Given Name JACOB

GENDER: Masculine
OTHER SCRIPTS: יַעֲקֹב (Hebrew)
PRONOUNCED: JAY-kəb (English), YAH-kawp (Dutch)  [details]

Meaning & History

From the Latin Iacobus, which was from the Greek Ιακωβος (Iakobos), which was from the Hebrew name יַעֲקֹב (Ya'aqov). In the Old Testament Jacob (later called Israel) is the son of Isaac and Rebecca and the father of the twelve founders of the twelve tribes of Israel. He was born holding his twin brother Esau's heel, and his name is explained as meaning "holder of the heel" or "supplanter", because he twice deprived his brother of his rights as the firstborn son (see Genesis 27:36). Other theories claim that it is in fact derived from a hypothetical name like יַעֲקֹבְאֵל (Ya'aqov'el) meaning "may God protect".

The English names Jacob and James derive from the same source, with James coming from Latin Iacomus, a later variant of Iacobus. Unlike English, many languages do not have separate spellings for the two names.

In England, Jacob was mainly regarded as a Jewish name during the Middle Ages, though the variant James was used among Christians. Jacob came into general use as a Christian name after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Jacob Grimm (1785-1863), the German linguist and writer who was, with his brother Wilhelm, the author of 'Grimm's Fairy Tales'.
VARIANTS: Jaycob (English), Jacobus, Jakob, Sjaak (Dutch), Jakob (Swedish), Jakob (Norwegian), Jakob (Danish)
DIMINUTIVES: Coby, Jake, Jeb, Koby (English), Cobus, Coos, Jaap, Kobe, Kobus, Koos (Dutch), Ib, Jeppe (Danish), Kapel, Koppel, Yankel (Yiddish)
FEMININE FORMS: Jacklyn, Jaclyn, Jacqueline, Jacquelyn, Jaqueline (English), Jacoba, Jacobina, Jacobine, Jacomina, Coba (Dutch), Jacobine (Norwegian), Jacobine, Bine (Danish)
OTHER LANGUAGES/CULTURES: Yakub, Yaqoob, Yaqub (Arabic), Hagop, Hakob (Armenian), Jakes (Basque), Iakobos (Biblical Greek), Yaakov (Biblical Hebrew), Iacobus (Biblical Latin), Yakov (Bulgarian), Jaume, Jaumet (Catalan), Jago (Cornish), Jakov, Jakša (Croatian), Jakub (Czech), Jaagup, Jaak, Jaakob (Estonian), Jákup (Faroese), Jaakko, Jaakob, Jaakoppi, Jaska (Finnish), Jaak (Flemish), Jacques, Jacky (French), Japik (Frisian), Iago, Xacobe, Xaime (Galician), Iakob, Koba (Georgian), Jakob, Jockel (German), Iakovos (Greek), Yakubu (Hausa), Iakopa, Kimo (Hawaiian), Yaakov, Yakov, Akiba, Akiva (Hebrew), Jakab, Jákob (Hungarian), Jakob (Icelandic), Séamus, Shamus, Sheamus, Séamas (Irish), Giacomo, Iacopo, Jacopo, Giacobbe, Lapo (Italian), Iacomus, Jacobus (Late Roman), Jokūbas (Lithuanian), Jakov (Macedonian), Hemi (Maori), Jakub, Kuba (Polish), Iago, Jaime, Jacó (Portuguese), Iacob (Romanian), Yakov, Yasha (Russian), Seumas, Jamie (Scottish), Jakov, Jakša (Serbian), Jakub (Slovak), Jakob, Jaka, Jaša (Slovene), Jacobo, Jaime, Yago (Spanish), Yakup (Turkish), Yakiv (Ukrainian), Iago (Welsh)

Categories

actors, Animal Crossing characters, Anne of Green Gables characters, artists, athletes, authors, biblical, biblical patriarchs, Charles Dickens characters, directors, fictional characters, literature, never out of the US top 1000, Orthodox saints, Ozark characters, painters, Philip K Dick characters, poets, Roseanne characters, saints, scientists, song titles, Stephen King characters, Supernatural characters, Thomas Hardy characters, top 10 in New Zealand, top 10 in Northern Ireland, top 10 in the UK, top 10 in the US, True Detective characters, Twilight characters, uncertain etymology, Westworld characters, world leaders, Ys characters
Entry updated December 8, 2017