AGATHANGELOS Ἀγαθάγγελος m Late Greek
Means "bearer of good news"
, derived from Greek ἀγαθός (agathos)
meaning "good" and ἄγγελος (angelos)
meaning "messenger, angel". Saint Agathangelus of Rome was a 4th-century deacon who was martyred during the persecutions of the emperor Diocletian.
BABYLAS Βαβύλας m Late Greek, French (Rare)
Derived from the name of the ancient Mesopotamian city of Babylon. Saint Babylas was a 3rd-century patriarch of Antioch who was martyred during the reign of the Roman emperor Decius.
BESSARION Βησσαρίων m Late Greek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Greek βῆσσα (bessa)
meaning "wooded valley"
. This was the name of a 5th-century Egyptian hermit who was a disciple of Saint Anthony the Great. It was later adopted by the scholar Basilios Bessarion (1403-1472), a Greek born in Byzantine Anatolia who became a Roman Catholic bishop.
DOROTHEA Δωροθέα f German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, English, Late Greek
Feminine form of the Late Greek name Δωρόθεος (Dorotheos)
, which meant "gift of God"
from Greek δῶρον (doron)
meaning "gift" and θεός (theos)
meaning "god". The name Theodore
is composed of the same elements in reverse order. Dorothea was the name of two early saints, notably the 4th-century martyr Dorothea of Caesarea. It was also borne by the 14th-century Saint Dorothea of Montau, who was the patron saint of Prussia.
ERASMUS Ἔρασμος m Late Greek (Latinized)
Derived from Greek ἐράσμιος (erasmios)
. Saint Erasmus, also known as Saint Elmo, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron saint of sailors. Erasmus was also the name of a Dutch scholar of the Renaissance period.
GALAKTION Γαλακτίων m Late Greek, Georgian
Probably a derivative of Greek γάλα (gala)
). This was the name of a 3rd-century saint (also called Galation
) who was martyred in Emesa, Syria.
GERASIMOS Γεράσιμος m Greek, Late Greek
Derived from Greek γέρας (geras)
meaning "honour, gift"
. Saint Gerasimus was a 5th-century hermit who lived near the Jordan River.
IOANNIKIOS Ἰωαννίκιος m Late Greek
Combination of IOANNES
and Greek νίκη (nike)
meaning "victory". This name was borne by Ioannikios (or Joannicius) the Great, a 9th-century Byzantine saint.
MANUEL Μανουήλ m Spanish, Portuguese, German, Italian, French, Romanian, Late Greek (Latinized)
Spanish and Portuguese form of EMMANUEL
. In the spelling Μανουήλ (Manouel)
it was also used in the Byzantine Empire, notably by two emperors. It is possible this form of the name was transmitted to Spain and Portugal from Byzantium, since there were connections between the royal families (king Ferdinand III of Castile married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen, who had Byzantine roots, and had a son named Manuel). The name has been used in Iberia since at least the 13th century and was borne by two kings of Portugal.
METHODIUS Μεθόδιος m Late Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Μεθόδιος (Methodios)
, derived from Greek μέθοδος (methodos)
, ultimately from μετά (meta)
meaning "with" and ὁδός (hodos)
meaning "road". Saint Methodius was a Greek missionary to the Slavs who developed the Cyrillic alphabet (with his brother Cyril) in order to translate the Bible into Slavic.
PARASKEVE Παρασκευή f Late Greek
Derived from Greek παρασκευή (paraskeue)
(being the day of preparation). This was the name of a 2nd-century saint who was martyred in Rome.
PHILOMENA Φιλομένα f English, German, Late Greek
From Greek φίλος (philos)
meaning "friend, lover" and μένος (menos)
meaning "mind, strength, force". This was the name of an obscure early saint and martyr. The name came to public attention in 1802 after a tomb seemingly marked with the name Filumena
was found in Rome, supposedly belonging to another martyr named Philomena. This may have in fact been a representation of the Greek word φιλομήνη (philomene)
SMARAGDOS Σμάραγδος m Late Greek
in Greek, of Semitic origin. This was the name of a 3th-century Roman martyr and saint, better known by the Latinized form of his name Smaragdus
SOPHRONIUS Σωφρόνιος m Late Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Σωφρόνιος (Sophronios)
, which was derived from Greek σώφρων (sophron)
meaning "self-controlled, sensible"
. Saint Sophronius was a 7th-century patriarch of Jerusalem.
SPYRIDON Σπυρίδων m Greek, Late Greek
Late Greek name derived from Greek σπυρίδιον (spyridion)
or Latin spiritus
. Saint Spyridon was a 4th-century sheep farmer who became the bishop of Tremithus and suffered during the persecutions of Diocletian.
STYLIANOS Στυλιανός m Greek, Late Greek
Derived from Greek στῦλος (stylos)
. Saint Stylianos was a 7th-century hermit from Adrianopolis in Asia Minor who is regarded as a patron saint of children.
THEKLA Θέκλα f German (Rare), Greek (Rare), Late Greek
From the ancient Greek name Θεόκλεια (Theokleia)
, which meant "glory of God"
from the Greek elements θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and κλέος (kleos)
meaning "glory". This was the name of a 1st-century saint, appearing (as Θέκλα
) in the apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla
. The story tells how Thecla listens to Paul speak about the virtues of chastity and decides to remain a virgin, angering both her mother and her suitor.
XENE Ξένη f Late Greek
Variant of XENIA
. This was occasionally adopted as a monastic name during the Byzantine era.
ZENAIDA Ζηναΐδα f Late Greek
Apparently a Greek derivative of Ζηναΐς (Zenais)
, which was derived from the name of the Greek god ZEUS
. This was the name of a 1st-century saint who was a doctor with her sister Philonella.