Bishops of Rome and the Popes

According to tradition the first Bishop of Rome was the apostle Saint Peter. By the time of Leo the Great 400 years later the Bishops of Rome were the most powerful figures in western Christianity.

It was Leo who began officially using the title pope (Latin papa "father"), though it was originally used by many other bishops besides him. In the 11th century Gregory VII decreed that the title should belong only to the Bishops of Rome. It is worth noting that not all of the popes have lived in Rome; for 70 years in the 14th century they resided in Avignon in France.

Note: an antipope was a rival who was set up in opposition to the canonical pope.

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The names that are unnumbered belonged to antipopes.

#NameYearsOther Names
1.Peter?-67(Petrus)
2.Linus67-76
3.Anacletus79-92(Anencletus, Cletus)
4.Clement I92-99(Clemens)
5.Evaristus99-107(Aristus)
6.Alexander I107-115
7.Sixtus I115-124(Xystus)
8.Telesphorus125-137
9.Hyginus137-140
10.Pius I140-154
11.Anicetus154-167
12.Soter166-174(Soterius, Soterus)
13.Eleuterus174-189(Eleutherius, Eleutherus)
14.Victor I189-199
15.Zephyrinus199-217
16.Callixtus I217-222(Calixtus, Callistus)
Hippolytus of Rome217-235
17.Urban I222-230(Urbanus)
18.Pontian230-235(Pontianus)
19.Anterus235-236
20.Fabian236-250(Fabianus)
21.Cornelius251-253
Novatian251-258(Novatianus)
22.Lucius I253-254
23.Stephen I254-257(Stephanus)
24.Sixtus II257-258(Xystus)
25.Dionysius259-268
26.Felix I269-274
27.Eutychian275-283(Eutychianus)
28.Caius283-296(Gaius)
29.Marcellinus296-304
30.Marcellus I308-309
31.Eusebius309-310
32.Miltiades311-314(Melchiades)
33.Sylvester I314-335(Silvester)
34.Mark336(Marcus)
35.Julius I337-352(Iulius)
36.Liberius352-366
Felix II355-365
Ursinus366-367(Ursicinus)
37.Damasus I366-384
38.Siricius384-399
39.Anastasius I399-401
40.Innocent I401-417(Innocentius)
41.Zosimus417-418
Eulalius418-419
42.Boniface I418-422(Bonifacius)
43.Celestine I422-432(Caelestinus)
44.Sixtus III432-440
45.Leo I the Great440-461
46.Hilarius461-468(Hilary)
47.Simplicius468-483
48.Felix III483-492
49.Gelasius I492-496
50.Anastasius II496-498
Laurentius498-506(Lawrence)
51.Symmachus498-514
52.Hormisdas514-523
53.John I523-526(Ioannes)
54.Felix IV526-530
Dioscorus530
55.Boniface II530-532(Bonifacius)
56.John II533-535(Ioannes)
57.Agapetus I535-536(Agapitus)
58.Silverius536-537(Sylverius)
59.Vigilius537-555
60.Pelagius I556-561
61.John III561-574(Ioannes)
62.Benedict I575-579(Benedictus)
63.Pelagius II579-590
64.Gregory I the Great590-604(Gregorius)
65.Sabinian604-606(Sabinianus)
66.Boniface III607(Bonifacius)
67.Boniface IV608-615(Bonifacius)
68.Adeodatus I615-618(Deodatus, Deusdedit)
69.Boniface V619-625(Bonifacius)
70.Honorius I625-638
71.Severinus640
72.John IV640-642(Ioannes)
73.Theodore I642-649(Theodorus)
74.Martin I649-653(Martinus)
75.Eugene I655-657(Eugenius)
76.Vitalian657-672(Vitalianus)
77.Adeodatus II672-676(Deusdedit)
78.Donus676-678(Domnus)
79.Agatho678-681(Agathon)
80.Leo II682-683
81.Benedict II684-685(Benedictus)
82.John V685-686(Ioannes)
83.Conon686-687
Paschal687(Paschalis)
Theodore687(Theodorus)
84.Sergius I687-701
85.John VI701-705(Ioannes)
86.John VII705-707(Ioannes)
87.Sisinnius708
88.Constantine708-715(Constantinus)
89.Gregory II715-731(Gregorius)
90.Gregory III731-741(Gregorius)
91.Zachary741-752(Zacharias)
92.Stephen II752-757(Stephanus)
93.Paul I757-767(Paulus)
Constantine II767-768(Constantinus)
94.Stephen III767-772(Stephanus)
Philip768(Philippus)
95.Adrian I772-795(Hadrianus)
96.Leo III795-816
97.Stephen IV816-817(Stephanus)
98.Paschal I817-824(Paschalis)
99.Eugene II824-827(Eugenius)
100.Valentine827(Valentinus)
101.Gregory IV827-844(Gregorius)
102.Sergius II844-847
103.Leo IV847-855
Anastasius855
104.Benedict III855-858(Benedictus)
105.Nicholas I the Great858-867(Nicolaus)
106.Adrian II867-872(Hadrianus)
107.John VIII872-882(Ioannes)
108.Marinus I882-884
109.Adrian III884-885(Hadrianus)
110.Stephen V885-891(Stephanus)
111.Formosus891-896
112.Boniface VI896(Bonifacius)
113.Stephen VI896-897(Stephanus)
114.Romanus897
115.Theodore II897(Theodorus)
116.John IX898-900(Ioannes)
117.Benedict IV900-903(Benedictus)
118.Leo V903
Christopher903-904(Cristophorus)
119.Sergius III904-911
120.Anastasius III911-913
121.Lando913-914
122.John X914-928(Ioannes)
123.Leo VI928
124.Stephen VII929-931(Stephanus)
125.John XI931-935(Ioannes)
126.Leo VII936-939
127.Stephen VIII939-942(Stephanus)
128.Marinus II942-946
129.Agapetus II946-955
130.John XII955-964(Ioannes)
131.Benedict V964(Benedictus)
132.Leo VIII964-965
133.John XIII965-972(Ioannes)
134.Benedict VI973-974(Benedictus)
Boniface974(Bonifacius)
135.Benedict VII974-983(Benedictus)
136.John XIV983-984(Ioannes)
Boniface984-985(Bonifacius)
137.John XV985-996(Ioannes)
138.Gregory V996-999(Gregorius)
John997-998(Ioannes)
139.Sylvester II999-1003(Silvester)
140.John XVII1003(Ioannes)
141.John XVIII1003-1009(Ioannes)
142.Sergius IV1009-1012
Gregory1012(Gregorius)
143.Benedict VIII1012-1024(Benedictus)
144.John XIX1024-1032(Ioannes)
145.Benedict IX1032-1045(Benedictus)
146.Sylvester III1045(Silvester)
147.Benedict IX1045-1046(Benedictus)
148.Gregory VI1045-1046(Gregorius)
149.Clement II1046-1047(Clemens)
150.Benedict IX1047-1048(Benedictus)
151.Damasus II1048
152.Leo IX1049-1054
153.Victor II1055-1057
154.Stephen IX1057-1058(Stephanus)
Benedict1058-1059(Benedictus)
155.Nicholas II1058-1061(Nicolaus)
Honorius1061-1072
156.Alexander II1061-1073
157.Gregory VII1073-1085(Gregorius)
Clement III1080(Clemens)
Clement III1084-1100(Clemens)
158.Victor III1086-1087
159.Urban II1088-1099(Urbanus)
160.Paschal II1099-1118(Paschalis)
Theodoric1100-1101
Albert1102(Adalbert)
Sylvester1105-1111(Silvester)
161.Gelasius II1118-1119
Gregory1118-1121(Gregorius)
162.Callixtus II1119-1124(Calixtus, Callistus)
Celestine1124(Caelestinus)
163.Honorius II1124-1130
Anacletus1130-1138
164.Innocent II1130-1143(Innocentius)
Victor1138
165.Celestine II1143-1144(Caelestinus)
166.Lucius II1144-1145
167.Eugene III1145-1153(Eugenius)
168.Anastasius IV1153-1154
169.Adrian IV1154-1159(Hadrianus)
Victor1159-1164
170.Alexander III1159-1181
Paschal1164-1168(Paschalis)
Callixtus1168-1178(Calixtus, Callistus)
Innocent1179-1180(Innocentius)
171.Lucius III1181-1185
172.Urban III1185-1187(Urbanus)
173.Gregory VIII1187(Gregorius)
174.Clement III1187-1191(Clemens)
175.Celestine III1191-1198(Caelestinus)
176.Innocent III1198-1216(Innocentius)
177.Honorius III1216-1227
178.Gregory IX1227-1241(Gregorius)
179.Celestine IV1241(Caelestinus)
180.Innocent IV1243-1254(Innocentius)
181.Alexander IV1254-1261
182.Urban IV1261-1264(Urbanus)
183.Clement IV1265-1268(Clemens)
184.Gregory X1271-1276(Gregorius)
185.Adrian V1276(Hadrianus)
186.Innocent V1276(Innocentius)
187.John XXI1276-1277(Ioannes)
188.Nicholas III1277-1280(Nicolaus)
189.Martin IV1281-1285(Martinus)
190.Honorius IV1285-1287
191.Nicholas IV1288-1292(Nicolaus)
192.Celestine V1294(Caelestinus)
193.Boniface VIII1294-1303(Bonifacius)
194.Benedict XI1303-1304(Benedictus)
195.Clement V1305-1314(Clemens)
196.John XXII1316-1334(Ioannes)
Nicholas1328-1330(Nicolaus)
197.Benedict XII1334-1342(Benedictus)
198.Clement VI1342-1352(Clemens)
199.Innocent VI1352-1362(Innocentius)
200.Urban V1362-1370(Urbanus)
201.Gregory XI1370-1378(Gregorius)
202.Urban VI1378-1389(Urbanus)
Clement1378-1394(Clemens)
203.Boniface IX1389-1404(Bonifacius)
Benedict1394-1423(Benedictus)
204.Innocent VII1404-1406(Innocentius)
205.Gregory XII1406-1415(Gregorius)
Alexander1409-1410
John1410-1415(Ioannes)
206.Martin V1417-1431(Martinus)
Clement1423-1429(Clemens)
207.Eugene IV1431-1447(Eugenius)
Felix1440-1449
208.Nicholas V1447-1455(Nicolaus)
209.Callixtus III1455-1458(Calixtus, Callistus)
210.Pius II1458-1464
211.Paul II1464-1471(Paulus)
212.Sixtus IV1471-1484
213.Innocent VIII1484-1492(Innocentius)
214.Alexander VI1492-1503
215.Pius III1503
216.Julius II1503-1513(Iulius)
217.Leo X1513-1521
218.Adrian VI1522-1523(Hadrianus)
219.Clement VII1523-1534(Clemens)
220.Paul III1534-1549(Paulus)
221.Julius III1550-1555(Iulius)
222.Marcellus II1555
223.Paul IV1555-1559(Paulus)
224.Pius IV1559-1565
225.Pius V1566-1572
226.Gregory XIII1572-1585(Gregorius)
227.Sixtus V1585-1590
228.Urban VII1590(Urbanus)
229.Gregory XIV1590-1591(Gregorius)
230.Innocent IX1591(Innocentius)
231.Clement VIII1592-1605(Clemens)
232.Leo XI1605
233.Paul V1605-1621(Paulus)
234.Gregory XV1621-1623(Gregorius)
235.Urban VIII1623-1644(Urbanus)
236.Innocent X1644-1655(Innocentius)
237.Alexander VII1655-1667
238.Clement IX1667-1669(Clemens)
239.Clement X1670-1676(Clemens)
240.Innocent XI1676-1689(Innocentius)
241.Alexander VIII1689-1691
242.Innocent XII1691-1700(Innocentius)
243.Clement XI1700-1721(Clemens)
244.Innocent XIII1721-1724(Innocentius)
245.Benedict XIII1724-1730(Benedictus)
246.Clement XII1730-1740(Clemens)
247.Benedict XIV1740-1758(Benedictus)
248.Clement XIII1758-1769(Clemens)
249.Clement XIV1769-1774(Clemens)
250.Pius VI1775-1799
251.Pius VII1800-1823
252.Leo XII1823-1829
253.Pius VIII1829-1830
254.Gregory XVI1831-1846(Gregorius)
255.Pius IX1846-1878
256.Leo XIII1878-1903
257.Pius X1903-1914
258.Benedict XV1914-1922(Benedictus)
259.Pius XI1922-1939
260.Pius XII1939-1958
261.John XXIII1958-1963(Angelo, Ioannes, Giuseppe)
262.Paul VI1963-1978(Paulus)
263.John Paul I1978(Ioannes, Paulus)
264.John Paul II1978-2005(Ioannes, Ivan, Jan, Karol, Józef, Paulus, Pavao, Paweł)
265.Benedict XVI2005-2013(Benedictus)
266.Francis2013-(Franciscus)
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