Olivia
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Given Name OLIVIA
GENDER: Feminine
PRONOUNCED: ə-LIV-ee-ə (English), o-LEE-vyah (Italian, Spanish), o-LEE-vee-ah (German), O-lee-vee-ah (Finnish)   [key]
Meaning & History
This name was first used in this spelling by William Shakespeare for a character in his comedy 'Twelfth Night' (1602). Shakespeare may have based it on OLIVER or OLIVA, or perhaps directly on the Latin word oliva meaning "olive". In the play Olivia is a noblewoman who is wooed by Duke Orsino but instead falls in love with his messenger Cesario.

The name has been used in the English-speaking world since the 18th century, though it did not become overly popular until the last half of the 20th century. Its rise in popularity in America was precipitated by a character on the 1970s television series 'The Waltons'.
Related Names
VARIANTS: Alivia, Olyvia (English)
DIMINUTIVES: Liv, Livia, Livvy, Ollie (English), Vivi (Swedish), Vivi (Norwegian), Vivi (Danish)
OTHER LANGUAGES: Olivie (Czech), Olivie (French), Olívia (Hungarian), Oliwia (Polish), Olívia (Portuguese), Olívia (Slovak)
SAME SPELLING: Olívia
Popularity
United States  ranked #2 
England and Wales  ranked #2 
Canada (BC)  ranked #2 
Australia (NSW)  ranked #2 
Austria  - 
Belgium  ranked #4 
Catalonia  ranked #46 
Chile  ranked #95 
Denmark  ranked #13 
Finland  ranked #18 
France  ranked #74 
Galicia  ranked #41 
Hungary  ranked #65 
Ireland  ranked #20 
Italy  ranked #100 
Netherlands  ranked #28 
New Zealand  ranked #1 
Northern Ireland  ranked #5 
Norway  ranked #3 
Poland  ranked #89 
Portugal  ranked #84 
Scotland  ranked #3 
Spain  ranked #46 
Sweden  ranked #7 
Switzerland  ranked #22 
Sources and References
  • Cleveland Kent Evans, The Great Big Book of Baby Names (2006)