Given Name EMMA

GENDER: Feminine
PRONOUNCED: EM-ə (English), E-MA (French), EM-mah (Finnish), E-ma (German)   [details]

Meaning & History

Originally a short form of Germanic names that began with the element ermen meaning "whole" or "universal". It was introduced to England by Emma of Normandy, who was the wife both of king Ethelred II (and by him the mother of Edward the Confessor) and later of king Canute. It was also borne by an 11th-century Austrian saint, who is sometimes called Hemma.

After the Norman conquest this name became common in England. It was revived in the 18th century, perhaps in part due to Matthew Prior's poem 'Henry and Emma' (1709). It was also used by Jane Austen for the central character, the matchmaker Emma Woodhouse, in her novel 'Emma' (1816).

Categories

actresses, celebrity babies, Dutch royal family, fictional characters, Friends characters, Jane Austen characters, literature, Marvel characters, movies, Norwegian royal family, pop music, popular, Power Rangers characters, saints, top 10 in Australia, top 10 in Denmark, top 10 in Finland, top 10 in France, top 10 in Hungary, top 10 in Iceland, top 10 in Norway, top 10 in the Netherlands, top 10 in the US
VARIANTS: Emmalyn (English), Ema (Spanish), Ima (Dutch), Ima, Irma (Ancient Germanic)
DIMINUTIVES: Em, Emmie, Emmy (English), Emmi (Finnish), Emmy (Dutch)
OTHER LANGUAGES/CULTURES: Ema (Croatian), Ema (Czech), Irma (Georgian), Irma, Irmuska (Hungarian), Irma (Lithuanian), Ema (Portuguese), Ema (Slovak), Ema (Slovene)
USER SUBMISSION: Emmá
  United States
2016
  Australia (NSW)
2016
  Austria
2014
  Belgium
2015
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
2016
  Canada (BC)
2015
  Catalonia
2014
  Chile
2014
  Croatia
2009
  Czech Republic
2014
  Denmark
2015
  England and Wales
2016
  Finland
2015
  France
2015
  Galicia
2015
  Hungary
2015
  Iceland
2015
  Ireland
2015
  Italy
2015
  Netherlands
2016
  New Zealand
2016
  Northern Ireland
2015
  Norway
2015
  Poland
2014
  Portugal
2016
  Scotland
2016
  Slovenia
not
ranked
2016
  Spain
2015
  Sweden
2016
  Switzerland
2013

Sources & References

  • Elizabeth Gidley Withycombe, The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names (1945)
  • Ernst Förstemann, Altdeutsches namenbuch (1900), page 950