Edith Starrett Green was once referred to as "the most powerful woman to ever serve in the Congress."Edith Starrett was born in South Dakota to two schoolteachers. Her family moved to Oregon when she was 6. She attended college for a time, but left to married Arthur Green in 1930. The Greens started a family. About a decade later, Starrett (who will now be referred to as Starrett Green) returned to college, finished her degree, and pursued graduate study at Stanford University. Though she had originally intended on pursuing engineering or the law, she developed interested in educational issues, and became a lobbyist for the Oregon Education Association.In 1952, Starrett Green ran as the Democratic candidate for Oregon Secretary of State; though she lost to the Republican incumbent, she was in a good position to run for Congress in 1954. She won the 1954 congressional election versus future Republican Gov. Tom McCall. Her election slogan was, "Education should be the number one business in this country."Starrett Green's congressional career included an impressive array of legislation that became law. A former education lobbyist, much of her legislation focused on education. While not claiming the word "feminist" she nonetheless stood behind much of the legislation feminists wanted, and even wrote and introduced some of it.Perhaps the most lasting legislation Starrett Green had a hand in was in the passage of Title IX. Title IX has come to be closely associated with Rep. Patsy Takemoto Mink (D-HI), after whom the bill renamed in 2003. In fact, while Mink was perhaps the most essential force in the bill's passage, Mink, Starrett Green and Sen. Birch Bayh (D-IN) worked together in the formulation and passage of the legislation. Title IX was ostensibly focused on sex discrimination in sports; tennis legend Billie Jean King is regularly a featured speaker on the topic, including at the bill's 50th anniversary in early 2022. The actual wording of the bill has come to be far more broadly significant. (For anyone curious, check out Know Your IX.)Among the other legislation she pursued were the Equal Pay Act, introduced by Starrett Green in 1955 and signed into law in 1963 (Starrett Green regarded this her finest accomplishment); legislation regarding mental health in Alaska; the Library Services Act, which provided access to libraries in rural communities; the National Defense Education Act of 1958, which worked to strengthen US education in STEM fields during the space race; the Higher Education Facilities Act of 1963, which focused on construction and repair of university facilities; the 1965 Vocational Rehabilitation Act, which focused on improving training opportunities in cities; and the Higher Education Act of 1965, which sought to strengthen resources at and access to institutions of higher education. Some of these bills were a meaningful part of Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society program.In 1964, Starrett Green made an impression over something she voted against. During the debate over the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the word "sex" was added to the list of categories by which employers could not discriminate, alongside race, color, religion, and national origin. The word was introduced by Rep. Howard Smith (D-VA), who was on the record opposing any kind of civil rights legislation. There is some debate as to the nature of this; often it is said that Smith had added the word as a means of defeating the legislation. Yet Smith claimed the change had been offered in genuine support; Smith had in fact worked with Alice Paul, the longtime women's rights activist and chair of the National Women's Party. Moreover, in the 1950s, Smith had declared that if civil rights legislation was inevitable, he “certainly ought to try to do whatever good with it that we can.” It is often noted that there was laughter on the floor of the House of Representatives when Smith introduced the amendment, but it actually seems likely Smith was genuinely in favor of the legislation.Starrett Green was not. She was the only woman to vote against the addition of sex to the bill. Starrett Green declared, "For every discrimination that I have suffered, the Negro woman has suffered ten times that amount of discrimination."In time, Starrett Green moved to the right fairly drastically. After having supported the Great Society of the 1960s, and even writing legislation as a part of it, she changed to a small-government conservative. This rejection of "big government" led to her rejection of legislation she wrote herself. She argued that federal programs had done little to improve education or the plight of the poor, despite her and others' efforts. Instead, she started advocating a shift to state and local governmental authority.On example of her conservative drift occurred during the student riots of the 1960s and 1970s. Starrett Green, who had championed higher education for decades, went on the record suggesting that federal aid be denied to universities that didn't successfully control student riots.When asked about her rightward drift, Starrett Green bristled, declaring that "ultra-liberals have moved so far to the left that they have distorted the position of all other liberals." This was right line with Anne Armstrong, the Republican activist who gave a prominent keynote address at the 1972 Republican National Convention; Armstrong argued that the Democrats had moved too far to the left and that those of Armstrong's (and Starrett Green's) backgrounds should vote Republican.Though no anti-Vietnam zealot, Starrett Green was one of the seven House votes against Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson's request for increased funds for escalating military involvement in Vietnam. She regarded it as a usurpation of congressional power, and publicly expressed discontent with her colleagues and with the president.Starrett Green rebuffed at least three suggestions that she run for the Senate; she believed she could have more influence on education in the House and was unwilling to give up the seniority she eventually amassed. She also had no interest in fundraising for a state-wide campaign.Still, she was no stranger to presidential politics. She seconded the nominating of former Gov. Adlai Stevenson (D-IL) for president at the 1956 Democratic National Convention. She spearheaded Oregon primary campaigns for presidential candidates John F. Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, and Henry M. Jackson. She also earned the scorn of Lyndon B. Johnson for her perceived contradictions.Starrett Green decided against running for reelection in 1974, and resigned shortly before the end of the 93rd Congress on 31 December 1974.After leaving Congress, Starrett Green served as the co-chair of the National Democrats for Gerald Ford.Edith Starrett Green died at age 77 in 1987.
In 1958, Massachusetts Republicans tried to get Edith Nourse Rogers to challenge a young up-and-comer in the Senate named John F. Kennedy. Rogers, who had been serving in the House for more than 30 years, declined. Two years later, Kennedy would ascend to the presidency.Edith Nourse Rogers followed an unlikely path to prominence in politics. A product of two old New England families, she was engaged primarily with charity work when she married a Harvard Law graduate named John Jacob Rogers in 1907. Rogers got involved in politics early in their marriage, and was elected to Congress as a Republican representing Massachusetts in 1912.John Jacob Rogers was serving on the House Foreign Affairs Committee when World War I broke out; he traveled to Europe in that capacity, and briefly enlisted in the United States Army for the last few months of the war while remaining a congressman.While her husband was making forays into military affairs, Edith became active in aid organizations, particularly those relating to veterans’ health and affairs. She also became deeply aware of the the role of women working alongside the armed forces. This experience led to an appointment by President Warren G. Harding as an inspector of new veterans’ hospitals, a job she continued under the Coolidge and Hoover administrations. She served as an elector to the Electoral College in 1924.In March 1925, Edith’s trajectory was forever changed when her husband, in the midst of his seventh term in Congress, died (of appendicitis or cancer, sources differ). Edith was encouraged by local Republicans and members of the American Legion (who supported her work with veterans) to run for her husband’s seat. She won a landslide defeat against Eugene Foss, the former governor of Massachusetts. When she was sworn in in June, she became the seventh woman to serve in the United States Congress. John Jacob Rogers had held significant committee posts at the time of his death; Edith was not granted any of these, earning middling committee assignments, and a spot on the Veterans’ Affairs committee.Veterans’ affairs played a central role in Edith’s congressional career. In 1926, she secured pensions for army nurses, and helped create a permanent nurse corps in the Veterans Administration. In 1930, as a chair of a Veterans’ Affairs subcommittee on hospitals, she secured a $15 million provision to develop a national network of veterans’ hospitals in the Veterans Administration Act. In May 1941, Edith introduced the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) Act, creating a voluntary program for women to join the Army in noncombat roles. The Act was signed into law in May 1942. That measure was supplanted by the Women’s Army Corps Bill, which granted military status to the women volunteers by creating the Women’s Army Corps within the Army. From 1947-1949 and 1953-1955, Edith became the chair of the Veterans’ Affairs Committee. During World War II, she put forward a package of measures, known as the GI Bill of Rights, which passed in 1944. These measures included tuition benefits and low-interest home mortgage loans for veterans. In 1952, her legislation extended these benefits to Korean War veterans. A STEM scholarship as part of the GI Bill bears her name. She also put forward a proposal to create a Cabinet-level Department of Veterans Affairs, a proposal that didn’t reach fruition until 1989.Edith earned a spot on the Foreign Affairs committee in 1933, and soon became one of the earliest and loudest voices against rising fascism in Nazi Germany and Italy. In the wake of Kristallnacht, Edith put forward legislation to admit Jewish refugee children fleeing Nazi violence. The bill ultimately failed.Edith’s last years were marked by a pronounced commitment to anticommunism. She supported the House Committee on Un-American Activities and supported Joseph McCarthyEdith was approached about challenging John F. Kennedy in the 1958 Massachusetts Senate race; she declined. She was preparing for her 19th election to the House of Representatives when she died of pneumonia in September 1960.Edith Nourse Rogers, at the time of her passing, was the longest-serving woman in the history of Congress. She maintained that title until 2012, when she was surpassed by Sen. Barbara Mikulski (D-MD). She remains the third longest-serving woman in congressional history, after Mikulski and Rep, Marcy Kaptur (D-OH).Edith Nourse Rogers was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1998.
Edith Kenao Kanakaʻole (1913 – 1979) was a Hawaiian dancer, chanter, teacher, and kumu hula. Born in Honomu, Hawaii in 1913, she was taught hula from a young age, and dropped out of her formal schooling before completing middle school. She began to compose traditional Hawaiian music in 1946, choreographing hula to accompany many of her chants, and founded Halau o Kekuhi in 1953. In the 1970s, she taught Hawaiian studies and the Hawaiian language at Hawaiʻi Community College and later the University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo, where she worked until her death in 1979.
Romantic and lofty.
This is one of my favorite names! It sounds so cheerful and happy! I can understand why Edith wouldn't be everyone's style, but I like it. More for me, I guess! I love the combo Edith Rosalind.
This name is at once Victorian and medieval. It’s all things breathless, romantic, flowing, yet serious and dignified. All I can do is love it.
Although likely uncommon, Edalyn sounds like a combination of Edith and Linda and is the main witch on Disney.
Very Victorian. I love it.
Edith is so pretty--and nickname Edie (ee-dee) is just precious.
I used to think this was an old person name, but now I really like it with a nickname like Eddie I think it would be so cute on a little girl.
Such a soft, pretty name. I know an adult Edith in her 20s who goes by Edie. The name is in use by Catholics, thanks to St Edith Stein.
Means: Blessed in Warfare.
Just alright! Not that good, not that bad, maybe little bit boring, but still alright!
Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale and her daughter Edith Bouvier Beale (of Grey Gardens fame), anyone?
Worst name ever!
It’s one of those old-fashioned names that are so pretty that they should deserve a comeback.
Such a pretty name, I love it.
Very wealthy and happy sounding. Edie is a sweet nickname.
Edith is the middle child in the Despicable Me movie. She is voiced by Dana Gaier.
I think it is a pretty name and it is the name of my sister.
My sister's name is Edith and it was also my great great grandmother's name. I think it is a pretty name so don't hate, appreciate.
Edith Up, a nymph character from the video game Rayman Origins, bears this name.
Please don’t do this to a poor child. I would absolutely hate being stuck with this name!
Lady Edith! Yayyyy!
Also Estonian:
When I think of this name I think of Edith from Downtown Abbey, so it does not strike me as an old name.
I think it sounds pretty and should have a comeback.
We can't forget Edith Finch Jr. And Edith "Edie" Finch Sr. From "What Remains of Edith Finch".
For those who think of Edith as an elderly woman's name, I honestly disagree. I have a friend with the name, and it gives me the impression that the name Edith belongs to someone who looks like they could be on the cover of Vogue or something. It also reminds me of a gorgeous young maiden.
Mysterious, elegant, wise, and spellbinding. An alluring lady of battle and bewitching queen of the night.
I know it's often considered an old lady name, but I think it's pretty enough to make a comeback (plus, there's Edith from Downton Abbey).
Edith Södergan (1892-1923) was a Swedish-speaking Finnish poet, considered the first modernist writer in Scandinavia.
Quite pleasant. I picture an old lady when I think of this name, though. Seems kind of old fashioned, but that doesn't necessarily mean it's ugly. This name is indeed quite timeless as well.
I love the name Edith. It is a proud and dignified name. My husband and I have named our two standard poodles after favorite and famous authors: Edith Wharton and Geoffrey Chaucer.
Edythe was the name of an attorney I worked for many years ago. She was one of the first women to be admitted to the bar in the state of New York, and she was in her late seventies when I was her secretary. She was a real powerhouse, strong, tough, with a great sense of humor. To me, that is what the name Edythe means.
My name is Edith and I'm happy about it!
Love it! Yep it's old lady style but better old lady over trashy. Edith, Ivy, Nell etc... are more beautiful than Aubrey Kennedy and other names with this trashy style.
My favorite bearer of this name is Edith Piaf, a French singer that I really like.
Extremely old fashioned, and not in a pretty way.
In 2018, 86 is the most common age for an American (U.S.) Edith who is registered female with the Social Security Administration. It is the 442nd most common female first name for living U.S. citizens.
People tend to think of Edith as an “old lady name” but it has actually been used consistently over the past 150 years and has never left the top 1000 US names for girls. It’s actually on the increase again, back in the top 500 for the first time in several decades. Because of all this, I don’t see Edith as a dated “old lady name” but instead a timeless classic.
It reminds me of clementines... I really do like this name, though. Reminds me of a beautiful, sophisticated woman.
My name is Edith and I'm proud of it and my friends call me E.D.
Edith is pretty. Edie is a nice name too, maybe moreso that Edith. I really like older names like Sue or Mary. I love a combo like Susannah Edith.
Edith Frank was the mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank, the daughter-in-law of Alice Betty Frank and Michael Frank, the sister-in-law of Robert, Herbert, and Helene Frank. She died from starvation at the age of 44, ten days before her 45th birthday.
I started liking my name after I asked my mom why she named me Edith. She said she named me after her best friend in Germany. I thought that was cool. My husband loves it and my kids think it's okay. I am a lawyer now, and many people contact me because of my name. Many have a relative they love named Edith. Also, people say they think it's a very professional sounding name.
The pure hearted heroine in the movie Crimson Peak, by Guillermo Del Toro, bears this name. Edith Cushing.
My name is Edith, I also used to not like my name, I was named after my paternal grandmother. As I have gotten older I am proud to be named after my her. She was a beautiful woman inside and out. Not everyone has the privilege to be named after someone so wonderful as my Grandmother. I only hope I can be half as good as she was!
Sounds like the name of an old, racist redneck. Perfect, since it was the name of that racist redneck snob Edith Wilson.
I'm currently expecting my fourth and we plan to name her Edith (Edie). I think this name is beautiful, but I have a thing for old names!
My name is Edith and as a teenager, I've only met old ladies with this name in person. I used to hate my name but I've learned to love it. The name has many worthy namesakes, it has the cute nickname Edie, and it's a strong name with a vintage feel. I feel like it's starting to make a comeback along with other "fusty old lady" names such as Hazel, Sylvia, Louisa etc. Where in the past I used to get comments on how old my name sounds, I've had people recently say that my name sounds "refreshing", "pretty in a clunky way", "unique (for my age group)" :)
"Downton Abbey" Edith Crawley, middle daughter of Lord and Lady Grantham.
I question whether gyo means war in the Old English name Eadgyo. I believe the name Eadgyth is more closely related to the Old Norse name Gytha and Gyoa. (You can check for the origin these names)Since the Anglo Saxons of England originally migrated from the Old Norse lands that we know today as Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Belgium and Holland; I believe it is more likely that this name Eadgyth is related to Gytha, which does not mean war, it means “god” and “beautiful”.Sometime during the past millennia there was a confusion in translation between gyo and Gyoa.
I love this name. There is a purity to it, makes me think of a sweet little girl from the Victorian era.
I actually don't mind this name, and I can of course picture it on an old lady, but I think it still would suit a little girl well. I like the -ith sound at the end, it reminds me of Lilith, which I like a lot but has some pretty bad reactions/connections, unfortunately.
Edith Stuyvesant Dresser was the wife of George Vanderbilt, famous for owning and living in America's largest home, Biltmore Estate, in the late 1800s. The house, consisting of 4 acres of floor space, 250 rooms, 34 bedrooms, 43 bathrooms, and 65 fireplaces, resided on a 125,000 acre estate in the mountains of Asheville, NC. The house was originally meant to be a country retreat, not their main place of residence. Today, the house is open for the public to come and visit, continuing on the Biltmore tradition of gracious hospitality.
Edit was the name of Lot's wife (Abraham's nephew in the bible).
I hate the name Edith. It makes me think of my grandma, and trust me, that's not a good thought (blasted mean, old woman).
Sounds so stupid. All of it, from beginning to end. Just another grandma's name. It could go well if it were used for a candy bar, an "Edith bar"... Rather than on a person.
I don't much care for this name. It sounds like "eat it."
I think of Edith Wharton and Edie Sedgwick when I hear this name, but I think most people over 25 think of it as a grandmotherly name. I think it's very nice sounding, and Edie is an adorable nickname.
Dame Edith Sitwell English poet and eccentric.
This name is ok. A similar sounding name that is more modern and cute is the name Eden. It has a wonderful meaning too!
British actress Dame Edith Mary Evans (1888-1976).
British politician Baroness Edith Somerskill (1901-80, a physician known for her attempts to outlaw the sport of boxing on health grounds.
Actress Edie Falco from "Nurse Jackie" real name is Edith Falco.
I wasn't a fan of this name until recently, probably because of Edith Piaf. I've decided to give this name to a character I'm creating in my theatre class and I think it's great.
Edie Sedgwick, the famous socialite & Warhol 'superstar' was called Edith. I used to think the name was a bit frumpy but now I associate it with her!
Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt (1861-1948) was the second wife of US President Theodore Roosevelt, and the mother of five children.
Edith Granger is a character in Charles Dickens' novel "Dombey and Son."
I think this one's probably now due for a comeback, due in part to the ever-increasing popularity of the Scottish-born radio and television personality Edith Bowman, who I find really funny and down-to-earth. Then again, if you're more likely to think of the fictional, dowdy-dressed Edith Artois in the British sitcom 'Allo Allo', Eden would be a good alternative.
This name seemed to be incredibly popular amongst early English royal families. I rather like it. It sounds very Anglo-Saxon, but it's not frumpy.
I don't think there's anything ugly or old-lady-ish about the name Edith. I think it's pretty and regal, and the nickname Edie is completely adorable.
Edith Eleanor Bowman (born 15 January 1975) is a Scottish-born radio and television presenter who presents her own show on Radio 1 in the United Kingdom every weekday afternoon.
Although I would never sanely name my child this, I'm giving this name to one of my book characters. It's set in the world of today, but "Edith" spoke to me. I've been sifting through all the names on the website, trying to find the perfect name. And there it was: Edith.
Edith Louisa Cavell was a British nurse and spy in World War I.
Edith Head is a famous costume designer.
German pronunciation: EH-dit. [noted -ed]
I couldn't stand this name for a really long time, but it grew on me. I think it was from watching All In the Family so much.
French singer Edith Piaf was a famous bearer.
Edith is Archie Bunker's wife in the '70's T.V. show "All in the Family." She was played by Jean Stapleton.
Edith makes me think of an old grandmother hobbling around with a walking stick. Not a very nice name for a child!
Two famous authors bore this name.
Edith Wharton, writer of The House of Mirth and The Age of Innocence, was one.
Edith Nesbit, writer most famous for Five Children and It, was the other.
Finno-Swedish poet Edith Södergran (1892 - 1923) was a famous bearer of this name.
It was also the name of J.R.R. Tolkien's wife: Edith Mary Tolkien.
Edith was the name of Anne Frank's mother.

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