AGATHANGELOS Αγαθαγγελος m Late Greek
Means "bearer of good news"
, derived from Greek αγαθος (agathos)
meaning "good" and αγγελος (angelos)
meaning "messenger, angel". Saint Agathangelus of Rome was a 4th-century deacon who was martyred during the persecutions of the emperor Diocletian.
BABYLAS Βαβυλας m Late Greek, French (Rare)
Derived from the name of the ancient Mesopotamian city of Babylon. Saint Babylas was a 3rd-century patriarch of Antioch who was martyred during the reign of the Roman emperor Decius.
BESSARION Βησσαριων m Late Greek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Greek βησσα (bessa)
meaning "wooded valley"
. This was the name of a 5th-century Egyptian hermit who was a disciple of Saint Anthony the Great. It was later adopted by the scholar Basilios Bessarion (1403-1472), a Greek born in Byzantine Anatolia who became a Roman Catholic bishop.
DOROTHEA Δωροθεα f German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, English, Late Greek
Feminine form of the Late Greek name Δωροθεος (Dorotheos)
, which meant "gift of God"
from Greek δωρον (doron)
meaning "gift" and θεος (theos)
meaning "god". The name Theodore
is composed of the same elements in reverse order. Dorothea was the name of two early saints, notably the 4th-century martyr Dorothea of Caesarea. It was also borne by the 14th-century Saint Dorothea of Montau, who was the patron saint of Prussia.
ERASMUS Ερασμος m Late Greek (Latinized)
Derived from Greek ερασμιος (erasmios)
. Saint Erasmus, also known as Saint Elmo, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron saint of sailors. Erasmus was also the name of a Dutch scholar of the Renaissance period.
GERASIMOS Γερασιμος m Greek, Late Greek
Derived from Greek γερας (geras)
meaning "honour, gift"
. Saint Gerasimus was a 5th-century hermit who lived near the Jordan River.
KORALIA Κοραλια f Greek, Late Greek
Derived from Ancient Greek κοραλλιον (korallion)
(in Modern Greek κοραλλι
). This was the name of an obscure 4th-century saint and martyr from Thrace.
MANUEL Μανουηλ m Spanish, Portuguese, German, English, Italian, French, Romanian, Late Greek (Latinized)
Spanish and Portuguese form of EMMANUEL
. In the spelling Μανουηλ (Manouel)
it was also used in the Byzantine Empire, notably by two emperors. It is possible this form of the name was transmitted to Spain and Portugal from Byzantium, since there were connections between the royal families (king Ferdinand III of Castile married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen, who had Byzantine roots, and had a son named Manuel). The name has been used in Iberia since at least the 13th century and was borne by two kings of Portugal.
PARASKEVE Παρασκευη f Late Greek
Derived from Greek παρασκευη (paraskeue)
(being the day of preparation). This was the name of a 2nd-century saint who was martyred in Rome.
PHILOMENA Φιλομενα f English, German, Late Greek
From Greek φιλος (philos)
meaning "friend, lover" and μενος (menos)
meaning "mind, strength, force". This was the name of an obscure early saint and martyr. The name came to public attention in the 19th century after a tomb seemingly marked with the name Filumena
was found in Rome, supposedly belonging to another martyr named Philomena. This may have in fact been a representation of the Greek word φιλομηνη (philomene)
SABAS Σαβας m Spanish, Late Greek
From a Greek name that was derived from Hebrew סַבָא (sava')
meaning "old man"
. Saints bearing this name include a 4th-century Gothic martyr, a 5th-century Cappadocian hermit, and a 12th-century archbishop of Serbia who is the patron saint of that country.
SOPHRONIUS Σωφρονιος m Late Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Σωφρονιος (Sophronios)
, which was derived from Greek σωφρων (sophron)
meaning "self-controlled, sensible"
. Saint Sophronius was a 7th-century patriarch of Jerusalem.
SPYRIDON Σπυριδων m Greek, Late Greek
Late Greek name derived from Greek σπυριδιον (spyridion)
or Latin spiritus
. Saint Spyridon was a 4th-century sheep farmer who became the bishop of Tremithus and suffered during the persecutions of Diocletian.
STYLIANOS Στυλιανος m Greek, Late Greek
Derived from Greek στυλος (stylos)
. Saint Stylianos was a 7th-century hermit from Adrianopolis in Asia Minor who is regarded as a patron saint of children.
THEKLA Θεκλα f German (Rare), Greek (Rare), Late Greek
From the ancient Greek name Θεοκλεια (Theokleia)
, which meant "glory of God"
from the Greek elements θεος (theos)
meaning "god" and κλεος (kleos)
meaning "glory". This was the name of a 1st-century saint, appearing (as Θεκλα
) in the apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla
. The story tells how Thecla listens to Paul speak about the virtues of chastity and decides to remain a virgin, angering both her mother and her suitor.
XENE Ξενη f Late Greek
Variant of XENIA
. This was occasionally adopted as a monastic name during the Byzantine era.
ZENAIDA Ζηναιδα f Late Greek
Apparently a Greek derivative of Ζηναις (Zenais)
, which was derived from the name of the Greek god ZEUS
. This was the name of a 1st-century saint who was a doctor with her sister Philonella.