ALEXANDER
GENDER: Masculine
OTHER SCRIPTS: Αλεξανδρος (Ancient Greek)
PRONOUNCED: al-əg-ZAN-dər (English), ah-lek-SAHN-der (German), ah-lək-SAHN-dər (Dutch)   [key]
Meaning & History
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros), which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo) "to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.

The name has been used by kings of Scotland, Poland and Yugoslavia, emperors of Russia, and eight popes. Other notable bearers include English poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), American statesman Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), Scottish-Canadian explorer Sir Alexander MacKenzie (1764-1820), Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), and Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor of the telephone.

Related Names
VARIANTS: Aleksander (Norwegian), Aleksander (Danish), Alexandros (Ancient Greek), Alexandros (Greek Mythology)
DIMINUTIVES: Al, Alec, Alex, Lex, Sandy, Xander, Zander (English), Alex (German), Alex, Lex, Sander, Xander (Dutch), Sander (Swedish), Sander (Norwegian), Sander (Danish), Sándor, Sanyi (Hungarian), Aleš (Slovak)
FEMININE FORMS: Alexandra, Alexina (English), Alexandra (German), Alexandra (Dutch), Alexandra (Swedish), Alexandra (Norwegian), Alexandra (Danish), Alexandra (Hungarian), Alexandra (Slovak), Alexandra (Ancient Greek), Alexandra (Greek Mythology)
OTHER LANGUAGES: Aleksander, Skender (Albanian), Iskandar (Arabic), Aleksandr (Armenian), Alesander (Basque), Alexandros (Biblical Greek), Aleksandar, Sasho (Bulgarian), Alexandre, Àlex (Catalan), Aleksandar, Sandi, Saša (Croatian), Alexandr, Aleš (Czech), Aleksandro, Aleĉjo (Esperanto), Aleksander (Estonian), Aleksanteri, Ale, Samppa, Santeri, Santtu (Finnish), Alexandre, Alex, Sacha (French), Alexandre (Galician), Aleksandre, Sandro (Georgian), Alexandros (Greek), Iskandar (Indonesian), Alastar (Irish), Alessandro, Ale, Sandro (Italian), Aleksandras (Lithuanian), Aleksandar, Aca, Ace, Aco, Sasho (Macedonian), Sikandar (Pashto), Eskandar (Persian), Aleksander, Olek (Polish), Alexandre, Alex, Xande, Xandinho (Portuguese), Alexandru, Sandu (Romanian), Aleksandr, Sasha, Shura (Russian), Alasdair, Alastair, Alistair, Alister, Ally, Sawney (Scottish), Aleksandar, Aca, Aco, Saša (Serbian), Aleksander, Aleks, Aleš, Sandi, Saša, Sašo (Slovene), Alejandro, Ale (Spanish), İskender (Turkish), Oleksander, Oleksandr, Olek (Ukrainian), Sikandar (Urdu), Sender (Yiddish)
Popularity
United States  ranked #8 
England/Wales  ranked #27 
Canada (BC)  ranked #7 
Australia (NSW)  ranked #14 
Austria  ranked #11 
Belgium  ranked #21 
Chile  ranked #44 
Denmark  ranked #12 
Hungary  ranked #93 
Iceland  ranked #3 
Ireland  ranked #54 
Netherlands  ranked #81 
New Zealand  ranked #27 
Northern Ireland  ranked #49 
Norway  ranked #21 
Scotland  ranked #7 
Sweden  ranked #8