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Meaning & History

Medieval English form of Johanne, an Old French form of Iohanna (see JOANNA). This was the usual English feminine form of John in the Middle Ages, but it was surpassed in popularity by Jane in the 17th century.

This name (in various spellings) has been common among European royalty, being borne by ruling queens of Naples, Navarre and Castile. Another famous bearer was Joan of Arc, a patron saint of France (where she is known as Jeanne d'Arc). She was a 15th-century peasant girl who, after claiming she heard messages from God, was given leadership of the French army. She defeated the English in the battle of Orléans but was eventually captured and burned at the stake.

Other notable bearers include the actress Joan Crawford (1904-1977) and the comedian Joan Rivers (1933-2014), both Americans.
Masculine FormsEvan, Ian, Ivan, John, Jon, Sean, Shane, Shaun, Shawn, Shayne
Other Languages & CulturesLashawn, Tajuana African American Jone Basque Joanna Biblical Ioanna Biblical Greek Iohanna Biblical Latin Ioana, Ivana, Yana, Yanka, Yoana Bulgarian Joana Catalan Ghjuvanna Corsican Ivana, Žana Croatian Ivana, Jana, Johana Czech Johanna, Johanne, Hanna, Hanne, Janne, Jannicke, Jannike, Jonna Danish Jana, Janna, Johanna, Hanna, Hanne, Hannie, Jennigje, Johanneke Dutch Johanna Estonian Janika, Janina, Johanna, Hanna, Hannele, Janna, Jonna Finnish Jeanne, Johanne, Joanne French Xoana Galician Jana, Janina, Johanna, Hanna, Hanne German Gianna, Ioanna, Yanna, Nana Greek Johanna, Hanna Hungarian Jóhanna, Jóna Icelandic Chevonne, Shavonne, Shevaun, Shevon, Síne, Siobhán Irish Giovanna, Gia, Gianna, Giannina, Giovannetta, Nina, Vanna Italian Johanna Late Roman Janina Lithuanian Ivana, Jovana Macedonian Jehanne, Johanne Medieval French Johanna, Johanne, Hanna, Hanne, Janne, Jannicke, Jannike Norwegian Janina, Joanna, Asia, Joasia Polish Joana, Joaninha Portuguese Ioana Romanian Yana, Zhanna Russian Giuanna Sardinian Jean, Seona, Seonag, Sheena, Sheona, Shona, Sìne, Seònaid Scottish Ivana, Jovana Serbian Ivana, Jana Slovak Ivana, Jana, Žana Slovene Juana, Juanita Spanish Janina, Janna, Johanna, Hanna, Jonna Swedish Ivanna, Yana Ukrainian Shan, Siân, Siwan Welsh
Same SpellingJoan (2)
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Depiction of Joan of Arc by Martin Lefranc (1450)Depiction of Joan of Arc by Martin Lefranc (1450)


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Entry updated October 20, 2016   Contribute