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Scriptsגַּבְרִיאֵל Ancient Hebrew Γαβριηλ Ancient Greek
PronouncedPron.GA-BREE-YEL French
ga-BRYEL Spanish
GA-bree-el GermanClassical Latin
GAHB-ree-el Finnish
GAY-bree-əl English
GAB-ryel Polish

Meaning & History

From the Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri'el) meaning "God is my strong man", derived from גֶּבֶר (gever) meaning "strong man, hero" and אֵל ('el) meaning "God". Gabriel is an archangel in Hebrew tradition, often appearing as a messenger of God. In the Old Testament he is sent to interpret the visions of the prophet Daniel, while in the New Testament he serves as the announcer of the births of John to Zechariah and Jesus to Mary. According to Islamic tradition he was the angel who dictated the Qur'an to Muhammad.

This name has been used occasionally in England since the 12th century. It was not common in the English-speaking world until the end of the 20th century.
VariantsKaapo, Kaapro Finnish Gavril Romanian
DiminutivesBiel Catalan Gabby, Gabe English Gabi Romanian
Feminine FormsGabrielle French Gabriela Spanish Gabriela Portuguese Gabriela, Gabriele, Gabi German Gabriella Swedish Gabriella, Gabrielle, Briella English Gabriela, Gavrila, Gabi Romanian Gabriela Polish Gabriela Czech Gabriela Slovak
Other Languages & CulturesJabril, Jibril Arabic Gavri'el Biblical Hebrew Gavrail, Gavril Bulgarian Dzhabrail Chechen Gabrijel Croatian Gabriël Dutch Gavriil Greek Gavriel Hebrew Gábor, Gábriel, Gabi Hungarian Gabriele Italian Gabriels Latvian Gabrielius Lithuanian Gavril Macedonian Gavriil Russian Gavrilo Serbian Gabrijel Slovene Cebrail Turkish Havryil Ukrainian Gavrel Yiddish
Same SpellingGábriel, Gabriël
User SubmissionGabríel


Icon depicting the Annunciation, with Archangel Gabriel on the leftIcon depicting the Annunciation, with Archangel Gabriel on the left


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Entry updated July 11, 2018   Contribute