ÆÐELRÆD m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel
"noble" and ræd
"counsel". This was the name of two Saxon kings of England including Æðelræd II "the Unready" whose realm was overrun by the Danes in the early 11th century. The name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest.
BRENDAN m Irish, English, Breton
, the Latinized form of the Irish name Bréanainn
, which was derived from a Welsh word meaning "prince"
. Saint Brendan was a 6th-century Irish abbot who, according to legend, crossed the Atlantic and reached North America with 17 other monks.
CLARENCE m English
From the Latin title Clarensis
, which belonged to members of the British royal family. The title ultimately derives from the name of the town of Clare in Suffolk. As a given name it has been in use since the 19th century.
CYRUS m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From Κῦρος (Kyros)
, the Greek form of the Persian name Kūrush
, which may mean "far sighted"
. The name is sometimes associated with Greek κύριος (kyrios)
meaning "lord". It was borne by several kings of Persia, including Cyrus the Great, who conquered Babylon. He is famous in the Old Testament for freeing the captive Jews and allowing them to return to Israel. As an English name, it first came into use among the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation.
DOMNA f Late Roman, Greek
Feminine form of DOMNUS
. Saint Domna of Nicomedia was martyred during the persecutions of the early 4th century. However, in the case of Julia Domna, the Syrian wife of the Roman emperor Septimius Severus, it seems her name was actually of Semitic origin.
DOMNINUS m Late Roman
Latin name that was a derivative of DOMNUS
. This name was borne by several early saints, including the 4th-century martyr Domninus of Fidenza.
DOMNIUS m Late Roman
Latin name that was a derivative of DOMNUS
. Saint Domnius was a bishop of Split in Croatia who was martyred during the persecutions of Diocletian in the early 4th century.
DOMNUS m Late Roman
From Vulgar Latin domnus
, from Latin dominus
meaning "lord, master"
. This name was borne by the 6th-century saint Domnus of Vienne (also called Domninus).
DUKE m English
From the noble title duke
, which was originally derived from Latin dux
EARL m English
From the aristocratic title, which derives from Old English eorl
"nobleman, warrior". It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.
GWRTHEYRN m Ancient Celtic
Means "supreme king"
from Welsh gor
meaning "over" and teyrn
meaning "king, monarch". It is possible that this is not a name, but a title. According to medieval chroniclers, Gwrtheyrn (also known as Vortigern) was a 5th-century king of the Britons. It was he who invited the brothers Hengist
to Britain, which eventually led to the Anglo-Saxon conquest of England.
JUDICAËL m French, Breton
French form of the Old Breton name Iudicael
, derived from the elements iudd
"lord, prince" and hael
"generous". This was the name of a 7th-century Breton king, also regarded as a saint.
KAISER m Various
German form of the Roman title Caesar
). It is not used as a given name in Germany itself.
KAUR f Indian (Sikh)
, ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari)
meaning "girl". This surname was assigned to all female Sikhs in 1699 by Guru Gobind Singh. It is now used as a surname or a middle name by most female Sikhs. The male equivalent is Singh
KELVIN m English
From the name of a Scottish river, perhaps meaning "narrow water"
. As a title it was borne by the Irish-Scottish physicist William Thomson, Lord Kelvin (1824-1907), who acquired his title from the river.
KHALEESI f Literature
From a title used in the George R. R. Martin book series A Song of Ice and Fire
(first published 1996) and the television adaptation Game of Thrones
(2011-2019). It is a feminine form of the Dothraki title khal
meaning "warlord". In the series Daenerys
Targaryen gains this title after she marries Khal Drogo.
KING m English
From a nickname that derives from the English word king
, ultimately from Old English cyning
LADY f Spanish (Latin American)
From the English noble title Lady
, derived from Old English hlæfdige
, originally meaning "bread kneader". This name grew in popularity in Latin America after the marriage of Diana Spencer, known as Lady Di, to Prince Charles in 1981 and her death in 1997.
MARQUIS m African American
From a noble title that derives from the Old French word marche
meaning "march, borderland". The title originally referred to someone who ruled on the borderlands of a realm.
MINOS m Greek Mythology
Possibly from a Cretan word or title meaning "king"
. This was the name of a king of Crete in Greek mythology. He was the son of Zeus
. Because Minos had refused to sacrifice a certain bull to Poseidon
, the god had caused his wife Pasiphaë to mate with the bull, which produced the half-bull creature called the Minotaur. Minos had Daedalus
construct the Labyrinth to house the beast, but it was eventually slain by Theseus
MUIREDACH m Irish
in Irish. This was the name of several legendary and historical kings of Ireland.
NĀLANI f & m Hawaiian
Means "the heavens"
or "the chiefs"
from Hawaiian nā
, a definite article, and lani
"heaven, sky, chief".
NERYS f Welsh
Perhaps an elaboration of Welsh ner
"lord", with the intended meaning of "lady".
PRINCE m English
From the English word prince
, a royal title, which comes ultimately from Latin princeps
. This name was borne by the American musician Prince Rogers Nelson (1958-2016), who is known simply as Prince.
QUEEN f English
From an old nickname that was derived from the English word queen
, ultimately from Old English cwen
meaning "woman, wife".
RAJA (2) m Urdu, Tamil, Indian, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Hindi, Marathi, Indonesian
Means "king, ruler"
, from Sanskrit राजन् (rajan)
SARGON m Akkadian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew form סַרְגּוֹן (Sargon)
of the Akkadian name Sharru-ukin
, from šarru
meaning "king" and kīnu
meaning "legitimate, true". This was the name of the first king of the Akkadian Empire, beginning in the 24th century BC. It was also borne by the 8th-century BC Assyrian king Sargon II, who appears briefly in the Old Testament. The usual English spelling of the name is based on this biblical mention, applied retroactively to the earlier king.
SAYYID m Arabic
Means "lord, master"
in Arabic. A famous bearer was the Egyptian musician Sayyid Darwish (1892-1923).
SULTAN m & f Arabic, Turkish, Urdu, Bengali, Avar
Means "ruler, king, sultan"
in Arabic. In the Arab world this name is typically masculine, but Turkey it is given to both boys and girls.
TALULLA f Irish
From the Gaelic name Tuilelaith
, which was derived from Irish tuile
"abundance" and flaith
THANE m English (Rare)
From the Scottish and English noble title, which was originally from Old English thegn
ZOLTÁN m Hungarian, Slovak
Possibly related to the Turkish title sultan
meaning "king, sultan"
. This was the name of a 10th-century ruler of Hungary, also known as Zsolt.