MENAHEM מְנַחֵם m Biblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name מְנַחֵם (Menachem)
meaning "comforter". This was the name of a king of Israel, appearing in the Old Testament. His reign was noted for its brutality.
MENDEL מֶנְדְל, מענדל m Yiddish
Originally this was probably a Yiddish diminutive of MANNO
. It is now used as a diminutive of MENAHEM
MEYER מֵאִיר m Hebrew
Alternate transcription of Hebrew מֵאִיר
). It also coincides with a German surname meaning "mayor, leader".
MICHAL (2) מִיכַל f Biblical, Hebrew
Possibly means "brook" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a daughter of Saul
. She was married to David
, but after David fled from Saul he remarried her to someone else. Later, when David became king, he ordered her returned to him.
MIRIAM מִרְיָם f Hebrew, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MARY
. It is used in the Old Testament, where it belongs to the elder sister of Moses
. She watched over the infant Moses as the pharaoh's daughter drew him from the Nile. The name has long been popular among Jews, and it has been used as an English Christian name (alongside Mary
) since the Protestant Reformation.
MIRON (2) מִירוֹן m Hebrew
From the name of the highest mountain in Israel, Mount Meron. It is also the name of a village on its slopes, thought to be on the same site as the ancient Canaanite city of Merom.
MOR מוֹר f & m Hebrew
Means "myrrh" in Hebrew.
MORAN מוֹרָן f & m Hebrew
Means "viburnum shrub" in Hebrew.
MORDECAI מָרְדֳּכַי, מָרְדְּכַי m Biblical, Hebrew
Means "servant of MARDUK
" in Persian. In the Old Testament Mordecai is the cousin and foster father of Esther
. He thwarted a plot to kill the Persian king, though he made an enemy of the king's chief advisor Haman
MOSES מֹשֶׁה m English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name מֹשֶׁה (Mosheh)
which is most likely derived from Egyptian mes
meaning "son", but could also possibly mean "deliver" in Hebrew. The meaning suggested in the Old Testament of "drew out" from Hebrew משה (mashah)
is probably an invented etymology (see Exodus 2:10). The biblical Moses was drawn out of the Nile by the pharaoh's daughter and adopted into the royal family, at a time when the Israelites were slaves in Egypt. With his brother Aaron
he demanded the pharaoh release the Israelites, which was only done after God sent ten plagues upon Egypt. Moses led the people across the Red Sea and to Mount Sinai, where he received the Ten Commandments from God. After 40 years of wandering in the desert the people reached Canaan, the Promised Land, but Moses died just before entering it.... [more]
MOTEL מאָטל m Yiddish (Rare)
Yiddish diminutive of MORDECAI
. This is the name of a character in the musical 'Fiddler on the Roof' (1964).
NAOMI (1) נָעֳמִי f English, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name נָעֳמִי (Na'omi)
meaning "pleasantness". In the Old Testament this is the name of the mother-in-law of Ruth
. After the death of her husband and sons, she returned to Bethlehem with Ruth. There she declared that her name should be Mara
(see Ruth 1:20).... [more]
NETA נֶטַע f & m Hebrew
Means "plant, shrub" in Hebrew.
NILI נִילִי f Hebrew
Acronym of the phrase נצח ישׂראל לא ישׁקר (Netzach Yisrael Lo Yishaker)
meaning "the eternity of Israel will not lie". This phrase appears in the Old Testament in Samuel 15:29. It was used as the name of a Jewish spy network in Palestine during World War I.
NIR נִיר m Hebrew
Means "plowed field" in Hebrew.
NIV נִיב m Hebrew
Means either "speech, expression" or "fang, tusk" in Hebrew.
NOAM נוֹעַם m & f Hebrew
Means "pleasantness" in Hebrew. A famous bearer is Noam Chomsky (1928-), an American linguist and philosopher.
NOGA נֹגַה f & m Hebrew
Modern Hebrew transcription of NOGAH
, usually used as a feminine name.
NOY נוֹי f & m Hebrew
Means "beauty" in Hebrew.
NURIT נוּרִית f Hebrew
Means "buttercup flower" in Hebrew (genus Ranunculus).
OFER עֹפֶר m Hebrew
Means "fawn" in Hebrew. This makes it a modern variant of the Classical Hebrew name Ophrah
OFRA עָפְרָה m & f Hebrew
Modern Hebrew form of OPHRAH
. Originally it was a masculine name, but it is now used for females too.
OMER עֹמֶר m & f Hebrew
Means "sheaf of wheat" in Hebrew.
OMRI עָמְרִי m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "life" or "servant" in Hebrew (or a related Semitic language). This was the name of a 9th-century BC military commander who became king of Israel. He appears in the Old Testament, where he is denounced as being wicked.
OR אוֹר m & f Hebrew
Means "light" in Hebrew.
OREL אוֹרְאֵל m Hebrew
Means "light of God" in Hebrew.
ORI אוֹרִי m & f Hebrew
Means "my light" in Hebrew.
ORLI אוֹרְלִי f Hebrew
Means "light for me" in Hebrew.
OSHER אוֹשֶׁר, אֹשֶׁר m Hebrew
Means "happiness" in Hebrew.
RAANAN רַעֲנָן m Hebrew
Means "fresh, invigorating" in Hebrew.
RACHEL רָחֵל f English, Hebrew, French, German, Dutch, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name רָחֵל (Rachel)
meaning "ewe". In the Old Testament this is the name of the favourite wife of Jacob
. Jacob was tricked by her father Laban
into marrying her older sister Leah
first, though in exchange for seven years of work Laban allowed Jacob to marry Rachel too. Initially barren and facing her husband's anger, she offered her handmaid Bilhah
to Jacob to bear him children. Eventually she was herself able to conceive, becoming the mother of Joseph
RAVID רָבִיד m & f Hebrew
Means "ornament, necklace" in Hebrew.
RAZ רָז m & f Hebrew
Means "secret" in Hebrew.
REUBEN רְאוּבֵן m Biblical, Hebrew, English
Means "behold, a son" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the eldest son of Jacob
and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Reuben was cursed by his father because he slept with Jacob's concubine Bilhah
. It has been used as a Christian name in Britain since the Protestant Reformation.
REUT רְעוּת f Hebrew
Means "friend" in Hebrew, making it a variant of the Biblical name Ruth
ROMI רוֹמִי f Hebrew
Means "my height, my exaltation" in Hebrew.
ROTEM רוֹתֶם m & f Hebrew
From the name of a desert plant (species Retama raetam), possibly derived from Hebrew רְתֹם (retom)
meaning "to bind".
SAGI שָׂגִיא m Hebrew
Means "elevated, sublime" in Hebrew.
SAMUEL שְׁמוּאֵל m English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name שְׁמוּאֵל (Shemu'el)
which could mean either "name of God" or "God has heard". As told in the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament, Samuel was the last of the ruling judges. He led the Israelites during a period of domination by the Philistines, who were ultimately defeated in battle at Mizpah. Later he anointed Saul
to be the first king of Israel, and even later anointed his successor David
SARA שָׂרָה f Greek, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, German, French, Dutch, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Polish, English, Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Bosnian
Form of SARAH
SARAH שָׂרָה f English, French, German, Hebrew, Arabic, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lady, princess, noblewoman" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Abraham
's wife, considered the matriarch of the Jewish people. She was barren until she unexpectedly became the pregnant with Isaac
at the age of 90. Her name was originally Sarai
, but God changed it at the same time Abraham's name was changed (see Genesis 17:15).... [more]
SAUL שָׁאוּל m Biblical, Jewish, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name שָׁאוּל (Sha'ul)
which meant "asked for, prayed for". This was the name of the first king of Israel, as told in the Old Testament. Before the end of his reign he lost favour with God, and after a defeat by the Philistines he was succeeded by David
as king. In the New Testament, Saul was the original Hebrew name of the apostle Paul
SHAI שַׁי m & f Hebrew
Either from Hebrew שַׁי (Shai)
meaning "gift" or else a Hebrew diminutive of ISAIAH
SHPRINTZE שפּרינצע f Yiddish (Rare)
Possibly a Yiddish form of ESPERANZA
. This is the name of Tevye's fourth daughter in the musical 'Fiddler on the Roof' (1964), based on the late 19th-century Yiddish stories of Sholem Aleichem.
SIMCHA שִׂמְחָה f & m Hebrew
Means "happiness, joy" in Hebrew.
SOLOMON שְׁלֹמֹה m Biblical, English, Jewish
From the Hebrew name שְׁלֹמֹה (Shelomoh)
which was derived from Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
meaning "peace". As told in the Old Testament, Solomon was a king of Israel, the son of David
. He was renowned for his wisdom and wealth. Towards the end of his reign he angered God by turning to idolatry. Supposedly, he was the author of the Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon.... [more]
STAV סתָו, סתיו f & m Hebrew
Means "autumn" in Hebrew.
TAHEL תָּהֶל f Hebrew
Means "you will shine" in Hebrew, from the root הָלַל (halal)
meaning "to praise, to shine".
TALIA (1) טַלְיָה, טַלְיָא f Hebrew
Means "dew from God" in Hebrew, from טַל (tal)
meaning "dew" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God.
TAMAR תָּמָר f Hebrew, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "date palm" in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament Tamar was the daughter-in-law of Judah
and later his wife. This was also the name of a daughter of King David
. She was raped by her half-brother Amnon
, leading to his murder by her brother Absalom
. The name was borne by a 12th-century ruling queen of Georgia who presided over the kingdom at the peak of its power.
TEVYE טבֿיה m Yiddish (Rare)
Yiddish form of TOBIAH
. This is the name of the central character in stories written by the Yiddish author Sholem Aleichem in the late 19th century, as well as the later musical adaptation 'Fiddler on the Roof' (1964).
TOM (2) תּוֹם, תָּם m & f Hebrew
Means "the end, innocence, simplicity" from Hebrew תּוֹם (tom)
. It can also be an alternate transcription of תָּם
(see TAM (2)
TZEITEL צײטל f Yiddish (Rare)
Yiddish diminutive of SARAH
. This is the name of Tevye's oldest daughter in the musical 'Fiddler on the Roof' (1964), based on Sholem Aleichem's stories from the late 19th century.
TZVI צְבִי m Hebrew
Means "gazelle, roebuck" in Hebrew.
URIA אוּרִיָה m & f Hebrew
Modern Hebrew form of URIAH
, also used as a feminine name.
URIEL אוּרִיאֵל m Biblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name אוּרִיאֵל ('Uri'el)
which meant "God is my light", from אוּר ('ur)
meaning "light, flame" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". Uriel is an archangel in Hebrew tradition. He is mentioned only in the Apocrypha, for example in the Book of Enoch where he warns Noah
of the coming flood.
YAARA יַעֲרָה f Hebrew
Means "honeycomb" and "honeysuckle" in Hebrew.
YANIV יָנִיב m Hebrew
Means "he will prosper" in Hebrew.
YARON יָרוֹן m Hebrew
Means "to sing, to shout" in Hebrew.
YENTE יענטע, יענטאַ f Yiddish (Rare)
From French gentille
meaning "noble, aristocratic". This is the name of a gossipy matchmaker in the musical 'Fiddler on the Roof' (1964), based on late 19th-century stories by Sholem Aleichem. Due to the character, this name has also acquired the meaning "gossiper".
ZELIG זליג, זעליג, זעליק m Yiddish
Means "blessed, happy" in Yiddish, a vernacular form of Asher
ZION צִיוֹן m Jewish, Biblical
From the name of a citadel which was in the center of Jerusalem. Zion is also used to refer to a Jewish homeland and to heaven.
ZIV זִיו m & f Hebrew
Means "bright, radiant" in Hebrew. This was the ancient name of the second month of the Jewish calendar.
ZOHAR זֹהַר m & f Hebrew
Means "light, brilliance" in Hebrew.