Revision History

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6/9/2023, 2:32 PM Mike C update #114
12/7/2022, 9:35 PM Mike C update #113
4/5/2022, 10:13 PM Mike C update #112
1/21/2022, 9:40 PM Mike C update #111
11/20/2020, 10:42 PM Mike C update #109
2/4/2020, 9:06 PM Mike C update #107
12/14/2019, 2:25 PM Mike C update #106
11/16/2019, 11:04 AM Mike C update #105
7/2/2017, 10:39 PM Mike C update #95
8/26/2016, 12:51 PM Mike C update #92
12/3/2014, 12:28 AM Mike C update #89
1/25/2013, 11:59 PM Mike C update #85
2/12/2007, 1:03 AM Mike C earliest recorded revision

Gender Feminine
Pronounced Pron. o-LIV-ee-ə(English) o-LEE-vya(Italian, German) o-LEE-bya(Spanish) AW-LEE-VYA(French) O-lee-vee-ah(Finnish)

Meaning & History

This name was used in this spelling by William Shakespeare for a character in his comedy Twelfth Night (1602). This was a rare name in Shakespeare's time [1] that may have been based on Oliva or Oliver, or directly from the Latin word oliva meaning "olive". In the play Olivia is a noblewoman who is wooed by Duke Orsino but instead falls in love with his messenger Cesario, who is actually Viola in disguise.

Olivia has been used in the English-speaking world since the 18th century, though it did not become overly popular until the last half of the 20th century. Its rise in popularity in the 1970s may have been inspired by a character on the television series The Waltons (1972-1982) [2] or the singer Olivia Newton-John (1948-2022). In 1989 it was borne by a young character on The Cosby Show, which likely accelerated its growth. It reached the top rank in England and Wales by 2008 and in the United States by 2019.

A famous bearer was the British-American actress Olivia de Havilland (1916-2020).