From the name of a mountain range (of unknown etymology) in northern Iran.
AMINامینmArabic, Persian, Urdu
Derived from Arabic امين (amin)
meaning "truthful". This was the name of the sixth Abbasid caliph.
ARASHآرشmPersian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means either "truthfulness" or "bright" in Persian. In Persian legend Arash was a Persian archer who was ordered by the Turans to shoot an arrow, the landing place of which would determine the new location of the Persian-Turan border. Arash climbed a mountain and fired his arrow with such strength that it flew for several hours and landed on the banks of the far-away Oxus River.
From the Middle Persian form of Artakhshathra
). This was the name of a 3rd-century king of Persia who defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanid Empire. He also established Zoroastrianism as the state religion.
ARYAآریاm & fPersian, Indian, Hindi, Malayalam
From an old Indo-Iranian root meaning "Aryan, noble". In India, this is a transcription of both the masculine form आर्य
and the feminine form आर्या
. In Iran it is only a masculine name.
AZIZعزیزmArabic, Persian, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "powerful, respected, beloved", derived from Arabic عزّ ('azza)
meaning "to be powerful" or "to be cherished". In Islamic tradition العزيز (al-'Aziz)
is one of the 99 names of Allah. A notable bearer of the name was Al-'Aziz, a 10th-century Fatimid caliph.
BABAKبابکmPersian, Ancient Persian
Means "little father" in Persian. This was the name of the father of Ardashir, the founder of the Sassanid Empire in Persia. It was also borne by the 9th-century resistance leader Babak Khorramdin.
BAHMANبهمنmPersian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Vohu Manah
meaning "good mind". This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with domestic animals. It is also the name of the eleventh month in the Iranian calendar.
BAHRAMبهرامmPersian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Verethragna
meaning "victory over resistance". This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with victory and war. This name was borne by several Sassanid emperors. It is also the Persian name for the planet Mars.
Means "reputable" (literally "good name") in Persian.
Means "fortunate" (literally "good day") in Persian.
Means "adorning the heart", from Persian دل (del)
meaning "heart" and آرا (ara)
meaning "decorate, adorn".
FEREYDOUNفریدونmPersian, Persian Mythology
Means "the third" in Persian. In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of a virtuous king who ruled for 500 years.
Derived from the Arabic word فردوس (firdaws)
meaning "paradise", ultimately derived from Avestan pairidaeza
meaning "garden, enclosure". This name belonged to the 11th-century Persian poet and historian Firdausi, the author of the 'Shahnameh'.
From Persian پیروز (piruz)
or فیروز (firuz)
meaning "victorious". This name was borne by Firuz Shah Tughlaq, a 14th-century sultan of Delhi who did much to build the city's infrastructure.
Means "turquoise (the gemstone)" in Persian. Alternatively, it may be a feminine form of FIRUZ
HAMID (1)حمیدmArabic, Persian
Means "praiseworthy, praised" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحميد (al-Hamid)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HASANحسنmArabic, Turkish, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Indonesian
Means "handsome", derived from Arabic حسن (hasuna)
meaning "to be beautiful, to be good". Hasan was the son of Ali
and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad
. He was poisoned by one of his wives and is regarded as a martyr by Shia Muslims. This was also the name of two kings of Morocco. It is sometimes transcribed as Hassan
, though this is a distinct name in Arabic.
HASSANحسّانmArabic, Persian, Urdu
Means "beautifier, improver" in Arabic. Hassan ibn Thabit was a 7th-century poet who was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
. This name is sometimes transcribed as Hasan
, though the two names are spelled distinctly in Arabic.
Means "world" in Persian. This name was borne by Shah Jahan, a 17th-century Mughal emperor who is best known as the builder of the Taj Mahal.
Means "world conqueror" in Persian. This was the name of a 17th-century Mughal emperor.
JAMSHIDجمشیدmPersian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Yima Kshaeta
, which meant "shining JAM
". This was the name of a mythological king of Persia. He is known as either Jamshid
, where Jamshid
is a combination of his original name and an honourific.
Means "generous, noble" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الكريم (al-Karim)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
Possibly from the Persian elements kata
"house, city" (but also "king, lord") and bânu
KAVEHکاوهmPersian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means "royal" in Avestan. In Persian mythology Kaveh is a blacksmith who leads a rebellion against the evil ruler Zahhak.
KHURSHIDخورشیدm & fPersian, Urdu, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Hvare Khshaeta
meaning "shining sun". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel) who was associated with the sun.
From a title meaning "master, owner" in Persian. It is not generally used as a name itself.
LEILAلیلاfArabic, Persian, English, Georgian
Variant of LAYLA
. This spelling was used by Lord Byron for characters in 'The Giaour' (1813) and 'Don Juan' (1819), and it is through him that the name was introduced to the English-speaking world.
Meaning unknown, presumably of Persian origin. Mani was a 3rd-century prophet who founded the religion of Manichaeism (which is now extinct).
Arabic and Persian form of Miryam
). In Iran it is also the name of a flower, the tuberose, which is named after the Virgin Mary.
From مهر (Mehr)
, the Persian word for MITHRA
, combined with Persian آب (ab)
"water". This is the name of a character in the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh'.
Modern Persian form of ANAHITA
. This is also the Persian name for the planet Venus.
Means "daffodil, narcissus flower" in Persian, ultimately derived from Greek (see NARCISSUS
Means "the Pleiades" in Persian. The Pleiades are a group of seven stars in the constellation Taurus.
Means "fortunate, happy" in Persian. This name was borne by a son of the Mughal emperor Jahangir.
Possibly means "light of the assembly" in Persian. This was the name of a daughter of the 17th-century Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
ROSTAMرستمmPersian, Persian Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly from Avestan raodha
"to grow" and takhma
"strong, brave, valiant". Rostam was a warrior hero in Persian legend. The 11th-century Persian poet Firdausi recorded his tale in the 'Shahnameh'.
Possibly means "full of grace" in Persian.
SARAساراfGreek, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, German, French, Dutch, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Polish, English, Arabic, Persian, Bosnian
Form of SARAH
SARDARسردارmPersian, Urdu, Pashto
From a title meaning "chief, leader", derived from Persian sar
"head, authority" and dar
SHAHRAZADشهرزادfPersian (Rare), Arabic
Means "free city" from the Persian elements شهر (shahr)
"city" and آزاد (azad)
"free". This is the name of the fictional storyteller in 'The 1001 Nights'. She tells a story to her husband the king every night for 1001 nights in order to delay her execution.
Means "son of the king" in Persian. This was the name of three Sassanid emperors.
Means "sweet" in Persian. This was the name of a character in Persian and Turkish legend.
SIAVASHسیاوشmPersian, Persian Mythology
Means "possessing black stallions" in Avestan. This is the name of a prince in the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh'.
SOHRABسهرابmPersian, Persian Mythology
Probably from Middle Persian swhr
"red" and ab
"water". In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of the son of the hero Rostam
. He was tragically slain in battle by his father, who was unaware he was fighting his own son.
SORAYAثریاfPersian, Spanish, French
Persian form of THURAYYA
. It became popular in some parts of Europe because of the fame of Princess Soraya, wife of the last Shah of Iran, who became a European socialite.
SOROUSHسروشmPersian Mythology, Persian
Modern Persian form of Avestan Sraosha
meaning "obedience". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel), later equated with the angel Gabriel
YAHYAیحیىmArabic, Turkish, Persian
Arabic, Turkish and Persian form of Yochanan
). This name honours John the Baptist, a prophet in Islam.
YASINیاسینmArabic, Persian, Urdu
From the Arabic letters ي
) and س
). These letters begin the 36th chapter of the Qur'an (surah Ya Sin).
Means "spear" in Persian, ultimately from Sanskrit.