ASTON m & f English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from either a place name meaning "east town" in Old English or from the given name ÆÐELSTAN
AUSTER m Roman Mythology
in Latin (descended from an Indo-European root meaning "dawn", making it related to the English word east
). Auster was the Roman god of the south wind.
BENJAMIN m English, French, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Biblical
From the Hebrew name בִּנְיָמִין (Binyamin)
meaning "son of the south"
or "son of the right hand"
, from the roots בֵּן (ben)
meaning "son" and יָמִין (yamin)
meaning "right hand, south". Benjamin in the Old Testament was the twelfth and youngest son of Jacob
and the founder of one of the southern tribes of the Hebrews. He was originally named בֶּן־אוֹנִי (Ben-'oni)
meaning "son of my sorrow" by his mother Rachel
, who died shortly after childbirth, but it was later changed by his father (see Genesis 35:18
DESMOND m English, Irish
From an Irish surname that was derived from Deasmhumhain
meaning "South Munster"
, originally indicating a person who came from that region in Ireland.
DONG m Chinese
From Chinese 东 (dōng)
meaning "east", 栋 (dòng)
meaning "pillar, beam", or other characters that are pronounced similarly.
DONG-GEUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 東 (dong)
meaning "east" and 根 (geun)
meaning "root, foundation", as well as other hanja character combinations.
EASTON m English (Modern)
From an English surname that was derived from place names meaning "east town"
in Old English.
GOEMON m History
Meaning unknown. His name is composed of the kanji 五 (go)
meaning "five", 右
(not pronounced) meaning "right-hand, west", 衛 (e)
meaning "guard, protect", and 門 (mon)
meaning "gate, door". This was the name of a semi-legendary 16th-century samurai who stole from the rich to give to the poor. After a failed assassination attempt on the daimyo Toyotomi Hideyoshi, he was boiled alive.
HUITZILOPOCHTLI m Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "southern hummingbird"
or "left-handed hummingbird"
in Nahuatl. In Aztec mythology he was the god of the sun and war. He was a patron deity of the city of Tenochtitlan (at the site of modern Mexico City).
IZTOK m Slovene
Derived from a South Slavic word meaning "east"
NORMA f English, Italian, Literature
Created by Felice Romani for the main character in the opera Norma
(1831). He may have based it on Latin norma
"rule". This name is also frequently used as a feminine form of NORMAN
NORMAN m English, Ancient Germanic
From an old Germanic byname meaning "northman"
, referring to a Viking. The Normans were Vikings who settled on the coast of France, in the region that became known as Normandy. In England the name Norman
was used before the Norman Conquest, first as a nickname for Scandinavian settlers and later as a given name. After the Conquest it became more common, but died out around the 14th century. It was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to a character by this name in C. M. Yonge's 1856 novel The Daisy Chain
NORTON m English
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "north town"
in Old English.
NORWOOD m English
From a surname that was originally taken from a place name meaning "north wood"
in Old English.
SHAWNEE f English (Modern)
Means "southern people"
in the Algonquin language. The Shawnee were an Algonquin tribe who originally lived in the Ohio valley.
SONDRE m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Sundri
, possibly from Old Norse sunn
TEMAN m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "right hand"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a grandson of Esau
for whom the town of Teman in Edom was named.
TEZCATLIPOCA m Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "smoking mirror"
in Nahuatl. In Aztec and other Mesoamerican mythology he was one of the chief gods, associated with the night sky, winds, war, and the north. Like his rival Quetzalcoatl
, he was a creator god.
UTTARA m & f Hinduism, Indian, Marathi
in Sanskrit. This is a transcription of both the masculine form उत्तर
(also written Uttar
) and the feminine form उत्तरा
(also written Uttarā
), both of which occur in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
belonging to the son and daughter of King Virata.
VESPASIAN m History
From the Roman cognomen Vespasianus
, derived either from Latin vesper
. This was the name of a 1st-century Roman emperor, Titus Flavius Vespasianus, the founder of the Flavian dynasty.
WESLEY m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "west meadow"
in Old English. It has been sometimes given in honour of John Wesley (1703-1791), the founder of Methodism.
WESTON m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "west town"
in Old English.
ZEDONG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 泽 (zé)
meaning "moist, grace, brilliance" combined with 东 (dōng)
meaning "east", as well as other character combinations. A notable bearer was the founder of the People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong (1893-1976).
ZEFERINO m Portuguese
Portuguese form of the Roman name Zephyrinus
, which was derived from the Greek Zephyros
). Saint Zephyrinus was a 3rd-century pope.