ABIEL m Biblical
Means "God is my father"
in Hebrew. This was the name of the grandfather of Saul in the Old Testament.
ABIHU m Biblical
Means "he is my father"
in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Aaron
in the Old Testament. He and his brother Nadab were killed by God because they presented him with unauthorized fire.
ABIJAH m & f Biblical
Means "my father is YAHWEH"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of several characters, both male and female, including the second king of Judah.
ABIMELECH m Biblical
Means "my father is king"
in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament including a king of Gerar who takes Abraham
's wife Sarah
, but is forced by God to give her back.
ABIRAM m Biblical
Means "my father is exalted"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Abiram is swallowed by an earthquake after rebelling against the leadership of Moses
ABISHAG f Biblical
Means "my father strays"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Abishag is a young woman who tends King David
in his old age.
ABISHAI m Biblical
Means "my father is a gift"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of King David
ABITAL f Biblical
Means "my father is the night dew"
in Hebrew. She is the fifth wife of David
in the Old Testament.
ABNER m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means "my father is a light"
in Hebrew, from אָב ('av)
meaning "father" and נֵר (ner)
meaning "lamp, light". In the Old Testament, Abner was a cousin of Saul
and the commander of his army. After he killed Asahel he was himself slain by Asahel's brother Joab
. It has been used as an English Christian given name since the Protestant Reformation. It was popular with the Puritans, who brought it to America in the 17th century.
ABRAHAM m English, Hebrew, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
This name may be viewed either as meaning "father of many"
in Hebrew or else as a contraction of ABRAM (1)
and הָמוֹן (hamon)
meaning "many, multitude". The biblical patriarch Abraham was originally named Abram but God changed his name (see Genesis 17:5
). With his father Terah
, he led his wife Sarah
, his nephew Lot
and their other followers from Ur into Canaan. He is regarded by Jews as being the founder of the Hebrews through his son Isaac
and by Muslims as being the founder of the Arabs through his son Ishmael
ABSALOM m Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אַבְשָׁלוֹם ('Avshalom)
meaning "my father is peace"
, derived from אָב ('av)
meaning "father" and שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
meaning "peace". In the Old Testament he is a son of King David
. He avenged his sister Tamar
by arranging the murder of her rapist, their half-brother Amnon
. He later led a revolt against his father. While fleeing on the back of a mule he got his head caught in a tree and was killed by Joab
ABU m Arabic
Means "father of"
in Arabic. This is commonly used as an element in a kunya, which is a type of Arabic nickname. The element is combined with the name of one of the bearer's children (usually the eldest son). In some cases the kunya is figurative, not referring to an actual child, as in the case of the Muslim caliph Abu Bakr
AHAB m Biblical, Biblical Latin
, from Hebrew אָח ('ach)
meaning "brother" and אָב ('av)
meaning "father". This was the name of a king of Israel, the husband of Jezebel
, as told in the Old Testament. He was admonished by Elijah
for his sinful behaviour. Herman Melville later used this name in his novel Moby-Dick
(1851), where it belongs to a sea captain obsessively hunting for a white whale.
AITOR m Basque, Spanish
Possibly means "good fathers"
from Basque aita
"father" and on
"good". This was the name of a legendary ancestor of the Basques.
ANTIPATER m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Ἀντίπατρος (Antipatros)
, which meant "like the father"
from Greek ἀντί (anti)
meaning "against, compared to, like" and πατήρ (pater)
meaning "father" (genitive πατρός
). This was the name of an officer of Alexander the Great who became the regent of Macedon during Alexander's absence.
APOLLO m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Ἀπόλλων (Apollon)
, which is of unknown meaning, though perhaps related to Indo-European *apelo
. Another theory states that Apollo can be equated with Appaliunas, an Anatolian god whose name possibly means "father lion"
or "father light"
. The Greeks later associated Apollo's name with the Greek verb ἀπόλλυμι (apollymi)
meaning "to destroy"
. In Greek mythology Apollo was the son of Zeus
and the twin of Artemis
. He was the god of prophecy, medicine, music, art, law, beauty, and wisdom. Later he also became the god of the sun and light.
ATTILA m History, Hungarian
Possibly means "little father"
from Gothic atta
"father" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 5th-century leader of the Huns, a nomadic people from Central Asia who had expanded into Eastern Europe by the 4th century. Attila
was the name given to him by his Gothic-speaking subjects in Eastern Europe; his real name may have been Avithohol.
BABAK m Persian, Ancient Persian
Means "little father"
in Persian. This was the name of the father of Ardashir, the founder of the Sassanid Empire in Persia. It was also borne by the 9th-century resistance leader Babak Khorramdin.
CLEOPATRA f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Κλεοπάτρα (Kleopatra)
meaning "glory of the father"
, derived from κλέος (kleos)
meaning "glory" combined with πατήρ (pater)
meaning "father" (genitive πατρός
). This was the name of queens of Egypt from the Ptolemaic royal family, including Cleopatra VII, the mistress of both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. After being defeated by Augustus she committed suicide by allowing herself to be bitten by an asp. Shakespeare's tragedy Antony and Cleopatra
(1606) tells the story of her life.
FU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 富 (fù)
meaning "abundant, rich, wealthy", 芙 (fú)
meaning "hibiscus, lotus" or 甫 (fǔ)
meaning "begin, man, father", in addition to other characters with a similar pronunciation. A famous bearer was the 8th-century Tang dynasty poet Du Fu, whose given name was 甫
JOAB m Biblical
Means "YAHWEH is father"
in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament, he was the commander of King David
's army. In separate incidents he killed both Abner
. When Solomon
came to power he was executed.
JUPITER m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From Latin Iuppiter
, which was ultimately derived from the Indo-European *Dyeu-pater
, composed of the elements Dyeus
) and pater
"father". Jupiter was the supreme god in Roman mythology. He presided over the heavens and light, and was responsible for the protection and laws of the Roman state. This is also the name of the fifth and largest planet in the solar system.
MOAB m Biblical
Means "of his father"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Lot
. He was the ancestor of the Moabites, a people who lived in the region called Moab to the east of Israel.
NNAMDI m Western African, Igbo
Means "my father is alive"
in Igbo. This name is given to a child when it is believed that he is a reincarnation of his grandfather.
NNENNA f Western African, Igbo
Means "father's mother"
in Igbo. This name is sometimes given to a child when it is believed that she is a reincarnation of her paternal grandmother.
ODILIA f Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element odal
meaning "wealth, fortune"
. Saint Odilia (or Odila) was an 8th-century nun who is considered the patron saint of Alsace. She was apparently born blind but gained sight when she was baptized.
PUABI f Akkadian
Means "word of my father"
, from Akkadian pû
meaning "mouth" and abu
meaning "father". Puabi was a 26th-century BC Akkadian noblewoman who was buried in the Sumerian city of Ur.