used in most translations of the Old Testament. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was a German philosopher who held that duty was of highest importance.
Means "tongue of a bell" in Hebrew.
INBARעִנְבָּר, עִינְבָּרfHebrew
Means "amber" in Hebrew.
IRA (1)עִירָאmBiblical, English, Hebrew
Means "watchful" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of King David's priest. As an English Christian given name, Ira began to be used after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where remained moderately common into the 20th century.
Means "asphodel" in Hebrew (an asphodel is a type of flower).
IRVINGmEnglish, Scottish, Jewish
From a Scottish surname which was in turn derived from a Scottish place name meaning "green water". Historically this name has been relatively common among Jews, who have used it as an American-sounding form of Hebrew names beginning with I such as Isaac, Israel and Isaiah. A famous bearer was the Russian-American songwriter and lyricist Irving Berlin (1888-1989), whose birth name was Israel Beilin.
ISAACיִצְחָקmEnglish, Spanish, Catalan, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name יִצְחָק (Yitzchaq) meaning "he will laugh, he will rejoice", derived from צָחַק (tzachaq) meaning "to laugh". The Old Testament explains this meaning, by recounting that Abraham laughed when God told him that his aged wife Sarah would become pregnant with Isaac (see Genesis 17:17), and later Sarah laughed when overhearing the same prophecy (see Genesis 18:12). When Isaac was a boy, God tested Abraham's faith by ordering him to sacrifice his son, though an angel prevented the act at the last moment. Isaac went on to become the father of Esau and Jacob with his wife Rebecca.... [more]
Yiddish form of ISRAEL.
ISIDOREmEnglish, French, Georgian, Jewish
From the Greek name Ισιδωρος (Isidoros) which meant "gift of Isis", derived from the name of the Egyptian goddess ISIS combined with Greek δωρον (doron) "gift". Saint Isidore of Seville was a 6th-century archbishop, historian and theologian.... [more]
ISRAELיִשְׂרָאֵלmJewish, English, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name יִשְׂרָאֵל (Yisra'el) meaning "God contends", from the roots שָׂרָה (sarah) meaning "to contend, to fight" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". In the Old Testament Israel (who was formerly named Jacob; see Genesis 32:28) wrestles with an angel. The ancient and modern states of Israel took their names from him.
Yiddish form of ISRAEL.
ITAIאִתַּי, אִיתַיmHebrew
Hebrew form of ITHAI.
ITAMARאִיתָמָרmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ITHAMAR.
Variant transcription of YITZHAK.
Hebrew form of JOB.
JACOBיַעֲקֹבmEnglish, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Latin Iacobus, which was from the Greek Ιακωβος (Iakobos), which was from the Hebrew name יַעֲקֹב (Ya'aqov). In the Old Testament Jacob (later called Israel) is the son of Isaac and Rebecca and the father of the twelve founders of the twelve tribes of Israel. He was born holding his twin brother Esau's heel, and his name is explained as meaning "holder of the heel" or "supplanter", because he twice deprived his brother of his rights as the firstborn son (see Genesis 27:36). Other theories claim that it is in fact derived from a hypothetical name like יַעֲקֹבְאֵל (Ya'aqov'el) meaning "may God protect".... [more]
JAFFEיָפֶהm & fHebrew
Variant transcription of YAFE.
JARON (1)יָרוֹןmHebrew
Variant transcription of YARON.
JUDITHיְהוּדִיתfEnglish, Jewish, French, German, Spanish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוּדִית (Yehudit) meaning "Jewish woman", feminine of יְהוּדִי (yehudi), ultimately referring to a person from the tribe of Judah. In the Old Testament Judith is one of the Hittite wives of Esau. This is also the name of the main character of the apocryphal Book of Judith. She killed Holofernes, an invading Assyrian commander, by beheading him in his sleep.... [more]
Yiddish diminutive of JACOB.
Means "crown of laurel" in Hebrew.
Means "horn" or "ray of light" in Hebrew.
KESHETקֶשֶׁתm & fHebrew
Means "rainbow" in Hebrew.
Means "lion cub" in Hebrew.
Variant transcription of KINNERET.
From the name of the large lake in northern Israel, usually called the Sea of Galilee in English. Its name is derived from Hebrew כִּנּוֹר (kinnor) meaning "harp" because of its shape.
Yiddish diminutive of JACOB.
Diminutive of KREINE.
Means "crown" in Yiddish.
Means "lion" in Hebrew.
Yiddish form of ELIEZER.
LEAHלֵאָהfEnglish, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name לֵאָה (Le'ah) which was probably derived from the Hebrew word לְאָה (le'ah) meaning "weary". Alternatively it might be related to Akkadian littu meaning "cow". In the Old Testament Leah is the first wife of Jacob and the mother of seven of his children. Jacob's other wife was Leah's younger sister Rachel, who he preferred. Leah later offered Jacob her handmaid Zilpah in order for him to conceive more children.... [more]
Variant transcription of LIBA.
LEV (2)לֵבmHebrew
Means "heart" in Hebrew.
LEVIלֵוִיmHebrew, English, Dutch, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Possibly means "joined, attached" in Hebrew. As told in the Old Testament, Levi was the third son of Jacob and Leah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of the Israelites, known as the Levites. This was the tribe that formed the priestly class of the Israelites. The brothers Moses and Aaron were members. In the New Testament this is another name for the apostle Matthew. As an English Christian name, Levi came into use after the Protestant Reformation.
LI (2)לִיf & mHebrew
Means "to me" in Hebrew.
Means "you are mine" in Hebrew.
From Yiddish לִיבֵע (libe) meaning "love", of German origin.
Means "my heart" in Hebrew.
From Yiddish לִיבֵע (libe) meaning "love", of German origin.
LIHIלִיהִי, לִיהִיאfHebrew
Means "she is mine" in Hebrew.
Means "lilac" in Hebrew.
LIORלִיאוֹרm & fHebrew
Means "light for me" in Hebrew.
Strictly feminine form of LIOR.
Strictly feminine form of LIOR.
LIRONלִירוֹןm & fHebrew
Means "song for me" or "joy for me" in Hebrew.
Means "my dew" in Hebrew.
Means "white" in Hebrew.
Variant of LIVNA.
MAAYANמַעֲיָןf & mHebrew
Means "spring of water" in Hebrew.
MALACHIמַלְאָכִיmHebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name מַלְאָכִי (Mal'akhi) meaning "my messenger" or "my angel". This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Malachi, which some claim foretells the coming of Christ. In England the name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.
Means "queen" in Hebrew.
Means "light" in Hebrew.
Means "pearl" in Hebrew, ultimately from Greek μαργαριτης (margarites).
Variant of MARGALIT.
From the name of a type of flowering plant common in Israel, called the scarlet pimpernel in English.
Variant transcription of MATTAN.
MATTITYAHUמַתִּתְיָהוּmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of MATTHEW.
MAYA (3)מַיָּהfHebrew
Derived from Hebrew מַיִם (mayim) meaning "water".
Variant transcription of MEITAL.
Means "giving light" in Hebrew.
Feminine form of MEIR.
Feminine form of MEIR.
Means "dew drop" in Hebrew.
MELECHמֶלֶךmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means "king" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Micah (not the prophet).
MELEK (1)מֶלֶךmHebrew
Variant transcription of MELECH.
MENACHEMמְנַחֵםmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MENAHEM.
MENAHEMמְנַחֵםmBiblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name מְנַחֵם (Menachem) meaning "comforter". This was the name of a king of Israel, appearing in the Old Testament. His reign was noted for its brutality.
Hebrew form of MANASSEH.
Originally this was probably a Yiddish diminutive of MANNO. It is now used as a diminutive of MENAHEM.
Means "tranquility" in Hebrew.
MERAVמֵרַבfHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MERAB (1).
Variant transcription of MESHULLAM.
MESHULLAMמְשֻׁלָּםmBiblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means either "paid for" or "friend" in Hebrew. This was the name of many characters in the Old Testament.
Variant transcription of MEIR. It also coincides with a German surname meaning "mayor, leader".
MICHAL (2)מִיכַלfBiblical, Hebrew
Possibly means "brook" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is a daughter of Saul. She was married to David, but after David fled from Saul he remarried her to someone else. Later, when David became king, he ordered her returned to him.
MIKHA'ELמִיכָאֵלmHebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MICHAEL.
Yiddish diminutive of MIRIAM.
MIRIAMמִרְיָםfHebrew, English, German, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of MARY. It is used in the Old Testament, where it belongs to the elder sister of Moses and Aaron. She watched over the infant Moses as the pharaoh's daughter drew him from the Nile. The name has long been popular among Jews, and it has been used as an English Christian name since the Protestant Reformation.
MIRON (2)מִירוֹןmHebrew
From the name of the highest mountain in Israel, Mount Meron. It is also the name of a village on its slopes, thought to be on the same site as the ancient Canaanite city of Merom.