ABBAS عبّاس m Arabic, Persian, Urdu
Means "austere" in Arabic. This was the name of the Prophet Muhammad
's uncle. It was also borne by a son of Ali
, the fourth caliph.
ADEL عادل m Persian, Arabic
Persian form of ADIL
, as well as an alternate transcription of the Arabic name.
AKBAR اکبر m Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Indian (Muslim)
Means "greater, greatest" in Arabic. This was the name of a 16th-century Mughal ruler who expanded the empire to include most of India.
ALBORZ البرز m Persian
From the name of a mountain range (of unknown etymology) in northern Iran.
AMIN امین m Arabic, Persian, Urdu
Derived from Arabic امين (amin)
meaning "truthful". This was the name of the sixth Abbasid caliph.
ARASH آرش m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means either "truthfulness" or "bright" in Persian. In Persian legend Arash was a Persian archer who was ordered by the Turans to shoot an arrow, the landing place of which would determine the new location of the Persian-Turan border. Arash climbed a mountain and fired his arrow with such strength that it flew for several hours and landed on the banks of the far-away Oxus River.
ARDASHIR اردشیر m Persian
From the Middle Persian form of Artakhshathra
). This was the name of a 3rd-century king of Persia who defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanid Empire. He also established Zoroastrianism as the state religion.
ARYA آریا m & f Persian, Indian, Hindi, Malayalam
From an old Indo-Iranian root meaning "Aryan, noble". In India, this is a transcription of both the masculine form आर्य
and the feminine form आर्या
. In Iran it is only a masculine name.
AZIZ عزیز m Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "powerful, respected, beloved", derived from Arabic عزّ ('azza)
meaning "to be powerful" or "to be cherished". In Islamic tradition العزيز (al-'Aziz)
is one of the 99 names of Allah. A notable bearer of the name was Al-'Aziz, a 10th-century Fatimid caliph.
BABAK بابک m Persian, Ancient Persian
Means "little father" in Persian. This was the name of the father of Ardashir, the founder of the Sassanid Empire in Persia. It was also borne by the 9th-century resistance leader Babak Khorramdin.
BAHADUR بهادر m Persian, Arabic
Persian form of the Turkic word bagatur
meaning "hero, warrior, brave".
BAHMAN بهمن m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Vohu Manah
meaning "good mind". This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with domestic animals. It is also the name of the eleventh month in the Iranian calendar.
BAHRAM بهرام m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Verethragna
meaning "victory over resistance". This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with victory and war. This name was borne by several Sassanid emperors. It is also the Persian name for the planet Mars.
BEHNAM بهنام m Persian
Means "reputable" (literally "good name") in Persian.
BEHROOZ بهروز m Persian
Means "fortunate" (literally "good day") in Persian.
DELARA دلآرا f Persian
Means "adorning the heart", from Persian دل (del)
meaning "heart" and آرا (ara)
meaning "decorate, adorn".
FEREYDOUN فریدون m Persian, Persian Mythology
Means "the third" in Persian. In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of a virtuous king who ruled for 500 years.
FIRDAUS فردوس m Arabic, Persian
Derived from the Arabic word فردوس (firdaws)
meaning "paradise", ultimately derived from Avestan pairidaeza
meaning "garden, enclosure". This name belonged to the 11th-century Persian poet and historian Firdausi, the author of the 'Shahnameh'.
FIRUZ فیروز m Persian, Tajik
From Persian پیروز (piruz)
or فیروز (firuz)
meaning "victorious". This name was borne by Firuz Shah Tughlaq, a 14th-century sultan of Delhi who did much to build the city's infrastructure.
FIRUZEH فیروزه f Persian
Means "turquoise (the gemstone)" in Persian. Alternatively, it may be a feminine form of FIRUZ
GOLNAR گلنار f Persian
Derived from Persian گل (gol)
"flower, rose" and انار (anar)
HAMID (1) حمید m Arabic, Persian
Means "praiseworthy, praised" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحميد (al-Hamid)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HASAN حسن m Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Indonesian
Means "handsome", derived from Arabic حسن (hasuna)
meaning "to be beautiful, to be good". Hasan was the son of Ali
and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad
. He was poisoned by one of his wives and is regarded as a martyr by Shia Muslims. This was also the name of two kings of Morocco. It is sometimes transcribed as Hassan
, though this is a distinct name in Arabic.
HASSAN حسّان m Arabic, Persian, Urdu
Means "beautifier, improver" in Arabic. Hassan ibn Thabit was a 7th-century poet who was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
. This name is sometimes transcribed as Hasan
, though the two names are spelled distinctly in Arabic.
JAHAN جهان m Persian
Means "world" in Persian. This name was borne by Shah Jahan, a 17th-century Mughal emperor who is best known as the builder of the Taj Mahal.
JAHANGIR جهانگیر m Persian, Urdu
Means "world conqueror" in Persian. This was the name of a 17th-century Mughal emperor.
JAMSHID جمشید m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Yima Kshaeta
, which meant "shining JAM
". This was the name of a mythological king of Persia. He is known as either Jamshid
, where Jamshid
is a combination of his original name and an honourific.
KARIM کریم m Arabic, Persian
Means "generous, noble" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الكريم (al-Karim)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
KATAYUN کتایون f Persian
Possibly from the Persian elements kata
"house, city" (but also "king, lord") and bânu
KAVEH کاوه m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means "royal" in Avestan. In Persian mythology Kaveh is a blacksmith who leads a rebellion against the evil ruler Zahhak.
KHURSHID خورشید m & f Persian, Urdu, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Hvare Khshaeta
meaning "shining sun". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel) who was associated with the sun.
KHWAJA خواجه m Persian
From a title meaning "master, owner" in Persian. It is not generally used as a name itself.
KIAN (1) کیان m Persian
Means "king, foundation, symbol of pride" in Persian.
LEILA لیلا f Arabic, Persian, English, Georgian
Variant of LAYLA
. This spelling was used by Lord Byron for characters in 'The Giaour' (1813) and 'Don Juan' (1819), and it is through him that the name was introduced to the English-speaking world.
MANI (2) مانی m Persian
Meaning unknown, presumably of Persian origin. Mani was a 3rd-century prophet who founded the religion of Manichaeism (which is now extinct).
MARYAM مریم f Arabic, Persian, Urdu
Arabic, Persian and Urdu form of Miryam
). In Iran it is also the name of a flower, the tuberose, which is named after the Virgin Mary.
MEHRAB مهراب m Persian, Literature
From مهر (Mehr)
, the Persian word for MITHRA
, combined with Persian آب (ab)
"water". This is the name of a character in the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh'.
MIRZA میرزا m Persian, Arabic, Bosnian
Means "prince" from Persian میرزا (mirza)
, earlier امیرزاده (amirzadeh)
, which is ultimately from Arabic أمير (amir)
meaning "commander" combined with Persian زاده (zadeh)
MITRA (2) میترا f Persian
Modern variant of MITHRA
used as a feminine name. The true Modern Persian form of Mithra
is in fact Mehr
NAHID ناهید f Persian
Modern Persian form of ANAHITA
. This is also the Persian name for the planet Venus.
NARGES نرگس f Persian
Means "daffodil, narcissus flower" in Persian, ultimately derived from Greek (see NARCISSUS
NAZLI نازلی f Persian
Means "delicate, beautiful, coy" in Persian.
PARVIN پروین f Persian, Azerbaijani
Means "the Pleiades" in Persian. The Pleiades are a group of seven stars in the constellation Taurus.
PARVIZ پرویز m Persian
Means "fortunate, happy" in Persian. This name was borne by a son of the Mughal emperor Jahangir.
ROSHANARA f Persian (Archaic)
Possibly means "light of the assembly" in Persian. This was the name of a daughter of the 17th-century Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
ROSTAM رستم m Persian, Persian Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly from Avestan raodha
"to grow" and takhma
"strong, brave, valiant". Rostam was a warrior hero in Persian legend. The 11th-century Persian poet Firdausi recorded his tale in the 'Shahnameh'.
SANAZ ساناز f Persian
Possibly means "full of grace" in Persian.
SARA سارا f Greek, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, German, French, Dutch, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Polish, English, Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Bosnian
Form of SARAH
SARDAR سردار m Persian, Urdu, Pashto
From a title meaning "chief, leader", derived from Persian sar
"head, authority" and dar
SHAHRAZAD شهرزاد f Persian (Rare), Arabic
Means "free city" from the Persian elements شهر (shahr)
"city" and آزاد (azad)
"free". This is the name of the fictional storyteller in 'The 1001 Nights'. She tells a story to her husband the king every night for 1001 nights in order to delay her execution.
SHAPUR شاپور m Persian
Means "son of the king" in Persian. This was the name of three Sassanid emperors.
SHIRIN شیرین f Persian
Means "sweet" in Persian. This was the name of a character in Persian and Turkish legend.
SIAVASH سیاوش m Persian, Persian Mythology
Means "possessing black stallions" in Avestan. This is the name of a prince in the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh'.
SOHRAB سهراب m Persian, Persian Mythology
Probably from Middle Persian swhr
"red" and ab
"water". In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of the son of the hero Rostam
. He was tragically slain in battle by his father, who was unaware he was fighting his own son.
SORAYA ثریا f Persian, Spanish, French
Persian form of THURAYYA
. It became popular in some parts of Europe because of the fame of Princess Soraya, wife of the last Shah of Iran, who became a European socialite.
SOROUSH سروش m Persian Mythology, Persian
Modern Persian form of Avestan Sraosha
meaning "obedience". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel), later equated with the angel Gabriel
YAHYA یحیى m Arabic, Turkish, Persian
Arabic, Turkish and Persian form of Yochanan
). This name honours John the Baptist, a prophet in Islam.
YASIN یاسین m Arabic, Persian, Urdu
From the Arabic letters ي
) and س
). These letters begin the 36th chapter of the Qur'an (surah Ya Sin).
ZHUBIN ژوبین m Persian
Means "spear" in Persian, ultimately from Sanskrit.