Abigail
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Given Name ABIGAIL
GENDER: Feminine
OTHER SCRIPTS: אֲבִיגַיִל (Ancient Hebrew)
PRONOUNCED: AB-i-gayl (English), AH-bee-giel (German)   [key]
Meaning & History
From the Hebrew name אֲבִיגָיִל ('Avigayil) meaning "my father is joy". In the Old Testament this is the name of Nabal's wife. After Nabal's death she became the third wife of King David.

As an English name, Abigail first became common after the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans. The biblical Abigil refers to herself as a servant, and beginning in the 17th century the name became a slang term for a servant, especially after the release of the play 'The Scornful Lady' (1616) which featured a character named Abigail. The name went out of fashion at that point, but it was revived in the 20th century.
Related Names
VARIANTS: Abegail, Abigayle (English)
DIMINUTIVES: Abbey, Abbi, Abbie, Abby, Gail, Gayla, Gaila, Gale, Gayle (English)
OTHER LANGUAGES: Abigaia (Biblical Greek), 'Avigayil (Biblical Hebrew), Apikalia (Hawaiian), Avigail (Hebrew), Abigél (Hungarian), Abi (Scottish), Abigaíl (Spanish)
See Also
Abigaíl, Abigaïl
Popularity
United States  ranked #8 
England and Wales  ranked #46 
Canada (BC)  ranked #10 
Australia (NSW)  ranked #28 
Ireland  ranked #54 
Netherlands  ranked #262 
New Zealand  ranked #32 
Northern Ireland  ranked #46 
Scotland  ranked #37