ADALHARD m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements adal
"noble" and hard
"brave, hardy". Saint Adalhard or Adalard was a cousin of Charlemagne who became an abbot of Corbie.
ALPARSLAN m Turkish
From Turkish alp
meaning "brave" and arslan
meaning "lion", referring to the 11th-century Seljuk sultan Alp Arslan, who expanded the Seljuk Empire into Anatolia.
BALDWIN m English, Ancient Germanic
Means "bold friend"
, derived from the Germanic elements bald
"bold, brave" and win
"friend". In the Middle Ages this was a popular name in Flanders and among the Normans, who brought it to Britain. It was borne by one of the leaders of the First Crusade, an 11th-century nobleman from Flanders. After the crusaders conquered Jerusalem, he was crowned as the king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
BATRAZ m Ossetian, Caucasian Mythology
Possibly from Turkic bagatur
meaning "hero, warrior, brave"
. This is the name of the leader of the superhuman Narts in Caucasian mythology.
BERNARD m English, French, Dutch, Polish, Croatian, Slovene, Czech, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element bern
"bear" combined with hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Beornheard
. This was the name of several saints, including Saint Bernard of Menthon who built hospices in the Swiss Alps in the 10th century, and Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, a 12th-century theologian and Doctor of the Church. Other famous bearers include the Irish playwright and essayist George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) and the British World War II field marshal Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976).
BILE m Irish Mythology
Possibly an Irish form of BELENUS
, though it may derive from an Irish word meaning "hero". In Irish mythology this was the name of one of the Milesians who was drowned while invading Ireland.
BURKHARD m German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements burg
meaning "protection" and hard
"brave, hardy". Saint Burkhard was a bishop who founded several monasteries in Germany in the 8th century.
CANER m Turkish
From Turkish can
meaning "soul, life" and er
meaning "brave man".
CONRAD m English, German, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave counsel"
, derived from the Germanic elements kuoni
"brave" and rad
"counsel". This was the name of a 10th-century saint and bishop of Konstanz, in southern Germany. It was also borne by several medieval German kings and dukes. In England it was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, but has only been common since the 19th century when it was reintroduced from Germany.
DALER m Tajik
From Tajik далерӣ (daleri)
, ultimately from Persian دلاور (delaver)
meaning "brave, valiant".
DECEBAL m Romanian
Means "powerful, brave"
in Dacian. This was the name adopted by Diurpaneus, a 1st-century king of Dacia. For many years he successfully resisted Roman expansion into his territory but was finally defeated by the forces of Emperor Trajan in 106.
ERCAN m Turkish
From Turkish er
meaning "brave man" and can
meaning "soul, life".
ERHAN m Turkish
From Turkish er
"brave man" and han
, which is from the title khan
EUN-YEONG f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" and 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
EVERARD m English (Rare)
Means "brave boar"
, derived from the Germanic elements ebur
"wild boar" and hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans introduced it to England, where it joined the Old English cognate Eoforheard
. It has only been rarely used since the Middle Ages. Modern use of the name may be inspired by the surname Everard
, itself derived from the medieval name.
FERDINAND m German, French, Dutch, English, Slovak, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Ancient Germanic
, the old Spanish form of a Germanic name composed of the elements fardi
"journey" and nand
"daring, brave". The Visigoths brought the name to the Iberian Peninsula, where it entered into the royal families of Spain and Portugal. From there it became common among the Habsburg royal family of the Holy Roman Empire and Austria, starting with the Spanish-born Ferdinand I in the 16th century. A notable bearer was Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521), called Fernão de Magalhães in Portuguese, who was the leader of the first expedition to sail around the earth.
GARRETT m English
From an English surname that was derived from the given name GERALD
. A famous bearer of the surname was Pat Garrett (1850-1908), the sheriff who shot Billy the Kid.
GERARD m English, Dutch, Catalan, Polish
Derived from the Germanic element ger
meaning "spear" combined with hard
meaning "brave, hardy". The Normans introduced this name to Britain. It was initially much more common than the similar name Gerald
, with which it was often confused, but it is now less common.
GODEHARD m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements god
"god" and hard
"hardy, brave". This was the name of an 11th-century saint who was a bishop of Hildesheim.
GUIYING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 桂 (guì)
meaning "laurel, cassia, cinnamon" combined with 英 (yīng)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed from other character combinations as well.
HEARD m Anglo-Saxon
Short form of various Old English names containing the element heard
meaning "brave, hardy"
ISAMU m Japanese
From Japanese 勇 (isamu)
meaning "brave" or other kanji having the same pronunciation.
JI-YEONG f & m Korean
From Sino-Korean 智 (ji)
meaning "wisdom, intellect" or 知 (ji)
meaning "know, perceive, comprehend" combined with 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero" or 榮 (yeong)
meaning "glory, honour, flourish, prosper". Many other hanja character combinations are possible.
KARA (2) m Ottoman Turkish
Means "black, dark"
in Turkish. This was sometimes used as a byname by Ottoman officials, figuratively meaning "courageous".
KENELM m English (Rare)
From the Old English name Cenhelm
, which was composed of the elements cene
"bold, keen" and helm
"helmet". Saint Kenelm was a 9th-century martyr from Mercia, where he was a member of the royal family. The name was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, but has since become rare.
LEONARD m English, Dutch, German, Polish, Romanian, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave lion"
, derived from the Germanic elements lewo
"lion" (of Latin origin) and hard
"brave, hardy". This was the name of a 5th-century Frankish saint from Noblac who is the patron of prisoners and horses. The Normans brought this name to England, where it was used steadily through the Middle Ages, becoming even more common in the 20th century.
LEONARDO m Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of LEONARD
. A notable bearer was Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), an Italian artist and scientist of the Renaissance. He is known as the inventor of several contraptions, including flying machines, as well as the painter of the Mona Lisa
. Another famous bearer was Leonardo Fibonacci, a 13th-century Italian mathematician. A more recent bearer is American actor Leonardo DiCaprio (1974-).
LEONHARD m German
German form of LEONARD
. A famous bearer was the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler (1707-1783), who made many important contributions to calculus, number theory, geometry and theoretical physics.
MAYRBEK m Chechen
Derived from Nakh майра (mayra)
meaning "husband, brave man" combined with the Turkish military title beg
meaning "chieftain, master".
MERT m Turkish
Means "manly, brave"
in Turkish, from Persian مرد (mard)
MODU m History
Possibly a Middle Chinese form of the old Turkic honorific bagatur
meaning "hero, warrior"
. Modu Chanyu was a 3rd-century BC ruler of the Xiongnu, a people from Mongolia.
REYNARD m English (Rare)
From the Germanic name Raginhard
, composed of the elements ragin
"advice" and hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans brought it to England in the form Reinard
, though it never became very common there. In medieval fables the name was borne by the sly hero Reynard the Fox (with the result that renard
has become a French word meaning "fox").
RICHARD m English, French, German, Czech, Slovak, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave ruler"
, derived from the Germanic elements ric
"ruler, mighty" and hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans introduced this name to Britain, and it has been very common there since that time. It was borne by three kings of England including Richard I the Lionheart, one of the leaders of the Third Crusade in the 12th century.... [more]
ROSTAM m Persian, Persian Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly from Avestan raodha
"to grow" and takhma
"strong, brave, valiant". Rostam was a warrior hero in Persian legend. The 10th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi recorded his tale in the Shahnameh
TAHMASP m Ancient Persian
Persian form of the Avestan name Takhmaspa
, which was derived from takhma
"strong, brave, valiant" and aspa
"horse". This name was borne by two Safavid shahs of Persia.
TAHMINA f Persian Mythology, Tajik, Bengali
Derived from Avestan takhma
meaning "strong, brave, valiant"
. This is the name of a character in the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh
. She is a daughter of the king of Samangan who marries the warrior hero Rostam
and eventually bears him a son, whom they name Sohrab
WILLARD m English
From an English surname that was derived from the Germanic given name WILLIHARD
(or the Old English cognate Wilheard
WULFNOÐ m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements wulf
"wolf" and noð
"boldness, daring". This name became rare after the Norman Conquest.
WYOT m Medieval English
Middle English form of the Old English name Wigheard
, composed of the elements wig
"battle" and heard
XIUYING f Chinese
From Chinese 秀 (xiù)
meaning "luxuriant, beautiful, elegant, outstanding" combined with 英 (yīng)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". Other character combinations are possible.
YEONG-HO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero", 映 (yeong)
meaning "reflect light" or 泳 (yeong)
meaning "dive, swim" combined with 浩 (ho)
meaning "great, numerous, vast" or 皓 (ho)
meaning "bright, luminous, clear, hoary". Other hanja combinations are possible.
YEONG-HUI f Korean
From Sino-Korean 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero" or 泳 (yeong)
meaning "dive, swim" combined with 姬 (hui)
meaning "beauty" or 嬉 (hui)
meaning "enjoy, play". Other combinations of hanja characters can form this name as well.
YEONG-JA f Korean
From Sino-Korean 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero" and 子 (ja)
meaning "child". Other hanja character combinations can form this name as well. Feminine names ending with the character 子
(a fashionable name suffix in Japan, read as -ko
in Japanese) were popular in Korea during the period of Japanese rule (1910-1945). After liberation this name and others like it declined in popularity.
YŪ m & f Japanese
From Japanese 優 (yū)
meaning "excellence, superiority, gentleness", 悠 (yū)
meaning "permanence", 勇 (yū)
meaning "brave", or other kanji that are pronounced the same way.
YUU m & f Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 優
ZHIHAO m & f Chinese
From Chinese 志 (zhì)
meaning "will, purpose, ambition" or 智 (zhì)
meaning "wisdom, intellect" combined with 豪 (háo)
meaning "brave, heroic, chivalrous". Many other character combinations are possible.