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PronouncedPron.o-LIV-ee-ə English
o-LEE-vya ItalianGerman
o-LEE-bya Spanish
O-lee-vee-ah Finnish

Meaning & History

This name was first used in this spelling by William Shakespeare for a character in his comedy 'Twelfth Night' (1602). Shakespeare may have based it on OLIVER or OLIVA, or perhaps directly on the Latin word oliva meaning "olive". In the play Olivia is a noblewoman who is wooed by Duke Orsino but instead falls in love with his messenger Cesario.

The name has been used in the English-speaking world since the 18th century, though it did not become overly popular until the last half of the 20th century. Its rise in popularity in America was precipitated by a character on the 1970s television series 'The Waltons'.
VariantsAlivia, Olyvia English
DiminutivesLiv, Livia, Livvy, Ollie English Vivi Swedish Vivi Norwegian Vivi Danish
Other Languages & CulturesOlivie Czech Olivie French Olívia Hungarian Oliwia Polish Olívia Portuguese Olívia Slovak
Same SpellingOlívia
User SubmissionÓlivía


Depiction of Olivia from Shakespeare's 'Twelfth Night', by artist Charles Robert Leslie (1876)Depiction of Olivia from Shakespeare's 'Twelfth Night', by artist Charles Robert Leslie (1876)

Sources & References

  • Cleveland Kent Evans, The Great Big Book of Baby Names (2006)


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Entry updated July 2, 2017   Contribute