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Scriptsשְׁמוּאֵל Hebrew
PronouncedPron.SAM-yoo-əl English
SAM-yəl English
SA-MWEL French
ZA-mwel German
sa-MWEL Spanish
sa-MOO-el Polish
SAH-moo-el SwedishFinnish

Meaning & History

From the Hebrew name שְׁמוּאֵל (Shemu'el) which could mean either "name of God" or "God has heard". As told in the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament, Samuel was the last of the ruling judges. He led the Israelites during a period of domination by the Philistines, who were ultimately defeated in battle at Mizpah. Later he anointed Saul to be the first king of Israel, and even later anointed his successor David.

As a Christian name, Samuel came into common use after the Protestant Reformation. Famous bearers include American inventor Samuel Morse (1791-1872), Irish writer Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), and American author Samuel Clemens (1835-1910), who wrote under the pen name Mark Twain.
VariantSamuli Finnish
DiminutivesSam, Sammie, Sammy English Sami, Samppa, Samu Finnish
Other Languages & CulturesEsmail, Isma'il, Ismail Arabic Ismael, Samouel Biblical Greek Shemu'el, Yishma'el Biblical Hebrew Ismahel, Samuhel Biblical Latin Samuil Bulgarian Shmuel Hebrew Sámuel, Samu Hungarian Samuele Italian Samoil Macedonian Esmail Persian Samuil Russian İsmail Turkish Ismail Uyghur Sawyl Welsh
Same SpellingSámuel
User SubmissionsSamúel, Samuël


Samuel Clemens (a.k.a. Mark Twain) in 1909Samuel Clemens (a.k.a. Mark Twain) in 1909


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Entry updated December 8, 2017   Contribute