Ancient Roman Submitted Names
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Roman nomen perhaps meaning "a call, summons" or "of Acca". A notable bearer was the tragic poet Lucius Accius.
Feminization of Achilles
. Achilles grew more popular, even becoming common soon after the seventh century BC and was also turned into the female form Achilleía, attested in Attica in the fourth century BC (IG II² 1617) and, in the form Achillia, on a stele in Halicarnassus as the name of a female gladiator fighting an "Amazon".
Roman nomen gentile which was derived from Latin acutus
meaning "sharpened, pointed". It is ultimately derived from the Latin verb acuō
"to sharpen, to make pointed". This name was borne by a Roman plebeian tribune from the 5th century BC.
Roman nomen gentile of uncertain origin. A bearer of this name was the ancient Roman poet Lucius Afranius (1st century BC).
ALBINIANUSmAncient Roman, History
Roman cognomen which was derived from Albinius
. A bearer of this name was Lucius Sestius Quirinalis Albinianus, a Roman proquaestor and suffect consul from the 1st century BC.
Roman nomen gentile which was derived from Albinus
. This was the name of several ancient Romans, some of which lived as early as the 4th century BC.
Derived from a Roman nomen gentile of uncertain origin. This name was borne by several ancient Romans.
Annia Aurelia Faustina (c. 201 AD – c. 222 AD) was an Anatolian Roman noblewoman. She was an Empress of Rome and third wife of the Roman emperor Elagabalus
briefly in 221.
Roman nomen gentile derived from Latin aquila
"eagle" (see also Aquila
). This name was borne by several consuls from ancient Rome.
Feminine form of Arrius
. Bearers of this name include Arria Major (wife of Caecina Paetus) and her daughter Arria Minor.
Roman nomen gentile, which is ultimately derived from the Etruscan personal male name Arntni
, of which the meaning is unknown. Also compare Arruns
. A bearer of this name was Quintus Arrius, a Roman praetor from the 1st century BC.
Roman nomen gentile, which is derived from the personal male name Arruns
. This name was borne by several ancient Romans, such as the admiral and consul Lucius Arruntius the Elder and his son Lucius Arruntius the Younger, a senator.
Feminine form of the Roman family name Atius
, which is of unknown origin. This was the name of the mother of the Roman emperor Augustus
AUFIDIAfAncient Roman, History
Feminine form of Aufidius
. A bearer of this name was Aufidia, a daughter of the Roman magistrate Marcus Aufidius Lurco. Her own daughter, Livia Drusilla, would later become Roman Empress (as the wife of Emperor Augustus).
AUFIDIUSmAncient Roman, History, Literature
From the Roman nomen gentile Aufidius
, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. The first element, au
, may have been derived from the Latin preverb au
"away, off", but it could also have been a phonetic variant of the Latin preverb ab
Roman slave name, a feminine diminutive of Latin aureus
"golden" (possibly the feminine form of Aureolus
, a derivative of Aureus
). Camden (1605) lists Aureola "pretty little golden dame".
AURIAfAncient Roman, Basque
Means "golden" in Latin. From the Latin aurum
'gold'. See: Aurelia
. The gens Auria
was a Roman family at Larinum in southern Italy, known chiefly from Cicero's oration, 'Pro Cluentio'.
Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective bibulus
, which can mean "fond of drinking, drinking readily or freely, ever thirsty" (mostly in relation to alcoholic beverages), as well as "absorbent, porous"... [more]
Latin byname meaning "of Britain". This was one of the bynames of Emperor Claudius after the Roman conquest of Britain in 43 AD. Claudius also gave it to his son, Britannicus (full name Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus; 41-55 AD).
Roman cognomen which was derived from Calpurnius
. Bearers of this name include Roman consul Marcus Pupius Piso Frugi Calpurnianus (1st century BC) and Roman politician Marcus Antius Crescens Calpurnianus (3rd century AD).
From a Roman nomen gentile, which was derived from Latin calpurnias
, which ultimately comes from the word calpar
"chalice, cup" (this originally referred to an earthen wine vessel).
From the Roman nomen Caninius
, which is derived from Latin caninus
"dog-like, of a dog" (which in turn is derived from Latin canis
Derived from Latin canus
"old, grey(-haired), elderly" or Latin canis
"dog." This name was borne by Canius Rufus, a Roman poet.
Roman cognomen which was derived from Latin capito
meaning "big-headed", which itself is ultimately derived from Latin capitis
, the genitive of Latin caput
meaning "head". A known bearer of this name was the Roman tribune Gaius Ateius Capito (1st century BC).
Derived from Latin capitolium
(related to Late Latin capitellum
"small head, top of column", from which we derived our current word 'capital'), which is ultimately derived from Latin caput
CARUSmAncient Roman, History
Derived from Latin carus
"dear, beloved." This name was borne by a Roman Emperor from the 3rd century AD.
Roman nomen gentile of unknown meaning. This name was borne by several Romans from the 3rd century BC. Please note that this name most likely has a different etymology than the identical-looking name of the Celtic king of Kent (England) from the 1st century BC, whose name was latinized.
Roman cognomen, possibly a diminutive of Cato
. This was the surname of a great 1st-century BCE Roman poet. 'Because the families of the poet Gaius Valerius Catullus and another 1st-century BCE poet, Publius Valerius Cato (born about 14 years earlier), both came from the same region of Upper Italy, it has been suggested by cognomina scholar Iiro Kajanto that the Valerii Catones may have preceded the Valerii Catulli, and that the name of the later was derived from the former.'
From Latin cincinnatus
meaning "curly-haired". Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus (519–430 BC) was a consul of the Roman Republic.
Roman cognomen of uncertain meaning. This was the name of a Roman politician who was the father-in-law of Julius Caesar.
Saint Clateus (died 64 AD) was an early Christian martyr. He was an early bishop of the Roman Catholic Church in Brescia, Italy and was martyred during the persecutions of Christians by Nero.
Fairly obscure Roman nomen gentile that originated with a plebeian family that was native to the city of Tusculum, which was an important center of worship for the Dioscuri. Only one member of this family is known to history, namely Manius Cordius Rufus (1st century BC)... [more]
CORIOLANUSmAncient Roman, History, Literature
Roman cognomen which was derived from Corioli
, the name of an ancient but now lost Volscian city. Although derived from the Volscian language, it is not known what the meaning of the city's name was in Volscian... [more]
From a Roman nomen gentile, which was derived from Latin cornificus
"making horns", which itself was derived from Latin cornu
"horn" and Latin facere
"to make, to do". This name was borne by a Roman consul and a Roman poet, both of whom lived in the 1st century BC.
Derived from Latin corvus
"raven." Marcus Valerius Corvus was a Roman hero of the 4th century BC.
Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective crassus
, which can mean "solid, thick, dense" as well as "fat, gross, plump". This name was borne by several ancient Romans, such as the Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus (1st century BC).
DACIAfAncient Roman, Spanish
From the name of the region in what is now Romania. It is also the middle name of singer Paula DeAnda.
is a Latin word meaning "toothed". It was given as a cognomen (byname) to a boy born with teeth in his mouth.... [more]
This name is of Latin origin. The direct meaning is unclear but some potential meanings are: "understanding" , "brave man" as well as "man of wisdom." ... [more]
FAVONIUSmAncient Roman, Roman Mythology
Roman family name of disputed origin. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it is from Latin favere
"to favor"; Ernest Klein says, by dissimilation from *fovonius
, literally "the warming wind", from fovere
"to warm"... [more]
FEROXmAncient Roman, Pet
A Roman cognomen, meaning "wild, savage, ferocious." In his work De Re Rustica
, the 1st century Roman writer Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella recommends this as a good name for dogs.
Roman cognomen which was derived from the Roman nomen gentile Fulvius
. A bearer of this name was Roman praetor and consul Lucius Manlius Acidinus Fulvianus (2nd century BC).
From the Roman nomen Furius
, which is derived from Latin furia
"madness, fury, rage." This name was borne by a Roman statesman and soldier from the 4th century BC.
Derived from a Roman cognomen or agnomen, which was derived from Fuscus
. A bearer of this name was Publius Seius Fuscianus, who lived in the 2nd century AD and was a childhood friend of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
Derived from a Roman cognomen, which itself was derived from Fuscus
. A bearer of this name was Lucius Matuccius Fuscinus, who was consul suffectus in 159 AD.
Derived from Latin fuscus
"dark, black". This name was borne by several ancient Romans, such as Arellius Fuscus (Roman orator) and Aristius Fuscus (friend of Roman poet Horace), both of which lived in the 1st century BC.
Derived from Latin geminus
"twin." This was the name of a Greek astronomer and mathematician from the 1st century BC. His true Greek name is unknown but it was probably analogous to his Latin name of Geminus (and so his true name might have been Didymos).
GENESIUSmAncient Roman, Late Roman
From Greek Γενέσιος, (cognate with Genesis), meaning origin, beginning. This was the name of various Christian saints, most notably Genesius of Rome, the patron saint of actors.
There was a Roman Emperor called Claudius Gothicus. After a victory, he had earned the surname of "Gothicus" meaning he was the "conqueror of the Goths".
Derived from Latin hostilis
"hostile." This name was borne by Tullus Hostilius, a legendary Roman king from the 7th century BC.
Roman nomen gentile which was derived from the Roman cognomen Licinus
, which itself was derived from the Latin adjective licinus
meaning "bent, turned upward, upturned". Also compare the Latin verb licinio
meaning "to show through, to disclose".... [more]
Roman diminutive of Livia
. It was a family nickname for the elder sister of the Roman emperor Claudius, Livia Julia (c.13 BC-31 AD), apparently called Livilla
"little Livia" in order to distinguish her from her grandmother and namesake, Livia (wife of Augustus).
Feminine form of Lollius
. Famous bearer Lollia Paulina (d. 49 CE) was briefly the wife of the Roman emperor Caligula. She was charged with sorcery in 49 CE and exiled without trial. Once in exile, she was forced to commit suicide.
Roman family name of unknown meaning, possibly of Sabine origin. Alternatively it could be derived from Latin lolium
"darnel", darnel being a type of grass.
LONGINOSmAncient Roman (Hellenized)
Hellenized form of Longinus
. This name was borne by a Greek literary critic and writer from the 1st century AD and also by a Greek rhetorician and critic from the 3rd century AD.
Variant spelling of Lucilius
. This name was borne by a satirical poet who lived under the Roman emperor Nero in the first century AD.
Roman cognomen which was derived from a diminutive (as -ullus
is a Latin masculine diminutive suffix) of either the given name Lucius
or of the Latin noun lucus
meaning "grove" (see Lucina
The name of an ancient Roman Wolf Goddess who has a similar name as lupus, meaning 'wolf' in Latin
Roman cognomen which was derived from Latin luscinus
meaning "one-eyed", which itself is ultimately derived from the Latin adjective luscus
meaning "one-eyed, half blind" (see Luscus
Roman cognomen which was derived from the Latin adjective luscus
meaning "one-eyed, half blind".... [more]
From the Roman nomen gentile Lutatius
, which is also found spelled as Luctatius
. Its etymology is a little bit uncertain, but it is probably derived from the Latin noun luctatio
meaning "a wrestling" as well as "struggle, contest, fight", which itself is ultimately derived from the Latin verb luctor
meaning "to wrestle, to struggle, to fight"... [more]
The name of a Ancient Roman senator who was among the Senators who feared that Julius Caesar was becoming too powerful. In the play that playwright and poet William Shakespeare wrote based on the last days of Caesar, he and Flavius force citizens praising Caesar off the streets and taking decorations off statues in about the beginning of the play.
Derived from Latin maternus
"maternal, motherly." This name was borne by two saints from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.
This is the name of a fourth century saint. His sister, Poma, is also venerated as a saint.
MESSALINAfAncient Roman, Italian, Spanish, Catalan
Feminine diminutive of the Roman family name Messalla
, which was originally an agnomen derived from the place name Messana
, applied to the 3rd-century BC Roman general Manius Valerius Maximus Corvinus to commemorate his victory at the city of Messana in Sicily... [more]
Roman praenomen possibly derived from the Oscan word meddix
Ancient Roman gens (family name), feminine form of Mucius
. It was borne by matron Mucia Tertia
in the 1st Century BCE. For a time she was married to Pompey
, with whom she had three children.
An Orthodox saint in the 4th century. Son of Ss. Emmelia and Basil the Elder, and brother to St. Basil the Great, Ss. Theosebia and Gregory of Nyssa, and St. Macrina the younger.
NERONmAncient Roman (Hellenized), Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian
Hellenized form of Nero
as well as the Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Polish, Russian, Serbian and Ukrainian form of the name.
Derived from Latin numerus
"number" or Latin numerare
"to count, to number, to pay."
Roman surname which supposedly meant "descended from a nymph", derived from Latin nympha
"bride" or "nymph" (see Nympha
Feminine form of Opimius
. This was the name of a Vestal Virgin who died in 216 BC, after having been accused of having broken her vow of chastity.
Roman nomen gentile which is derived from the Latin adjective opimus
which can mean "fat, plump, corpulent, rich" (in reference to a person) as well as "fertile, fruitful" (in reference to land)... [more]
Archaic Roman praenomen which had already fallen out of use by the 1st century BC. It was typically given to a son that had been born after the death of his father, while the son's paternal grandfather was still alive... [more]
Roman nomen gentile which was originally a praenomen; it is the latinized form of the Oscan praenomen Úppiis
. Since Oscan is a language that has long been extinct and modern knowledge of its vocabulary is limited, it is uncertain what the meaning of the name was... [more]
From the Roman cognomen Pictor
, which is derived from Latin pictor
"painter." Quintus Fabius Pictor was a Roman historian from the 3rd century BC.
Derived from Latin portus
"port, harbour". Also note that there are instances where this name is a misspelling of Porcius
Roman family name which was probably derived from Latin propero
"to make haste, to be quick". Sextus Aurelius Propertius, better known as Propertius, was a 1st-century BC Roman poet. He was a contemporary of Virgil and Ovid.
Roman feminine given name derived from the Greek πολεμηιος (polemeios)
meaning "aggressive" or "warlike" and κρατος (kratos)
meaning "power". This was the name of a character in the play Rudens of Plautus.
Derived from Latin pupillus
"orphan, minor, little boy", which is a diminutive of Latin pupus
"boy." Lucius Orbilius Pupillus was a grammarian from the 1st century BC.