AHMOSE m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Egyptian jꜥḥ-ms
meaning "born of Iah"
, derived from the name of the Egyptian god IAH
combined with msj
"be born". This was the name of the first pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. He defeated the Hyksos and drove them from Egypt.
AKHENATON m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian ꜣḫ-n-jtn
meaning "effective for ATON"
. Akhenaton was a 14th-century BC Egyptian pharaoh of the New Kingdom, who is best known for promoting the monotheistic worship of the sun god Aton
. He changed his name from Amenhotep IV
in order to honour the god. After his death, polytheism resumed.
AMENEMHAT m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian jmn-m-ḥꜣt
meaning "AMON is foremost"
. This was the name of four Egyptian pharaohs, including the founder of the 12th dynasty.
AMENHOTEP m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian jmn-ḥtp
meaning "peace of Amon"
, derived from the name of the Egyptian god AMON
combined with ḥtp
"peace, satisfaction". This was the name of four pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Amenhotep III, known as the Magnificent, who ruled over Egypt during a time of great prosperity.
BERENICE f English, Italian, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Βερενίκη (Berenike)
, the Macedonian form of the Greek name Φερενίκη (Pherenike)
, which meant "bringing victory"
from φέρω (phero)
meaning "to bring" and νίκη (nike)
meaning "victory". This name was common among the Ptolemy ruling family of Egypt, a dynasty that was originally from Macedon. It occurs briefly in Acts in the New Testament (in most English Bibles it is spelled Bernice
) belonging to a sister of King Herod Agrippa II. As an English name, Berenice
came into use after the Protestant Reformation.
CLEOPATRA f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Κλεοπάτρα (Kleopatra)
meaning "glory of the father"
, derived from κλέος (kleos)
meaning "glory" combined with πατήρ (pater)
meaning "father" (genitive πατρός
). This was the name of queens of Egypt from the Ptolemaic royal family, including Cleopatra VII, the mistress of both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. After being defeated by Augustus she committed suicide by allowing herself to be bitten by an asp. Shakespeare's tragedy Antony and Cleopatra
(1606) tells the story of her life.
DARIUS m English, Lithuanian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman form of Δαρεῖος (Dareios)
, which was the Greek form of the Persian name Dārayavahush
meaning "possessing goodness"
, composed of the elements dâraya
"to possess" and vahu
"good". Three ancient kings of Persia bore this name, including Darius the Great who expanded the Achaemenid Empire to its greatest extent. His forces invaded Greece but were defeated in the Battle of Marathon.... [more]
HATSHEPSUT f Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian ḥꜣt-špswt
meaning "foremost of noble women"
. This was the name of a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. She may have been the first woman to take the title of Pharaoh.
KHAFRA m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian ḫꜥf-rꜥ
meaning "he appears as RA"
. This was the name of the 4th-dynasty Egyptian pharaoh who built the second largest of the pyramids at Giza. He is also known as Chephren
, from the Greek form of his name.
KHUFU m Ancient Egyptian
Shortened form of the longer Egyptian name KHNUM-KHUFU
. This was the name of an Egyptian pharaoh of the 4th dynasty, the builder of the largest of the pyramids. He used both the full and shortened versions of his name in his lifetime, and is also known to history by the Greek form of his name Cheops
NEFERKARE m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian nfr-kꜣ-rꜥ
meaning "the soul of Ra is beautiful"
, from nfr
"beautiful, perfect" combined with kꜣ
"soul" combined with the name of the god RA
. This name was borne by several Egyptian pharaohs.
PHILIP m English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Biblical
From the Greek name Φίλιππος (Philippos)
meaning "friend of horses"
, composed of the elements φίλος (philos)
meaning "friend, lover" and ἵππος (hippos)
meaning "horse". This was the name of five kings of Macedon, including Philip II the father of Alexander the Great. The name appears in the New Testament belonging to two people who are regarded as saints. First, one of the twelve apostles, and second, an early figure in the Christian church known as Philip the Deacon.... [more]
PTOLEMY m History
From the Greek name Πτολεμαῖος (Ptolemaios)
, derived from Greek πολεμήϊος (polemeios)
meaning "aggressive, warlike"
. Ptolemy was the name of several Greco-Egyptian rulers of Egypt, all descendants of Ptolemy I Soter, one of the generals of Alexander the Great. This was also the name of a Greek astronomer.
RAMESES m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Ῥαμέσσης (Rhamesses)
, the Greek form of Egyptian rꜥ-ms-sw
meaning "born of Ra"
, composed of the name of the supreme god RA
combined with the root msj
"be born". Rameses was the name of eleven Egyptian kings of the New Kingdom. The most important of these were Rameses II the Great who campaigned against the Hittites and also built several great monuments, and Rameses III who defended Egypt from the Libyans and Sea Peoples.
THUTMOSE m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Τούθμωσις (Touthmosis)
, the Greek form of Egyptian ḏḥwtj-ms
meaning "born of Thoth", itself composed of the name of the Egyptian god THOTH
combined with msj
"be born". Thutmose was the name of four Egyptian pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Thutmose III who conquered Syria and Nubia.
TUTANKHAMON m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian twt-ꜥnḫ-jmn
meaning "image of the life of Amon"
, derived from twt
"image" combined with ꜥnḫ
"life" combined with the name of the god AMON
. This was the name of an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, most famous because of the treasures found in his tomb.