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PronouncedPron.də-RIE-əs English
DER-ee-əs English
DAR-ee-əs English

Meaning & History

Roman form of Δαρειος (Dareios), which was the Greek form of the Persian name Dārayavahush, which was composed of the elements dâraya "to possess" and vahu "good". Three ancient kings of Persia bore this name, including Darius the Great who expanded the Achaemenid Empire to its greatest extent. His forces invaded Greece but were defeated in the Battle of Marathon.

It has never been very common as a given name in the English-speaking world, though it rose in popularity after the middle of the 20th century. In Lithuania it may be given in honour of the Lithuanian-American aviator Steponas Darius (1896-1933), who died attempting to fly nonstop from New York to Lithuania. His surname was an Americanized form of the original Darašius.
VariantDarijus Lithuanian
Feminine FormsDaria English Daria Romanian
Other Languages & CulturesDareios Ancient Greek Darayavahush Ancient Persian Dareios Biblical Greek Daryawesh Biblical Hebrew Darijo, Dario Croatian Dario Italian Dariush, Daryush Persian Dariusz, Darek Polish Darío Spanish


Relief of Darius in PersepolisRelief of Darius in Persepolis


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Entry updated February 12, 2018   Contribute