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Gender Feminine
Scripts Сэтэнай(Western Circassian) Сэтэней(Eastern Circassian)
Pronounced Pron. sa-ta-nie(Adyghe, Kabardian)  [key·IPA]
Other Forms FormsSatana, Setenay, Seteney, Satanei

Meaning & History

Means "mother of one-hundred (sons)" from Persian صد (sad) (through the Iranian root */sata-/) meaning "(one) hundred" combined with the Northwest Caucasian root /na/ meaning "mother" (descended into Kabardian анэ (ānă) and Adyghe ны (nə)) and the Indo-Iranian suffix /-ya/ meaning "the one who is". This refers to Satanaya’s one-hundred giant sons (Narts) in Caucasian mythology.

Satanaya Guasha (or Satana) was the matriarch of the Narts (a race of giants) and an important figure in the 'Nart' sagas and Caucasian mythology. To the Ossetians, she was the daughter of the Uastyrdzhi and mother of Soslan. She was also viewed as a deity of fertility similar to the Greek Demeter but was portrayed as a goddess of crafts and women's work in Vainakh (Chechen and Ingush) belief.
Added 10/23/2016 by HL
Edited 12/29/2022 by Mike C and HL