ALTA f Various
Possibly from Latin altus
or Italian/Spanish alto
AMARANTHA f Various
From the name of the amaranth flower, which is derived from Greek ἀμάραντος (amarantos)
meaning "unfading". Ἀμάραντος (Amarantos)
was also an Ancient Greek given name.
APHRA f Various
Meaning uncertain; possibly a variant of AFRA (1)
, or possibly a variant of Aphrah
, a biblical place name meaning "dust". This name was borne by the English writer Aphra Behn (1640-1689).
ARCADIA f Various
Feminine form of ARCADIUS
. This is the name of a region on the Greek Peloponnese, long idealized for its natural beauty.
ASHANTI f & m Various
From the name of an African people who reside in southern Ghana. It possibly means "warlike" in the Twi language.
AYN f Various
This name was assumed by Ayn Rand (1905-1982), originally named Alice Rosenbaum, a Russian-American writer and philosopher. She apparently based it on a Finnish name she had heard, but never seen written.
BERLIN f & m Various
From the name of the city in Germany, which is of uncertain meaning.
CAMBRIA f Various
Latin form of the Welsh Cymru
, the Welsh name for the country of Wales, derived from cymry
meaning "the people". It is occasionally used as a given name in modern times.
CARAMIA f Various
From the Italian phrase cara mia
meaning "my beloved"
CIEL f & m Various
in French. It is not used as a given name in France itself.
COCO f Various
Diminutive of names beginning with Co
, influenced by the word cocoa
. However, this was not the case for French fashion designer Coco Chanel (real name Gabrielle), whose nickname came from the name of a song she performed while working as a cabaret singer.
CONDOLEEZZA f Various
In the case of the former American Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice (1954-) it is derived from the Italian musical term con dolcezza
meaning "with sweetness"
DEJA f Various
from the French phrase deja vu
meaning "already seen".
EDSEL m Various
Variant of ETZEL
notably borne by Edsel Ford (1893-1943), the son of the American industrialist Henry Ford.
ELIDI f Various
Meaning unknown, possibly of Greek or Welsh origin. It may have been inspired by the name of the Ήλιδα (Ilida)
valley and ancient city in western Greece (Elis
ELYSIA f Various
, the name of the realm of the dead in Greek and Roman mythology, which means "blissful"
FERRER m Various
From a surname that meant "blacksmith"
in Catalan. This name is often given in honour of Saint Vicente Ferrer, a 14th-century missionary who is the patron saint of builders.
FIRENZE f Various
From the name of an Italian city, commonly called Florence
GETHSEMANE f Various
From a biblical place name, the garden where Jesus
was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem. It is derived from Γεθσημανί (Gethsemani)
, the Greek form of an Aramaic name meaning "oil vat". It is very rarely used as a given name.
GORETTI f Various
From the surname of Maria Goretti, a 20th-century Italian saint who forgave her murderer on her deathbed. Her surname was derived from the given name GREGORIO
IOLANTHE f Various
Probably a variant of YOLANDA
influenced by the Greek words ἰόλη (iole)
meaning "violet" and ἄνθος (anthos)
meaning "flower". This name was (first?) used by Gilbert and Sullivan in their comic opera Iolanthe
JEUNESSE f Various
in French. It is not used as a given name in France itself.
JUNÍPERO m Various
This was the name assumed by the 18th-century Spanish Franciscan monk Miguel José Serra, a missionary to California. He named himself after one of Saint Francis's companions, who was named from Latin iuniperus "juniper"
KAISER m Various
German form of the Roman title Caesar
). It is not used as a given name in Germany itself.
KOBE (2) m Various
From the name of the city in Japan. The parents of basketball player Kobe Bryant (1978-2020) chose this name after seeing Kobe beef (which is from the Japanese city) on a menu.
KOHINOOR f Various
, the name of a famous gemstone, meaning "mountain of light" in Persian.
LUX f & m Various
Derived from Latin lux
MÄDCHEN f Various
in German. It is not used as a name in Germany itself.
MAHERSHALA m Various
From the longer name Mahershalalhashbaz
, which appears in the Old Testament at Isaiah 8:1
in reference to Isaiah's symbolic son. It is written in Hebrew as מַהֵר שָׁלָל חָשׁ בַּז
, and is composed of the two-word phrases מַהֵר שָׁלָל (maher shalal)
and חָשׁ בַּז (chash baz)
, which both mean "hurry to the plunder"
. A famous bearer is the American actor Mahershala Ali (1974-), whose full name is Mahershalalhashbaz.
MELITA f Various
In the case of Queen Victoria's granddaughter Princess Victoria Melita (1876-1936) it was derived from Melita
, the Latin name of the island country of Malta, where she was born.
MONET f & m Various
From a French surname that was derived from either HAMON
. This was the surname of the French impressionist painter Claude Monet (1840-1926).
NUBIA f Various
From the name of the ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt. It possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw
NYALA f Various
From the name of a type of African antelope, ultimately derived from the Bantu word nyálà
NYSSA f Various
From the name of an ancient town of Asia Minor where Saint Gregory was bishop in the 4th century. Nyssa is also the genus name of a type of tree, also called the Tupelo.
ODESSA f Various
From the name of a Ukrainian city that sits on the north coast of the Black Sea. This name can also be used as a feminine form of ODYSSEUS
OMEGA m & f Various
From the name of the last letter in the Greek alphabet, Ω
. It is often seen as a symbol of completion.
OPRAH f Various
In the case of television personality Oprah Winfrey, it was a childhood mispronunciation of her real name ORPAH
that became permanent.
OUIDA f Various
Used by the English author Ouida (1839-1908), born Marie Louise Ramé to a French father. Ouida was a pseudonym that arose from her own childhood pronunciation of her middle name LOUISE
PARIS (2) f Various
From the name of the capital city of France, which got its name from the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii.
RIO (1) m & f Various
in Spanish or Portuguese. A city in Brazil bears this name. Its full name is Rio de Janeiro, which means "river of January", so named because the first explorers came to the harbour in January and mistakenly thought it was a river mouth.
ROMA (2) f Various
From the name of the Italian city, commonly called Rome
SARAVA m Various
From a phrase used by members of the Candomblé religion (an African religion that was taken to Brazil by African slaves), which means "good luck"
SHEKINAH f Various
From the Hebrew word שׁכִינה (shekhinah)
meaning "God's manifested glory"
or "God's presence"
. This word does not appear in the Bible, but later Jewish scholars used it to refer to the dwelling place of God, especially the Temple in Jerusalem.
SOLEIL f Various
in French. It is not commonly used as a name in France itself.
THELONIUS m Various
Latinized form of Tielo
). A famous bearer was jazz musician Thelonious Monk (1917-1982).
TIVOLI m & f Various
From the name of a picturesque Italian town, used as a summer resort by the ancient Romans.
VALENCIA f Various
From the name of cities in Spain and Venezuela, both derived from Latin valentia
meaning "strength, vigour".
VALKYRIE f Various
Means "chooser of the slain"
, derived from Old Norse valr
"the slain" and kyrja
"chooser". In Norse myth the Valkyries were maidens who led heroes killed in battle to Valhalla.
VERBENA f Various
From the name of the verbena plant, which is derived from Latin verbena
meaning "leaves, twigs".
VERONA f Various
From the name of the city in Italy, which is itself of unknown meaning.
ZONA f Various
Means "girdle, belt"
in Greek. This name was made popular by the Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist and poet Zona Gale.