Emma
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Given Name EMMA
GENDER: Feminine
PRONOUNCED: EM-ə (English), E-MA (French), EM-mah (Finnish), E-ma (German)   [details]
Meaning & History
Originally a short form of Germanic names that began with the element ermen meaning "whole" or "universal". It was introduced to England by Emma of Normandy, who was the wife both of king Ethelred II (and by him the mother of Edward the Confessor) and later of king Canute. It was also borne by an 11th-century Austrian saint, who is sometimes called Hemma.

After the Norman conquest this name became common in England. It was revived in the 18th century, perhaps in part due to Matthew Prior's poem 'Henry and Emma' (1709). It was also used by Jane Austen for the central character, the matchmaker Emma Woodhouse, in her novel 'Emma' (1816).
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Related Names
VARIANTS: Emmalyn (English), Ema (Spanish), Ima (Dutch), Ima, Irma (Ancient Germanic)
DIMINUTIVES: Em, Emmie, Emmy (English), Emmi (Finnish), Emmy (Dutch)
OTHER LANGUAGES/CULTURES: Ema (Croatian), Ema (Czech), Irma (Georgian), Irma, Irmuska (Hungarian), Irma (Lithuanian), Ema (Portuguese), Ema (Slovak), Ema (Slovene)
USER SUBMISSION: Emmá
Popularity
United States  ranked #1 
England and Wales  ranked #60 
Canada (BC)  ranked #1 
Australia (NSW)  ranked #27 
Austria  ranked #4 
Belgium  ranked #1 
Bosnia and Herzegovina  ranked #56 
Catalonia  ranked #8 
Chile  ranked #41 
Croatia  ranked #84 
Czech Republic  ranked #27 
Denmark  ranked #6 
Finland  ranked #7 
France  ranked #2 
Galicia  ranked #15 
Hungary  ranked #9 
Iceland  ranked #6 
Ireland  ranked #2 
Italy  ranked #7 
Netherlands  ranked #2 
New Zealand  ranked #13 
Northern Ireland  ranked #20 
Norway  ranked #1 
Poland  ranked #87 
Portugal  ranked #90 
Scotland  ranked #19 
Slovenia  ranked #63 
Spain  ranked #13 
Sweden  ranked #30 
Switzerland  ranked #2 
Sources and References
  • Elizabeth Gidley Withycombe, The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names (1945)
  • Ernst Förstemann, Altdeutsches namenbuch (1900), page 950