Gender Masculine
Pronounced Pron. PEE-tər(English)
PEH-tər(Dutch, Danish, Slovene)

Meaning & History

Derived from Greek Πέτρος (Petros) meaning "stone". This is a translation used in most versions of the New Testament of the name Cephas, meaning "stone" in Aramaic, which was given to the apostle Simon by Jesus (compare Matthew 16:18 and John 1:42). Simon Peter was the most prominent of the apostles during Jesus' ministry and is often considered the first pope.

Due to the renown of the apostle, this name became common throughout the Christian world (in various spellings). In England the Normans introduced it in the Old French form Piers, which was gradually replaced by the spelling Peter starting in the 15th century [1].

Besides the apostle, other saints by this name include the 11th-century reformer Saint Peter Damian and the 13th-century preacher Saint Peter Martyr. It was also borne by rulers of Aragon, Portugal, and Russia, including the Russian tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725), who defeated Sweden in the Great Northern War. Famous fictional bearers include Peter Rabbit from Beatrix Potter's children's books, and Peter Pan, the boy who refused to grow up in J. M. Barrie's 1904 play.

Related Names

VariantsPiers(English (British)) Petrus, Pieter, Pier(Dutch) Peder(Danish) Peder, Petter(Swedish) Peder, Petter(Norwegian)
DiminutivesPete(English) Piet(Dutch) Peer, Per(Danish) Pär, Pehr, Pelle, Per(Swedish) Peer, Per(Norwegian)
Feminine FormsPetra, Petrina(English) Peta(English (Australian)) Petra(German) Petra(Dutch) Petra(Swedish) Petra(Slovene) Petra(Slovak)
Other Languages & CulturesPjetër(Albanian) Botros, Boutros, Butrus(Arabic) Bedros, Petros(Armenian) Peru, Petri, Peio(Basque) Piotr(Belarusian) Petros(Biblical Greek) Petrus(Biblical Latin) Per, Perig, Pierrick(Breton) Petar, Pencho, Penko(Bulgarian) Pere(Catalan) Botros, Boutros, Butrus(Coptic) Petru(Corsican) Petar, Pejo, Perica, Pero(Croatian) Petr, Péťa, Peťa, Petřík(Czech) Petro(Esperanto) Peeter(Estonian) Petur(Faroese) Petri, Petteri, Pietari, Peetu, Pekka(Finnish) Pierre, Pierrick(French) Pitter(Frisian) Petre(Georgian) Petros(Greek) Bitrus(Hausa) Pika(Hawaiian) Péter, Peti(Hungarian) Pétur(Icelandic) Peadar, Piaras(Irish) Pietro, Pier, Pierino, Piero(Italian) Pēteris(Latvian) Pitter, Pit(Limburgish) Petras(Lithuanian) Petar, Petre, Pece, Pero(Macedonian) Petera(Maori) Piers(Medieval French) Petruccio(Medieval Italian) Pièrre(Norman) Pèire(Occitan) Piotr(Polish) Pedro, Pedrinho(Portuguese) Petre, Petru, Petrică, Petruț(Romanian) Pyotr, Petia, Petya(Russian) Pedru(Sardinian) Peadar(Scottish Gaelic) Petar, Pejo, Perica, Pero(Serbian) Pedro(Spanish) Petro(Ukrainian) Pedr(Welsh)
Surname DescendantsPetersen(Danish) Peeters, Peter, Peters(Dutch) Peter, Peters, Peterson(English) Peter, Peters(German) Petersen(Norwegian) Petersson(Swedish)
Same SpellingPéter

People think this name is

classic   mature   formal   natural   wholesome   strong   refined   simple   serious   nerdy  

Name Days

Denmark: April 29
Germany: June 29
Norway: June 29
Slovakia: June 29
Sweden: June 29


Icon depicting Saint PeterIcon depicting Saint Peter


2020's Grand Slam tennis players, A Song of Ice and Fire characters, Alien characters, American Horror Story characters, Aphra Behn characters, apostles, Armistead Maupin characters, astronomers, authors, Black Butler characters, books of the Bible, British royal family, Bully characters, Catholic Church, Catholic saints, Chocolatier characters, Civilization VI characters, composers, DC Comics characters, Death Stranding characters, Derry Girls characters, Desperate Housewives characters, directors, Disney characters, Divergent characters, Doctor Who actors, earth, English verbs, Ever After High characters, explorers, Family Guy characters, film titles, Flack characters, Fleetwood Mac members, Frasier characters, Fringe characters, game designers, Game of Thrones actors, Ghostbusters, Godfather characters, Gone with the Wind characters, Gundam characters, Harry Potter characters, heroes, Heroes NBC characters, Hetalia characters, House of Cards US characters, Jesus Christ Superstar, Kate Bush songs, Kingdom Hearts characters, kings, Leo Tolstoy characters, literature, Mad Men characters, martyrs, Marvel characters, Mayflower passengers, Michael Cunningham characters, movies, Narnia characters, never out of the US top 1000, Octavia E. Butler characters, Once Upon a Time characters, Orthodox saints, Oscar Wilde characters, painters, Peter Pan characters, Philip K. Dick characters, philosophers, popes, Quantico characters, Ratched characters, royalty, Rule of Rose characters, RWBY characters, saints, scientists, Sex Education characters, Shakespearean characters, smooth jazz, song titles, Star Wars actors, Stephen King characters, storms, Street Fighter characters, television, The Brady Bunch characters, The Four Hundred members, The Golden Girls characters, The Great British Bake Off contestants, The Haunting characters, The IT Crowd characters, The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel characters, The Nanny characters, The Office US characters, The Sopranos characters, theatre, top 10 in Denmark, top 10 in Egypt Coptic Christians, top 10 in Germany, top 10 in Greenland, top 10 in Ireland, top 10 in Slovakia, top 10 in the Isle of Man, top 10 in the Netherlands, Tori Amos songs, Trinity Blood characters, Two and a Half Men characters, Virginia Woolf characters, Virtua Tennis opponent characters, Westworld characters, Will and Grace characters, WITCH characters, world leaders, YouTubers

Sources & References

  1. Withycombe, Elizabeth Gidley. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Oxford, 1945, page 108.
Entry updated April 25, 2021