ÆÐELFLÆD f Anglo-Saxon
Old English name composed of the elements æðel
"noble" and flæd
"beauty". Æðelflæd was a 10th-century queen of Mercia.
ÆÐELSTAN m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel
"noble" and stan
"stone". This was the name of a 10th-century English king, the first to rule all of England. The name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest, though it enjoyed a modest revival (as Athelstan
) in the 19th century.
ALBERT m English, French, Catalan, German, Polish, Russian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Romanian, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Adalbert
meaning "noble and bright"
, composed of the elements adal
"noble" and beraht
"bright". This name was common among medieval German royalty. The Normans introduced it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Æðelberht
. Though it became rare in England by the 17th century, it was repopularized in the 19th century by the German-born Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria.... [more]
ALVAH m Biblical
Means "his highness"
in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in the Old Testament as belonging to a descendant of Esau.
BASIL (1) m English
From the Greek name Βασίλειος (Basileios)
, which was derived from βασιλεύς (basileus)
. Saint Basil the Great was a 4th-century bishop of Caesarea and one of the fathers of the early Christian church. Due to him, the name (in various spellings) has come into general use in the Christian world, being especially popular among Eastern Christians. It was also borne by two Byzantine emperors.
BLANCHE f French, English
From a medieval French nickname meaning "white, fair"
. This name and its cognates in other languages are ultimately derived from the Germanic word blanc
. An early bearer was the 12th-century Blanca of Navarre, the wife of Sancho III of Castile. Her granddaughter of the same name married Louis VIII of France, with the result that the name became more common in France.
BRENNUS m Gaulish (Latinized)
Latinized form of a Celtic name (or title) that possibly meant either "king, prince"
. Brennus was a Gallic leader of the 4th century BC who attacked and sacked Rome.
CADEYRN m Ancient Welsh
Means "battle king"
from Welsh cad
"battle" and teyrn
"king, monarch". Cadeyrn (also known as Catigern) was a 5th-century king of Powys in Wales, the son of Vortigern.
CADFAEL m Welsh
Means "battle prince"
from Welsh cad
"battle" and mael
CAMBYSES m History
From Καμβύσης (Kambyses)
, the Greek form of the Old Persian name Kambujiya
, which is of unknown meaning. Two Persian kings bore this name, including Cambyses II who conquered Egypt.
CASIMIR m English, French
English form of the Polish name Kazimierz
, derived from the Slavic element kaziti
"to destroy" combined with miru
"peace, world". Four kings of Poland have borne this name, including Casimir III the Great, who greatly strengthened the Polish state in the 14th century. It was also borne Saint Casimir, a 15th-century Polish prince and a patron saint of Poland and Lithuania. The name was imported into Western Europe via Germany, where it was borne by some royalty.
CASPIAN m Literature
Used by author C. S. Lewis for a character in his Chronicles of Narnia
series, first appearing in 1950. Prince Caspian first appears in the fourth book, where he is the rightful king of Narnia driven into exile by his evil uncle Miraz. Lewis probably based the name on the Caspian Sea, which was named for the city of Qazvin, which was itself named for the ancient Cas tribe.
CHOBIN m History
From Persian چوبین (Chubin)
. Bahram Chobin was a 6th-century Sasanian general and, for a short period, the king. He received this nickname because he was tall and thin. He appears in the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh
CLARENCE m English
From the Latin title Clarensis
, which belonged to members of the British royal family. The title ultimately derives from the name of the town of Clare in Suffolk. As a given name it has been in use since the 19th century.
CYNEBURG f Anglo-Saxon
Means "royal fortress"
from Old English cyne
"royal" and burg
"fortress". Saint Cyneburga, a daughter of a king of Mercia, was the founder of an abbey at Gloucester in the 7th century.
EUDOCIA f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εὐδοκία (Eudokia)
, derived from the word εὐδοκέω (eudokeo)
meaning "to be well pleased, to be satisfied"
, itself derived from εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and δοκέω (dokeo)
meaning "to think, to imagine, to suppose". This name was common among Byzantine royalty. Saint Eudocia was the wife of the 5th-century emperor Theodosius II.
FAUSTIN m French
French form ofFaustinus
). It is currently more common in French-speaking Africa and the French Caribbean than it is in France. A famous bearer was Faustin Soulouque (1782-1867), a president and then emperor of Haiti.
FELIX m German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From a Roman cognomen meaning "lucky, successful"
in Latin. It was acquired as an agnomen, or nickname, by the 1st-century BC Roman general Sulla. It also appears in the New Testament belonging to the governor of Judea who imprisoned Saint Paul
FERDINAND m German, French, Dutch, English, Slovak, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Ancient Germanic
, the old Spanish form of a Germanic name composed of the elements fardi
"journey" and nand
"daring, brave". The Visigoths brought the name to the Iberian Peninsula, where it entered into the royal families of Spain and Portugal. From there it became common among the Habsburg royal family of the Holy Roman Empire and Austria, starting with the Spanish-born Ferdinand I in the 16th century. A notable bearer was Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521), called Fernão de Magalhães in Portuguese, who was the leader of the first expedition to sail around the earth.
FLAITHRÍ m Irish
Means "king of princes"
from Gaelic flaith
"prince" and rí
FRIEDRICH m German
German form of FREDERICK
. This was the name of kings of Germany. The socialist Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) and the philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) are two famous bearers of this name.
GABRIEL m French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Catalan, English, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri'el)
meaning "God is my strong man"
, derived from גֶּבֶר (gever)
meaning "strong man, hero" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". Gabriel is an archangel in Hebrew tradition, often appearing as a messenger of God. In the Old Testament he is sent to interpret the visions of the prophet Daniel
, while in the New Testament he serves as the announcer of the births of John
. According to Islamic tradition he was the angel who dictated the Quran to Muhammad
GENGHIS m History
From the title Genghis
, meaning "universal ruler", which was adopted by the Mongol Empire founder Temujin
in the late 12th century. Remembered both for his military brilliance and his brutality towards civilians, he went on to conquer huge areas of Asia and Eastern Europe.
GORMLAITH f Irish, Scottish
Derived from Irish gorm
"blue" or "illustrious" and flaith
"princess, lady". This was the name of a wife of the 11th-century Irish ruler Brian
GRUFFUDD m Welsh
From the Old Welsh name Grippiud
, the second element deriving from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" but the first element being of uncertain meaning (possibly cryf
"strong"). This was a common name among medieval Welsh royalty. Gruffudd (or Gruffydd) ap Llywelyn was an 11th-century Welsh ruler who fought against England.
GURGEN m Armenian, Georgian
Derived from Middle Persian gurg
"wolf" combined with a diminutive suffix. This name was borne by several Georgian kings and princes.
HERMENEGILDO m Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of a Visigothic name meaning "complete sacrifice"
, from the Germanic elements ermen
"whole, entire" and gild
"sacrifice, value". It was borne by a 6th-century saint, the son of Liuvigild the Visigothic king of Hispania.
HŌKŪLANI f Hawaiian
Means "heavenly star"
from Hawaiian hōkū
"star" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
ISIS f Egyptian Mythology (Hellenized)
Greek form of Egyptian ꜣst
(reconstructed as Iset
), possibly from st
. In Egyptian mythology Isis was the goddess of the sky and nature, the wife of Osiris
and the mother of Horus
. She was originally depicted wearing a throne-shaped headdress, but in later times she was conflated with the goddess Hathor
and depicted having the horns of a cow on her head. She was also worshipped by people outside of Egypt, such as the Greeks and Romans.
JUDITH f English, Jewish, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Spanish, French, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוּדִית (Yehudit)
meaning "Jewish woman"
, feminine of יְהוּדִי (yehudi)
, ultimately referring to a person from the tribe of Judah
. In the Old Testament Judith is one of the Hittite wives of Esau
. This is also the name of the main character of the apocryphal Book of Judith. She killed Holofernes, an invading Assyrian commander, by beheading him in his sleep.... [more]
KAHINA f Northern African, Berber
Derived from Arabic الكاهِنة (al-Kahinah)
meaning "the diviner, the fortuneteller"
. This was a title applied to the 7th-century Berber queen Dihya, who resisted the Arab expansion into North Africa.
KALANI m & f Hawaiian
Means "the heavens"
from Hawaiian ka
"the" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
KAMALANI f & m Hawaiian
Means "heavenly child"
or "royal child"
from Hawaiian kama
"child" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
KAUR f Indian (Sikh)
, ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari)
meaning "girl". This surname was assigned to all female Sikhs in 1699 by Guru Gobind Singh. It is now used as a surname or a middle name by most female Sikhs. The male equivalent is Singh
KENDRICK m English
From a surname that has several different origins. It could be from the Old English given names Cyneric
"royal power" or Cenric
"bold power", or from the Welsh name Cynwrig
"chief hero". It can also be an Anglicized form of the Gaelic surname Mac Eanraig
meaning "son of HENRY
KENELM m English (Rare)
From the Old English name Cenhelm
, which was composed of the elements cene
"bold, keen" and helm
"helmet". Saint Kenelm was a 9th-century martyr from Mercia, where he was a member of the royal family. The name was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, but has since become rare.
KINGSLEY m English (Modern)
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "king's wood"
in Old English.
KUNEGUNDA f Polish (Rare)
Polish form of KUNIGUNDE
. The 13th-century Saint Kunegunda was the daughter of Bela IV, king of Hungary. She married Boleslaus V of Poland, but after his death refused to assume power and instead became a nun.
LANI f Hawaiian
Means "sky, heaven, royal, majesty"
LÁSZLÓ m Hungarian
Hungarian form of VLADISLAV
. Saint László was an 11th-century king of Hungary, looked upon as the embodiment of Christian virtue and bravery.
LEILANI f & m Hawaiian
Means "heavenly flowers"
or "royal child"
from Hawaiian lei
"flowers, lei, child" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
MAKEDA f History
Possibly means "greatness"
in Ethiopic. This was the name of an Ethiopian queen of the 10th-century BC. She is probably the same person as the Queen of Sheba, who visited Solomon in the Old Testament.
MALIK (1) m Arabic
in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الملك (al-Malik)
is one of the 99 names of Allah. This can also be another way of transcribing the name مالك
MARGUERITE f French
French form of MARGARET
. This is also the French word for the daisy flower (species Leucanthemum vulgare).
MASAKO f Japanese
From Japanese 雅 (masa)
meaning "elegant, graceful" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Masako (1963-) is the current empress consort of Japan. This name can also be formed from other combinations of kanji.
MELCHIOR m Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
Possibly from the Hebrew roots מֶלֶכְ (melekh)
meaning "king" and אוֹר ('or)
meaning "light". This was a name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus
. According to medieval tradition he was a king of Persia.
MELITA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of MELITE
. However, in the case of Queen Victoria's granddaughter Princess Victoria Melita (1876-1936), it was derived from Melita
, the Latin name of the island country of Malta where she was born.
MENES m Ancient Egyptian (Hellenized)
Greek form of Egyptian mnj
, possibly derived from mn
"to endure". Menes was an Egyptian king who united Upper and Lower Egypt around 3000 BC. He is also known as Narmer; Menes was probably his funeral name.
MERESANKH f Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian mrs-ꜥnḫ
meaning "she loves life"
. This name was borne by several Egyptian royals during the 4th-dynasty period.
MERITITES f Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian mryt-jts
meaning "loved by her father"
. This name was borne by several Egyptian royals, including a wife and a daughter of the pharaoh Khufu
MIKHAIL m Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian
Russian and Belarusian form of MICHAEL
, and an alternate transcription of Bulgarian Михаил
). This was the name of two Russian tsars. Other notable bearers include the poet Mikhail Lermontov (1814-1841) and the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev (1931-).
MORRIGAN f Irish Mythology
Derived from Irish Mór Ríoghain
meaning "great queen"
. In Irish myth she was a goddess of war and death who often took the form of a crow.
NANDA m Hinduism, Indian, Kannada, Tamil
in Sanskrit. In Hindu texts this is a name of both Vishnu
and the foster-father of Krishna
, as well as various other characters. In Buddhist texts this is the name of a god and a disciple of Buddha. Nanda was also the name of a 4th-century BC king who founded a dynasty in Magadha in India.
NOELANI f Hawaiian
Means "heavenly mist"
from Hawaiian noe
"mist" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
ÓRFHLAITH f Irish
Means "golden princess"
from Irish ór
"gold" combined with flaith
"princess". This was the name of a sister of the Irish king Brian
OSCAR m English, Irish, Portuguese (Brazilian), Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, French, Irish Mythology
Possibly means "deer friend"
, derived from Gaelic os
"deer" and cara
"friend". Alternatively, it may derive from the Old English name OSGAR
or its Old Norse cognate ÁSGEIRR
, which may have been brought to Ireland by Viking invaders and settlers. In Irish legend Oscar was the son of the poet Oisín
and the grandson of the hero Fionn
mac Cumhail.... [more]
PETER m English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Slovene, Slovak, Biblical
Derived from Greek Πέτρος (Petros)
. This is a translation used in most versions of the New Testament of the name Cephas
, meaning "stone" in Aramaic, which was given to the apostle Simon
(compare Matthew 16:18
and John 1:42
). Simon Peter was the most prominent of the apostles during Jesus' ministry and is often considered the first pope.... [more]
POMARE m & f Tahitian
Means "night cough"
, from Tahitian po
"night" and mare
"cough". This name was borne by four kings and a queen of Tahiti. The first king adopted the name after his child died of a cough in the night.
PUTERI f Malay
Means "daughter, princess"
in Malay, ultimately from Sanskrit पुत्री (putri)
RAJA (2) m Urdu, Tamil, Indian, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Hindi, Marathi, Indonesian
Means "king, ruler"
, from Sanskrit राजन् (rajan)
RODERICK m English, Scottish, Welsh
Means "famous ruler"
from the Germanic elements hrod
"fame" and ric
"ruler, mighty". This name was in use among the Visigoths; it was borne by their last king (also known as Rodrigo), who died fighting the Muslim invaders of Spain in the 8th century. It also had cognates in Old Norse and West Germanic, and Scandinavian settlers and Normans introduced it to England, though it died out after the Middle Ages. It was revived in the English-speaking world by Sir Walter Scott's 1811 poem The Vision of Don Roderick
ROYAL m & f English
From the English word royal
, derived (via Old French) from Latin regalis
, a derivative of rex
"king". It was first used as a given name in the 19th century.
ROYALTY f English (Modern)
From the English word royalty
, derived (via Old French) from Latin regalitas
, a derivative of rex
RUAIDHRÍ m Irish
Means "red king"
from Irish ruadh
"red" combined with rí
"king". This was the name of the last high king of Ireland, reigning in the 12th century.
RYAN m Irish, English
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Riain
meaning "descendant of Rían"
. The given name Rían
probably means "little king"
(from Irish rí
"king" combined with a diminutive suffix).
SARAH f English, French, German, Hebrew, Arabic, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lady, princess, noblewoman"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Abraham
's wife, considered the matriarch of the Jewish people. She was barren until she unexpectedly became pregnant with Isaac
at the age of 90. Her name was originally Sarai
, but God changed it at the same time Abraham's name was changed (see Genesis 17:15
SHAKA m History
From Zulu uShaka
, apparently from ishaka
, a stomach cramp caused by an intestinal parasite. This was the name of a Zulu warrior king (1787-1828), supposedly given because his unmarried mother Nandi and/or his father Senzangakhona blamed her pregnancy symptoms on the parasite.
SOPHIA f English, Greek, German, Ancient Greek
in Greek. This was the name of an early, probably mythical, saint who died of grief after her three daughters were martyred during the reign of the emperor Hadrian. Legends about her probably arose as a result of a medieval misunderstanding of the phrase Hagia Sophia
"Holy Wisdom", which is the name of a large basilica in Constantinople.... [more]
STUART m English, Scottish
From an occupational surname originally belonging to a person who was a steward. It is ultimately derived from Old English stig
"house" and weard
"guard". As a given name, it arose in 19th-century Scotland in honour of the Stuart royal family, which produced several kings and queens of Scotland and Britain between the 14th and 18th centuries.
SULTAN m & f Arabic, Turkish, Urdu, Bengali, Avar
Means "ruler, king, sultan"
in Arabic. In the Arab world this name is typically masculine, but Turkey it is given to both boys and girls.
TAKEHIKO m Japanese
From Japanese 武 (take)
meaning "military, martial" or 竹 (take)
meaning "bamboo" combined with 彦 (hiko)
meaning "boy, prince". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
TALULLA f Irish
From the Gaelic name Tuilelaith
, which was derived from Irish tuile
"abundance" and flaith
TARQUIN m History
, a Roman name of unknown meaning, possibly Etruscan in origin. This was the name of two early kings of Rome.
TATIUS m Roman Mythology, Ancient Roman
Roman family name of unknown meaning, possibly of Sabine origin. According to Roman legend, Titus Tatius was an 8th-century BC king of the Sabines who came to jointly rule over the Romans and Sabines with the Roman king Romulus.
TEUTA f Albanian
Possibly derived from an Illyrian word or title meaning "queen"
. This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Illyrian queen.
TUDOR (1) m Welsh
From the older Welsh name Tudur
, possibly from the hypothetical Celtic name Toutorix
meaning "ruler of the people" (cognate with THEODORIC
). As a surname it was borne by five monarchs of England beginning with Henry VII in the 15th century.
UʻILANI f & m Hawaiian
Means "heavenly beauty"
or "royal beauty"
from Hawaiian uʻi
"youth, beauty" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
VYTAUTAS m Lithuanian
From the Baltic element vyti-
"chase, drive away" or vyd-
"see" combined with tauta
"people, nation". This was the name of a 15th-century Grand Duke of Lithuania, revered as a national hero in that country.
WALDEMAR m German, Polish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Germanic derivative of the Slavic name VLADIMIR
(or perhaps a cognate composed of the Germanic elements wald
"rule" and mari
"famous"). It was introduced into Scandinavia by the 12th-century Danish king Waldemar (or Valdemar) who was named after a royal ancestor of his Ukrainian mother.
YOSHIKO f Japanese
From Japanese 良 (yoshi)
meaning "good, virtuous, respectable", 芳 (yoshi)
meaning "fragrant, virtuous, beautiful" or 悦 (yoshi)
meaning "joy, pleased" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child". This name can be formed from other kanji combinations as well.
ZIEMOWIT m Polish
From an old Slavic name derived from the elements sem
"family" and vit
"lord, master". This was the name of a legendary Piast prince of Poland. It was also borne by several other Piast rulers.