ÆLFHEAH m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf
"elf" and heah
"high". This was the name of an 11th-century archbishop of Canterbury, a saint and martyr, who is commonly known as Alphege or Elphege.
ASTON m & f English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from either a place name meaning "east town" in Old English or from the given name ÆÐELSTAN
BAXTER m English
From an occupational surname that meant "(female) baker" in Old English.
BECKETT m English (Modern)
From an English surname that could be derived from various sources, including from Middle English beke
meaning "beak" or bekke
meaning "stream, brook".
BERGLJOT f Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Bergljót
, which was composed of the elements berg
"protection, help" and ljótr
BRAD m English
Short form of BRADLEY
, and other names beginning with Brad
. A famous bearer is American actor Brad Pitt (1963-).
BRADLEY m English
From a surname that originally came from a place name meaning "broad clearing" in Old English. A famous bearer of the surname was the World War II American general Omar Bradley (1893-1981).
EASTON m English (Modern)
From an English surname that was derived from place names meaning "east town" in Old English.
FOX m English (Modern)
Either from the English word fox
or the surname Fox
, which originally given as a nickname. The surname was borne by George Fox (1624-1691), the founder of the Quakers.
FREEMAN m English
From an English surname meaning "free man". It originally denoted a person who was not a serf.
FULTON m English
From a surname that was derived from the name of the town of Foulden in Norfolk, itself meaning "bird hill" in Old English.
HARLAN m English
From a surname that was from a place name meaning "hare land" in Old English. In America it has sometimes been given in honour of Supreme Court justice John Marshall Harlan (1833-1911).
HARLEY m & f English
From a surname that was derived from a place name, itself from Old English hara
"hare" and leah
HERSHEL m American, Yiddish
Yiddish diminutive of HIRSH
. As a non-Jewish American name (somewhat common around the end of the 19th century), it was likely inspired by the German surname HERSCHEL
, borne for instance by the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822).
HIRSH m Yiddish
Means "deer" in Yiddish, a vernacular form of Tzvi
. The deer is particularly associated with the tribe of Naphtali
(see Genesis 49:21).
KEMP m English (Rare)
From a surname derived from Middle English kempe
meaning "champion, athlete, warrior".
LEONARD m English, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave lion", derived from the Germanic elements lewo
"lion" (of Latin origin) and hard
"brave, hardy". This was the name of a 5th-century Frankish saint from Noblac who is the patron of prisoners and horses. The Normans brought this name to England, where it was used steadily through the Middle Ages, becoming even more common in the 20th century.
LEONARDO m Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of LEONARD
. A notable bearer was Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), an Italian artist and scientist of the Renaissance. He is known as the inventor of several contraptions, including flying machines, as well as the painter of the 'Mona Lisa'. Another famous bearer was Leonardo Fibonacci, a 13th-century Italian mathematician. A more recent bearer is American actor Leonardo DiCaprio (1974-).
LEONHARD m German
German form of LEONARD
. Leonhard Euler was a Swiss mathematician who made many important contributions to calculus, number theory, geometry and theoretical physics.
LINDEN m English
From a German surname that was derived from Old High German linta
meaning "linden tree".
LINTON m English
From a surname that was originally from place names meaning either "flax town" or "linden tree town" in Old English.
LINWOOD m English
From a surname that was originally from a place name meaning "stream forest" in Old English.
LYNDON m English
From an English surname that was derived from a place name meaning "linden tree hill" in Old English. A famous bearer was American president Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973).
MARQUIS m African American
From a noble title that derives from the Old French word marche
"march, borderland". The title originally referred to someone who ruled on the borderlands of a realm.
MASON m English
From an English surname meaning "stoneworker", from an Old French word of Germanic origin (akin to Old English macian
MINNA f German (Archaic), Finnish, Swedish
Means "love" in Old German, specifically medieval courtly love. It is also used as a short form of WILHELMINA
. This is the name of the title character in the play 'Minna von Barnhelm' (1767) by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.
NEWTON m English
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "new town" in Old English. A famous bearer of the surname was the English physicist Isaac Newton (1643-1727).
OGDEN m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "oak valley" in Old English. A famous bearer was the humourous American poet Ogden Nash (1902-1971).
RADCLIFF m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "red cliff" in Old English.
REED m English
From an English surname that is derived from Old English read
meaning "red", originally a nickname given to a person with red hair or a ruddy complexion.
ROOSEVELT m English
From a Dutch surname meaning "rose field". This name is often given in honour of American presidents Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) or Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).
STAR f English
From the English word for the celestial body, ultimately from Old English steorra
ÞÓRA f Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Either a feminine form of Þórr
) or else a short form of the various Old Norse names beginning with the element Þór
. In Norse myth Thora was the wife of the Danish king Ragnar Lodbrok.
TORNY f Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Þórný
, which was derived from the name of the Norse god Þórr
) combined with nýr
UNNI f Norwegian
Possibly a modern coinage based on the Old Norse elements unnr
"to wave, to billow" or unna
"to love" combined with nýr
VANCE m English
From an English surname that was derived from Old English fenn
meaning "marsh, fen".
WALTON m English
From a surname that was originally taken from various Old English place names meaning "stream town", "wood town", or "wall town".
WAYNE m English
From an occupational surname meaning "wagon maker", derived from Old English wægn
"wagon". Use of it as a given name can be partly attributed to the popularity of the actor John Wayne (1907-1979). Another famous bearer is Canadian hockey player Wayne Gretzky (1961-), generally considered the greatest player in the history of the sport.
WEBSTER m English
From an occupational surname meaning "weaver", derived from Old English webba
WESLEY m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "west meadow" in Old English. It has been sometimes given in honour of John Wesley (1703-1791), the founder of Methodism.
WINFIELD m English
From a surname that originated from various English place names, themselves derived from Old English winn
"meadow, pasture" and feld
WINTHROP m English
From a surname that was originally taken from town names meaning either "WINE
's village" or "WIGMUND
's village" in Old English.
WRIGHT m English
From an occupational surname meaning "craftsman", ultimately from Old English wyrhta
. Famous bearers of the surname were the Wright brothers (Wilbur 1867-1912 and Orville 1871-1948), the inventors of the first successful airplane, and Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), an American architect.