ALDARA f Galician
Galician form of the Visigothic name Hildiwara
, which was composed of the Germanic elements hild
"battle" and war
"vigilant, cautious". This was the name of the mother of Saint Rosendo
ALDEGUND f Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, derived from the elements ald
"old" and gund
"war". Saint Aldegund (or Aldegundis) was a 7th-century Frankish abbess.
ALFHILD f Norwegian, Swedish
From the Old Norse name Alfhildr
, which was composed of the elements alfr
"elf" and hildr
"battle". In Scandinavian legend Alfhild was a maiden who disguised herself as a warrior in order to avoid marriage to King Alf. Her life was perhaps based on that of a 9th-century Viking pirate.
ALFONSO m Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of a Visigothic Germanic name, probably meaning "noble and ready"
, from the element adal
"noble" combined with funs
"ready". Other theories claim the first element is hadu
), both of which mean "battle". It is possible that two or more names merged into a single form. This was the name of six kings of Portugal and kings of several ancient regions of Spain.
ALMA (1) f English, Spanish, Italian, Dutch
This name became popular after the Battle of Alma (1854), which took place near the River Alma in Crimea and ended in a victory for Britain and France. However, the name was in rare use before the battle; it was probably inspired by Latin almus
"nourishing". It also coincides with the Spanish word meaning "the soul".
ALWILDA f History
Latinized form of ALFHILD
. This was the name of a legendary female Scandinavian pirate, also called Awilda.
ARES m Greek Mythology
Perhaps from either Greek ἀρή (are)
meaning "bane, ruin"
or ἄρσην (arsen)
. The name first appears as a-re
in Mycenaean Greek writing. Ares was the bloodthirsty god of war in Greek mythology, a son of Zeus
BAHRAM m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Verethragna
meaning "victory over resistance"
. This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with victory and war. This name was borne by several Sassanid emperors. It is also the Persian name for the planet Mars.
BÅRD m Norwegian
Norwegian form of the Old Norse name Bárðr
, which was derived from the elements baðu
"battle" and friðr
BATYR m Turkmen
Turkmen form of the Turkic word bagatur
meaning "hero, warrior"
BELLONA f Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin bellare
meaning "to fight"
. This was the name of the Roman goddess of war, a companion of Mars
BLAIR m & f Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname that is derived from Gaelic blár
meaning "plain, field, battlefield"
BOŘIVOJ m Czech
Derived from the Slavic elements borti
"battle" and voji
"soldier". This name was borne by a 9th-century duke of Bohemia.
BRÜNHILD f German (Rare), Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic elements brun
"armour, protection" and hild
"battle". It is cognate with the Old Norse name Brynhildr
(from the elements bryn
). In Norse legend Brynhildr
was the queen of the Valkyries who was rescued by the hero Sigurd
. In the Germanic saga the Nibelungenlied
she was a queen of Iceland and the wife of Günther
. Both of these characters were probably inspired by the eventful life of the 6th-century Frankish queen Brunhilda (of Visigothic birth).
BRYNHILDR f Norse Mythology, Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse cognate of BRÜNHILD
. In the Norse legend the Volsungasaga
Brynhildr was rescued by the hero Sigurd
in the guise of Gunnar
. Brynhildr and Gunnar were married, but when Sigurd's wife Gudrun
let slip that it was in fact Sigurd who had rescued her, Brynhildr plotted against him. She accused Sigurd of taking her virginity, spurring Gunnar to arrange Sigurd's murder.
CADELL m Welsh
From Welsh cad "battle"
and a diminutive suffix.
CADFAEL m Welsh
Means "battle prince"
from Welsh cad
"battle" and mael
CADOC m Welsh
Derived from Welsh cad
. This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who was martyred by the Saxons.
CADWGAN m Welsh
Means "glory in battle"
from Welsh cad
"battle" and gwogawn
"glory, honour". In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, this name is briefly mentioned as the son of Iddon.
CATHAIR m Irish
Possibly means "battle man"
from Irish cath
"battle" and fer
CATHAL m Irish
Derived from Irish cath
"battle" and fál
"ruler". This was the name of a 7th-century Irish saint. It has sometimes been Anglicized as Charles
CATHÁN m Irish
Derived from Irish cath
"battle" combined with a diminutive suffix.
CEALLACH m Irish
Irish name of uncertain origin, traditionally said to mean "bright-headed"
. Alternatively it could be derived from Old Irish ceallach "war, strife"
or ceall "church"
CENK m Turkish
Means "battle, war"
in Turkish, ultimately from Persian.
CHAD m English
From the Old English name Ceadda
, which is of unknown meaning, possibly based on Welsh cad "battle"
. This was the name of a 7th-century English saint. Borne primarily by Catholics, it was a rare name until the 1960s when it started to become more common amongst the general population. This is also the name of a country in Africa, though it originates from a different source.
DUILIO m Italian, Spanish
From the Roman name Duilius
, which is possibly derived from Latin duellum "war"
. This was the name of a Roman consul who defeated the Carthaginians in a naval battle.
EADWIG m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and wig
"war". This was the name of a Saxon king of England in the 10th century. The name fell out of use after the Norman Conquest.
EDITH f English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
From the Old English name Eadgyð
, derived from the elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and gyð
"war". It was popular among Anglo-Saxon royalty, being borne for example by Saint Eadgyeth;, the daughter of King Edgar the Peaceful. The name remained common after the Norman Conquest. It became rare after the 15th century, but was revived in the 19th century.
EOFORHILD f Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements eofor
"boar" and hild
"battle". This name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest.
ERIS f Greek Mythology
in Greek. In Greek mythology Eris was the goddess of discord. She was the sister and companion of Ares
GARRETT m English
From an English surname that was derived from the given name GERALD
. A famous bearer of the surname was Pat Garrett (1850-1908), the sheriff who shot Billy the Kid.
GERARD m English, Dutch, Catalan, Polish
Derived from the Germanic element ger
meaning "spear" combined with hard
meaning "brave, hardy". The Normans introduced this name to Britain. It was initially much more common than the similar name Gerald
, with which it was often confused, but it is now less common.
GONZALO m Spanish
From the medieval name Gundisalvus
, which was the Latin form of a Germanic name composed of gund
meaning "war" and a second element of unknown meaning (with the spelling influenced by Latin salvus
"safe"). Saint Gonzalo was an 11th-century bishop of Mondoñedo in Galicia, Spain.
GORDON m Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname that was originally derived from a place name in Berwickshire meaning "spacious fort"
. It was originally used in honour of Charles George Gordon (1833-1885), a British general who died defending the city of Khartoum in Sudan.
GRISELDA f English, Spanish, Literature
Possibly derived from the Germanic elements gris
"grey" and hild
"battle". It is not attested as a Germanic name. This was the name of a patient wife in medieval tales by Boccaccio and Chaucer.
GUIOMAR f & m Portuguese, Spanish, Arthurian Romance
Possibly derived from the Germanic name Wigmar
, which is formed of the elements wig
"war, battle" and mari
"famous". In the medieval Lancelot-Grail
cycle he plays a minor role as a cousin of Guinevere, who banishes him after he becomes a lover of Morgan le Fey. In modern Portugal and Spain it is a feminine name.
GUNBORG f Swedish
From the Old Norse name Gunnbjǫrg
, derived from the elements gunnr
"war" and bjǫrg
"help, save, rescue".
GÜNTHER m German, Germanic Mythology
From the Germanic name Gundahar
, derived from the elements gund
"war" and hari
"army, warrior". This was the name of a semi-legendary 5th-century Burgundian king. He appears in the Germanic saga the Nibelungenlied
, which has him wooing the Icelandic queen Brünhild
. He wins her hand in marriage with the help of the hero Siegfried
. He ultimately betrays Siegfried, but Siegfried's widow Kriemhild
(Günther's sister) takes her revenge upon him.
GUNTRAM m German
Means "war raven"
from the Germanic elements gund
"war" and hramn
"raven". This was the name of a 6th-century Frankish king.
HAROLD m English
From the Old English name Hereweald
, derived from the elements here
"army" and weald
"power, leader, ruler". The Old Norse cognate Haraldr
was also common among Scandinavian settlers in England. This was the name of five kings of Norway and three kings of Denmark. It was also borne by two kings of England, both of whom were from mixed Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon backgrounds, including Harold II who lost the Battle of Hastings (and was killed in it), which led to the Norman Conquest. After the conquest the name died out, but it was eventually revived in the 19th century.
HARVEY m English
From the Breton given name Haerviu
, which meant "battle worthy"
, from haer
"battle" and viu
"worthy". This was the name of a 6th-century Breton hermit who is the patron saint of the blind. Settlers from Brittany introduced it to England after the Norman Conquest. During the later Middle Ages it became rare, but it was revived in the 19th century.
HAWISE f Medieval English
English form of a medieval French name appearing in various spellings such as Haueis
, which were derived from HADEWIDIS
. The name was borne by a number of Norman and Anglo-Norman noblewomen from the 11th to 13th centuries.
HIDDE m Frisian
Frisian short form of names containing the Germanic element hild
HILDRED f & m English
Possibly from the Old English masculine name Hildræd
, which was composed of the elements hild
"battle" and ræd
"counsel". This name was revived in the late 19th century, probably because of its similarity to the popular names Hilda
HILTRUD f German
Means "strength in battle"
, derived from the Germanic elements hild
"battle" and thrud
HUITZILOPOCHTLI m Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "southern hummingbird"
or "left-handed hummingbird"
in Nahuatl. In Aztec mythology he was the god of the sun and war. He was a patron deity of the city of Tenochtitlan (at the site of modern Mexico City).
IRNERIUS m History
Possibly from Wernerius
, a Latinized form of the Germanic name WERNER
. This was the name of a 12th-century Italian scholar and jurist.
ISHTAR f Semitic Mythology
Meaning unknown. Ishtar was an Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian goddess who presided over love, war and fertility. She was cognate with the Canaanite and Phoenician Ashtoreth
, and she was also identified with the Sumerian goddess Inanna
ISOLDE f English (Rare), German, Arthurian Romance
The origins of this name are uncertain, though some Celtic roots have been suggested. It is possible that the name is ultimately Germanic, perhaps from a hypothetic name like Ishild
, composed of the elements is
"ice, iron" and hild
IVOR m Irish, Scottish, Welsh, English (British)
From the Old Norse name Ívarr
, which was derived from the elements yr
"yew, bow" and arr
"warrior". During the Middle Ages it was brought to Britain by Scandinavian settlers and invaders, and it was adopted in Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
KRIEMHILD f German (Rare), Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic elements grim
"mask" and hild
"battle". Kriemhild was a beautiful heroine in the Germanic saga the Nibelungenlied
, where she is the sister of Günther
and the wife of Siegfried
. After her husband is killed by Hagen
with the consent of Günther, Kriemhild tragically exacts her revenge.
KUNEGUNDA f Polish (Rare)
Polish form of KUNIGUNDE
. The 13th-century Saint Kunegunda was the daughter of Bela IV, king of Hungary. She married Boleslaus V of Poland, but after his death refused to assume power and instead became a nun.
KUNIGUNDE f German (Rare)
Derived from the Germanic element kuni
"clan, family" combined with gund
"war". Saint Kunigunde was the wife of the Holy Roman emperor Henry II.
LOUIS m French, English, Dutch
French form of Ludovicus
, the Latinized form of LUDWIG
. This was the name of 18 kings of France, starting with Louis I the son of Charlemagne
. Others include Louis IX (Saint Louis) who led two crusades and Louis XIV (called the Sun King) who was the ruler of France during the height of its power, the builder of the Palace of Versailles, and the longest reigning monarch in the history of Europe. It was also borne by kings of Germany (as Ludwig
), Hungary (as Lajos
), and other places.... [more]
LUDWIG m German
From the Germanic name Chlodovech
meaning "famous battle"
, composed of the elements hlud
"famous" and wig
"war, battle". This was the name of three Merovingian kings of the Franks (though their names are usually spelled in the Latinized form Clovis
) as well as several Carolingian kings and Holy Roman emperors (names often spelled in the French form Louis
). Other famous bearers include the German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) and the Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951), who contributed to logic and the philosophy of language.
MAGNHILD f Norwegian
Derived from Old Norse magn
"mighty, strong" and hildr
"battle". This was the name of a novel by the Norwegian author Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson.
MARS m Roman Mythology
Possibly related to Latin mas
). In Roman mythology Mars was the god of war, often equated with the Greek god Ares
. This is also the name of the fourth planet in the solar system.
MATILDA f English, Swedish, Finnish, Slovak
From the Germanic name Mahthildis
meaning "strength in battle"
, from the elements maht
"might, strength" and hild
"battle". Saint Matilda was the wife of the 10th-century German king Henry I the Fowler. The name was common in many branches of European royalty in the Middle Ages. It was brought to England by the Normans, being borne by the wife of William the Conqueror himself. Another notable royal by this name was a 12th-century daughter of Henry I of England, known as the Empress Matilda because of her first marriage to the Holy Roman emperor Henry V. She later invaded England, laying the foundations for the reign of her son Henry II.... [more]
MAUD f English, French, Dutch
Usual medieval form of MATILDA
. Though it became rare after the 14th century, it was revived and once more grew popular in the 19th century, perhaps due to Alfred Lord Tennyson's 1855 poem Maud
MURUGAN m Hinduism, Tamil
Possibly from a Dravidian word meaning "youth"
. This is the name of a Tamil war god identified with Skanda
NEITH f Egyptian Mythology (Hellenized)
Greek form of Egyptian nt
, possibly from nt "water"
or nrw "fear, dread"
. This was the name of an early Egyptian goddess of weaving, hunting and war. Her character may have some correspondences with the goddesses Tanith
NIKOSTRATOS m Ancient Greek
Means "army of victory"
from Greek νίκη (nike)
meaning "victory" and στρατός (stratos)
meaning "army". This was the name of a Roman saint martyred during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian at the end of the 3rd century.
OLIVER m English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Catalan, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Czech, Slovak
, a Norman French form of a Germanic name such as ALFHER
or an Old Norse name such as Áleifr
). The spelling was altered by association with Latin oliva
"olive tree". In the Middle Ages the name became well-known in Western Europe because of the French epic La Chanson de Roland
, in which Olivier was a friend and advisor of the hero Roland.... [more]
OLIVETTE f Literature
Feminine form of OLIVER
. This was the name of the title character in the French opera Les noces d'Olivette
(1879) by Edmond Audran.
OLIVIA f English, Italian, Spanish, French, German, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
This name was used in this spelling by William Shakespeare for a character in his comedy Twelfth Night
(1602). This was a rare name in Shakespeare's time that may have been based on OLIVA
, or directly from the Latin word oliva
. In the play Olivia is a noblewoman who is wooed by Duke Orsino but instead falls in love with his messenger Cesario.... [more]
OLVE m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Ǫlvir
, possibly derived from ala
"all" or alu
"defense, protection, luck" combined with vér
"holy man" or "warrior".
PTOLEMY m History
From the Greek name Πτολεμαῖος (Ptolemaios)
, derived from Greek πολεμήϊος (polemeios)
meaning "aggressive, warlike"
. Ptolemy was the name of several Greco-Egyptian rulers of Egypt, all descendants of Ptolemy I Soter, one of the generals of Alexander the Great. This was also the name of a Greek astronomer.
SKANDA m Hinduism
Means "hopping, spurting, spilling"
in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief this is the name of the god of war, also known as Kartikeya
. He is worshipped especially by the Tamils in southern India.
TAKEHIKO m Japanese
From Japanese 武 (take)
meaning "military, martial" or 竹 (take)
meaning "bamboo" combined with 彦 (hiko)
meaning "boy, prince". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
THOR m Norse Mythology, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish
From the Old Norse Þórr
, ultimately from the early Germanic *Þunraz
. Thor was the Norse god of strength, thunder, war and storms, the son of Odin
. He was armed with a hammer called Mjolnir, and wore an enchanted belt that doubled his strength.
TORHILD f Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Þórhildr
, which meant "Thor's battle"
from the name of the Norse god Þórr
) combined with hildr
TYR m Norse Mythology
Norse form of the name of the Germanic god Tiwaz
, related to Indo-European dyeus
). In Norse mythology Tyr was the god of war and justice, the son of the god Odin
. He carried a spear in his left hand, since his right hand was bitten off by the wolf Fenrir. At the time of the end of the world, the Ragnarok, Tyr will slay and be slain by the giant hound Garm.
VAHAGN m Armenian Mythology, Armenian
From Avestan Verethragna
meaning "breaking of defense, victory"
. In Armenian mythology this was the name of the heroic god of war.
WALTER m English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Italian, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name meaning "ruler of the army"
, composed of the elements wald
"rule" and hari
"army". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Wealdhere
. A famous bearer of the name was the English courtier, poet and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618). It was also borne by Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), a Scottish novelist who wrote Ivanhoe
and other notable works.
WERNER m German, Dutch
From a Germanic name derived from warin
"guard" combined with hari
"army". A famous bearer was the German physicist Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976).
WIEBE m Frisian, Dutch
Medieval short form of Germanic names containing the element wig
WILLIHAD m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements wil
"will, desire" and hadu
"battle, combat". This was the name of an 8th-century saint active in Frisia and Saxony.
WYOT m Medieval English
Middle English form of the Old English name Wigheard
, composed of the elements wig
"battle" and heard
WYSTAN m English (Rare)
From the Old English name Wigstan
, composed of the elements wig
"battle" and stan
"stone". This was the name of a 9th-century Anglo-Saxon saint. It became rare after the Norman Conquest, and in modern times it is chiefly known as the first name of the British poet W. H. Auden (1907-1973).